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The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace

Politicians in Trouble: 1980 to 1989

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in approximate chronological order

  Leonard Ray Blanton (1930-1996) — also known as Ray Blanton — of Adamsville, McNairy County, Tenn. Born in Hardin County, Tenn., April 10, 1930. Democrat. Member of Tennessee state house of representatives, 1964-66; U.S. Representative from Tennessee 7th District, 1967-73; defeated in primary, 1988; candidate for U.S. Senator from Tennessee, 1972; Governor of Tennessee, 1975-79. Methodist. Member, Lions; Moose; Shriners; Freemasons. Ousted as Governor amid charges of selling pardons; later convicted of conspiracy to sell liquor licenses and served 23 months in prison. Died, of kidney disease, at Jackson-Madison County Hospital, Jackson, Madison County, Tenn., November 22, 1996 (age 66 years, 226 days). Interment at Shiloh Church Cemetery, Shiloh, Tenn.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  William Ewing Duffield (1922-2001) — also known as William E. Duffield — of Pennsylvania. Born in Cherry Tree, Indiana County, Pa., January 7, 1922. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; lawyer; member of Pennsylvania state senate 32nd District, 1971-78. Presbyterian. Member, Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Freemasons; Elks. Disbarred in 1975 for mishandling cases and client funds; reinstated to the bar in 1978. Convicted in 1980 on 11 federal counts of mail fraud and one count of perjury; served six months in federal prison. Disbarred again in 1994 for mishandling a murder case. Died, of cancer and strokes, in Uniontown Hospital, Uniontown, Fayette County, Pa., January 14, 2001 (age 79 years, 7 days). Interment at Sylvan Heights Cemetery, Oliver, Pa.
  John Patrick Murtha, Jr. (1932-2010) — also known as John P. Murtha; Jack Murtha; "King of Pork" — of Johnstown, Cambria County, Pa. Born in New Martinsville, Wetzel County, W.Va., June 17, 1932. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the Vietnam War; member of Pennsylvania state house of representatives, 1969-74; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 12th District, 1974-; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008. Catholic. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; never charged, but cited by the grand jury in 1980 as an unindicted co-conspirator. During gall bladder surgery, suffered an intestinal cut, which led to infection; he subsequently died at Virginia Medical Center, Arlington, Arlington County, Va., February 8, 2010 (age 77 years, 236 days). Interment at Grandview Cemetery, Southmont, Pa.
  Relatives: Son of Mary Edna (Ray) Murtha (1908-1975) and John Patrick Murtha (1910-1966).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Robert Edmund Bauman (b. 1937) — also known as Robert E. Bauman — of Easton, Talbot County, Md. Born in Bryn Mawr, Montgomery County, Pa., April 4, 1937. Republican. Lawyer; delegate to Republican National Convention from Maryland, 1964, 1972 (alternate); member of Maryland state senate, 1971-73; U.S. Representative from Maryland 1st District, 1973-81; defeated, 1971, 1980. Catholic. Member, Young Americans for Freedom; American Bar Association; Elks; Humane Society; Jaycees; Izaak Walton League; Gay. Pleaded guilty in 1980 to a sex-solicitation charge. Still living as of 1998.
  Relatives: Son of John Carl Bauman and Florence (House) Bauman; married, November 19, 1960, to Carol Gene Dawson (annulled).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article
  Frank Thompson, Jr. (1918-1989) — of Trenton, Mercer County, N.J. Born in Trenton, Mercer County, N.J., July 26, 1918. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; member of New Jersey state house of assembly from Mercer County, 1950-54; U.S. Representative from New Jersey 4th District, 1955-80; defeated, 1980; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1964. Member, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted on June 18 and convicted on December 3, 1980, on bribery and conspiracy charges; sentenced to three years in prison. Died in 1989 (age about 70 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Frank Thompson and Beatrice (Jameson) Thompson; married, January 10, 1942, to Evelina Gleaves Van Metre.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Richard Kelly (1924-2005) — of Florida. Born in Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga., July 31, 1924. Republican. Lawyer; circuit judge in Florida, 1960-74; U.S. Representative from Florida 5th District, 1975-81. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted June 13, 1980, and convicted January 26, 1981, on charges of bribery conspiracy, and interstate travel to further illegal activities; the conviction was overturned on appeal, then reinstated; served 13 months in prison. Died in Stevensville, Ravalli County, Mont., August 22, 2005 (age 81 years, 22 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Daniel John Flood (1903-1994) — also known as Daniel J. Flood — of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pa. Born in Hazleton, Luzerne County, Pa., November 26, 1903. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 11th District, 1945-47, 1949-53, 1955-80; defeated, 1946, 1952. Catholic. Member, American Bar Association; Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Delta Sigma Rho; Lions; Elks; Moose; Eagles; Knights of Columbus. Charged in 1979 with taking bribes; a trial resulted in a hung jury; resigned from the House in 1980; pleaded guilty in February 1980 to a lesser charge of conspiracy to violate federal campaign finance laws, and sentenced to one year probation. Died in Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pa., May 28, 1994 (age 90 years, 183 days). Interment at St. Mary's Cemetery, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
  Relatives: Son of Patrick F. Flood and Sarah (McCarthy) Flood.
  The Daniel J. Flood Elementary School (opened 1967), in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  John Wilson Jenrette, Jr. (b. 1936) — also known as John W. Jenrette, Jr. — of South Carolina. Born in South Carolina, May 19, 1936. Democrat. Member of South Carolina state legislature, 1970; U.S. Representative from South Carolina 6th District, 1975-80. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted and convicted on bribery conspiracy charges in 1980 and sentenced to prison. Still living as of 1998.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Angelo Joseph Errichetti (1928-2013) — also known as Angelo J. Errichetti — of Camden, Camden County, N.J. Born in Camden, Camden County, N.J., September 29, 1928. Democrat. Mayor of Camden, N.J., 1974-77; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1976; member of New Jersey state senate 5th District, 1976-81. Italian ancestry. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted in 1980, later convicted and sentenced to prison. Died in Ventnor City, Atlantic County, N.J., May 16, 2013 (age 84 years, 229 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Michael Joseph Myers (b. 1943) — also known as Michael Myers; Ozzie Myers — of Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa. Born in Pennsylvania, May 4, 1943. Democrat. Longshoreman; member of Pennsylvania state house of representatives, 1971-76; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 1st District, 1976-80; defeated, 1980. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted on May 27, and convicted on August 31, 1980 of bribery and conspiracy; sentenced to three years in prison and fined $20,000; expelled from the House of Representatives on October 2, 1980. Still living as of 1998.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article
  Harrison Arlington Williams, Jr. (1919-2001) — also known as Harrison A. Williams; Pete Williams — of Westfield, Union County, N.J.; Bedminster, Somerset County, N.J. Born in Plainfield, Union County, N.J., December 10, 1919. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; candidate for New Jersey state house of assembly, 1951; U.S. Representative from New Jersey 6th District, 1953-57; U.S. Senator from New Jersey, 1959-82; resigned 1982; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1964, 1968, 1980. Member, Elks; Americans for Democratic Action. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; allegedly accepted an 18% interest in a titanium mine; indicted on October 30, 1980; convicted on May 1, 1981, of nine counts of bribery, conspiracy, receiving an unlawful gratuity, conflict of interest, and interstate travel in aid of racketeering; resigned his seat March 11, 1982, when it appeared that the Senate would vote to expel him; sentenced to three years in prison and fined $50,000; released in 1986. Died, of cancer and heart ailments, in St. Clare's Hospital, Denville, Morris County, N.J., November 17, 2001 (age 81 years, 342 days). Burial location unknown.
  Cross-reference: Gerry E. Studds
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  R. Eugene Holley (c.1926-2000) — of Georgia. Born about 1926. Served in the U.S. Air Force during the Korean conflict; lawyer; member of Georgia state senate, 1965-77. In 1980, he was convicted of bank fraud and sentenced to ten years in prison (later reduced to three years); served 16 months. Suffered a heart attack, and died soon afterward, in Augusta, Richmond County, Ga., July 19, 2000 (age about 74 years). Interment at Westover Memorial Park, Augusta, Ga.
  John Michael Murphy (1926-2015) — also known as John M. Murphy — of Staten Island, Richmond County, N.Y. Born in Staten Island, Richmond County, N.Y., August 3, 1926. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; U.S. Representative from New York, 1963-81 (16th District 1963-73, 17th District 1973-81); defeated, 1960 (15th District), 1980 (17th District); delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964; Parliamentarian, 1968. Catholic. Member, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Knights of Columbus. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted June 18 and convicted December 3, 1980, of conspiracy, conflict of interest, and accepting an illegal gratuity; sentenced to three years in prison and fined $20,000; paroled in 1985. Died in Staten Island, Richmond County, N.Y., May 25, 2015 (age 88 years, 295 days). Burial location unknown.
  Cross-reference: Eric N. Vitaliano
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Hosea Lorenzo Williams (1926-2000) — also known as Hosea Williams — of Savannah, Chatham County, Ga.; Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga.; Decatur, DeKalb County, Ga. Born in Attapulgus, Decatur County, Ga., January 5, 1926. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; walked with a cane due to wartime injury; ordained minister; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Georgia, 1972; member of Georgia state house of representatives 54th District, 1975-85; candidate for mayor of Atlanta, Ga., 1989. African ancestry. Member, NAACP; Phi Beta Sigma; Elks; Freemasons; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Disabled American Veterans; American Legion. Civil rights leader; active in sit-ins and protest marches in Savannah and elsewhere; arrested at least 135 times. As Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "field general" in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, led the 1965 Selma-to-Montgomery march which helped galvanize support for Black voting rights. In 1968, he was present at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn., when King was assassinated. Convicted in 1981 of leaving the scene of an accident, and jailed for six months. Died, of cancer, at Piedmont Hospital, Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga., November 16, 2000 (age 74 years, 316 days). Entombed at Lincoln Cemetery, Atlanta, Ga.
  Relatives: Married to Juanita Elizabeth Terry Williams (1925-2000).
  Personal motto: "Unbought and unbossed."
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Vincent Riccio (born c.1920) — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born about 1920. Member of New York state assembly 51st District, 1969-74; indicted on charges of taking kickbacks from holders of no-show state jobs; convicted of larceny in May 1981; sentenced to one year in jail. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Raymond Francis Lederer (1938-2008) — also known as Raymond F. Lederer — of Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa. Born in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa., May 19, 1938. Democrat. Member of Pennsylvania state house of representatives, 1974; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 3rd District, 1977-81. Implicated in the Abscam sting, in which FBI agents impersonating Arab businessmen offered bribes to political figures; indicted May 28, 1981; convicted of bribery January 9, 1981; sentenced to three years in prison and fined $20,000; resigned from Congress on April 29, 1981; began his prison sentence July 7, 1983. Died December 1, 2008 (age 70 years, 196 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Jon Clifton Hinson (1942-1995) — also known as Jon Hinson — of Mississippi. Born in Tylertown, Walthall County, Miss., March 16, 1942. Republican. U.S. Representative from Mississippi 4th District, 1979-81; resigned 1981. Gay. Resigned from Congress in 1981 after being arrested in a men's restroom and charged with oral sodomy. After leaving politics, became a gay rights activist. Died, from acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Silver Spring, Montgomery County, Md., July 21, 1995 (age 53 years, 127 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
Earl L. Butz Earl Lauer Butz (1909-2008) — also known as Earl L. Butz — of West Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Ind. Born in Albion, Noble County, Ind., July 3, 1909. Economist; university professor; U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1971-76. Member, Alpha Gamma Rho; Sigma Xi; Sigma Delta Chi; Tau Kappa Alpha; Alpha Zeta; Kiwanis. Resigned in 1976 following a furor over a racist joke. In 1981, he pleaded guilty to income tax evasion; sentenced to five years in prison (served 30 days) and fined $10,000. Died in Kensington, Montgomery County, Md., February 2, 2008 (age 98 years, 214 days). Interment at Tippecanoe Memory Gardens, West Lafayette, Ind.
  Relatives: Son of Herman Lee Butz and Ada Tillie (Lower) Butz; married, December 22, 1937, to Mary Emma Powell; uncle of Dave Butz (professional football player).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
  Joel Patterson — of Benton Harbor, Berrien County, Mich. Mayor of Benton Harbor, Mich., 1981; defeated, 1981. Indicted in 1981, along with the City Attorney, on federal embezzlement and bribery charges in connection with a housing program. Still living as of 1981.
  Richard George Luxford (1917-1986) — also known as Richard G. Luxford — of Littleton, Arapahoe County, Colo. Born in Colorado, March 20, 1917. Republican. Lawyer; candidate for U.S. Representative from Colorado 1st District, 1950; in 1981, his law license was suspended by the Colorado Supreme Court, over three counts of professional misconduct involving the cashing of bad checks and failing to repay loans from clients. Member, Phi Delta Phi. Died in January, 1986 (age 68 years, 0 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of George Alfred Luxford (1876-?) and Maude (Robinson) Luxford.
  See also OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Walter S. Orlinsky (1938-2002) — also known as Wally Orlinsky; "Wally Appleseed" — of Baltimore, Md. Born in Baltimore, Md., May 19, 1938. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Maryland state house of delegates from Baltimore city 2nd District, 1967-72; candidate for Presidential Elector for Maryland, 1972; candidate in primary for Governor of Maryland, 1978; pleaded guilty to Federal charges of accepting a bribe from an FBI informant posing as a sludge hauler; served 4.5 months in prison; pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 2000. Member, National Trust for Historic Preservation; American Civil Liberties Union; Phi Alpha Delta. Died February 9, 2002 (age 63 years, 266 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1961 to Jo-Ann Mayer (divorced); married to Judy Longenecker Taylor.
  See also OurCampaigns candidate detail
  William Vincent Musto (1917-2006) — also known as William V. Musto — of Union City, Hudson County, N.J. Born in West Hoboken (now part of Union City), Hudson County, N.J., March 27, 1917. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of New Jersey state house of assembly from Hudson County, 1947-65; mayor of Union City, N.J., 1962-70, 1974-82; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1964, 1976; member of New Jersey state senate, 1966-82 (District 12 1966-73, 33rd District 1974-82); indicted in 1981 on federal charges that he took part in a scheme to collect $440,000 in kickbacks from a construction company connected to organized crime; convicted in May 1982. Member, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Elks. Died February 27, 2006 (age 88 years, 337 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article
  John T. Gregorio (1928-2013) — also known as "The Lion of Linden" — of Linden, Union County, N.J. Born in Staten Island, Richmond County, N.Y., February 6, 1928. Democrat. Florist; mayor of Linden, N.J., 1968-83, 1991-2006; defeated, 2006; shot at in his car, in March 1968; two days later, his house was firebombed; member of New Jersey state house of assembly 21st District, 1974-77; indicted in April 1975 on perjury and fraud charges, over his purchase of a vacant lot from Elizabethtown Gas Company, while conspiring to falsify documents to conceal his involvement as buyer; later charged with extorting a $25,000 kickback from a building contractor on a high school project; following jury selection, the charges were dismissed in February 1976; member of New Jersey state senate, 1978-83 (21st District 1978-81, 20th District 1982-83); indicted in September 1981 on charges of income tax evasion, concealing his interest in two "go-go bars", and for failing to enforce state alcohol laws; convicted in December 1982 of conspiracy to commit official misconduct, but found not guilty on other charges. Died, from leukemia, in Trinitas Hospital, Elizabeth, Union County, N.J., October 23, 2013 (age 85 years, 259 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  John George Schmitz (1930-2001) — also known as John G. Schmitz — of California. Born in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wis., August 12, 1930. Member of California state senate, 1965-70, 1979; U.S. Representative from California 35th District, 1970-73; defeated in Republican primary, 1972, 1976, 1984; American Independent candidate for President of the United States, 1972; reprimanded by the California Senate in 1982 over a press release issued by his office, which characterized a critic and her supporters with crude slurs; candidate in Republican primary for U.S. Senator from California, 1982. Catholic. Member, Young Americans for Freedom; John Birch Society; National Rifle Association; American Legion; Military Order of the World Wars; Knights of Columbus; Order of Alhambra; Toastmasters. Died, of prostate cancer, in the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., January 10, 2001 (age 70 years, 151 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Father of Mary Kay LeTourneau (Seattle teacher; convicted of child rape over her affair with a 13-year-old student).
  Campaign slogan: "When you're out of Schmitz, you're out of gear."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Daisy L. Elliott (1917-2015) — also known as Daisy Elizabeth Lenoir — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Filbert, McDowell County, W.Va., November 26, 1917. Democrat. Realtor; delegate to Michigan state constitutional convention from Wayne County 4th District, 1961-62; member of Michigan state house of representatives, 1963-78, 1981-82 (Wayne County 4th District 1963-64, 22nd District 1965-72, 8th District 1973-78, 1981-82); defeated in primary, 1950 (Wayne County 1st District), 1954 (Wayne County 11th District), 1956 (Wayne County 4th District), 1958 (Wayne County 4th District), 1960 (Wayne County 4th District), 1982 (8th District); delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1968 (alternate), 1976; co-author of the Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act; candidate in primary for Michigan state senate 5th District, 1978; arrested in April 1982 for driving a stolen 1977 Cadillac deVille automobile; arraigned on a charge of receiving and concealing stolen property; she claimed she had bought the car from a dealer, but the firm had no record of this, and the document she presented had been faked; lost renomination as State Representatve in August 1982, while under indictment; convicted in November 1982 and sentenced to 60 days in jail. Female. African ancestry. Member, NAACP; League of Women Voters; Junior League. Died, in DMC Sinai-Grace Hospital, Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., December 22, 2015 (age 98 years, 26 days). Interment at Woodlawn Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.
  Relatives: Daughter of Robert Lenoir and Daisy (Dorm) Lenoir.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Ike Franklin Andrews (1925-2010) — also known as Ike F. Andrews — of Siler City, Chatham County, N.C. Born in Bonlee, Chatham County, N.C., September 2, 1925. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; lawyer; member of North Carolina state senate 13th District, 1959-60; member of North Carolina state house of representatives, 1961-62, 1967-72; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from North Carolina, 1964; U.S. Representative from North Carolina 4th District, 1973-85; defeated, 1984. Baptist. Member, American Bar Association; Jaycees. In October 1982, he was arrested and charged with drunk driving. Died in Carrboro, Orange County, N.C., May 10, 2010 (age 84 years, 250 days). Interment at Bonlee Baptist Church Cemetery, Bonlee, N.C.
  Relatives: Son of Archie Franklin Andrews (1895-1972) and Ina (Dunlap) Andrews (1895-1987); married 1947 to Jo Anne Johnson.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  John William Snow (b. 1939) — also known as John W. Snow — of Richmond, Va. Born in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio, August 2, 1939. Lawyer; chairman and chief executive officer of CSX railroad; charged with driving while intoxicated, in West Valley City, Utah, 1982;; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 2003-06; director, Marathon Oil Co. Episcopalian. Member, Delta Tau Delta. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Married to Frederica Wheeler (divorced).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Frederick William Richmond (b. 1923) — also known as Frederick W. Richmond; Fred Richmond — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born in Massachusetts, November 15, 1923. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964; U.S. Representative from New York 14th District, 1975-82. Jewish. Arrested in Washington, D.C., in 1978 for soliciting sex from a minor and from an undercover police officer; pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor. In 1982, charged with tax evasion, marijuana possession, and improper payments to a federal employee, he pleaded guilty and was sentenced to a year and a day in prison; served nine months. Still living as of 1998.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  John Logan Cashin, Jr. (1928-2011) — also known as John L. Cashin, Jr. — of Huntsville, Madison County, Ala.; Washington, D.C. Born in Huntsville, Madison County, Ala., April 16, 1928. Democrat. Dentist; candidate for mayor of Huntsville, Ala., 1964; National Democratic candidate for Governor of Alabama, 1970. African ancestry. Convicted of theft and perjury in 1982; served 17 months in federal prison. Died, of renal failure and pneumonia, in Specialty Hospital of Washington-Hadley, Washington, D.C., March 21, 2011 (age 82 years, 339 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1958 to John Carpenter (died 1997); married 1998 to Louise White; grandson of Herschel Cashin (1836?-?).
  See also Wikipedia article
  James C. Green (c.1922-2000) — also known as Jimmy Green — of Clarkton, Bladen County, N.C. Born about 1922. Democrat. Member of North Carolina state house of representatives, 1961-77; Speaker of the North Carolina State House of Representatives, 1975-77; Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina, 1977-85; candidate in primary for Governor of North Carolina, 1984. Presbyterian. Charged in 1983 with accepting a bribe from an undercover FBI agent, but acquitted; convicted of tax evasion in 1997, fined, and sentenced to home confinement. Died at Bladen County Hospital, Elizabethtown, Bladen County, N.C., February 4, 2000 (age about 78 years). Interment at Clarkton Cemetery, Clarkton, N.C.
  Louis Stokes (1925-2015) — of Warrensville Heights, Cuyahoga County, Ohio. Born in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, February 23, 1925. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; lawyer; U.S. Representative from Ohio, 1969-99 (21st District 1969-93, 11th District 1993-99); delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1972, 1996. Methodist. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Kappa Alpha Psi. Arrested for drunken driving in 1983; convicted on a lesser charge and fined. Died August 18, 2015 (age 90 years, 176 days). Interment at Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.
  Relatives: Brother of Carl Burton Stokes (1927-1996).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
Gerry E. Studds Gerry Eastman Studds (1937-2006) — also known as Gerry E. Studds — of Cohasset, Norfolk County, Mass. Born in Mineola, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y., May 12, 1937. Democrat. Foreign Service officer; member of White House staff during the administration of President John F. Kennedy, 1962-63; legislative assistant to U.S. Sen. Harrison A. Williams, 1964; state coordinator for U.S. Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy's presidential primary campaign, 1968; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1968, 1996; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, 1973-97 (12th District 1973-83, 10th District 1983-97). Episcopalian. Gay. First openly gay member of Congress. Censured by the House of Representatives on July 20, 1983, for having sexual relations with a teenage House page ten years earlier. Died, of respiratory failure, in Boston Medical Center, Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., October 14, 2006 (age 69 years, 155 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Image source: Public Officers of Massachusetts, 1979-80
  James Anthony Traficant, Jr. (b. 1941) — also known as James A. Traficant, Jr. — of Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio. Born in Youngstown, Mahoning County, Ohio, May 8, 1941. Sheriff; U.S. Representative from Ohio 17th District, 1985-2002; removed 2002; defeated, 2002; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1996, 2000. As sheriff in the 1980s, was charged with accepting bribes, tried and acquitted. In May, 2001, he was indicted on ten counts of bribery and racketeering; tried and convicted; sentenced to prison; expelled from the U.S. House of Representatives, July 24, 2002. Still living as of 2014.
  Cross-reference: Tim Ryan
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Ernest Page — of Orlando, Orange County, Fla. Orlando City Commissioner, 1980-83, 1996-2005; in 1983, he was indicted and convicted of grand theft involving stolen equipment, and served eight months in jail; mayor of Orlando, Fla., 2005. African ancestry. Still living as of 2005.
  Beryl W. Cohen (born c.1935) — of Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass. Born about 1935. Democrat. Lawyer; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1964; member of Massachusetts state senate, 1965-70; won fame for his representation of long-term residents of a Massachusetts institution for the mentally retarded; censured in 1983 and disciplined in 1988 for attorney misconduct, over neglect of probate matters. Still living as of 2007.
  Daniel Bever Crane (b. 1936) — also known as Dan Crane — of Illinois. Born in Chicago, Cook County, Ill., January 10, 1936. Republican. U.S. Representative from Illinois, 1979-85 (22nd District 1979-83, 19th District 1983-85). Censured by the House of Representatives in 1983 for having sexual relations with a teenage House page in 1980. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  John J. Peluso (b. 1923) — also known as "Johnny TV" — of Newport, Campbell County, Ky. Born June 1, 1923. Mayor of Newport, Ky., 1964-68, 1976-80; defeated, 1971, 1983. Indicted in 1973 on charges of possession of stolen bonds; later dismissed. Convicted in 1983 of promoting gambling. Indicted in 1984 on federal charges of bribery and conspiracy; pleaded guilty to perjury in 1985; sentenced to ten years in prison; released in 1989. Still living as of 2001.
  John James Conyers, Jr. (1929-2019) — also known as John Conyers, Jr. — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Highland Park, Wayne County, Mich., May 16, 1929. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; lawyer; U.S. Representative from Michigan, 1965-2017 (1st District 1965-93, 14th District 1993-2013, 13th District 2013-17); resigned 2017; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008; arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984; candidate for mayor of Detroit, Mich., 1989; in 2017, it was reported that a former member of Conyers' staff had alleged that he had sexually harassed her, and had been paid a settlement of $27,000; subsequently, the House Ethics Committee started an investigation into multiple such allegations; he subsequently resigned from Congress. Baptist. African ancestry. Member, NAACP. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal, 2007. Died in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., October 27, 2019 (age 90 years, 164 days). Entombed at Detroit Memorial Park East, Warren, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of John James Conyers (1905-1986) and Lucille Jane (Simpson) Conyers (1909-2000); brother of Nathan G. Conyers (1932-); married 1990 to Monica Esters.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Paul David Wellstone (1944-2002) — also known as Paul Wellstone; "Senator Welfare" — of Minnesota. Born in Washington, D.C., July 21, 1944. Democrat. College professor; arrested during a Vietnam War protest at the federal building in Minneapolis, 1970; arrested again during a protest of farm foreclosures at a bank in Paynesville, Minn., 1984; candidate for Minnesota state auditor, 1982; member of Democratic National Committee from Minnesota, 1984-91; U.S. Senator from Minnesota, 1991-2002; died in office 2002; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Minnesota, 1996, 2000. Jewish. Member, Phi Beta Kappa. Killed in a plane crash, along with his wife and daughter, near Eveleth, St. Louis County, Minn., October 25, 2002 (age 58 years, 96 days). Interment at Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis, Minn.
  Relatives: Son of Leon Wexelstein and Minnie (Danishevsky) Wexelstein; married 1963 to Sheila Ison (1944-2002).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Paul Wellstone: The Conscience of a Liberal: Reclaiming the Compassionate Agenda (2001) — How the Rural Poor Got Power: Narrative of a Grass-Roots Organizer (1978) — Powerline: The First Battle of America's Energy War, with Barry M. Casper (1981)
  Books about Paul Wellstone: Terry Gydesen, Twelve Years and Thirteen Days: Remembering Paul and Sheila Wellstone — Dennis J. McGrath & Dane Smith, Professor Wellstone Goes to Washington: The Inside Story of a Grassroots U.S. Senate Campaign — Don Jacobs & James Fetzer, American Assassination: The Strange Death Of Senator Paul Wellstone
  William Donlon Edwards (1915-2015) — also known as Don Edwards — of San Jose, Santa Clara County, Calif. Born in San Jose, Santa Clara County, Calif., January 6, 1915. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Representative from California, 1963-95 (9th District 1963-75, 10th District 1975-93, 16th District 1993-95); delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1964, 1968, 1988; arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984. Unitarian. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Died in San Jose, Santa Clara County, Calif., October 1, 2015 (age 100 years, 268 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  George Vernon Hansen (1930-2014) — also known as George V. Hansen — of Pocatello, Bannock County, Idaho. Born in Tetonia, Teton County, Idaho, September 14, 1930. Republican. Republican candidate for U.S. Senator from Idaho, 1962 (primary), 1968, 1972 (primary); U.S. Representative from Idaho 2nd District, 1965-69, 1975-85. Mormon. Member, American Legion; Farm Bureau; Kiwanis. Convicted in 1984 of failing to include four transactions on federal disclosure forms; sentenced to 15 months in prison and fined $40,000; reprimanded by the U.S. House; his conviction was reversed in 1995. Died in Pocatello, Bannock County, Idaho, August 14, 2014 (age 83 years, 334 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  James Patrick Moran, Jr. (b. 1945) — also known as James P. Moran, Jr.; Jim Moran — of Alexandria, Va. Born in Buffalo, Erie County, N.Y., May 16, 1945. Democrat. Mayor of Alexandria, Va., 1985-91; U.S. Representative from Virginia 8th District, 1991-; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008. Catholic. Pleaded no contest to a misdemeanor conflict of interest charge and was forced to resign as vice mayor of Alexandria, in June 1984. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Brother of Bryan Moran (1950?-).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Paul Louis Douglas (b. 1927) — also known as Paul L. Douglas — of Lincoln, Lancaster County, Neb. Born in Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County, S.Dak., September 19, 1927. Lancaster County Attorney, 1960-74; Nebraska state attorney general, 1975-84. Eastern Orthodox. Impeached by the Legislature in 1984 over his conduct in office and dealings with an officer of a failed savings and loan; acquitted by the state supreme court. Convicted of perjury in December, 1984 and resigned as Attorney General, but the conviction was later overturned. Still living as of 1984.
  Joseph R. Pisani — of New Rochelle, Westchester County, N.Y. Member of New York state assembly, 1966-72 (100th District 1966, 91st District 1967-72); member of New York state senate 36th District, 1973-84. Indicted on federal charges of tax evasion and embezzling campaign funds; convicted in 1984 on 18 of the 39 counts; the conviction was later reversed on appeal. Still living as of 1984.
  J. William Petro (c.1940-2002) — of Ohio. Born about 1940. U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio, 1982-84. Fired as U.S. attorney amid charges that he leaked confidential information; found guilty of criminal contempt of court in 1985. Died, of a cerebral hemorrhage, May 23, 2002 (age about 62 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Brother of James M. Petro (1948-).
  Ronald Vernie Dellums (1935-2018) — also known as Ronald V. Dellums — of Berkeley, Alameda County, Calif.; Oakland, Alameda County, Calif. Born in Oakland, Alameda County, Calif., November 24, 1935. Democrat. Social worker; U.S. Representative from California, 1971-98 (7th District 1971-75, 8th District 1975-93, 9th District 1993-98); arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984; delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1988, 1996, 2008; mayor of Oakland, Calif., 2007-11. Protestant. African ancestry. Member, Alpha Phi Alpha. Died in Washington, D.C., July 30, 2018 (age 82 years, 248 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Married to Leola Roscoe Higgs.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Bernard Hugo Goetz (b. 1947) — also known as Bernard H. Goetz; Bernhard Goetz; "Subway Vigilante" — of New York City (unknown county), N.Y. Born in Queens, Queens County, N.Y., November 7, 1947. Fusion candidate for mayor of New York City, N.Y., 2001. German and Jewish ancestry. On December 22, 1984, he shot and wounded four young men who were about to rob him, and subsequently fled to New England, until he turned himself in at Concord, N.H.; arraigned on attempted murder, assault, and weapons charges; convicted only for carrying an unlicensed gun; sentenced to one year in jail; served eight months. Still living as of 2014.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Joseph Echols Lowery (b. 1921) — also known as Joseph E. Lowery — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in Huntsville, Madison County, Ala., October 6, 1921. Democrat. Pastor; leader in the civil rights movement; co-founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; escaped death in 1963 when his hotel room in Birmingham, Ala., was bombed, and in 1979 when Klansmen in Decatur, Ala., opened fire on Lowery and other protesters; arrested while demonstrating in support of a garbage workers' strike in Atlanta, 1968; arrested during protests in Cullman, Ala., 1978; arrested while protesting apartheid at the South African Embassy in Washington, D.C., 1984; offered prayer, Democratic National Convention, 1988 ; delivered eulogies at the funerals of Rosa Parks and Coretta Scott King; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 2008. Methodist. African ancestry. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Married 1950 to Evelyn Gibson.
  Joseph E. Lowery Boulevard, in Atlanta, Georgia, is named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  William H. Simons — also known as Bill Simons — of Washington, D.C. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; school teacher; delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 1968, 1980, 1996, 2000; president, Washington Teachers Union; vice-president, American Federation of Teachers; arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984; Presidential Elector for District of Columbia, 2000. African ancestry. Still living as of 2000.
  Charles Arthur Hayes (1918-1997) — also known as Charles A. Hayes — of Chicago, Cook County, Ill. Born in Cairo, Alexander County, Ill., February 17, 1918. Democrat. U.S. Representative from Illinois 1st District, 1983-93; defeated in primary, 1992; arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984. African ancestry. Member, United Food and Commercial Workers. Died, from complications of lung cancer, at South Suburban Hospital, Hazel Crest, Cook County, Ill., April 8, 1997 (age 79 years, 50 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  George William Crockett, Jr. (1909-1997) — also known as George W. Crockett, Jr. — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Jacksonville, Duval County, Fla., August 10, 1909. Democrat. Recorder's court judge in Michigan, 1966-78; U.S. Representative from Michigan 13th District, 1980-91; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1984, 1988; arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984. Baptist. African ancestry. Member, Kappa Alpha Psi; National Lawyers Guild. Served four months in federal prison for contempt of court in 1950, following his defense of a Communist leader on trial in New York for advocating the overthrow of the government. Among the founders of the nation's first interracial law firm. Ill with bone cancer in 1997, he suffered a stroke and died five days later, in Washington Home and Hospice, Washington, D.C., September 7, 1997 (age 88 years, 28 days). Cremated.
  Relatives: Father of George W. Crockett III (1926?-).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article
  Walter Edward Fauntroy (b. 1933) — also known as Walter E. Fauntroy — of Washington, D.C. Born in Washington, D.C., February 6, 1933. Democrat. Baptist minister; Delegate to U.S. Congress from the District of Columbia, 1971-91; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1972; delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 1972, 1980; arrested during an anti-apartheid sit-in at the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984; candidate in primary for mayor of Washington, D.C., 1990. Baptist. African ancestry. Member, Kappa Alpha Psi. Charged in federal court on March 22, 1995 with making false statements on financial disclosure forms, including a claimed donation of almost $24,000 to the New Bethel Baptist Church where he served as pastor, to make it appear that he had complied with House rules limiting outside income, and that he had failed to disclose a June 1988 loan of $24,200. Pleaded guilty to one felony count, and sentenced to probation. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Mary Frances Berry (b. 1938) — Born in Nashville, Davidson County, Tenn., February 17, 1938. Lawyer; writer; university professor; member, U.S. Civil Rights Commission, 1978-2004; chair, U.S. Civil Rights Commission, 1993-99; arrested during an anti-apartheid sit-in at the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984. Female. African ancestry. Still living as of 2014.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Harry E. Claiborne (c.1918-2004) — of Las Vegas, Clark County, Nev. Born in McRae, White County, Ark., about 1918. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Nevada state house of representatives, 1950; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Nevada, 1964; U.S. District Judge for Nevada, 1979-86; convicted in 1984 of tax evasion, and sentenced to two years in prison; impeached in 1986 by the U.S. House and convicted (removed from office) by the Senate. Died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound, in Las Vegas, Clark County, Nev., January 19, 2004 (age about 86 years). Burial location unknown.
  Michael J. Matthews (b. 1934) — of Linwood, Atlantic County, N.J.; Atlantic City, Atlantic County, N.J. Born in Upland, Delaware County, Pa., January 7, 1934. Democrat. Candidate in primary for New Jersey state senate 2nd District, 1973; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from New Jersey 2nd District, 1974; member of New Jersey state house of assembly 2nd District, 1978-83; mayor of Atlantic City, N.J., 1982-84; recalled 1984; defeated, 1984. Indicted on March 27, 1984, on federal bribery and extortion charges, over his dealings with organized crime figures; a trial was started, but then he pleaded guilty to one count of extortion, and the other charges were dropped; sentenced to fifteen years in federal prison; released in 1990. Still living as of 1990.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Vincent Albert Cianci (1941-2016) — also known as Buddy Cianci — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., April 30, 1941. Republican. Lawyer; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1975-84, 1991-2002; speaker, Republican National Convention, 1976 ; candidate for Governor of Rhode Island, 1980; talk show host. Italian ancestry. Pleaded no contest in 1984 to charges that he beat his estranged wife's lover with a fireplace log. Charged with twelve federal counts of bribery, conspiracy and racketeering; convicted in June, 2002 on two counts. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., January 28, 2016 (age 74 years, 273 days). Interment at St. Ann's Cemetery, Cranston, R.I.
  Campaign slogan (1991): "He never stopped caring about Providence."
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Vincent Cianci: Politics and Pasta: How I Prosecuted Mobsters, Rebuilt a Dying City, Dined with Sinatra, Spent Five Years in a Federally Funded Gated Community, and Lived to Tell the Tale (2011)
  Books about Buddy Cianci: Mike Stanton, The Prince of Providence : The True Story of Buddy Cianci, America's Most Notorious Mayor, Some Wiseguys, and the Feds
  Daniel Grove (1923-1999) — of Colorado. Born in Millport, Lamar County, Ala., December 14, 1923. Major in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of Colorado state house of representatives, 1960. Sponsored legislation to create Colorado's prison work release program. Served ten years on Colorado's State Adult Parole Board before being fired in 1984 over allegations of sexual harassment; later reinstated; the sexual harassment allegations were never substantiated. Died of bone cancer, in Denver, Colo., September 13, 1999 (age 75 years, 273 days). Interment at Fort Logan National Cemetery, Denver, Colo.
  Relatives: Son of Mary M. (Young) Grove (1890-1989) and Elbert Vernon Grove (1891-1971).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
Edwin Edwards Edwin Washington Edwards (b. 1927) — also known as Edwin Edwards; "Fast Eddie" — of Crowley, Acadia Parish, La. Born in Marksville, Avoyelles Parish, La., August 7, 1927. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Louisiana state senate 35th District, 1964-65; U.S. Representative from Louisiana 7th District, 1965-72; Governor of Louisiana, 1972-80, 1984-88, 1992-96; justice of Louisiana state supreme court, 1980. Catholic. Member, American Legion; Lions. Charged in federal court in 1985 with racketeering involving hospital licenses; his first trial ended in hung jury; acquitted in second trial. Convicted in federal court in 2000 on seventeen counts of fraud and racketeering over a scheme to extort money from applicants for casino licenses; sentenced in 2001 to ten years in federal prison and fined $250,000. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of Clarence W. Edwards and Agnes (Brouillette) Edwards; married, April 5, 1949, to Elaine Lucille Schwartzenburg (1929-2018).
  Cross-reference: Jack P. F. Gremillion — Camille F. Gravel, Jr.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Edwin Edwards: Tyler Bridges, Bad Bet on the Bayou : The Rise of Gambling in Louisiana and the Fall of Governor Edwin Edwards — John Maginnis, The Last Hayride — John Maginnis, Cross to Bear
  Image source: KnowLA Encyclopedia of Louisiana
Basil W. Brown Basil W. Brown (1927-1997) — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich.; Highland Park, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Vandalia, Cass County, Mich., March 20, 1927. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; member of Michigan state senate, 1957-88 (3rd District 1957-64, 6th District 1965-74, 3rd District 1975-82, 2nd District 1983-88); resigned 1988; in 1985, a prostitute working for the police went to visit him several times, and exchanged sex for marijuana and cocaine; arrested November 8, 1985; pleaded guilty in 1987 and resigned from the Senate; sentenced to six months in jail, fines, and probation; his law license was also suspended; the state supreme court threw out the conviction in 1991. Episcopalian. African ancestry. Member, Kappa Alpha Psi; Elks; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Amvets; NAACP. Injured in a fire at his home, while also suffering cancer, and died two weeks later, in Harper Hospital, Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., October 28, 1997 (age 70 years, 222 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married, June 8, 1950, to Ermajeanne Seeger.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Image source: Michigan Manual 1957-58
  Joseph L. Galiber (c.1924-1995) — of Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y. Born about 1924. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of New York state senate, 1969-95 (32nd District 1969-82, 31st District 1983-95); died in office 1995; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1984, 1988. African ancestry. Indicted twice on fraud charges; acquitted both times. Died at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York County, N.Y., November 21, 1995 (age about 71 years). Burial location unknown.
  William C. Brennan, Jr. (1918-2000) — of Far Rockaway, Queens, Queens County, N.Y.; Elmhurst, Queens, Queens County, N.Y. Born in New York City (unknown county), N.Y., October 11, 1918. Democrat. Police officer; served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; lawyer; member of New York state assembly from Queens County 2nd District, 1955-64; member of New York state senate 12th District, 1967-68; Justice of New York Supreme Court, 1970-85; resigned 1985. Member, American Legion; Disabled American Veterans; Elks. In July 1985, he was indicted in Federal court for accepting bribes in return for reducing or dismissing charges in criminal cases involving organized crime figures; also charged with extortion; pleaded not guilty and tried; did not testify in his own defense; convicted in December 1985, sentenced to five years in prison, and fined $209,000. He was released from prison in May 1988. Died May 8, 2000 (age 81 years, 210 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1941 to Gloria M. Lauer.
  Frederick Waldron Phelps (b. 1929) — also known as Fred Phelps — of Topeka, Shawnee County, Kan. Born in Meridian, Lauderdale County, Miss., November 13, 1929. Democrat. Lawyer; disbarred by the state of Kansas in 1979 over harassment of a court reporter and perjury during the proceedings; in 1985, nine Federal judges filed a disciplinary complaint against him over alleged false accusations, which led to an agreement that he cease law practice in Federal court; pastor of the Westboro Baptist Church, which is widely reviled for its extreme hatred of homosexuals, and its tactics, such as picketing at military funerals; candidate in primary for Governor of Kansas, 1990, 1994, 1998; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Kansas, 1992; candidate for mayor of Topeka, Kan., 1993, 1997. Baptist. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Step-son of Olive (Briggs) Phelps (1899-1985); son of Frederick Wade Phelps (1893-1977) and Catherine Idalette (Johnson) Phelps (c.1907-1935); married, May 15, 1952, to Margie Marie Simms.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Robert Budd Dwyer (1939-1987) — also known as R. Budd Dwyer — of Pennsylvania. Born in St. Charles, St. Charles County, Mo., November 21, 1939. Republican. Member of Pennsylvania state house of representatives, 1965-70; member of Pennsylvania state senate 50th District, 1971-81; resigned 1981; Pennsylvania state treasurer, 1981-87; died in office 1987. Baptist. Member, National Education Association; Eagles; Theta Chi; Jaycees. Convicted in December 1986 of bribery and conspiracy in federal court. About to be sentenced, and widely expected to resign from office, he called a press conference; there, in front of spectators and television cameras, he insisted he was not guilty, and then shot and killed himself, in Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pa., January 22, 1987 (age 47 years, 62 days). Interment at Blooming Valley Cemetery, Blooming Valley, Pa.
  Cross-reference: Robert B. Asher
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Richard Joyner Holland, Sr. (1925-2000) — also known as Richard J. Holland, Sr. — of Windsor, Isle of Wight County, Va. Born in Suffolk, Va., August 12, 1925. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; banker; member of Virginia state senate 15th District, 1980-2000; died in office 2000. Congregationalist. Acquitted of drunk driving in 1986, but convicted of reckless driving and refusal to take a breath test; indicted in federal court for 31 felony counts of bank fraud; charges were dismissed in April 1998, and the prosecution ruled to be vexatious; he and his son received a $570,000 reimbursement for legal fees. Died in Windsor, Isle of Wight County, Va., April 16, 2000 (age 74 years, 248 days). Interment at Windsor Cemetery, Windsor, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Shirley T. Holland (1900?-?).
  Henry Barbosa Gonzalez (1916-2000) — also known as Henry B. Gonzalez — of San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex. Born in San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex., May 3, 1916. Democrat. Member of Texas state senate, 1956-61; candidate in primary for Governor of Texas, 1958; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Texas, 1961; U.S. Representative from Texas 20th District, 1961-99; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1964, 1996. Catholic. Hispanic ancestry. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Was in the motorcade in Dallas, Tex., when President John F. Kennedy was shot. In a San Antonio restaurant in 1986, he punched a man who called him a communist; he was charged with assault, but acquitted. Died, in Downtown Baptist Hospital, San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex., November 28, 2000 (age 84 years, 209 days). Interment at San Fernando Cemetery #2, San Antonio, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Leonides Gonzalez and Genevieve (Barbosa) Gonzalez; married 1940 to Bertha Cuellar; father of Charles A. Gonzalez (1945-).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Samuel Jerome Bronson (1930-1986) — also known as S. Jerome Bronson — of Franklin, Oakland County, Mich. Born in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., March 21, 1930. Democrat. Lawyer; candidate for Michigan state senate 12th District, 1960; Oakland County Prosecuting Attorney, 1965-68; candidate for circuit judge in Michigan 6th Circuit, 1966; Judge, Michigan Court of Appeals 2nd District, 1969-86; died in office 1986. Jewish. Member, American Bar Association. Arrested and charged with soliciting and accepting a bribe of $20,000 for his vote on a pending case; he killed himself by gunshot the same day, in Franklin, Oakland County, Mich., November 14, 1986 (age 56 years, 238 days). Interment at Beth El Memorial Park, Livonia, Mich.
  Cross-reference: James N. Canham
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Lyndon Hermyle LaRouche, Jr. (1922-2018) — also known as Lyndon LaRouche; Lyn Marcus — of New York City (unknown county), N.Y.; Leesburg, Loudoun County, Va. Born in Rochester, Strafford County, N.H., September 8, 1922. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Labor candidate for President of the United States, 1976; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004; indicted, with others, on fraud and conspiracy charges in 1986 over solicitation of loans from supporters without intending to repay them; also charged with obstruction of justice over destruction of financial records; tried in federal court in Boston; a mistrial was declared in 1988; re-indicted in federal court in Virginia on charges of conspiracy, mail fraud, and tax evasion; convicted and sentenced to fifteen years in prison; released on parole in 1994; Independent candidate for U.S. Representative from Virginia 10th District, 1990. Died in 2018 (age about 95 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Jessie Lenore (Weir) LaRouche (1893-1978) and Lyndon H. LaRouche, Sr. (1896-1983); married 1954 to Janice Neuberger (divorced 1963); married 1977 to Helga Zepp.
  Cross-reference: Ramsey Clark
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Encyclopedia of American Loons
  Books by Lyndon H. LaRouche: Now, Are You Ready To Learn Economics? — How to Defeat Liberalism and William F. Buckley — Earth's Next Fifty Years
  Books about Lyndon H. LaRouche: Michael O. Billington, Reflections of an American Political Prisoner : The Repression and Promise of the LaRouche Movement
  Critical books about Lyndon H. LaRouche: Helen Gilbert, Lyndon Larouche: Fascism Restyled for the New Millennium — Dennis King, Lyndon Larouche and the New American Fascism
  Jello Biafra (b. 1958) — also known as Eric Reed Boucher; "Occupant"; "Count Ringworm" — of San Francisco, Calif. Born in Boulder, Boulder County, Colo., June 17, 1958. Co-founder, lead singer, and songwriter for the punk rock band Dead Kennedys (1978-86); founder of the Alternative Tentacles record label; candidate for mayor of San Francisco, Calif., 1979; charged, in Los Angeles in 1986, with distributing obscene "harmful matter" in the form of a sexually explicit print distributed with a Dead Kennedys record album; following a trial, the jury deadlocked, a mistrial was declared, and charges were dismissed; Biafra went on to become a spoken word performer; on May 7, 1994, he was assaulted and injured at a music club in Berkeley, Calif., by five or six attackers who called him a "sellout". Atheist. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of Stanley Boucher and Virginia Boucher; married, October 31, 1981, to Therese Soder.
  Campaign slogan: "There's always room for Jello."
  Personal motto: "Don't hate the media, become the media."
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Robert B. Asher — of Pennsylvania. Republican. Pennsylvania Republican state chair, 1985. Along with state treasurer R. Budd Dwyer, was convicted in federal court in 1986, on bribery and conspiracy charges. Still living as of 1987.
  James N. Canham — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Lawyer; circuit judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1961-77; appointed 1961. Acted as a go-between between Michigan Court of Appeals Judge S. Jerome Bronson and an attorney from whom a bribe was solicited. Arrested in November 1986; in return for immunity from prosecution, he helped to implicate Judge Bronson, who killed himself the same day he was arrested. Because he aided and abetted bribery, Canham's license to practice law was subsequently revoked. Still living as of 1986.
  Donald R. Manes (1934-1986) — also known as "The King of Queens" — of Flushing, Queens, Queens County, N.Y.; Jamaica, Queens, Queens County, N.Y. Born in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., January 18, 1934. Democrat. Lawyer; borough president of Queens, New York, 1971-86; resigned 1986; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1980, 1984. On January 10, 1986, he was found driving erratically and bleeding from slashes to his wrist and ankle; at first he claimed he had been abducted, but then admitted his wounds were self-inflicted; while he was hospitalized, a criminal investigation against him became public. Stabbed himself in the heart, and died soon after, at Booth Memorial Medical Center, Flushing, Queens, Queens County, N.Y., March 13, 1986 (age 52 years, 54 days). Interment at Mt. Ararat Cemetery, East Farmingdale, Long Island, N.Y.
  Relatives: Married to Marlene Warshofsky.
  See also Wikipedia article
  William A. Wilson (b. 1914) — of California. Born in 1914. U.S. Ambassador to Vatican, 1984-86; reprimanded by the State Department for his unauthorized diplomatic mission to Libya. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
Oliver L. North Oliver Laurence North (b. 1943) — also known as Oliver L. North; Ollie North — of Virginia. Born in San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex., October 7, 1943. Republican. Served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the Vietnam War; central figure in the Iran-Contra scandal of 1986; he was in charge of a secret (and illegal) government operation to sell weapons to Iran and provide the profits to the then-unrecognized Nicaraguan "contras", who were fighting a civil war against the "Sandinista" government there; convicted in 1989 on federal charges of obstructing Congress, destroying documents, and accepting an illegal gratuity; an appeals court later overturned the guilty verdict; candidate for U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1994; host of a radio talk show in 1995-2003, and is a television commentator. Member, National Rifle Association. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Married, November 13, 1968, to Betsy Stuart.
  Cross-reference: Harry E. Bergold, Jr.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Image source: Time Magazine, July 13, 1987
  Frazier Glenn Miller, Jr. (b. 1940) — also known as Glenn Miller; "Frazier Glenn Cross"; "Rounder" — of North Carolina; Aurora, Lawrence County, Mo. Born in Springfield, Greene County, Mo., 1940. Served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam war; candidate in Democratic primary for Governor of North Carolina, 1984; candidate in Republican primary for North Carolina state senate, 1986; convicted on federal contempt of court charges in 1986; sentenced to one year in prison, but disappeared while out on bond; later captured in Missouri, along with four other Klansmen and a cache of weapons; indicted in 1987 for plotting robberies and an assassination; in a deal with prosecutors, he pleaded guilty to a weapons charge and to making threats through the mail; served three years in prison; candidate for U.S. Representative from Missouri 7th District, 2006; candidate for U.S. Senator from Missouri, 2010; on April 13, 2014, in an apparent hate crime he shot and killed three people at a Jewish community center and retirement complex in Overland Park, Kansas. Member, Ku Klux Klan. Still living as of 2014.
  D. Michael Boyle (b. 1944) — of Omaha, Douglas County, Neb. Born in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., January 19, 1944. Mayor of Omaha, Neb., 1981-87. Catholic. Member, American Bar Association. Recalled from office as mayor in 1987. Still living as of 1997.
  Robert Bernerd Anderson (1910-1989) — also known as Robert B. Anderson — of Texas. Born in Burleson, Johnson County, Tex., June 4, 1910. School teacher; lawyer; member of Texas state house of representatives, 1932; Received the Medal of Freedom in 1955; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1957-61. Methodist. Member, American Bar Association; Freemasons; Shriners; Phi Delta Phi; Order of the Coif. Pleaded guilty in 1987 to charges of evading taxes by illegally operating an offshore bank; sentenced to jail, house arrest, and probation; disbarred in 1988. Died, of complications from surgery on cancer of the esophagus, in New York Hospital, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., August 14, 1989 (age 79 years, 71 days). Interment at Rosehill Cemetery, Cleburne, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Robert Lee Anderson and Elizabeth Haskew "Lizzie" Anderson; married, April 10, 1935, to Ollie Mae Rawlins (died 1987).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  George Ryoichi Ariyoshi (b. 1926) — also known as George R. Ariyoshi — of Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii. Born in Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, March 12, 1926. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Hawaii territorial House of Representatives, 1954-58; member of Hawaii territorial senate, 1958-59; member of Hawaii state senate, 1959-70; delegate to Hawaii state constitutional convention, 1968; Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, 1970-73; Governor of Hawaii, 1974-86; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Hawaii, 1980, 1996, 2000. Protestant. Japanese ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; Lions. Detained by U.S. Customs in 1987 for failing to declare jewelry brought from Japan, and fined $11,389. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of Ryozo Ariyoshi and Mitsue (Yoshikawa) Ariyoshi; married, February 5, 1955, to Jean Miya Hayashi.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Ezola Broussard Foster (b. 1938) — also known as Ezola B. Foster; Ezola Broussard — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Maurice, Vermilion Parish, La., August 9, 1938. School teacher; Republican candidate for California state assembly, 1984; arrested with others while protesting recognition of the gay Log Cabin Republican organization, at the California Republican state convention, 1987; Reform candidate for Vice President of the United States, 2000. Female. Catholic. African ancestry. Member, John Birch Society. Still living as of 2018.
  Relatives: Married 1977 to Chuck Foster.
  See also Wikipedia article — Internet Movie Database profile — Encyclopedia of American Loons
  Mario Biaggi (1917-2015) — of Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y. Born in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., October 26, 1917. Police officer; U.S. Representative from New York, 1969-88 (24th District 1969-73, 10th District 1973-83, 19th District 1983-88); defeated, 1988 (Republican), 1992 (Democratic primary); delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1972, 1980, 1984; Conservative candidate for mayor of New York City, N.Y., 1973. Catholic. Italian ancestry. Indicted in 1987 on federal charges that he had accepted bribes from former Brooklyn political boss Meade Esposito in in return for influence on federal contracts for a Brooklyn ship-repair company; convicted on September 22, 1987 of obstructing justice and accepting illegal gratuities; sentenced to prison and fined. Tried in 1988 on federal racketeering charges in connection with the Wedtech Corporation; convicted on August 4, 1988 on 15 felony counts. Resigned from Congress following the Wedtech conviction; served more than two years in prison. Died in Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y., June 24, 2015 (age 97 years, 241 days). Interment at Gate of Heaven Cemetery, Hawthorne, N.Y.
  Relatives: Married to Marie Wassil (1918-1997).
  Campaign slogan (1973): "He wins, you win."
  Campaign slogan (1973): "He's right for what's wrong with New York."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Ricardo Jerome Bordallo (1927-1990) — also known as Ricardo J. Bordallo; Ricky Bordallo — of Agana (now Hagatna), Guam. Born in Agana (now Hagatna), Guam, December 11, 1927. Democrat. Restaurant owner; automobile dealer; member of Guam legislature, 1956-70; Guam Democratic Party chair, 1960-63, 1971-73; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Guam, 1964; Governor of Guam, 1975-78, 1983-86; defeated, 1970; Convicted in 1987 on corruption charges, including bribery, obstruction of justice, and witness tampering; sentenced to nine years in prison and fined; some of the charges were overturned on appeal in 1988; resentenced to four years in prison in December, 1989. Catholic. Chamorro ancestry. Just before he was to report to prison, he chained himself to a statue of Chief Quipuha, in a busy traffic circle at rush hour; wrapped in a Guam flag and wearing a sign saying "I regret I have but one life to give for my island," he shot and killed himself, in Agana (now Hagatna), Guam, February 1, 1990 (age 62 years, 52 days). Interment at Pigo Catholic Cemetery, Hagatna, Guam.
  Relatives: Son of Baltazar Jeronimo 'B. J.' Bordallo (1900-1984) and Josefina Torres (Pangelinan) Bordallo (1906-1945); brother of Paul Joseph Bordallo (1930-2007); married 1953 to Madeleine Mary Zeien.
  Political family: Bordallo family of Minnesota.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Stanley Simon (born c.1930) — of Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y. Born about 1930. Borough president of Bronx, New York, 1979-87; resigned 1987. In 1987, he was charged by a federal grand jury with extorting cash and benefits from Wedtech, a military contractor; tried in 1988 and convicted; sentenced to five years in prison and fined $50,000. Still living as of 1987.
  Clarence M. Mitchell III (b. 1939) — of Baltimore, Md. Born in St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minn., December 14, 1939. Democrat. Member of Maryland state house of delegates, 1963-66; member of Maryland state senate District 10, 1967-86; Indicted in 1987, along with his brother, by a federal grand jury in connection with the a bribery investigation of Wedtech Corporation; convicted of accepting $50,000 to stop the Congressional investigation of Wedtech; sentenced to two and a half years in prison; convicted in 1988 of obstructing an investigation of Baltimore drug dealer Melvin D. 'Little Melvin' Williams, and sentenced to two years in prison; charged in 1988 with failure to file income tax returns; tried and acquitted. African ancestry. Member, NAACP; Urban League; Kappa Alpha Psi; Freemasons; Jaycees. Still living as of 1988.
  Relatives: Son of Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. (1911-1984) and Juanita Elizabeth (Jackson) Mitchell (1913-1992); brother of Michael Bowen Mitchell (1945-); father of Clarence M. Mitchell IV; nephew of Parren James Mitchell; uncle of Keiffer Jackson Mitchell, Jr..
  Political family: Mitchell family of Baltimore, Maryland.
  Michael Bowen Mitchell (b. 1945) — also known as Michael B. Mitchell — of Baltimore, Md. Born in Baltimore, Md., November 7, 1945. Lawyer; member of Maryland state senate 39th District, 1987; indicted in 1987, along with his brother, by a federal grand jury in connection with the a bribery investigation of Wedtech Corporation; convicted of accepting $50,000 to stop the Congressional investigation of Wedtech; sentenced to two and a half years in prison; convicted in 1988 of forging documents to obtain $77,000 in life insurance proceeds intended for the child of a murder victim, and sentenced to six years in prison. Methodist. Member, NAACP. Still living as of 1988.
  Relatives: Son of Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. (1911-1984) and Juanita Elizabeth (Jackson) Mitchell (1913-1992); brother of Clarence M. Mitchell III; nephew of Parren James Mitchell; uncle of Clarence M. Mitchell IV and Keiffer Jackson Mitchell, Jr. (1967-).
  Political family: Mitchell family of Baltimore, Maryland.
  Raymond James Donovan (b. 1930) — Born August 31, 1930. U.S. Secretary of Labor, 1981-85. Charged with fraud on a subway construction project in the Bronx, New York City; tried in 1987 and found not guilty. Still living as of 2014.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Marvin Leon Warner (1919-2002) — also known as Marvin L. Warner — of Ohio. Born in Birmingham, Jefferson County, Ala., 1919. Major in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland, 1977-79. One of 13 part-owners of the New York Yankees baseball team in 1973-75, and was also part owner of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Birmingham Stallions football teams. Horses he owned or bred competed in the Kentucky Derby. His first wife later married Albert Sabin, inventor of the oral polio vaccine. Head of the Cincinnati-based Home State Savings Bank when it collapsed in 1985, touching off a run on other Ohio banks. Convicted on fraud charges in 1987 and served 28 months in prison. Also charged in federal court, but acquitted. On a visit to witness a launch of the space shuttle Atlantis, suffered a heart attack and died, at Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, Fla., April 8, 2002 (age about 82 years). Interment at Lakeside Cemetery, Miami, Fla.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Meade Henry Esposito (1909-1993) — also known as Meade H. Esposito; Amadeo Henry Esposito — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., December 28, 1909. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964; vice-president, Lafayette National Bank, 1965; insurance broker; leader of Kings County Democratic Party, 1969-83. Catholic. Italian ancestry. Member, NAACP. Indicted in 1987 on federal charges that he had given bribes to U.S. Rep. Mario Biaggi in in return for influence on federal contracts for a Brooklyn ship-repair company; convicted on September 22, 1987 of giving an illegal gratuity; fined $500,000; indicted in 1988 on bribery and tax charges, but the case was dismissed due to his age and poor health. Died, from renal failure caused by a heart attack, while suffering from lung cancer and bladder cancer, in North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y., September 3, 1993 (age 83 years, 249 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Felicia Esposito; married to Anne De Cunzo.
  Lee Alexander (1927-1996) — of Syracuse, Onondaga County, N.Y. Born in Jersey City, Hudson County, N.J., May 18, 1927. Democrat. Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 34th District, 1962; mayor of Syracuse, N.Y., 1970-85; candidate for U.S. Senator from New York, 1974; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1980; member, Arrangements Committee, 1984. Was indicted in July 1987 over a $1.5 million kickback scandal, and pleaded guilty in January 1988 to racketeering and tax evasion charges; served six years in prison. Died, of cancer, in Syracuse, Onondaga County, N.Y., December 25, 1996 (age 69 years, 221 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Peter Alexander and Rita (Rouatcos) Alexander; married 1957 to Elizabeth Strates.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Gary Warren Hart (b. 1936) — also known as Gary Hart; Gary Warren Hartpence — of Denver, Colo. Born in Ottawa, Franklin County, Kan., November 28, 1936. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Senator from Colorado, 1975-87; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1984, 1988; his presidential campaign was derailed in 1987 by the scandal over disclosure of an extramarital affair with model Donna Rice. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of Carl Riley Hartpence and Nina (Pritchard) Hartpence; married 1958 to Oletha 'Lee' Ludwig and Lee Hart (1932?-).
  Cross-reference: Tod J. Kaufman
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Gary Hart: Right from the Start; A Chronicle of the McGovern Campaign — The Fourth Power: A Grand Strategy for the United States in the Twenty-First Century (2004) — Restoration of the Republic: The Jeffersonian Ideal in 21st-Century America (2002) — Patriot (1998)
  Frank Munch (born c.1925) — of Palatine, Cook County, Ill. Born about 1925. Real estate broker; village president of Palatine, Illinois, 1985-87; charged with failing to disclose a loan and a partnership on financial disclosure forms; tried in January 1987 and found not guilty. Still living as of 1987.
  James Patrick Screen, Jr. (1943-1994) — also known as Pat Screen — of Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, La. Born May 13, 1943. Democrat. Lawyer; mayor-president of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, 1981-88; indicted, along with an aide, in 1987, on a felony malfeasance charge over management of a road improvement program; the charges were dismissed three days later. Catholic. Died, from a drug overdose, in a hotel room at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., September 12, 1994 (age 51 years, 122 days). Interment at Resthaven Gardens of Memory and Mausoleum, Baton Rouge, La.
  Relatives: Son of James Patrick Screen, Sr. (1914-1994) and Rosemary T. Screen (1921-2002); married to Kathleen Clare McCall.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Bess Myerson (1924-2014) — Born in Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y., July 16, 1924. Democrat. Miss America, 1945; first and only Jewish woman to win the pageant; musician; television personality; New York City commissioner of consumer affairs, 1969-73, and commissioner of cultural affairs, 1983-87; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from New York, 1980; accused in 1987 of bribing Justice Hortense Gabel by giving her daughter a city job; meanwhile, the judge reduced child support payments for Carl Andrew Capasso, Myerson's married lover; the scandal was called the "Bess Mess"; she was forced to resign as city consumer affairs commissioner; indicted on federal bribery charges in 1988, along with Capasso and Gabel; tried and found not guilty. Female. Jewish. Died in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, Calif., December 14, 2014 (age 90 years, 151 days). Interment at Woodlawn Cemetery, Santa Monica, Calif.
  Relatives: Daughter of Louis Myerson and Bella (Podell) Myerson; married 1946 to Allan Wayne; married 1962 to Arnold Grant.
  Epitaph: "You Will Always Be Our Queen."
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  James E. Roark (b. 1945) — also known as Mike Roark; "Mad Dog" — of Charleston, Kanawha County, W.Va. Born in Nitro, Kanawha County, W.Va., 1945. Republican. Served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the Vietnam War; lawyer; mayor of Charleston, W.Va., 1983-87; resigned 1987. Indicted in August, 1987, on felony charges of possessing and distributing cocaine, and conspiring to obstruct the investigation by inducing a witness to commit perjury; pleaded guilty to misdemeanors in November, and resigned as mayor. Still living as of 1987.
  Hortense W. Gabel (1912-1990) — also known as Hortense Wittstein — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y., December 16, 1912. Democrat. Lawyer; New York City Rent and Rehabilitation Commissioner, 1962-65; Justice of New York Supreme Court 1st District, 1975-87; appointed 1975; resigned 1987; accused in 1987 of accepting a bribe from New York Consumer Affairs Commissioner Bess Myerson in the form of a city job for her daughter; allegedly in return, the judge reduced child support payments for Myerson's lover, Carl A. Capasso; the scandal was called "the Bess Mess"; she resigned as Justice; indicted on federal bribery charges in 1988, along with Myerson and Capasso; tried and found not guilty. Female. Jewish. Died, from a heart attack, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., December 7, 1990 (age 77 years, 356 days). Interment at Calverton National Cemetery, Calverton, Long Island, N.Y.
  Relatives: Daughter of Rubin J. Wittstein and Bessie Wittstein; married 1944 to Milton Gabel (1907-1990).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Nick Joe Rahall II (b. 1949) — of Beckley, Raleigh County, W.Va. Born in Beckley, Raleigh County, W.Va., May 20, 1949. Democrat. Staff assistant to U.S. Sen. Robert Byrd, 1972-74; director of Rahall Communications, family business, owning radio and TV stations; delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 1972, 1980, 1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008; U.S. Representative from West Virginia, 1977-2012 (4th District 1977-93, 3rd District 1993-2012); arrested in California for drunk driving, 1988. Presbyterian. Lebanese ancestry. Member, Rotary; Elks; Moose; Eagles; NAACP; National Rifle Association; Freemasons; Shriners. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Harold Joseph Scott (b. 1938) — also known as Harold J. Scott — of Flint, Genesee County, Mich. Born in Flint, Genesee County, Mich., October 5, 1938. Democrat. School teacher; member of Michigan state house of representatives 80th District, 1973-77; resigned 1977; member of Michigan state senate 29th District, 1977-82. Catholic. Member, Knights of Columbus; Eagles. Convicted on rape charges and sentenced to prison in 1988. Still living as of 1988.
  Relatives: Brother of Thomas E. Scott (1943-).
  Robert Garcia (1933-2017) — of Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y.; Washington, D.C. Born in Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y., January 9, 1933. Served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; computer engineer; member of New York state assembly, 1966-67 (83rd District 1966, 77th District 1967); resigned 1967; member of New York state senate 30th District, 1967-78; U.S. Representative from New York, 1978-90 (21st District 1978-83, 18th District 1983-90); resigned 1990; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1980, 1984, 1988; indicted in 1988, along with his wife, on federal bribery and extortion charges; convicted in October 1989 and sentenced to three years in prison (served 104 days); the conviction was reversed on appeal; retried and again convicted in 1991; the second conviction was also overturned, and prosecutors dropped the case. Puerto Rican ancestry. Died in San Juan, San Juan Municipio, Puerto Rico, January 25, 2017 (age 84 years, 16 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Carl Thomas Rowan (1925-2000) — also known as Carl T. Rowan — of Washington, D.C. Born in Ravenscroft, White County, Tenn., August 11, 1925. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; syndicated newspaper columnist, author, biographer, television and radio commentator; U.S. Ambassador to Finland, 1963-64; in 1988, he shot and wounded an intruder in his backyard in Washington, D.C.; he was arrested, charged with a weapons violation, and tried; the jury was unable to reach a verdict, and a mistrial was declared; received the Spingarn Medal in 1997. African ancestry. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Died, of heart and kidney ailments and diabetes, at the Washington Hospital Center, Washington, D.C., September 23, 2000 (age 75 years, 43 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier
  Róger Calero (b. 1969) — of Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y. Born in Nicaragua, 1969. Socialist. Not U.S. citizen; meat packer; journalist; convicted of sale of marijuana, 1988; arrested in 2002, at the Houston airport, while returning from Cuba, and jailed, while deportation proceedings were started, but released in 2003; Socialist Workers candidate for President of the United States, 2004, 2008; Socialist Workers candidate for U.S. Senator from New York, 2006; Socialist Workers candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 15th District, 2010. Nicaraguan ancestry. Still living as of 2010.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Evan Mecham (1924-2008) — of Ajo, Pima County, Ariz.; Glendale, Maricopa County, Ariz. Born in Duchesne, Duchesne County, Utah, May 12, 1924. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; automobile dealer; newspaper publisher; candidate for Arizona state house of representatives, 1952; member of Arizona state senate, 1960-62; candidate for U.S. Senator from Arizona, 1962 (Republican), 1992 (Independent); Governor of Arizona, 1987-88; defeated, 1964, 1974, 1978, 1982. Mormon. Member, John Birch Society. Indicted in 1988 on six felony counts of perjury and filing a false campaign report, specifically of failing to report a $350,000 loan to his campaign by Barry Wolfson, a real estate developer; later acquitted of these charges. Impeached by the Arizona House of Representatives on February 5, 1988, on charges of obstructing justice and illegally lending state money to his business; convicted and removed from office by the Arizona Senate on April 4, 1988. A recall election was scheduled against him, but it was cancelled by the Arizona Supreme Court. Died, from complications of Alzheimer's disease, in Phoenix, Maricopa County, Ariz., February 22, 2008 (age 83 years, 286 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1945 to Florence Lambert.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Edwin Meese III (b. 1931) — also known as Ed Meese; "Reagan's Geographer" — Born in Oakland, Alameda County, Calif., December 2, 1931. Lawyer; legal affairs secretary to Gov. Ronald Reagan, 1967-68; executive assistant and chief of staff, 1969-74; law professor; U.S. Attorney General, 1985-88. Lutheran. Member, Federalist Society. The independent counsel who investigated the Wedtech scandal reported that Meese, who had worked as a lobbyist for Wedtech, was complicit in the company's bribery and fraud; following this disclosure, he resigned from the Cabinet. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Son of Edwin Meese, Jr. and Leona Meese; married 1959 to Ursula Herrick.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Fofó Iosefa Fiti Sunia (b. 1937) — also known as Fofó I. F. Sunia — of Pago Pago, American Samoa. Born in Fagasá, Pago Pago, American Samoa, March 13, 1937. Democrat. Member of American Samoa senate, 1970-78; Delegate to U.S. Congress from American Samoa, 1981-88; resigned 1988; indicted in 1988 on charges of running a payroll padding scheme, and resigned as Delegate. Samoan ancestry. Still living as of 1989.
  Relatives: Son of Fiti Sunia; brother of Tauese Pita Fiti Sunia and Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia (1943-).
  Political family: Sunia family.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Alcee Lamar Hastings (b. 1936) — also known as Alcee L. Hastings — of Miramar, Broward County, Fla. Born in Altamonte Springs, Seminole County, Fla., September 5, 1936. Democrat. U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of Florida, 1979-89; candidate for secretary of state of Florida, 1990; U.S. Representative from Florida 23rd District, 1993-; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Florida, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008. African Methodist Episcopal. African ancestry. Member, Kappa Alpha Psi. Impeached and removed from office as federal judge in 1989 over bribery charges. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  James Claude Wright, Jr. (1922-2015) — also known as Jim Wright, Jr. — of Weatherford, Parker County, Tex.; Fort Worth, Tarrant County, Tex. Born in Fort Worth, Tarrant County, Tex., December 22, 1922. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; member of Texas state house of representatives, 1947-49; mayor of Weatherford, Tex., 1950-54; U.S. Representative from Texas 12th District, 1955-89; resigned 1989; Speaker of the U.S. House, 1987-89; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Texas, 1961. Presbyterian. He was subject of an investigation by the House Ethics Committee in 1989; it appeared from the report that he had evaded limits on gifts and speaking fees; resigned under fire in June, 1989. Died in Fort Worth, Tarrant County, Tex., May 6, 2015 (age 92 years, 135 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Donald Edgar Lukens (1931-2010) — also known as Donald E. Lukens; Buz Lukens — of Middletown, Butler County, Ohio. Born in Harveysburg, Warren County, Ohio, February 11, 1931. Republican. U.S. Representative from Ohio, 1967-71, 1987-90 (24th District 1967-71, 8th District 1987-90); member of Ohio state senate, 1975. Member, Sertoma; Farm Bureau; Delta Chi; Order of Ahepa; Freemasons; Shriners; Kiwanis; Toastmasters. Convicted in 1989 on a misdemeanor charge of contributing to the delinquency of a minor, by having sex with a 16 year old girl; sentenced to 30 days in jail. Indicted in February 1995 on five counts of bribery and conspiracy; a jury in October 1995 found him not guilty on three counts but was unable to reach a verdict on the other two; a mistrial was declared. Reindicted in March 1996; tried and convicted. Died May 22, 2010 (age 79 years, 100 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William Arthur Lukens and Edith (Greene) Lukens.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Antonio James Manchin (1927-2003) — also known as A. James Manchin — of Farmington, Marion County, W.Va. Born in Farmington, Marion County, W.Va., April 7, 1927. Democrat. School teacher; athletic coach; member of West Virginia state house of delegates, 1949-50, 1999-2003; defeated, 1950; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 1952; secretary of state of West Virginia, 1976-84; West Virginia state treasurer, 1985-89; resigned 1989. Catholic. Italian ancestry. Following the disclosure of losses from the State Consolidated Investment Fund and accusations of mismanagement in the State Treasurer's office, the House of Delegates, in 1989, brought impeachment charges against him, but he resigned as State Treasurer before a trial could be held. Died, following a heart attack, in Fairmont General Hospital, Fairmont, Marion County, W.Va., November 3, 2003 (age 76 years, 210 days). Interment at Odd Fellows Cemetery, Farmington, W.Va.
  Relatives: Son of Joseph Manchin, Sr. and Kathleen (Rosco) Manchin; married 1951 to Stella Machel; father of Mark Anthony Manchin (1948?-); uncle of Joseph Manchin III and Timothy J. Manchin.
  Political family: Manchin family of Farmington and Fairmont, West Virginia.
  See also Wikipedia article
  James Leroy Usry (1922-2002) — also known as James L. Usry — of Atlantic City, Atlantic County, N.J. Born in Athens, Clarke County, Ga., February 2, 1922. Republican. Professional basketball player, 1946-51; mayor of Atlantic City, N.J., 1984-90; defeated, 1982; delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1988; arrested, on July 28, 1989, along with thirteen others, and charged with bribery; he later pleaded guilty to improper reporting of campaign contributions. African ancestry. Died in Absecon, Atlantic County, N.J., February 25, 2002 (age 80 years, 23 days). Interment at Atlantic County Veterans Cemetery, Estell Manor, N.J.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Gentry Crowell (1932-1989) — of Tennessee. Born in Chestnut Mound, Smith County, Tenn., December 10, 1932. Democrat. Member of Tennessee state house of representatives, 1969-77; secretary of state of Tennessee, 1977-89; died in office 1989. His office was a target of the federal "Operation Rocky Top" investigation into fraudulent charity bingo games; his administrative assistant admitted to longtime embezzlement. Suffered a self-inflicted gunshot wound on December 12, 1989, and died eight days later in Vanderbilt Hospital, Nashville, Davidson County, Tenn., December 20, 1989 (age 57 years, 10 days). Interment at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Lebanon, Tenn.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Robert L. Clifford (1924-2014) — of Chester Township, Morris County, N.J. Born in Passaic, Passaic County, N.J., December 17, 1924. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; associate justice of New Jersey state supreme court, 1973-94; convicted of drunk driving in 1989. Member, American Bar Association; American Judicature Society. Died in Chester Township, Morris County, N.J., November 29, 2014 (age 89 years, 347 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
  The listings are incomplete; development of the database is a continually ongoing project.  
  Information on this page — and on all other pages of this site — is believed to be accurate, but is not guaranteed. Users are advised to check with other sources before relying on any information here.  
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  Links to this or any other Political Graveyard page are welcome, but specific page addresses may sometimes change as the site develops.  
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Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2019 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 10, 2021.

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