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The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
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Presidents of the United States, 1789-1899 (may be Incomplete!)
George Washington 1789-97 John Adams 1797-1801 Thomas Jefferson 1801-09 James Madison 1809-17 James Monroe 1817-25 John Quincy Adams 1825-29 Andrew Jackson 1829-37 Martin Van Buren 1837-41 William Henry Harrison 1841 John Tyler 1841-45 James K. Polk 1845-49 Zachary Taylor 1849-50 Millard Fillmore 1850-53 Franklin Pierce 1853-57 James Buchanan 1857-61 Abraham Lincoln 1861-65 Andrew Johnson 1865-69 Ulysses S. Grant 1869-77 Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-81 James A. Garfield 1881 Chester A. Arthur 1881-85 Grover Cleveland 1885-89 Benjamin Harrison 1889-93 Grover Cleveland 1893-97 William McKinley 1897-1901

Presidents of the United States, 1900-2021 (may be Incomplete!)
William McKinley 1897-1901 Theodore Roosevelt 1901-09 William H. Taft 1909-13 Woodrow Wilson 1913-21 Warren G. Harding 1921-23 Calvin Coolidge 1923-29 Herbert Hoover 1929-33 Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-45 Harry S. Truman 1945-53 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-61 John F. Kennedy 1961-63 Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-69 Richard M. Nixon 1969-74 Gerald R. Ford 1974-77 Jimmy Carter 1977-81 Ronald Reagan 1981-89 George Bush 1989-93 Bill Clinton 1993-2001 George W. Bush 2001-09 Barack Obama 2009-17 Donald Trump 2017-21 Joseph R. Biden, Jr. 2021-

  • 1789: George Washington (Federalist), elected unopposed. See also electoral votes.
  • 1792: George Washington (Federalist), elected unopposed. See also electoral votes.
  • 1796: John Adams (Federalist), elected; Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1800: Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican), elected; John Adams (Federalist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1804: Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican), elected; Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (Federalist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1808: James Madison, elected; Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1812: De Witt Clinton, defeated; James Madison, elected. See also electoral votes.
  • 1816: Rufus King, defeated; James Monroe, elected. See also electoral votes.
  • 1820: James Monroe, elected. See also electoral votes.
  • 1824: William H. Crawford, defeated; Henry Clay, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1828: Andrew Jackson, elected. See also electoral votes.
  • 1832: Andrew Jackson (Dem), elected; Henry Clay (National Republican), defeated; William Wirt (Anti-Masonic), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1836: Martin Van Buren (Dem), elected; William Henry Harrison (Whig), defeated; Hugh L. White (Whig), defeated; Daniel Webster (Whig), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1840: William Henry Harrison (Whig), elected; Martin Van Buren (Dem), defeated; James G. Birney (Liberty), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1841 Apr 4: William Henry Harrison, died in office.
  • 1844: James K. Polk (Dem), elected; Henry Clay (Whig), defeated; James G. Birney (Liberty), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1848: Gerrit Smith (Liberty), defeated; Zachary Taylor (Whig), elected; Lewis Cass (Dem), defeated; Martin Van Buren (Free Soil), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1850 Jul 9: Zachary Taylor, died in office.
  • 1852: Millard Fillmore (Whig), defeated; Gerrit Smith, defeated; Franklin Pierce (Dem), elected; Winfield Scott (Whig), defeated; John P. Hale (Free Soil), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1856: Gerrit Smith, defeated; James Buchanan (Dem), elected; John Charles Frémont (Rep), defeated; Millard Fillmore (Whig & American), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1860 Nov 6: Abraham Lincoln (Rep), elected; Stephen A. Douglas (Dem), defeated; John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democratic), defeated; John Bell (Constitutional Union), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1864 Nov 8: Abraham Lincoln (Rep), elected; George B. McClellan (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1865 Apr 15: Abraham Lincoln, died in office.
  • 1868 Nov 3: Ulysses S. Grant (Rep), elected; Horatio Seymour (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1872: Victoria Woodhull, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1872 Nov 5: Ulysses S. Grant (Rep), elected; Horace Greeley (Dem & Liberal Republican), defeated; Charles O'Conor (Straight Out Democratic), defeated; James Black (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1876 Nov 7: Rutherford B. Hayes (Rep), elected; Samuel J. Tilden (Dem), defeated; Peter Cooper (Greenback), defeated; Green C. Smith (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1880 Nov 2: James A. Garfield (Rep), elected; Winfield S. Hancock (Dem), defeated; James B. Weaver (Greenback Labor), defeated; Neal Dow (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1881 Sep 19: James A. Garfield, died in office.
  • 1884 Nov 4: Grover Cleveland (Dem), elected; James G. Blaine (Rep), defeated; Benjamin F. Butler (Greenback & Anti-Monopoly), defeated; John P. St. John (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1888 Nov 6: Benjamin Harrison (Rep), elected; Grover Cleveland (Dem), defeated; Clinton B. Fisk (Prohibition), defeated; Alson J. Streeter (Union Labor), defeated; Victoria Woodhull (Equal Rights), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1892 Nov 8: Grover Cleveland (Dem), elected; Benjamin Harrison (Rep), defeated; James B. Weaver (Populist), defeated; John Bidwell (Prohibition), defeated; Simon Wing (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1896 Nov 3: William McKinley (Rep), elected; William J. Bryan (Dem), defeated; John M. Palmer (Gold Democratic), defeated; Joshua Levering (Prohibition), defeated; Charles H. Matchett (Socialist Labor), defeated; Charles E. Bentley (National), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1900 Nov 6: William McKinley (Rep), elected; William J. Bryan (Dem), defeated; John G. Woolley (Prohibition), defeated; Eugene V. Debs (Social Democratic), defeated; Wharton Barker (People's), defeated; Joseph F. Malloney (Socialist Labor), defeated; Seth H. Ellis (Union Reform), defeated; Jonah Fitz Randolph Leonard (United Christian), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1901 Sep 14: William McKinley, died in office.
  • 1904 Nov 8: Theodore Roosevelt (Rep), elected; Alton B. Parker (Dem), defeated; Eugene V. Debs (Socialist), defeated; Silas C. Swallow (Prohibition), defeated; Thomas E. Watson (Populist), defeated; Charles H. Corregan (Socialist Labor), defeated; Austin Holcomb (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1908 Nov 3: William H. Taft (Rep), elected; William J. Bryan (Dem), defeated; Eugene V. Debs (Socialist), defeated; Eugene W. Chafin (Prohibition), defeated; Thomas L. Hisgen (Independence), defeated; Thomas E. Watson (Populist), defeated; August Gillhaus (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1912 Nov 5: Woodrow Wilson (Dem), elected; Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive), defeated; William H. Taft (Rep), defeated; Eugene V. Debs (Socialist), defeated; Eugene W. Chafin (Prohibition), defeated; Arthur E. Reimer (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1916 Nov 7: Woodrow Wilson (Dem), elected; Charles Evans Hughes (Rep), defeated; Allan L. Benson (Socialist), defeated; J. Frank Hanly (Prohibition), defeated; Arthur E. Reimer (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1920 Nov 2: Warren G. Harding (Rep), elected; James M. Cox (Dem), defeated; Eugene V. Debs (Socialist), defeated; Parley P. Christensen (Farmer-Labor), defeated; Aaron S. Watkins (Prohibition), defeated; James Ferguson (American), defeated; William W. Cox (Socialist Labor), defeated; Robert C. Macauley (Single Tax), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1923 Aug 2: Warren G. Harding, died in office.
  • 1924 Nov 4: Calvin Coolidge (Rep), elected; John W. Davis (Dem), defeated; Robert M. LaFollette (Progressive), defeated; Herman P. Faris (Prohibition), defeated; Frank T. Johns (Socialist Labor), defeated; William Z. Foster (Communist), defeated; Gilbert O. Nations (American), defeated; William J. Wallace (Commonwealth Land), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1928 Nov 6: Herbert Hoover (Rep), elected; Alfred E. Smith (Dem), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; William Z. Foster (Communist), defeated; Verne L. Reynolds (Socialist Labor), defeated; William F. Varney (Prohibition), defeated; Frank E. Webb (Farmer-Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1932 Nov 8: Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), elected; Herbert Hoover (Rep), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; William Z. Foster (Communist), defeated; William D. Upshaw (Prohibition), defeated; William H. Harvey (Liberty), defeated; Verne L. Reynolds (Socialist Labor), defeated; Jacob S. Coxey (Farmer-Labor), defeated; John Zahnd (National), defeated; James R. Cox (Jobless Party), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1936 Nov 3: Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), elected; Alf M. Landon (Rep), defeated; William Lemke (Union), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; Earl Browder (Communist), defeated; D. Leigh Colvin (Prohibition), defeated; John W. Aiken (Socialist Labor), defeated; William Dudley Pelley (Christian), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1940 Nov 5: Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), elected; Wendell L. Willkie (Rep), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; Roger W. Babson (Prohibition), defeated; Earl Browder (Communist), defeated; John W. Aiken (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1944 Nov 7: Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), elected; Thomas E. Dewey (Rep), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; Claude A. Watson (Prohibition), defeated; Edward A. Teichert (Socialist Labor), defeated; Gerald L. K. Smith (America First), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1945 Apr 12: Franklin D. Roosevelt, died in office.
  • 1948 Nov 2: Harry S. Truman (Dem), elected; Thomas E. Dewey (Rep), defeated; Strom Thurmond (States Rights), defeated; Henry A. Wallace (Progressive), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; Claude A. Watson (Prohibition), defeated; Edward A. Teichert (Socialist Labor), defeated; Farrell Dobbs (Socialist Workers), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1952 Nov 4: Dwight D. Eisenhower (Rep), elected; Adlai E. Stevenson (Dem), defeated; Vincent Hallinan (Progressive), defeated; Stuart Hamblen (Prohibition), defeated; Eric Hass (Socialist Labor), defeated; Darlington Hoopes (Socialist), defeated; Farrell Dobbs (Socialist Workers), defeated; Henry B. Krajewski (Poor Man's Party), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1956 Nov 6: Dwight D. Eisenhower (Rep), elected; Adlai E. Stevenson (Dem), defeated; T. Coleman Andrews (States Rights), defeated; Eric Hass (Socialist Labor), defeated; Enoch A. Holtwick (Prohibition), defeated; Farrell Dobbs (Socialist Workers), defeated; Harry F. Byrd (States Rights), defeated; Darlington Hoopes (Socialist), defeated; Henry B. Krajewski (American Third Party), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1960 Nov 8: John F. Kennedy (Dem), elected; Richard M. Nixon (Rep), defeated; Eric Hass (Socialist Labor), defeated; Rutherford L. Decker (Prohibition), defeated; Orval Faubus (National States Rights), defeated; Farrell Dobbs (Socialist Workers), defeated; Charles L. Sullivan (Constitution), defeated; J. Bracken Lee (Conservative), defeated; C. Benton Coiner (Conservative), defeated; Lar Daly (Tax Cut), defeated; Clennon King (Independent Afro-American), defeated; Merritt B. Curtis (Constitution), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1963 Nov 22: John F. Kennedy, died in office.
  • 1964 Nov 3: Lyndon B. Johnson (Dem), elected; Barry M. Goldwater (Rep), defeated; Eric Hass (Socialist Labor), defeated; Clifton DeBerry (Socialist Workers), defeated; E. Harold Munn (Prohibition), defeated; John Kasper (States Rights), defeated; Joseph B. Lightburn (Constitution), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1968 Nov 5: Richard M. Nixon (Rep), elected; Hubert H. Humphrey (Dem), defeated; George C. Wallace (American Independent), defeated; Henning A. Blomen (Socialist Labor), defeated; Dick Gregory (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Fred Halstead (Socialist Workers), defeated; Eugene J. McCarthy, defeated; E. Harold Munn (Prohibition), defeated; Eldridge Cleaver (Peace and Freedom), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1972 Nov 7: Richard M. Nixon (Rep), elected; George McGovern (Dem), defeated; John G. Schmitz (American Independent), defeated; Benjamin Spock (People's), defeated; Louis Fisher (Socialist Labor), defeated; Linda Jenness (Socialist Workers), defeated; Gus Hall (Communist), defeated; E. Harold Munn (Prohibition), defeated; Evelyn Reed (Socialist Workers), defeated; John Hospers (Libertarian), defeated; John V. Mahalchik (America First), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1976 Nov 2: Jimmy Carter (Dem), elected; Gerald R. Ford (Rep), defeated; Eugene J. McCarthy (Ind), defeated; Roger MacBride (Libertarian), defeated; Lester Maddox (American Independent), defeated; Thomas Anderson (American), defeated; Peter Camejo (Socialist Workers), defeated; Gus Hall (Communist), defeated; Margaret Wright (People's), defeated; Lyndon LaRouche (U.S. Labor), defeated; Ben Bubar (Prohibition), defeated; Julius Levin (Socialist Labor), defeated; Frank P. Zeidler (Socialist), defeated; Ernest Miller (Restoration), defeated; Frank Taylor (United American), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1980: William Gahres (Down With Lawyers), defeated; Barry Commoner (Citizens), defeated; Ellen McCormack (Right To Life), defeated; John Richard Rarick (American Independent), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1980 Nov 4: Maureen Smith (Peace and Freedom), defeated; David McReynolds (Socialist), defeated; Deirdre Griswold (Workers World), defeated; Andrew Pulley (Socialist Workers), defeated; Ben Bubar (Prohibition), defeated; Gus Hall (Communist), defeated; Clifton DeBerry (Socialist Workers), defeated; Ronald Reagan (Rep), elected; Jimmy Carter (Dem), defeated; John B. Anderson (Ind), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1984 Nov 6: Ed Winn (Workers League), defeated; Gavrielle Holmes (Workers World), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; Gus Hall (Communist), defeated; Mel Mason (Socialist Workers), defeated; Ronald Reagan (Rep), elected; Walter F. Mondale (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1988 Nov 8: Willa Kenoyer (Socialist), defeated; James Warren (Socialist Workers), defeated; Ed Winn (Workers League), defeated; Larry Holmes (Workers World), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; Herbert Lewin (Peace and Freedom), defeated; George Bush (Rep), elected; Michael S. Dukakis (Dem), defeated; Ron Paul (Libertarian), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1992: John Hagelin (Natural Law), defeated; Howard Phillips (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1992 Nov 3: James Warren (Socialist Workers), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Workers World), defeated; Helen Halyard (Workers League), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; J. Quinn Brisben (Socialist), defeated; Ron Daniels (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Bill Clinton (Dem), elected; George Bush (Rep), defeated; H. Ross Perot (Ind), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1996: Harry Browne (Libertarian), defeated; John Hagelin (Natural Law), defeated; Howard Phillips (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1996 Nov 5: Marsha Feinland (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Mary Cal Hollis (Socialist), defeated; Jerome White (Socialist Equality), defeated; Monica Moorehead (Workers World), defeated; Ralph Nader (Green), defeated; James Harris (Socialist Workers), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; Bill Clinton (Dem), elected; Bob Dole (Rep), defeated; H. Ross Perot (Reform), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2000: Patrick J. Buchanan (Reform), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2000 Nov 7: George W. Bush (Rep), elected; Al Gore (Dem), defeated; Ralph Nader (Green), defeated; Monica Moorehead (Workers World), defeated; Harry Browne (Libertarian), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; James Harris (Socialist Workers), defeated; John Hagelin (Natural Law), defeated; Howard Phillips (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated; David McReynolds (Socialist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2004 Nov 2: George W. Bush (Rep), elected; John F. Kerry (Dem), defeated; Ralph Nader (Ind), defeated; Michael Badnarik (Libertarian), defeated; Michael Peroutka (Constitution), defeated; David Cobb (Green), defeated; Leonard Peltier (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Walter F. Brown (Socialist), defeated; James Harris (Socialist Workers), defeated; Róger Calero (Socialist Workers), defeated; Thomas J. Harens (Christian Freedom), defeated; Gene C. Amondson (Prohibition), defeated; Bill Van Auken (Socialist Equality), defeated; John Parker (Workers World), defeated; Charles Jay (Personal Choice), defeated; Stanford E. Andress (Ind), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2008 Nov 4: Barack Obama (Dem), elected; John S. McCain (Rep), defeated; Ralph Nader (Ind), defeated; Bob Barr (Libertarian), defeated; Chuck Baldwin (Constitution), defeated; Cynthia A. McKinney (Green), defeated; Alan L. Keyes (American Independent), defeated; Ron Paul (Constitution), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Brian P. Moore (Socialist), defeated; Róger Calero (Socialist Workers), defeated; Richard A. Duncan (Ind), defeated; James Harris (Socialist Workers), defeated; Charles Jay (Boston Tea Party), defeated; John Joseph Polachek (New Party), defeated; Frank McEnulty (Ind), defeated; Jeffrey J. Wamboldt (Ind), defeated; Thomas R. Stevens (Objectivist), defeated; Gene C. Amondson (Prohibition), defeated; Jeff Boss (Ind), defeated; George Phillips (Libertarian), defeated; Ted C. Weill (Reform), defeated; Jonathan E. Allen (HeartQuake), defeated; Bradford Lyttle (U.S. Pacifist), defeated; Vermin Supreme, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2012 Nov 6: Barack Obama (Dem), elected; Mitt Romney (Rep), defeated; Gary E. Johnson (Libertarian), defeated; Jill Stein (Green), defeated; Virgil H. Goode, Jr. (Constitution), defeated; Roseanne Barr (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Ross C. Anderson (Justice), defeated; Tom Hoefling (American Independent), defeated; Randall A. Terry (Ind), defeated; Richard Duncan (Ind), defeated; Peta Lindsay (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Chuck Baldwin (Reform), defeated; Will Christensen (Constitution), defeated; Stewart A. Alexander (Socialist), defeated; James Harris (Socialist Workers), defeated; Thomas R. Stevens (Objectivist), defeated; Jim Carlson (Grassroots), defeated; Jill Ann Reed (Ind), defeated; Merlin Miller (American Third Position), defeated; Sheila Tittle (We the People), defeated; Jerry White (Socialist Equality), defeated; Dean Morstad (Constitutional Government), defeated; Jerry Litzel (Ind), defeated; Jeff Boss (NSA Did 9/11), defeated; Barbara Dale Washer (Reform), defeated; Andre Barnett (Reform), defeated; Jack Fellure (Prohibition), defeated; Dennis Knill (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2016 Nov 8: Donald Trump (Rep), elected; Hillary Clinton (Dem), defeated; Gary E. Johnson (Libertarian), defeated; Jill Stein (Green), defeated; Evan McMullin (Ind), defeated; Darrell L. Castle (Constitution), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Rocky de la Fuente (American Delta), defeated; Richard Duncan (Ind), defeated; Dan R. Vacek (Legal Marijuana Now), defeated; Alyson Kennedy (Socialist Workers), defeated; Mike Smith (Ind), defeated; Chris Keniston (Veterans), defeated; Michael A. Maturen (American Solidarity), defeated; Lynn S. Kahn (Ind), defeated; James Hedges (Prohibition), defeated; Tom Hoefling (America's Party), defeated; Monica Moorehead (Workers World), defeated; Laurence Kotlikoff (Ind), defeated; Peter Skewes (American), defeated; Rocky Giordani (Independent American), defeated; Emidio Soltysik (Socialist), defeated; Scott Copeland (Constitution), defeated; Kyle Kenley Kopitke (Independent American), defeated; Joseph Allen Maldonado (Ind), defeated; Rod Silva (Nutrition), defeated; Khadijah Jacob-Fambro (Revolutionary), defeated; Ryan Alan Scott (Ind), defeated; Jerry White (Socialist Equality), defeated; Bradford Lyttle (Pacifist), defeated; Frank Atwood (Approval Voting), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2020 Nov 3: Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (Dem), elected; Donald Trump (Rep), defeated; Jo Jorgensen (Libertarian), defeated; Howie Hawkins (Green), defeated; Rocky de la Fuente (Alliance), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Kanye West (The Birthday Party), defeated; Donald L. Blankenship (Constitution), defeated; Brock Pierce (Ind), defeated; Brian T. Carroll (American Solidarity), defeated; Alyson Kennedy (Socialist Workers), defeated; Bill Hammons (Unity), defeated; Jade Simmons (Ind), defeated; Jerry Segal (Bread and Roses), defeated; Dario Hunter (Progressive), defeated; Phil Collins (Prohibition), defeated; James G. Janos (Green), defeated; Eric Boddie (C.U.P.), defeated; Joe McHugh (Ind), defeated; Mark Charles (Ind), defeated; Sheila Tittle (Ind), defeated; C. L. Gammon (Ind), defeated; John Richard Myers (Life and Liberty), defeated; Tom Hoefling (Ind), defeated; H. Brooke Paige (Grumpy Old Patriots), defeated; Christopher LaFontaine (Ind), defeated; Kyle Kenley Kopitke (Independent American), defeated; Ricki Sue King (Ind), defeated; Khadijah Jacob-Fambro (Ind), defeated; Blake Huber (Approval Voting), defeated; Joseph Kishore (Socialist Equality), defeated; Todd Cella (Ind), defeated; Richard Duncan (Ind), defeated; Jordan Scott (Ind), defeated; Kasey Wells (Ind), defeated; Gary Swing (Boiling Frog), defeated; Keith McCormic (Bull Moose), defeated; Zac Scalf (Ind), defeated. See also electoral votes.

    Vice-Presidents of the United States, 1789-1899 (may be Incomplete!)
    John Adams 1789-97 Thomas Jefferson 1797-1801 Aaron Burr 1801-05 George Clinton 1805-12 Elbridge Gerry 1813-14 Daniel D. Tompkins 1817-25 John C. Calhoun 1825-32 Martin Van Buren 1833-37 Richard M. Johnson 1837-41 John Tyler 1841 George M. Dallas 1845-49 Millard Fillmore 1849-50 William R. King 1853 John C. Breckinridge 1857-61 Hannibal Hamlin 1861-65 Andrew Johnson 1865 Schuyler Colfax 1869-73 Henry Wilson 1873-75 William A. Wheeler 1877-81 Chester A. Arthur 1881 Thomas A. Hendricks 1885 Levi P. Morton 1889-93 Adlai E. Stevenson 1893-97 Garret A. Hobart 1897-99

    Vice-Presidents of the United States, 1900-2021 (may be Incomplete!)
    Theodore Roosevelt 1901 Charles W. Fairbanks 1905-09 James S. Sherman 1909-12 Thomas R. Marshall 1913-21 Calvin Coolidge 1921-23 Charles G. Dawes 1925-29 Charles Curtis 1929-33 John Nance Garner 1933-41 Henry A. Wallace 1941-45 Harry S. Truman 1945 Alben W. Barkley 1949-53 Richard M. Nixon 1953-61 Lyndon B. Johnson 1961-63 Hubert H. Humphrey 1965-69 Spiro T. Agnew 1969-73 Gerald R. Ford 1973-74 Nelson A. Rockefeller 1974-77 Walter F. Mondale 1977-81 George Bush 1981-89 Dan Quayle 1989-93 Al Gore 1993-2001 Richard B. Cheney 2001-09 Joseph R. Biden, Jr. 2009-17 Mike Pence 2017-21 Kamala D. Harris 2021-

  • 1789: John Adams (Federalist), elected. See also electoral votes.
  • 1792: John Adams (Federalist), elected. See also electoral votes.
  • 1800: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1804: Rufus King, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1808: Rufus King, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1812: Jared Ingersoll, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1812 Apr 20: George Clinton, died in office.
  • 1814 Nov 23: Elbridge Gerry, died in office.
  • 1828: Richard Rush, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1832: Martin Van Buren (Dem), elected; John Sergeant (National Republican), defeated; Amos Ellmaker (Anti-Masonic), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1836: Richard M. Johnson (Dem), elected; Francis Granger (Whig), defeated; John Tyler (Whig), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1840: John Tyler (Whig), elected; Richard M. Johnson (Dem), defeated; Littleton W. Tazewell (Dem), defeated; Thomas Earle (Liberty), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1844: George M. Dallas (Dem), elected; Theodore Frelinghuysen (Whig), defeated; Thomas Morris (Liberty), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1848: Millard Fillmore (Whig), elected; William O. Butler (Dem), defeated; Charles Francis Adams (Free Soil), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1852: William R. King (Dem), elected; William A. Graham (Whig), defeated; George W. Julian (Free Soil), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1853 Apr 18: William R. King, died in office.
  • 1856: John C. Breckinridge (Dem), elected; William L. Dayton (Rep), defeated; Andrew J. Donelson (Whig & American), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1860 Nov 6: Hannibal Hamlin (Rep), elected; Herschel V. Johnson (Dem), defeated; Joseph Lane (Southern Democratic), defeated; Edward Everett (Constitutional Union), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1864 Nov 8: Andrew Johnson (Rep), elected; George H. Pendleton (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1868 Nov 3: Schuyler Colfax (Rep), elected; Francis P. Blair, Jr. (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1872 Nov 5: Henry Wilson (Rep), elected; B. Gratz Brown (Dem & Liberal Republican), defeated; John Quincy Adams (Straight Out Democratic), defeated; John Russell (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1875 Nov 22: Henry Wilson, died in office.
  • 1876 Nov 7: William A. Wheeler (Rep), elected; Thomas A. Hendricks (Dem), defeated; Samuel Fenton Cary (Greenback), defeated; Gideon T. Stewart (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1880 Nov 2: Chester A. Arthur (Rep), elected; William H. English (Dem), defeated; Barzillai J. Chambers (Greenback), defeated; Henry A. Thompson (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1884 Nov 4: Thomas A. Hendricks (Dem), elected; John A. Logan (Rep), defeated; A. M. West (Greenback & Anti-Monopoly), defeated; William Daniel (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1885 Nov 25: Thomas A. Hendricks, died in office.
  • 1888 Nov 6: Levi P. Morton (Rep), elected; Allen G. Thurman (Dem), defeated; John A. Brooks (Prohibition), defeated; Charles E. Cunningham (Union Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1892 Nov 8: Adlai E. Stevenson (Dem), elected; Whitelaw Reid (Rep), defeated; James G. Field (Populist), defeated; James B. Cranfill (Prohibition), defeated; Charles H. Matchett (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1896 Nov 3: Garret A. Hobart (Rep), elected; Arthur Sewall (Dem), defeated; Thomas E. Watson (Populist), defeated; Simon Buckner (Gold Democratic), defeated; Hale Johnson (Prohibition), defeated; Matthew Maguire (Socialist Labor), defeated; James Southgate (National), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1899 Nov 21: Garret A. Hobart, died in office.
  • 1900 Nov 6: Theodore Roosevelt (Rep), elected; Adlai E. Stevenson (Dem), defeated; Henry B. Metcalf (Prohibition), defeated; Job Harriman (Socialist), defeated; Ignatius Donnelly (People's), defeated; Valentine Remmel (Socialist Labor), defeated; Samuel T. Nicholson (Union Reform), defeated; David H. Martin (United Christian), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1904 Nov 8: Charles W. Fairbanks (Rep), elected; Henry G. Davis (Dem), defeated; Benjamin Hanford (Socialist), defeated; George W. Carroll (Prohibition), defeated; Thomas H. Tibbles (People's), defeated; William W. Cox (Socialist Labor), defeated; A. King (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1908 Nov 3: James S. Sherman (Rep), elected; Aaron S. Watkins (Prohibition), defeated; Donald L. Munro (Socialist Labor), defeated; John W. Kern, defeated; John Temple Graves (Independence), defeated; Benjamin Hanford (Socialist), defeated; Samuel W. Williams (People's), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1912 Oct 30: James S. Sherman, died in office.
  • 1912 Nov 5: Nicholas Murray Butler, defeated; Hiram W. Johnson (Progressive), defeated; Thomas R. Marshall (Dem), elected; August Gillhaus (Socialist Labor), defeated; Aaron S. Watkins (Prohibition), defeated; Emil Seidel (Socialist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1916 Nov 7: Thomas R. Marshall (Dem), elected; Caleb Harrison (Socialist Labor), defeated; George R. Kirkpatrick (Socialist), defeated; Ira Landrith (Prohibition), defeated; Charles W. Fairbanks, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1920 Nov 2: Calvin Coolidge (Rep), elected; Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), defeated; Seymour Stedman (Socialist), defeated; Max S. Hayes (Farmer-Labor), defeated; D. Leigh Colvin (Prohibition), defeated; William J. Hough (American), defeated; August Gillhaus (Socialist Labor), defeated; Richard C. Barnum (Single Tax), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1924 Nov 4: Charles G. Dawes (Rep), elected; Charles W. Bryan (Dem), defeated; Burton K. Wheeler (Progressive), defeated; Marie C. Brehm (Prohibition), defeated; Verne L. Reynolds (Socialist Labor), defeated; Benjamin Gitlow (Communist), defeated; Leander L. Pickett (American), defeated; John C. Lincoln (Commonwealth Land), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1928 Nov 6: Charles Curtis (Rep), elected; Joseph T. Robinson (Dem), defeated; James H. Maurer (Socialist), defeated; Benjamin Gitlow (Communist), defeated; Jeremiah D. Crowley (Socialist Labor), defeated; James A. Edgerton (Prohibition), defeated; L. R. Tillman (Farmer-Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1932 Nov 8: John Nance Garner (Dem), elected; Charles Curtis (Rep), defeated; James H. Maurer (Socialist), defeated; James W. Ford (Communist), defeated; Frank S. Regan (Prohibition), defeated; Frank Hemenway (Liberty), defeated; John W. Aiken (Socialist Labor), defeated; Julius J. Reiter (Farmer-Labor), defeated; Florence Garvin (National), defeated; Victor Clifford Tisdal, Sr. (Jobless Party), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1936 Nov 3: John Nance Garner (Dem), elected; Frank Knox (Rep), defeated; Thomas C. O'Brien (Union), defeated; George A. Nelson (Socialist), defeated; James W. Ford (Communist), defeated; Claude A. Watson (Prohibition), defeated; Emil F. Teichert (Socialist Labor), defeated; Willard W. Kemp (Christian), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1940 Nov 5: Henry A. Wallace (Dem), elected; Charles L. McNary (Rep), defeated; Maynard C. Krueger (Socialist), defeated; Edgar V. Moorman (Prohibition), defeated; James W. Ford (Communist), defeated; Aaron M. Orange (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1944 Nov 7: Harry S. Truman (Dem), elected; John W. Bricker (Rep), defeated; Darlington Hoopes (Socialist), defeated; Andrew Johnson (Prohibition), defeated; Arla A. Albaugh (Socialist Labor), defeated; Harry Romer (America First), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1948 Nov 2: Alben W. Barkley (Dem), elected; Earl Warren (Rep), defeated; Fielding L. Wright (States Rights), defeated; Glen H. Taylor (Progressive), defeated; Tucker P. Smith (Socialist), defeated; Dale H. Learn (Prohibition), defeated; Stephen Emery (Socialist Labor), defeated; Grace Carlson (Socialist Workers), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1952 Nov 4: Richard M. Nixon (Rep), elected; John J. Sparkman (Dem), defeated; Charlotta Bass (Progressive), defeated; Enoch A. Holtwick (Prohibition), defeated; Stephen Emery (Socialist Labor), defeated; Samuel H. Friedman (Socialist), defeated; Myra Tanner Weiss (Socialist Workers), defeated; Frank Jenkins (Poor Man's Party), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1956 Nov 6: Richard M. Nixon (Rep), elected; Estes Kefauver (Dem), defeated; Thomas H. Werdel (States Rights), defeated; Georgia Cozzini (Socialist Labor), defeated; Edwin M. Cooper (Prohibition), defeated; Myra Tanner Weiss (Socialist Workers), defeated; William E. Jenner (States Rights), defeated; Samuel H. Friedman (Socialist), defeated; Anne Marie Yezo (American Third Party), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1960 Nov 8: Lyndon B. Johnson (Dem), elected; Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (Rep), defeated; E. Harold Munn (Prohibition), defeated; Georgia Cozzini (Socialist Labor), defeated; Myra Tanner Weiss (Socialist Workers), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1964 Nov 3: William E. Miller (Rep), defeated; Hubert H. Humphrey (Dem), elected; Mark R. Shaw (Prohibition), defeated; Edward Shaw (Socialist Workers), defeated; Henning A. Blomen (Socialist Labor), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1968 Nov 5: Edmund S. Muskie (Dem), defeated; George S. Taylor (Socialist Labor), defeated; Spiro T. Agnew (Rep), elected; Curtis E. LeMay (American Independent), defeated; Larry Hochman, defeated; Rolland E. Fisher (Prohibition), defeated; Paul Boutelle (Socialist Workers), defeated; Douglas F. Dowd (Peace and Freedom), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1972 Nov 7: R. Sargent Shriver, Jr. (Dem), defeated; Spiro T. Agnew (Rep), elected; Andrew Pulley (Socialist Workers), defeated; Theodora Nathan (Libertarian), defeated; Genevieve Gunderson (Socialist Labor), defeated; Marshall E. Uncapher (Prohibition), defeated; Jarvis Tyner (Communist), defeated; Julius W. Hobson (People's), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1976 Nov 2: Walter F. Mondale (Dem), elected; Bob Dole (Rep), defeated; David Bergland (Libertarian), defeated; William Dyke (American Independent), defeated; Rufus Shackelford (American), defeated; Willa Mae Reid (Socialist Workers), defeated; Jarvis Tyner (Communist), defeated; Benjamin Spock (People's), defeated; R. Wayne Evans (U.S. Labor), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; Constance Blomen (Socialist Labor), defeated; J. Quinn Brisben (Socialist), defeated; Roy Eddy (Restoration), defeated; Henry Swan (United American), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1980 Nov 4: George Bush (Rep), elected; Walter F. Mondale (Dem), defeated; Gavrielle Holmes (Workers World), defeated; Diane Drufenbrock (Socialist), defeated; Matilde Zimmerman (Socialist Workers), defeated; Earl F. Dodge (Prohibition), defeated; Patrick J. Lucey (Ind), defeated; Angela Davis (Communist), defeated; Elizabeth Cervantes Barron (Peace and Freedom), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1984 Nov 6: George Bush (Rep), elected; Helen Halyard (Workers League), defeated; Geraldine Ferraro (Dem), defeated; Warren C. Martin (Prohibition), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Workers World), defeated; Andrea Gonzales (Socialist Workers), defeated; Angela Davis (Communist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1988: Eileen Shearer (American Independent), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1988 Nov 8: Dan Quayle (Rep), elected; Helen Halyard (Workers League), defeated; George Ormsby (Prohibition), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Workers World), defeated; Vikki Murdock (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Kathleen Mickells (Socialist Workers), defeated; Lloyd M. Bentsen (Dem), defeated; Ron Ehrenreich (Socialist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1992 Nov 3: Dan Quayle (Rep), defeated; Al Gore (Dem), elected; George Ormsby (Prohibition), defeated; Larry Holmes (Workers World), defeated; Willa Mae Reid (Socialist Workers), defeated; Fred Mazelis (Workers League), defeated; Barbara Garson (Socialist), defeated; Asiba Tupahache (Peace and Freedom), defeated; James B. Stockdale, defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 1996 Nov 5: Al Gore (Dem), elected; Jack Kemp (Rep), defeated; Winona LaDuke (Green), defeated; Rachel Bubar Kelly (Prohibition), defeated; Kate McClatchy (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Laura Garza (Socialist Workers), defeated; Fred Mazelis (Socialist Equality), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Workers World), defeated; Eric Chester (Socialist), defeated; Jo Jorgensen (Libertarian), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2000 Nov 7: Joseph I. Lieberman (Dem), defeated; Richard B. Cheney (Rep), elected; Art Olivier (Libertarian), defeated; Nat Goldhaber (Natural Law), defeated; W. Dean Watkins (Prohibition), defeated; Winona LaDuke (Green), defeated; Margaret Trowe (Socialist Workers), defeated; Ezola B. Foster (Reform), defeated; Mary Cal Hollis (Socialist), defeated; Gloria E. La Riva (Workers World), defeated; J. Curtis Frazier (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2004 Nov 2: Richard B. Cheney (Rep), elected; John Edwards (Dem), defeated; Peter Camejo (Ind), defeated; Richard V. Campagna (Libertarian), defeated; Chuck Baldwin (Constitution), defeated; Pat LaMarche (Green), defeated; Janice Jordan (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Mary Alice Herbert (Socialist), defeated; Margaret Trowe (Socialist Workers), defeated; Arrin T. Hawkins (Socialist Workers), defeated; Jennifer A. Ryan (Christian Freedom), defeated; Leroy J. Pletten (Prohibition), defeated; Jim Lawrence (Socialist Equality), defeated; Teresa Gutierrez (Workers World), defeated; Marilyn Chambers Taylor (Personal Choice), defeated; Irene M. Deasy (Ind), defeated; Howard Lydick (Prohibition), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2008 Nov 4: Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (Dem), elected; Sarah Palin (Rep), defeated; Matt Gonzalez (Ind), defeated; Wayne A. Root (Libertarian), defeated; Darrell L. Castle (Constitution), defeated; Rosa A. Clemente (Green), defeated; Wiley Drake (American Independent), defeated; Michael Peroutka (Constitution), defeated; Barry M. Goldwater, Jr. (Constitution), defeated; Alyson Kennedy (Socialist Workers), defeated; Stewart A. Alexander (Socialist), defeated; Eugene Puryear (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Brian Rohrbough (American Independent), defeated; Robert E. Thornsberry (Constitution), defeated; Ricky Johnson (Ind), defeated; Dan Sallis, Jr. (Boston Tea Party), defeated; Marvin Sprouse, Jr. (American Independent), defeated; David Mangan (Ind), defeated; David J. Klimis (Ind), defeated; Alden Link (Objectivist), defeated; Leroy J. Pletten (Prohibition), defeated; Andrea Marie Psoras (Ind), defeated; Robert Moses (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Christopher Bennett (Libertarian), defeated; Frank McEnulty (Reform), defeated; Jeffrey D. Stath (HeartQuake), defeated; Abraham Bassford (U.S. Pacifist), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2012 Nov 6: Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (Dem), elected; Paul Ryan (Rep), defeated; James P. Gray (Libertarian), defeated; Cheri Honkala (Green), defeated; James N. Clymer (Constitution), defeated; Cindy Sheehan (Peace and Freedom), defeated; Luis J. Rodriguez (Justice), defeated; Jonathan D. Ellis (American Independent), defeated; Marjorie Smith (Ind), defeated; Ricky Johnson (Ind), defeated; Yari Osorio (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Joseph Martin (Reform), defeated; Ken Gibbs (Constitution), defeated; Alex Mendoza (Socialist), defeated; Maura DeLuca (Socialist Workers), defeated; Alden Link (Objectivist), defeated; George McMahon (Grassroots), defeated; Thomas A. Cary (Ind), defeated; Harry V. Bertram (American Third Position), defeated; Matthew A. Turner (We the People), defeated; Phyllis Scherrer (Socialist Equality), defeated; Josh Franke-Hyland (Constitutional Government), defeated; Jim Litzel (Ind), defeated; Bob Pasternak (NSA Did 9/11), defeated; Cathy L. Toole (Reform), defeated; Kenneth Cross (Reform), defeated; Toby Davis (Prohibition), defeated; David Gilder (Dem), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2016 Nov 8: Mike Pence (Rep), elected; Tim Kaine (Dem), defeated; William F. Weld (Libertarian), defeated; Ajamu Baraka (Green), defeated; Mindy Finn (Ind), defeated; Scott Bradley (Constitution), defeated; Eugene Puryear (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Michael Steinberg (American Delta), defeated; Ricky Johnson (Ind), defeated; Mark Elworth, Jr. (Legal Marijuana Now), defeated; Osborne Hart (Socialist Workers), defeated; Daniel White (Ind), defeated; Deacon Taylor (Veterans), defeated; Juan Munoz (American Solidarity), defeated; Kathleen Monahan (Ind), defeated; Bill Bayes (Prohibition), defeated; Steve Schulin (America's Party), defeated; Lamont Lilly (Workers World), defeated; Edward Leamer (Ind), defeated; Michael Lacy (American), defeated; Farley Anderson (Independent American), defeated; Angela Walker (Socialist), defeated; J. R. Myers (Constitution), defeated; Nathan R. Sorenson (Independent American), defeated; Douglas K. Terranova (Ind), defeated; Richard C. Silva (Nutrition), defeated; Milton Fambro (Revolutionary), defeated; Bruce Kendall Barnard (Ind), defeated; Niles Niemuth (Socialist Equality), defeated; Hannah Walsh (Pacifist), defeated; Blake Huber (Approval Voting), defeated. See also electoral votes.
  • 2020 Nov 3: Kamala D. Harris (Dem), elected; Mike Pence (Rep), defeated; Jeremy Cohen (Libertarian), defeated; Angela Walker (Green), defeated; Sunil Freeman (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Michelle Tidball (The Birthday Party), defeated; Kanye West (Alliance), defeated; William Mohr (Constitution), defeated; Karla Ballard (Ind), defeated; Amar Patel (American Solidarity), defeated; Darcy G. Richardson (Alliance), defeated; Leonard Peltier (Socialism and Liberation), defeated; Malcolm M. Jarrett (Socialist Workers), defeated; Eric Bodenstab (Unity), defeated; Claudeliah J. Roze (Ind), defeated; John de Graaf (Bread and Roses), defeated; Dawn Neptune Adams (Progressive), defeated; Billy Joe Parker (Prohibition), defeated; Cynthia A. McKinney (Green), defeated; Eric Stoneham (C.U.P.), defeated; Liz Storm (Ind), defeated; Adrian Wallace (Ind), defeated; David Sandige (Ind), defeated; Phil Collins (Ind), defeated; Tiara Suzanne Lusk (Life and Liberty), defeated; Thomas Witman (Grumpy Old Patriots), defeated; Andy Prior (Ind), defeated; Michael Speed (Ind), defeated; Nathan R. Sorenson (Ind), defeated; Dayna R. Chandler (Ind), defeated; Khadijah Maryam Jacob, Sr. (Ind), defeated; Frank Atwood (Approval Voting), defeated; Norissa Santa Cruz (Socialist Equality), defeated; Mitch Bupp (Ind), defeated; Tim Cella (Ind), defeated; Melissa Nixon (Ind), defeated; Jennifer Tepool (Ind), defeated; Rachel Wells (Ind), defeated; Dave Olszta (Boiling Frog), defeated; Sam Blasiak (Bull Moose), defeated; Taja Iwanow (Independent American), defeated; Matthew Lyda (Ind), defeated. See also electoral votes.

  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
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    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
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