PoliticalGraveyard.com
The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians Who Received the Medal of Freedom
(also known as the "Presidential Medal of Freedom")

in chronological order

  Homer Morrison Byington, Jr. (1908-1987) — also known as Homer M. Byington, Jr. — of Norwalk, Fairfield County, Conn. Born in Naples, Italy of American parents, May 31, 1908. Foreign Service officer; U.S. Consul in Naples, 1938-39; U.S. Ambassador to Malaya, 1957-61; U.S. Consul General in Naples, 1963-73. Protestant. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1946. Died, of a heart attack, aboard the Vista Fjord, a Norwegian cruise ship, in the North Atlantic Ocean, November 2, 1987 (age 79 years, 155 days). Interment at St. Georges Cemetery, St. Georges, Del.
  Relatives: Son of Homer Morrison Byington; married to Jane Craven McHarg (1912-1993); great-grandson of Aaron Homer Byington (1825?-1910).
  Political family: Byington family of Norwalk, Connecticut.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — Find-A-Grave memorial
  John Kenneth Galbraith (1908-2006) — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Cambridge, Middlesex County, Mass. Born in Iona Station, Ontario, October 15, 1908. Democrat. Naturalized U.S. citizen; economist; university professor; U.S. Ambassador to India, 1961-63; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1972. Scottish ancestry. Member, Americans for Democratic Action; American Economic Association; American Academy of Arts and Sciences; American Philosophical Society. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1946, and again in 2000. Died, of pneumonia, in Mt. Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Mass., April 29, 2006 (age 97 years, 196 days). Interment at Indian Hill Cemetery, Middletown, Conn.
  Relatives: Son of William Archibald 'Archie' Galbraith and Catherine (Kendall) Galbraith; married, September 17, 1937, to Catherine 'Kitty' Atwater; father of Peter Woodard Galbraith (1950-) and James Kenneth Galbraith.
  Political family: Galbraith family of Massachusetts and Vermont.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by John Kenneth Galbraith: Ambassador's Journal : A Personal Account of the Kennedy Years (1969) — The Affluent Society (1958) — The Great Crash : 1929 (1954) — A Short History of Financial Euphoria — Money : Whence it Came, Where it Went (1975) — A Tenured Professor (1990) — Name-Dropping : From FDR On (1999) — A Life In Our Times (1981) — The New Industrial State (1967)
  Books about John Kenneth Galbraith: Richard Parker, John Kenneth Galbraith : His Life, His Politics, His Economics
  Joseph Warren Madden (1890-1972) — also known as J. Warren Madden — of Falls Church, Va. Born in Damascus, Stephenson County, Ill., January 17, 1890. Democrat. Law professor; member, National Labor Relations Board, 1935-40; chair, National Labor Relations Board, 1935-40; Judge of U.S. Court of Claims, 1941-61; took senior status 1961. Presbyterian. Member, Delta Upsilon; Phi Alpha Delta; Order of the Coif. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1947. Died in San Francisco, Calif., February 17, 1972 (age 82 years, 31 days). Interment somewhere in Falls Church, Va.
  Relatives: Son of William James Madden and Elizabeth Dickey (Murdaugh) Madden; married, July 16, 1913, to Margaret Bell Liddell.
  See also federal judicial profile
  Robert Bernerd Anderson (1910-1989) — also known as Robert B. Anderson — of Texas. Born in Burleson, Johnson County, Tex., June 4, 1910. School teacher; lawyer; member of Texas state house of representatives, 1932; Received the Medal of Freedom in 1955; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1957-61. Methodist. Member, American Bar Association; Freemasons; Shriners; Phi Delta Phi; Order of the Coif. Pleaded guilty in 1987 to charges of evading taxes by illegally operating an offshore bank; sentenced to jail, house arrest, and probation; disbarred in 1988. Died, of complications from surgery on cancer of the esophagus, in New York Hospital, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., August 14, 1989 (age 79 years, 71 days). Interment at Rosehill Cemetery, Cleburne, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Robert Lee Anderson and Elizabeth Haskew "Lizzie" Anderson; married, April 10, 1935, to Ollie Mae Rawlins (died 1987).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Neil Hosler McElroy (1904-1972) — also known as Neil H. McElroy — Born in Berea, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, October 30, 1904. President, Proctor & Gamble, 1948-57; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1957-59. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1959. Died, of cancer, in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, November 30, 1972 (age 68 years, 31 days). Interment at Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
John Foster Dulles John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Washington, D.C., February 25, 1888. Republican. Lawyer; major in the U.S. Army during World War I; delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1944; U.S. Senator from New York, 1949; defeated, 1949; U.S. Secretary of State, 1953-59. Presbyterian. Member, Phi Beta Kappa; Phi Delta Phi; Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1959. Died of cancer and pneumonia, in Washington, D.C., May 24, 1959 (age 71 years, 88 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Allen Macy Dulles (1854-1930) and Edith F. (Foster) Dulles (1863-1941); brother of Allen Welsh Dulles; married to Janet Pomeroy Avery (1891-1969); grandson of John Watson Foster; third great-grandnephew of Joshua Coit; first cousin twice removed of Langdon Cheves, Jr.; first cousin six times removed of Benjamin Huntington; second cousin thrice removed of Robert Coit, Jr.; second cousin four times removed of John Davenport, James Davenport, Henry Huntington, Gurdon Huntington and Abel Huntington; second cousin five times removed of Samuel Huntington; third cousin of Lewis Wardlaw Haskell; third cousin twice removed of Alonzo Mark Leffingwell and William Brainard Coit; third cousin thrice removed of Ebenezer Huntington, William Woodbridge, Zina Hyde, Jr., Isaac Backus, Theodore Davenport, Henry Titus Backus (1809-1877) and Benjamin Nicoll Huntington; fourth cousin once removed of John Leffingwell Randolph.
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Saltonstall-Davis-Frelinghuysen-Appleton family of Massachusetts; Waterman-Huntington family of Connecticut and New York; Wolcott-Wadsworth family of Connecticut and Maryland (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Cross-reference: Edward Corsi
  Washington Dulles International Airport (opened 1962), in Loudoun and Fairfax counties, Virginia, is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Time Magazine, August 13, 1951
  Christian Archibald Herter (1895-1966) — also known as Christian A. Herter — of Boston, Suffolk County, Mass.; Millis, Norfolk County, Mass. Born in Paris, France of American parents, March 28, 1895. Republican. Personal assistant to U.S. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, 1921-24; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1931-43; Speaker of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1939-43; delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1932, 1940, 1948, 1952 (member, Resolutions Committee; speaker), 1956; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 10th District, 1943-53; Governor of Massachusetts, 1953-57; candidate for Republican nomination for Vice President, 1956; U.S. Secretary of State, 1959-61. Member, Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1961. Died December 30, 1966 (age 71 years, 277 days). Interment at Prospect Hill Cemetery, Millis, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of Adele (McGinnis) Herter and Albert Herter (1871-1950; artist); married, August 25, 1917, to Mary Caroline Pratt (1895-1980); father of Christian Archibald Herter, Jr. (1919-2007).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Ellsworth Bunker (1894-1984) — also known as "The Refrigerator"; "The Sly Fox" — of New York; Dummerston, Windham County, Vt. Born in Yonkers, Westchester County, N.Y., May 11, 1894. Director and officer, National Sugar Refining Company; director, American-Hawaiian Steamship Company; U.S. Ambassador to Argentina, 1951-52; Italy, 1952-53; India, 1956-61; Nepal, 1956-59; , 1966-67, 1973-78; Vietnam, 1967-73. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Recipient of two Presidential Medals of Freedom, in 1963 and in 1967. Died, in Brattleboro Memorial Hospital, Brattleboro, Windham County, Vt., September 27, 1984 (age 90 years, 139 days). Interment somewhere in Dummerston, Vt.
  Relatives: Son of George R. Bunker and Jean Polhemus (Cobb) Bunker; married, April 24, 1920, to Harriet Allen Butler (died 1964); married, January 3, 1967, to Caroline Clendening Laise (1917-?).
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Books about Ellsworth Bunker: Howard B. Schaffer, Ellsworth Bunker : Global Troubleshooter, Vietnam Hawk
Felix Frankfurter Felix Frankfurter (1882-1965) — of Cambridge, Middlesex County, Mass. Born in Vienna, Austria, November 15, 1882. Law professor; Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1939-62. Jewish. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Civil Liberties Union. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963. Suffered a heart attack, and died the next day, in George Washington University Hospital, Washington, D.C., February 22, 1965 (age 82 years, 99 days). Cremated; ashes interred at Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of Leopold Frankfurter and Emma (Winter) Frankfurter; married, December 20, 1919, to Marion A. Denman (1890-1975).
  Cross-reference: Philip Elman
  See also NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Felix Frankfurter: H. N. Hirsch, The Enigma of Felix Frankfurter — James F Simon, The antagonists: Hugo Black, Felix Frankfurter and civil liberties in modern America — Melvin I. Urofsky, Felix Frankfurter: Judicial Restraint and Individual Liberties — Robert A. Burt, Two Jewish Justices: Outcasts in the Promised Land
  Image source: Library of Congress
  John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963) — also known as John F. Kennedy; "J.F.K."; "Lancer" — of Boston, Suffolk County, Mass. Born in Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass., May 29, 1917. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 11th District, 1947-53; U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, 1953-60; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1956; candidate for Democratic nomination for Vice President, 1956; received a 1957 Pulitzer Prize for his book Profiles in Courage; President of the United States, 1961-63; died in office 1963. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Member, Knights of Columbus; American Legion; Elks. Kennedy was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963. Shot by a sniper, Lee Harvey Oswald, while riding in a motorcade, and died in Parkland Hospital, Dallas, Dallas County, Tex., November 22, 1963 (age 46 years, 177 days). Oswald was shot and killed two days later by Jack Ruby. Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.; memorial monument at John F. Kennedy Memorial Plaza, Dallas, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr. and Rose (Fitzgerald) Kennedy (1890-1995); step-brother-in-law of Nina Gore Auchincloss (who married Newton Ivan Steers, Jr.); brother of Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr., Eunice Mary Kennedy (1921-2009; who married Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr.), Patricia Kennedy Lawford (who married Peter Lawford), Robert Francis Kennedy, Jean Kennedy Smith and Edward Moore Kennedy (who married Virginia Joan Bennett); married, September 12, 1953, to Jacqueline Lee 'Jackie' Bouvier (1929-1994; step-daughter of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss; step-sister of Eugene Luther Gore Vidal, Jr. and Hugh Dudley Auchincloss III); father of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr.; uncle of Maria Owings Shriver (who married Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger), Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Joseph Patrick Kennedy II, Mark Kennedy Shriver (1964-) and Patrick Joseph Kennedy (1967-); grandson of Patrick Joseph Kennedy (1858-1929) and John Francis Fitzgerald.
  Political family: Kennedy family.
  Cross-reference: John B. Connally — Henry B. Gonzalez — Henry M. Wade — Walter Rogers — Gerry E. Studds — James B. McCahey, Jr. — Mark Dalton — Waggoner Carr — Theodore C. Sorensen — Pierre Salinger — John Bartlow Martin — Abraham Davenport
  The John F. Kennedy Memorial Bridge (opened 1963), which carries southbound I-65 over the Ohio River from Jeffersonville, Indiana, to Louisville, Kentucky, is named for him.
  Coins and currency: His portrait appears on the U.S. half dollar coin.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by John F. Kennedy: Profiles in Courage
  Books about John F. Kennedy: Christopher Loviny & Vincent Touze, JFK : Remembering Jack — Robert Dallek, An Unfinished Life : John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963 — Michael O'Brien, John F. Kennedy : A Biography — Sean J. Savage, JFK, LBJ, and the Democratic Party — Thurston Clarke, Ask Not : The Inauguration of John F. Kennedy and the Speech That Changed America — Thomas Reeves, A Question of Character : A Life of John F. Kennedy — Chris Matthews, Jack Kennedy: Elusive Hero — Shelley Sommer, John F. Kennedy : His Life and Legacy (for young readers)
  Critical books about John F. Kennedy: Seymour Hersh, The Dark Side of Camelot — Lance Morrow, The Best Year of Their Lives: Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon in 1948: Learning the Secrets of Power — Victor Lasky, JFK: the Man and the Myth
Herbert H. Lehman Herbert Henry Lehman (1878-1963) — also known as Herbert H. Lehman — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., March 28, 1878. Democrat. Director, Consolidated Cotton Duck Co., Imperial Cotton Co., U.S. Cotton Duck Co., Washington Mills; colonel in the U.S. Army during World War I; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960; Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1929-32; Governor of New York, 1933-42; U.S. Senator from New York, 1949-57; defeated, 1946. Jewish. Member, American Jewish Committee; Council on Foreign Relations; Phi Gamma Delta; Americans for Democratic Action. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1963; inducted into the Jewish-American Hall of Fame in 1974. Died in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., December 5, 1963 (age 85 years, 252 days). Interment at Kensico Cemetery, Valhalla, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Mayer Lehman (1830-1897) and Babette (Newgass) Lehman; brother of Irving Lehman; married, April 28, 1910, to Edith Louise Altschul (1880-1976); father of Peter Lehman (1917-1944; killed on active duty in World War II); uncle of Elinor Fatman Morgenthau; granduncle of Robert Morris Morgenthau (1919-2019), Orin Lehman and John Langeloth Loeb, Jr..
  Political family: Morgenthau-Lehman family of New York City, New York (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Cross-reference: Nathan R. Sobel — Thomas L. J. Corcoran
  Lehman College, Bronx, New York, is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Image source: New York Red Book 1936
  Robert Abercrombie Lovett (1895-1986) — also known as Robert A. Lovett — of Locust Valley, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y. Born in Huntsville, Walker County, Tex., September 14, 1895. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War I; partner, Brown Brothers Harriman; director of several railroad companies; director, Presbyterian Hospital of New York; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1951-53. Member, Skull and Bones. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963. Died in Locust Valley, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y., May 7, 1986 (age 90 years, 235 days). Interment at Locust Valley Cemetery, Locust Valley, Long Island, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Robert Scott Lovett (1860-1932; railroad president) and Lavinia Chilton (Abercrombie) Lovett (1863-1928); married, April 19, 1919, to Adele Quartley Brown.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Robert Lovett: Walter Isaacson, The Wise Men : Six Friends and the World They Made
  Theodore Martin Hesburgh (1917-2015) — also known as Theodore Hesburgh; "Father Ted" — of South Bend, St. Joseph County, Ind. Born in Syracuse, Onondaga County, N.Y., May 25, 1917. Catholic priest; president, Notre Dame University, 1952-87; member, U.S. Civil Rights Commission, 1957-72. Catholic. Recipient, Medal of Freedom, 1964. Died in South Bend, St. Joseph County, Ind., February 26, 2015 (age 97 years, 277 days). Interment at Holy Cross Cemetery, Notre Dame, Ind.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Carl Vinson (1883-1981) — also known as "Father of the Two-Ocean Navy" — of Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Ga. Born in Baldwin County, Ga., November 18, 1883. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Georgia state house of representatives, 1909-12; county judge in Georgia, 1912-14; U.S. Representative from Georgia, 1914-65 (10th District 1914-33, 6th District 1933-65); delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1952. Methodist. Member, Kappa Alpha Order. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964. Died June 1, 1981 (age 97 years, 195 days). Interment at Memory Hill Cemetery, Milledgeville, Ga.
  Relatives: Granduncle of Samuel Augustus Nunn, Jr. (1938-).
  Mount Vinson (the highest peak in Antarctica), located in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, Ellsworth Land, Antarctica, is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Thomas John Watson, Jr. (1914-1993) — also known as Thomas J. Watson, Jr. — of Connecticut. Born January 14, 1914. President, IBM, 1952-71; U.S. Ambassador to Soviet Union, 1979-81. Recipient, Medal of Freedom, 1964. Died, from complications of a stroke, in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Conn., December 31, 1993 (age 79 years, 351 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas John Watson, Sr. (1874-1956) and Jeanette (Kittredge) Watson; brother of Arthur Kittredge Watson (1919-1974).
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier
Dean Acheson Dean Gooderham Acheson (1893-1971) — also known as Dean Acheson — of Washington, D.C. Born in Middletown, Middlesex County, Conn., April 11, 1893. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War I; lawyer; private secretary to U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis, 1919-21; undersecretary of treasury, 1933; U.S. Secretary of State, 1949-53. Episcopalian. English ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964; received a Pulitzer Prize in History, 1970, for his book Present At The Creation: My Years In The State Department. Died, probably from a heart attack, over his desk in his study, Sandy Spring, Montgomery County, Md., October 12, 1971 (age 78 years, 184 days). Interment at Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
  Relatives: Son of Edward Campion Acheson (1858-1934; Episcopal bishop of Connecticut) and Eleanor Gertrude (Gooderham) Acheson (1870-1958); married, May 5, 1917, to Alice Caroline Stanley (1895-1996; artist); father of David Campion Acheson (1921-?).
  Cross-reference: Lucius D. Battle — Francis E. Meloy, Jr.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Books by Dean Acheson: Present at the Creation : My Years in the State Department (1969)
  Books about Dean Acheson: Walter Isaacson, The Wise Men : Six Friends and the World They Made — Robert L. Beisner, Dean Acheson : A Life in the Cold War
  Image source: Christian Science Monitor, September 25, 2010
Walt Disney Walter Elias Disney (1901-1966) — also known as Walt Disney; "Uncle Walt" — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Chicago, Cook County, Ill., December 5, 1901. Republican. Candidate for Presidential Elector for California, 1944. Irish ancestry. Producer or director of several hundred films from 1922 until the 1960s; creator and first voice of Mickey Mouse; founder of Disney entertainment company and of Disneyland, the world's first theme park; recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on September 14, 1964. In honor of his invention of the multiplane camera, he is an inductee to the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Died, of lung cancer, in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., December 15, 1966 (age 65 years, 10 days). Cremated; ashes interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, Calif.; statue erected 1993 at Disneyland, Anaheim, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Elias Disney (1859-1941) and Flora (Call) Disney (1868-1938); married, July 13, 1925, to Lillian Marie Bounds (1899-1997).
  Cross-reference: George J. Mitchell
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Walt Disney: Richard Schickel, The Disney Version: The Life, Times, Art and Commerce of Walt Disney — Leonard Mosley, Disney's World: A Biography — Katherine Greene & Richard Greene, The Man Behind the Magic: The Story of Walt Disney — Bob Thomas, Walt Disney: An American Original — Jean-Pierre Isbouts, Discovering Walt: The Magical Life of Walt Disney (for young readers)
  Image source: Boy Scouts of America
  John William Gardner (1912-2002) — also known as John W. Gardner — of Scarsdale, Westchester County, N.Y. Born in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., October 8, 1912. Republican. University professor; served in the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II; U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, 1965-68. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Sigma Xi; Kappa Delta Pi; American Psychological Association; Common Cause. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964; founder of Common Cause in 1970. Died, from complications of prostate cancer, in Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, Calif., February 16, 2002 (age 89 years, 131 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William Gardner and Marie Flora Gardner; married, August 14, 1934, to Aida Marroquin.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
Reinhold Niebuhr Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971) — also known as Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich.; Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Wright City, Warren County, Mo., June 21, 1892. Pastor; professor, Union Theological Seminary, 1928-60; Socialist candidate for New York state senate 19th District, 1930; Socialist candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 19th District, 1932; Socialist candidate for delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, 1937; vice-chair of New York Liberal Party, 1958. Protestant. German ancestry. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Theologian; Socialist and pacifist until World War II; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964. Died in Stockbridge, Berkshire County, Mass., June 1, 1971 (age 78 years, 345 days). Interment at Stockbridge Cemetery, Stockbridge, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of Gustave Niebuhr and Lydia (Hosto) Niebuhr; married 1931 to Ursula Mary Keppel-Compton (1908-1997).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Time Magazine, March 8, 1948
A. Philip Randolph Asa Philip Randolph (1889-1979) — also known as A. Philip Randolph — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Crescent City, Putnam County, Fla., April 15, 1889. Socialist. Candidate for New York state assembly from New York County 19th District, 1919; candidate for New York state comptroller, 1920; candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 21st District, 1924; organizer, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; vice-president, AFL-CIO, 1957; candidate for delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, 1937. Methodist. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Elks; American Civil Liberties Union; United World Federalists. Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on September 14, 1964. Died May 16, 1979 (age 90 years, 31 days). Cremated.
  Relatives: Son of James William Randolph and Elizabeth (Robinson) Randolph.
  See also NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Library of Congress
  Ellsworth Bunker (1894-1984) — also known as "The Refrigerator"; "The Sly Fox" — of New York; Dummerston, Windham County, Vt. Born in Yonkers, Westchester County, N.Y., May 11, 1894. Director and officer, National Sugar Refining Company; director, American-Hawaiian Steamship Company; U.S. Ambassador to Argentina, 1951-52; Italy, 1952-53; India, 1956-61; Nepal, 1956-59; , 1966-67, 1973-78; Vietnam, 1967-73. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Recipient of two Presidential Medals of Freedom, in 1963 and in 1967. Died, in Brattleboro Memorial Hospital, Brattleboro, Windham County, Vt., September 27, 1984 (age 90 years, 139 days). Interment somewhere in Dummerston, Vt.
  Relatives: Son of George R. Bunker and Jean Polhemus (Cobb) Bunker; married, April 24, 1920, to Harriet Allen Butler (died 1964); married, January 3, 1967, to Caroline Clendening Laise (1917-?).
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Books about Ellsworth Bunker: Howard B. Schaffer, Ellsworth Bunker : Global Troubleshooter, Vietnam Hawk
  Robert William Komer (1922-2000) — also known as Robert Komer; "Blowtorch Bob" — of Virginia. Born in Chicago, Cook County, Ill., February 23, 1922. U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, 1968-69. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1967. Died in Arlington, Arlington County, Va., April 9, 2000 (age 78 years, 46 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — Internet Movie Database profile
  Eugene Murphy Locke (1918-1972) — also known as Eugene M. Locke — of Dallas, Dallas County, Tex. Born in Dallas, Dallas County, Tex., January 6, 1918. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1964; U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan, 1966-67; candidate in primary for Governor of Texas, 1968. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1967. Died April 28, 1972 (age 54 years, 113 days). Interment at Oakland Cemetery, Dallas, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Eugene Perry Locke (1883-1946) and Emma Marie (Murphy) Locke (1892-1974); married to Adele Neely.
  Campaign slogan (1968): "Eugene Locke should be Governor of Texas -- the Governor of Texas should be Eugene Locke."
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Robert Strange McNamara (1916-2009) — also known as Robert S. McNamara — of Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County, Mich. Born in Oakland, Alameda County, Calif., June 9, 1916. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; president, Ford Motor Company, 1960-61; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1961-68; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1968; president, World Bank, 1968-81; on September 29, 1972, an attacker tried to throw him overboard from a ferry to Martha's Vineyard, Mass. Member, Phi Beta Kappa; Council on Foreign Relations. Died July 6, 2009 (age 93 years, 27 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married, August 13, 1940, to Margaret Craig (died 1981); married 2004 to Diana (Masieri) Byfield.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  David Dean Rusk (1909-1994) — also known as Dean Rusk — Born in Cherokee County, Ga., February 9, 1909. Rhodes scholar; colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Secretary of State, 1961-69. Presbyterian. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Kappa Alpha Order. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. Died of congestive heart failure, in Athens, Clarke County, Ga., December 20, 1994 (age 85 years, 314 days). Interment at Oconee Hill Cemetery, Athens, Ga.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Clark McAdams Clifford (1906-1998) — also known as Clark M. Clifford — Born in Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kan., December 25, 1906. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1968-69. Member, American Bar Association; Kappa Alpha Order. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom on January 20, 1969. Died October 10, 1998 (age 91 years, 289 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Books by Clark Clifford: Counsel to the President : A Memoir (1991)
  Books about Clark Clifford: Douglas Frantz & David McKean, Friends in High Places : The Rise and Fall of Clark Clifford
David Dubinsky David Dubinsky (1892-1982) — also known as David Dobnievski — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Brest-Litovsk, Poland (now Brest, Belarus), February 22, 1892. President of International Ladies' Garment Workers Union, from 1932; one of the founders of the American Labor Party in New York, 1936; Presidential Elector for New York, 1936; vice-chair of New York Liberal Party, 1944, 1958; delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, 1967. Jewish. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom on January 20, 1969. Died, in St. Vincent's Hospital, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., September 17, 1982 (age 90 years, 207 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Zallel Dubinsky and Shaine (Wishingrad) Dubinsky; married 1915 to Emma Goldberg (died 1974).
  See also Wikipedia article
  Image source: Time Magazine, August 29, 1949
  William Averell Harriman (1891-1986) — also known as W. Averell Harriman — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., November 15, 1891. Democrat. U.S. Ambassador to Soviet Union, 1943-46; Great Britain, 1946; , 1961, 1965-69; U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1946-48; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1952, 1956; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964; Governor of New York, 1955-59; defeated, 1958. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Knights of Pythias; Skull and Bones. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. Died in Yorktown Heights, Westchester County, N.Y., July 26, 1986 (age 94 years, 253 days). Interment at Arden Farm Graveyard, Arden, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Edward Henry Harriman; married, September 21, 1915, to Kitty Lawrence (divorced 1929); married, February 21, 1930, to Marie (Norton) Whitney (died 1970; ex-wife of Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney); married, September 27, 1971, to Pamela Hayward (1920-1997).
  Cross-reference: Jonathan B. Bingham
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Averell Harriman: Walter Isaacson, The Wise Men : Six Friends and the World They Made
  Cyrus Roberts Vance (1917-2002) — also known as Cyrus R. Vance — Born in Clarksburg, Harrison County, W.Va., March 27, 1917. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; U.S. Secretary of State, 1977-80. Member, American Bar Association; Council on Foreign Relations; Trilateral Commission. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. Died, of Alzheimer's disease, at Mt. Sinai Medical Center, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., January 12, 2002 (age 84 years, 291 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of John Carl Vance and Amy (Roberts) Vance (1881-1967); married, February 15, 1947, to Grace Sloane; nephew of Lee H. Vance; great-grandson of Cyrus Vance; first cousin twice removed of John James Davis; second cousin once removed of John William Davis (1873-1955).
  Political family: Vance-Davis family of Clarksburg, West Virginia.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Cyrus Vance: David S. McLellan, Cyrus Vance
  Clarence Douglas Dillon (1909-2003) — also known as C. Douglas Dillon; Clarence Douglass Dillon — of Far Hills, Somerset County, N.J. Born in Geneva, Switzerland, of American parents, August 21, 1909. Republican. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; financier; delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1952 (alternate), 1968; U.S. Ambassador to France, 1953-57; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1961-65. Scottish, French, Swedish, and Jewish ancestry. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Society of Colonial Wars. Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on July 6, 1989. Died in New York, New York County, N.Y., January 10, 2003 (age 93 years, 142 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Anne McEldin (Douglass) Dillon (1881-1961) and Clarence Dillon (1882-1979; financier); married, March 10, 1931, to Phyllis Chess Ellsworth; married 1983 to Susan Sage.
  Dillon House (offices, built 1965), at Harvard University Business School, Boston, Massachusetts, is named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Raymond Charles Moley (1886-1975) — also known as Raymond Moley; Ray Moley — Born in Berea, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, September 27, 1886. Mayor of Olmsted Falls, Ohio; university professor; member of the "Brain Trust" which advised President Franklin D. Roosevelt; U.S. Assistant Secretary of State, 1933; broke with Roosevelt in 1936, and later became senior advisor to Republicans Wendell Willkie, Barry Goldwater, and Richard Nixon; columnist for Newsweek magazine; received the Medal of Freedom in 1970. Irish and French ancestry. Died February 18, 1975 (age 88 years, 144 days). Interment somewhere in Phoenix, Ariz.
  Relatives: Son of Felix James Moley and Agnes (Fairchild) Moley; married 1916 to Eva Dall (divorced 1948); married 1949 to Frances Hebard.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Frederick Andrew Seaton (1909-1974) — of Manhattan, Riley County, Kan.; Hastings, Adams County, Neb. Born in Washington, D.C., December 11, 1909. Republican. Radio announcer; sports reporter; editor, manager, and publisher of newspapers; vice-chair of Kansas Republican Party, 1934-37; campaign secretary for Gov. Alfred M. Landon, 1936; member of Nebraska unicameral legislature, 1945-49; U.S. Senator from Nebraska, 1951-52; U.S. Secretary of the Interior, 1956-61; candidate for Governor of Nebraska, 1962. Methodist or Episcopalian. Member, Freemasons; Shriners; Elks; Rotary; Navy League; American Academy of Political and Social Science; Beta Theta Pi; Pi Kappa Delta. Recipient, Medal of Freedom. Died in St. Mary's Hospital, Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minn., January 16, 1974 (age 64 years, 36 days). Interment at Parkview Cemetery, Hastings, Neb.
  Relatives: Son of Fay Noble Seaton and Dorothea Elizabeth (Schmidt) Seaton; married, January 23, 1931, to Gladys Hope Dowd.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  John Leonard Swigert, Jr. (1931-1982) — also known as Jack Swigert — of Colorado. Born in Denver, Colo., August 30, 1931. Republican. Candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Colorado, 1978; elected U.S. Representative from Colorado 1982, but died before taking office. Astronaut on Apollo 13 moon mission in April 1970, which was aborted when an oxygen tank ruptured, but returned safely to earth. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1970. Died, of bone marrow cancer, in Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, D.C., December 27, 1982 (age 51 years, 119 days). Interment at Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Wheat Ridge, Colo.
  See also NNDB dossier
  William Pierce Rogers (1913-2001) — also known as William P. Rogers — Born in Norfolk, St. Lawrence County, N.Y., June 23, 1913. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Attorney General, 1957-61; U.S. Secretary of State, 1969-73. Presbyterian. Member, American Bar Association; Order of the Coif. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1973. Died, of congestive heart failure, in Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., January 2, 2001 (age 87 years, 193 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
Melvin R. Laird Melvin Robert Laird, Jr. (1922-2016) — also known as Melvin R. Laird — of Marshfield, Wood County, Wis. Born in Omaha, Douglas County, Neb., September 1, 1922. Republican. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; member of Wisconsin state senate 24th District, 1947-52; delegate to Republican National Convention from Wisconsin, 1948 (alternate), 1952 (member, Resolutions Committee), 1956 (speaker), 1960, 1964; U.S. Representative from Wisconsin 7th District, 1953-69; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1969-73. Presbyterian. Member, American Legion; Forty and Eight; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Disabled American Veterans; Freemasons; Elks; United Commercial Travelers; Purple Heart. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1974. Died in Fort Myers, Lee County, Fla., November 16, 2016 (age 94 years, 76 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Melvin Robert Laird, Sr. and Helen Connor Laird; married, October 15, 1945, to Barbara Masters; uncle of Jessica Laird (who married James Edward Doyle); grandson of William Duncan Connor (1864-1944).
  Political family: Laird-Doyle family of Marshfield, Wisconsin.
  Epitaph: "Purple Heart. Father. Friend. Statesman."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Melvin Laird: Dale Van Atta, With Honor: Melvin Laird in War, Peace, and Politics
  Image source: Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
  David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (1898-1977) — also known as David K. E. Bruce — of Baltimore, Md.; Charlotte Court House, Charlotte County, Va.; Elkridge, Howard County, Md. Born in Baltimore, Md., February 12, 1898. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; lawyer; farmer; member of Maryland state house of delegates, 1924-26; U.S. Vice Consul in Rome, as of 1926; member of Virginia state house of delegates, 1940-43; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1940; served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; U.S. Ambassador to France, 1949-52; Germany, 1957-59; Great Britain, 1961-69; U.S. Liaison to China, 1973-74. Episcopalian. Member, Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1976. Died, as a result of a heart attack, in Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., December 5, 1977 (age 79 years, 296 days). Interment at Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
  Relatives: Son of William Cabell Bruce and Louise Este (Fisher) Bruce (1864-1945); brother of James Bruce (1892-1980); married, May 29, 1926, to Ailsa Mellon (1901-1969; divorced 1945; daughter of Andrew William Mellon); married, April 23, 1945, to Evangeline Bell (1914-1995); grandnephew of James Alexander Seddon; first cousin of Howard Bruce.
  Political family: Bruce-Mellon family of Virginia.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Henry Alfred Kissinger (b. 1923) — also known as Henry A. Kissinger; Heinz Alfred Kissinger — Born in Fürth, Germany, May 27, 1923. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; university professor; U.S. Secretary of State, 1973-77. Jewish. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Trilateral Commission. Received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Married, February 6, 1949, to Anne Fleischer (divorced 1964); married, March 30, 1974, to Nancy Maginnes.
  Cross-reference: John H. Holdridge
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Henry Kissinger: Years of Renewal (1999) — Years of Upheaval (1982) — American Foreign Policy (1974) — Diplomacy (1994) — Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy (1957) — The White House Years (1979) — A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812-22 (1957)
  Books about Henry Kissinger: Walter Isaacson, Kissinger: A Biography — Phyllis Schlafly, Kissinger on the Couch — Robert D. Sulzinger, Henry Kissinger : Doctor of Diplomacy — Alistair Horne, Kissinger: 1973, the Crucial Year
  Critical books about Henry Kissinger: Christopher Hitchens, The Trial of Henry Kissinger
  James Albert Michener (1907-1997) — also known as James A. Michener — Born in Doylestown, Bucks County, Pa., February 3, 1907. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; author; received the Pulitzer Prize in Literature, 1948; candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 8th District, 1962; received the Medal of Freedom, 1977. Died in Austin, Travis County, Tex., October 16, 1997 (age 90 years, 255 days). Interment at Austin Memorial Park, Austin, Tex.; cenotaph at Texas State Cemetery, Austin, Tex.
  Relatives: Married 1935 to Patti Koon (divorced 1948); married 1948 to Vange Nord (divorced 1955); married 1955 to Mari Yoriko Sabusawa (1920-1994).
  Epitaph: "Traveler, Citizen, Writer."
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (1908-1979) — also known as Nelson A. Rockefeller; "Rocky" — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Tarrytown, Westchester County, N.Y. Born in Bar Harbor, Hancock County, Maine, July 8, 1908. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1956 (alternate), 1960, 1964 (delegation chair); Governor of New York, 1959-73; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1964, 1968; Vice President of the United States, 1974-77. Baptist. Member, Phi Beta Kappa; Council on Foreign Relations; Knights of Pythias. Participated in the founding of the United Nations; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. Died, of a massive heart attack, in New York, New York County, N.Y., January 26, 1979 (age 70 years, 202 days). Cremated; ashes interred at Pocantico Hills Estate, Sleepy Hollow, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. (1874-1960) and Abby (Aldrich) Rockefeller (1874-1948); brother of Winthrop Rockefeller; married, June 23, 1930, to Mary Todhunter Clark (divorced); married, May 4, 1963, to Margaretta 'Happy' (Fitler) Murphy (1926-2015; great-granddaughter of Edwin Henry Fitler; third great-granddaughter of John Sergeant); nephew of Richard Steere Aldrich and Winthrop Williams Aldrich; uncle of John Davison Rockefeller IV and Winthrop Paul Rockefeller (1948-2006); grandson of Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich; first cousin four times removed of Simon S. Rockefeller; first cousin five times removed of Henry Rockefeller; second cousin of David Hunter McAlpin (who married Nina Underwood); second cousin thrice removed of John Phillips Rockefeller; fourth cousin once removed of Lewis Kirby Rockefeller.
  Political family: Rockefeller family of New York City, New York (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Cross-reference: Stewart G. Anderson — John H. Terry
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Nelson A. Rockefeller: Cary Reich, The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller : Worlds to Conquer, 1908-1958 — Joseph H. Boyd, Oreos and Dubonnet: Remembering Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller
  Henry Jacob Friendly (1903-1986) — Born in Elmira, Chemung County, N.Y., July 3, 1903. Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit, 1959-74. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. Died in 1986 (age about 82 years). Burial location unknown.
  Cross-reference: William Curtis Bryson
  Books about Henry Friendly: David M. Dorsen, Henry Friendly, Greatest Judge of His Era
  Donald Henry Rumsfeld (b. 1932) — also known as Donald Rumsfeld; "Rummy" — of Illinois. Born in Evanston, Cook County, Ill., July 9, 1932. Republican. U.S. Representative from Illinois 13th District, 1963-69; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1975-77, 2001-. Presbyterian. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. Still living as of 2019.
  Cross-reference: Jim Leach
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Donald Rumsfeld: Known and Unknown: A Memoir (2011)
  Books about Donald Rumsfeld: Midge Decter, Rumsfeld : A Personal Portrait — Rowan Scarborough, Rumsfeld's War: The Untold Story of America's Anti-Terrorist Commander — Jeffrey A. Krames, The Rumsfeld Way: The Leadership Wisdom of a Battle-Hardened Maverick
  Critical books about Donald Rumsfeld: Clint Willis, The I Hate Dick Cheney, John Ashcroft, Donald Rumsfeld, Condi Rice. . . Reader: Behind the Bush Cabal's War on America — Dan Piraro, The Three Little Pigs Buy the White House — Andrew Cockburn, Rumsfeld : His Rise, Fall, and Catastrophic Legacy
  Arthur Joseph Goldberg (1908-1990) — also known as Arthur J. Goldberg — of Illinois; New York; Washington, D.C. Born in Chicago, Cook County, Ill., August 8, 1908. Democrat. Lawyer; major in the U.S. Army during World War II; general counsel, Congress of Industrial Organizations; helped merge that group with the American Federation of Labor to form the AFL-CIO, 1955; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Illinois, 1960; U.S. Secretary of Labor, 1961-62; Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1962-65; U.S. Representative to United Nations, 1965-68; candidate for Governor of New York, 1970; U.S. Ambassador to , 1977-78. Jewish. Member, American Jewish Committee; Americans for Democratic Action. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1978. Died of coronary artery disease, in Washington, D.C., January 19, 1990 (age 81 years, 164 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Married, July 18, 1931, to Dorothy Kurgans.
  Cross-reference: Stephen G. Breyer
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr. (1911-1978) — also known as Hubert H. Humphrey; "H.H.H."; "The Happy Warrior"; "The Hump" — of Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minn. Born in Wallace, Codington County, S.Dak., May 27, 1911. Democrat. Pharmacist; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Minnesota, 1944 (member, Platform and Resolutions Committee), 1948, 1952, 1960, 1964; mayor of Minneapolis, Minn., 1945-48; U.S. Senator from Minnesota, 1949-64, 1971-78; died in office 1978; member, Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, 1953-55; candidate for Democratic nomination for Vice President, 1956; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1960, 1972; Vice President of the United States, 1965-69; candidate for President of the United States, 1968. Congregationalist. English and Norwegian ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Council on Foreign Relations; Knights of Pythias; Americans for Democratic Action; American Federation of Teachers. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1980. Died, of cancer, at Waverly, Wright County, Minn., January 13, 1978 (age 66 years, 231 days). Interment at Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis, Minn.
  Relatives: Son of Hubert Horatio Humphrey (1882-1949) and Christine (Sannes) Humphrey; brother of Ralph W. Humphrey; married, September 3, 1936, to Muriel Fay Buck; father of Hubert Horatio Humphrey III; grandfather of Hubert Horatio Humphrey IV.
  Political family: Humphrey family of Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  Cross-reference: Orville L. Freeman — Cyril E. King — Arthur Naftalin — John Bartlow Martin
  Campaign slogan (1960): "The vision of Roosevelt — the intellect of Stevenson — the courage of Truman."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Hubert H. Humphrey: The Education of a Public Man : My Life and Politics
  Books about Hubert H. Humphrey: Carl Solberg, Hubert Humphrey : A Biography — Edgar Berman, Hubert : The Triumph and Tragedy of the Humphrey I Knew — Paul. Westman, Hubert H. Humphrey : The Politics of Joy
Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908-1973) — also known as Lyndon B. Johnson; "L.B.J."; "Landslide Lyndon"; "Preacher Lyndon"; "The Accidental President"; "Volunteer"; "Light Bulb Johnson" — of Johnson City, Blanco County, Tex. Born near Stonewall, Gillespie County, Tex., August 27, 1908. Democrat. U.S. Representative from Texas 10th District, 1937-49; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1940, 1956; U.S. Senator from Texas, 1949-61; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1956, 1960, 1968; Vice President of the United States, 1961-63; President of the United States, 1963-69. Disciples of Christ. Member, American Legion; Council on Foreign Relations. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1980. Died from a heart attack, in Gillespie County, Tex., January 22, 1973 (age 64 years, 148 days). Interment at LBJ Ranch, Stonewall, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Sam Ealy Johnson (1877-1937) and Rebekah (Baines) Johnson (1881-1958); married, November 17, 1934, to Claudia Alta 'Lady Bird' Taylor (1912-2007); father of Lynda Bird Johnson (who married Charles Spittal Robb (1939-)).
  Cross-reference: Roger Kent — Irvine H. Sprague — A. W. Moursund — Eliot Janeway — Barefoot Sanders
  The village of Kampung LB Johnson, Malaysia, is named for him.
  Campaign slogan (1964): "All The Way With L.B.J."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Lyndon B. Johnson: Doris Kearns Goodwin, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream — Robert Dallek, Flawed Giant : Lyndon Johnson and His Times, 1961-1973 — Sean J. Savage, JFK, LBJ, and the Democratic Party — Robert A. Caro, The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson — Mark Updegrove, Indomitable Will: LBJ in the Presidency — Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, Some of It Was Fun: Working with RFK and LBJ — Robert A. Caro, The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Vol. IV — Michael A. Schuman, Lyndon B. Johnson (for young readers)
  Critical books about Lyndon B. Johnson: Robert A. Caro, Years of Lyndon Johnson : The Path to Power — Robert A. Caro, Years of Lyndon Johnson : Means of Ascent — Robert A. Caro, Years of Lyndon Johnson : Master of the Senate — Lance Morrow, The Best Year of Their Lives: Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon in 1948: Learning the Secrets of Power
  Image source: U.S. postage stamp (1973)
  Harold Brown (b. 1927) — Born in New York City (unknown county), N.Y., September 19, 1927. Physicist; president, California Institute of Technology, 1969-77; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1977-81. Jewish. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Trilateral Commission. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Still living as of 2018.
  Relatives: Son of A. H. Brown and Gertrude (Cohen) Brown.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. (b. 1932) — also known as Andy Young — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., March 12, 1932. Democrat. Ordained minister; one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1957; close advisor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. until his assassination; U.S. Representative from Georgia 5th District, 1973-77; defeated, 1970; U.S. Representative to United Nations, 1977-79; mayor of Atlanta, Ga., 1982-90; candidate in primary for Governor of Georgia, 1990. United Church of Christ. African ancestry. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Freemasons. Received the Spingarn Medal in 1978; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Still living as of 2014.
  Presumably named for: Andrew Jackson
  Relatives: Son of Andrew Jackson Young and Daisy (Fuller) Young; married 1954 to Jean Childs (died 1994); married, March 24, 1996, to Carolyn Watson.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Warren Minor Christopher (1925-2011) — also known as Warren Christopher; "The Cardinal" — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Scranton, Bowman County, N.Dak., October 27, 1925. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; law clerk to U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, 1949-50; special counsel to Gov. Edmund G. Brown, 1959; deputy U.S. Attorney General, 1967-69; deputy U.S. Secretary of State, 1977-81; delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1964; U.S. Secretary of State, 1993-97. Methodist. Member, American Bar Association; Order of the Coif; Council on Foreign Relations; American Philosophical Society. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom on January 16, 1981. Died, from kidney and bladder cancer, in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., March 18, 2011 (age 85 years, 142 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Ernest William Christopher and Catharine (Lemen) Christopher; married, December 21, 1956, to Marie Josephine Wyllis.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Warren Christopher: Chances of a Lifetime : A Memoir (2001)
  Edmund Sixtus Muskie (1914-1996) — also known as Edmund S. Muskie; "Mr. Clean" — of Waterville, Kennebec County, Maine. Born in Rumford, Oxford County, Maine, March 28, 1914. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; member of Maine state house of representatives, 1947-51; member of Democratic National Committee from Maine, 1952-54; Governor of Maine, 1955-59; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maine, 1956, 1964; speaker, 1988; U.S. Senator from Maine, 1959-80; candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1968; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1972; U.S. Secretary of State, 1980-81. Catholic. Polish ancestry. Member, Lions; Elks; Amvets; Phi Beta Kappa. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Died of a heart attack, in Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., March 26, 1996 (age 81 years, 364 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Cross-reference: Tom Allen — George J. Mitchell — Richard Bayard
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Gerard Coad Smith (1914-1994) — also known as Gerard C. Smith — of Washington, D.C. Born May 4, 1914. U.S. Ambassador to , 1977-80. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Died July 4, 1994 (age 80 years, 61 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Robert Schwarz Strauss — also known as Robert S. Strauss — of Dallas, Dallas County, Tex.; Washington, D.C. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1964 (alternate), 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008; Chairman of Democratic National Committee, 1972-77; U.S. Ambassador to Soviet Union, 1991; Russia, 1992. Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on January 16, 1981. Still living as of 2008.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Elbert Parr Tuttle (1897-1996) — also known as Elbert P. Tuttle — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in Pasadena, Los Angeles County, Calif., July 17, 1897. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; lawyer; colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II; delegate to Republican National Convention from Georgia, 1948, 1952 (member, Credentials Committee); Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, 1954-68; took senior status 1968. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Died in Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga., June 23, 1996 (age 98 years, 342 days). Interment at All Saints Episcopal Church, Atlanta, Ga.
  Books about Elbert Tuttle: Jack Bass, Unlikely Heroes — Anne Emanuel, Elbert Parr Tuttle: Chief Jurist of the Civil Rights Revolution
  Earl Warren (1891-1974) — also known as "Superchief" — of Oakland, Alameda County, Calif. Born in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., March 19, 1891. Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; Alameda County District Attorney, 1925-39; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1928 (alternate), 1932; Temporary Chair, 1944; California Republican state chair, 1934-36; member of Republican National Committee from California, 1936-38; California state attorney general, 1939-43; Governor of California, 1943-53; candidate for Presidential Elector for California, 1944; candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1948; Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1953-69; chair, President's Commission on the Assassination of President KNDY, 1963-64. Norwegian ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; Freemasons; Shriners; Elks; American Academy of Arts and Sciences; American Philosophical Society; Phi Delta Phi; Sigma Phi; Exchange Club. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1981. Died in Washington, D.C., July 9, 1974 (age 83 years, 112 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Methias H. Warren and Chrystal (Hernlund) Warren; married, October 14, 1925, to Nina Palmquist Meyers.
  Cross-reference: William S. Mailliard
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Earl Warren: Ed Cray, Chief Justice: A Biography of Earl Warren — G. Edward White, Earl Warren : A Public Life — Bernard Schwartz, Super Chief, Earl Warren and His Supreme Court — Jim Newton, Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made
  Ella Tambussi Grasso (1919-1981) — also known as Ella T. Grasso; Ella Rose Tambussi — of Windsor Locks, Hartford County, Conn. Born in Windsor Locks, Hartford County, Conn., May 10, 1919. Democrat. Member of Connecticut state house of representatives, 1953-57; member of Democratic National Committee from Connecticut, 1956-58; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Connecticut, 1956 (alternate), 1960, 1968; co-chair, Resolutions and Platform Committee, co-chair, 1964, co-chair, 1968; secretary of state of Connecticut, 1959-71; delegate to Connecticut state constitutional convention 6th District, 1965; U.S. Representative from Connecticut 6th District, 1971-75; Governor of Connecticut, 1975-80; resigned 1980. Female. Catholic. Italian ancestry. Member, Urban League; American Association of University Women; League of Women Voters; Phi Beta Kappa. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1981; inducted, National Women's Hall of Fame, 1993. Died in Hartford, Hartford County, Conn., February 5, 1981 (age 61 years, 271 days). Interment at St. Mary's Cemetery, Windsor Locks, Conn.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — National Women's Hall of Fame
  Walter Henry Judd (1898-1994) — also known as Walter H. Judd — of Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minn. Born in Rising City, Butler County, Neb., September 25, 1898. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; physician; U.S. Representative from Minnesota 5th District, 1943-63; delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1948 (alternate), 1952 (alternate; speaker), 1956 (speaker), 1960, 1964. Congregationalist. Member, Freemasons; Shriners; Phi Beta Kappa; American Legion. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Died in Mitchellville, Prince George's County, Md., February 13, 1994 (age 95 years, 141 days). Interment at Blue Valley Cemetery, Surprise, Neb.
  Relatives: Son of Horace H. Judd and Mary Elizabeth (Greenslit) Judd; married 1932 to Miriam Louise Barber.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Philip Charles Habib (1920-1992) — also known as Philip C. Habib — of California. Born in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., February 25, 1920. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; Foreign Service officer; U.S. Ambassador to South Korea, 1971-74; helped negotiate the 1978 Camp David accords between Egypt and Israel. Lebanese ancestry. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1982. Died, of a heart attack, in Puligny-Montrachet, France, May 25, 1992 (age 72 years, 90 days). Interment at Veterans Cemetery, San Bruno, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Alexander Habib and Mary Spiridon Habib; married to Marjorie Slightam.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Jacob Koppel Javits (1904-1986) — also known as Jacob K. Javits — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., May 18, 1904. Republican. Lawyer; colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Representative from New York 21st District, 1947-54; New York state attorney general, 1955-57; U.S. Senator from New York, 1957-81; defeated, 1980 (primary), 1980 (Liberal); delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1956, 1960, 1964; candidate for delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, 1966. Jewish. Member, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Jewish War Veterans; United World Federalists; Amvets. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983. Died, of ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease), in West Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, Fla., March 7, 1986 (age 81 years, 293 days). Interment at Linden Hill Cemetery, Ridgewood, Queens, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Morris Javits and Ida (Littman) Javits; married, November 30, 1947, to Marion Ann Borris.
  Cross-reference: Jean McKee
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Books by Jacob K. Javits: Javits: The Autobiography of a Public Man (1981)
  Clare Boothe Luce (1903-1987) — also known as Ann Clare Boothe — of Greenwich, Fairfield County, Conn.; Ridgefield, Fairfield County, Conn. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., April 10, 1903. Republican. Writer; journalist; playwright; U.S. Representative from Connecticut 4th District, 1943-47; delegate to Republican National Convention from Connecticut, 1944, 1948 (speaker), 1952; U.S. Ambassador to Italy, 1953-56. Female. Catholic. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983. Died, from a brain tumor, in Washington, D.C., October 9, 1987 (age 84 years, 182 days). Interment at Mepkin Abbey, Moncks Corner, S.C.
  Relatives: Step-daughter of Albert Elmer Austin (1877-1942); daughter of William Franklin Boothe (1862-1928) and Anna Clara Snyder (1882-1938; killed in an automobile-train accident in Miami, Fla.); married, August 10, 1923, to George Tuttle Brokaw (1879-1935; divorced 1929); married, November 23, 1935, to Henry Robinson Luce (1898-1967; founder and publisher of Time, Life, and other magazines); mother of Ann Clare Brokaw (1924-1944; killed in an automobile accident in Palo Alto, Calif.).
  Cross-reference: Albert P. Morano
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Clare Boothe Luce: Sylvia Morris, Rage for Fame : The Ascent of Clare Boothe Luce — Stephen C. Shadegg, Clare Boothe Luce: a biography — Joseph Lyons, Clare Boothe Luce: Author and Diplomat (for young readers)
  Howard Henry Baker, Jr. (1925-2014) — also known as Howard H. Baker — of Huntsville, Scott County, Tenn. Born in Huntsville, Scott County, Tenn., November 15, 1925. Republican. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; U.S. Senator from Tennessee, 1967-85; defeated, 1964; delegate to Republican National Convention from Tennessee, 1972; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1980; White House Chief of Staff, 1987-88; Presidential Elector for Tennessee, 2000; U.S. Ambassador to Japan, 2001-05. Presbyterian. Member, American Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi; Pi Kappa Phi. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1984. Died in Huntsville, Scott County, Tenn., June 26, 2014 (age 88 years, 223 days). Interment at Mossop Cemetery, Huntsville, Tenn.
  Relatives: Step-son of Irene Bailey Baker; son of Dora (Ladd) Baker and Howard Henry Baker (1902-1964); married, December 22, 1951, to Joy Dirksen (died 1993; daughter of Everett McKinley Dirksen); married, December 7, 1996, to Nancy Landon Kassebaum (daughter of Alfred Mossman Landon).
  Political family: Baker-Dirksen family of Huntsville and Alcoa, Tennessee.
  Cross-reference: Victor Ashe
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Henry Martin Jackson (1912-1983) — also known as Henry M. Jackson; "Scoop" — of Everett, Snohomish County, Wash. Born in Everett, Snohomish County, Wash., May 31, 1912. Democrat. Lawyer; Snohomish County Prosecuting Attorney, 1938-40; U.S. Representative from Washington 2nd District, 1941-53; U.S. Senator from Washington, 1953-83; died in office 1983; Chairman of Democratic National Committee, 1960-61; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1972, 1976. Presbyterian. Member, Elks; Phi Delta Phi; Delta Chi. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1984. Died in Everett, Snohomish County, Wash., September 1, 1983 (age 71 years, 93 days). Interment at Evergreen Cemetery, Everett, Wash.
  Relatives: Son of Peter Jackson and Marie (Anderson) Jackson; married, December 16, 1961, to Helen E. Hardin.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Books about Henry M. Jackson: Robert Gordon Kaufman, Henry M. Jackson : A Life in Politics — William W. Prochnau, A Certain Democrat : Senator Henry M. Jackson, a political biography
  James Maitland Stewart (1908-1997) — also known as Jimmy Stewart — Born in Indiana, Indiana County, Pa., May 20, 1908. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; one of America's most famous film actors; speaker, Republican National Convention, 1972. Scottish ancestry. Member, Moose. Recipient, Medal of Freedom, 1985. Died, from pulmonary embolism and cardiac arrest, in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, Calif., July 2, 1997 (age 89 years, 43 days). Interment at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Alexander Maitland Stewart and Ruth (Jackson) Stewart; married 1949 to Gloria (Hatrick) McLean (1918-1994); adoptive father of Ronald McLean (U.S. Marine Corps lieutenant, killed in action in Vietnam, 1969).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Jeane Jordan Kirkpatrick (1926-2006) — also known as Jeane J. Kirkpatrick; Jeane Duane Jordan — Born in Duncan, Stephens County, Okla., November 19, 1926. U.S. Representative to United Nations, 1981-85. Female. Member, Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1985. Died in Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., December 7, 2006 (age 80 years, 18 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Daughter of Welcher F. Jordan and Leona (Kile) Jordan; married, February 20, 1955, to Evron M. Kirkpatrick (died 1995).
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Jeane Kirkpatrick: Peter Collier, Political Woman: The Big Little Life of Jeane Kirkpatrick
  Paul Henry Nitze (1907-2004) — also known as Paul H. Nitze — of Washington, D.C. Born in Amherst, Hampshire County, Mass., January 16, 1907. U.S. Ambassador to , 1986-89. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1985. Died, of pneumonia, in Washington, D.C., October 19, 2004 (age 97 years, 277 days). Interment a private or family graveyard, Charles County, Md.
  Relatives: Married 1932 to Phyllis Pratt (died 1987); married 1993 to Elizabeth Scott Porter.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier
  Walter Hubert Annenberg (1908-2002) — also known as Walter H. Annenberg — of Wynnewood, Montgomery County, Pa. Born in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wis., March 13, 1908. Vice-president of his father's company, which published the Racing Form and other newspapers; he and his father were indicted for tax evasion in 1939, but the charges against him were dismissed as part of a plea bargain; inherited the company when his father died; founder of Seventeen and TV Guide; owner of radio and television stations; philanthropist; U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1969-74. Jewish ancestry. Member, Newcomen Society; Phi Sigma Delta; Sigma Delta Chi; Zeta Beta Tau. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1986. Died, of pneumonia, in Wynnewood, Montgomery County, Pa., October 1, 2002 (age 94 years, 202 days). Interment at Sunnyland Estate, Rancho Mirage, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Moses Annenberg and Sarah Annenberg; married 1938 to Veronica Dunkelman (divorced 1950); married 1951 to Leonore Cohn Rosentiel (1918-2009).
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Barry Morris Goldwater (1909-1998) — also known as Barry M. Goldwater; "Mr. Conservative" — of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Ariz.; Scottsdale, Maricopa County, Ariz. Born in Phoenix, Maricopa County, Ariz., January 1, 1909. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; U.S. Senator from Arizona, 1953-65, 1969-87; received one electoral vote for Vice-President, 1960; candidate for President of the United States, 1964. Episcopalian. Jewish ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Sigma Chi. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1986. Died in Paradise Valley, Maricopa County, Ariz., May 29, 1998 (age 89 years, 148 days). Cremated; ashes interred at Christ Church of the Ascension Memorial Garden, Paradise Valley, Ariz.; statue at Goldwater Memorial Park, Paradise Valley, Ariz.
  Relatives: Married, September 22, 1934, to Margaret Johnson (died 1985); married, February 9, 1992, to Susan Shaffer Wechsler; father of Barry Morris Goldwater, Jr. (1938-); grandson of Michael Goldwater.
  Political family: Goldwater family of Prescott, Arizona.
  Cross-reference: L. Brent Bozell — Raymond Moley
  Campaign slogan: "In your heart, you know he's right."
  Opposition slogan: "In your guts, you know he's nuts."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Books by Barry M. Goldwater: Goldwater (1988) — With no apologies: The personal and political memoirs of United States Senator Barry Goldwater (1979)
  Books about Barry M. Goldwater: Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm : Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus — Robert Alan Goldberg, Barry Goldwater — Lee Edwards, Goldwater: The Man Who Made a Revolution — Scott Farris, Almost President: The Men Who Lost the Race but Changed the Nation
  Anne Legendre Armstrong (1927-2008) — also known as Anne Armstrong; Anne Legendre; Mrs. Tobin Armstrong — of Armstrong, Kenedy County, Tex. Born in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., December 27, 1927. Republican. Member of Texas Republican State Central Committee, 1961-66; delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1964, 1968, 1972 (speaker); vice-chair of Texas Republican Party, 1966-; member of Republican National Committee from Texas, 1968-73; U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1976-77; Presidential Elector for Texas, 1992. Female. Episcopalian. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Phi Beta Kappa. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. Died, of cancer, in a hospice at Houston, Harris County, Tex., July 30, 2008 (age 80 years, 216 days). Interment at Oakwood Cemetery, Austin, Tex.
  Relatives: Daughter of Armant Legendre and Olive (Martindale) Legendre; married, April 12, 1950, to Tobin Armstrong (1923-2005).
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Irving Robert Kaufman (1910-1992) — also known as Irving R. Kaufman — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., June 24, 1910. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of New York, 1949-61; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit, 1961-87. Member, American Bar Association; Federal Bar Association; American Judicature Society; Tau Epsilon Phi. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. Died February 1, 1992 (age 81 years, 222 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Herman Kaufman and Rose (Spielberg) Kaufman; married, June 23, 1936, to Helen Ruth Rosenberg.
  Cross-reference: Leonard B. Sand
  Caspar Willard Weinberger (1917-2006) — also known as Caspar W. Weinberger; Cap Weinberger; "Cap the Knife" — of San Francisco, Calif.; Hillsborough, San Mateo County, Calif. Born in San Francisco, Calif., August 18, 1917. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of California state assembly, 1953-56; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1956 (alternate), 1960 (member, Committee on Rules and Order of Business); California Republican state chair, 1964; member, Federal Trade Commission, 1969-70; chair, Federal Trade Commission, 1970; chair, Federal Trade Commission; director, U.S. Office of Management and Budget; U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, 1973-75; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1981-87. Episcopalian. Jewish ancestry. Member, Phi Beta Kappa. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. To forestall any prosecution for alleged misdeeds in connection with the Iran-Contra affair, he was pardoned by President George Bush in 1992. Died, of kidney ailments and pneumonia, in Eastern Maine Medical Center, Bangor, Penobscot County, Maine, March 28, 2006 (age 88 years, 222 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Step-son of Cerise (Carpenter) Weinberger; son of Herman Weinberger; married, August 12, 1942, to Jane Dalton.
  Epitaph: "Peace Through Strength"
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Caspar Weinberger: Fighting for Peace: Seven Critical Years in the Pentagon (1990) — In the Arena : A Memoir of the 20th Century, with Gretchen Roberts — Home of the Brave, with Wynton C. Hall — The Next War, with Peter Schweizer
  Fiction by Caspar Weinberger: Chain of Command, with Peter Schweizer
  Howard Malcolm Baldrige (1922-1987) — also known as Malcolm Baldrige; Mac Baldrige — of Woodbury, Litchfield County, Conn. Born in Omaha, Douglas County, Neb., October 4, 1922. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; business executive; delegate to Republican National Convention from Connecticut, 1964, 1968, 1972; delegate to Connecticut state constitutional convention 6th District, 1965; U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1981-87; died in office 1987. Congregationalist. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1988. Died after falling off a horse while practicing rodeo, July 25, 1987 (age 64 years, 294 days). Interment at New North Cemetery, Woodbury, Conn.
  Relatives: Son of Howard Malcolm Baldrige and Regina (Connell) Baldrige; married, March 31, 1951, to Margaret Trowbridge Murray; grandson of Howard Hammond Baldrige (1864-1928); grandnephew of Thomas Jackson Baldrige; great-grandnephew of Edwin Rockefeller Baldrige; second great-grandson of Joseph Baldrige; first cousin twice removed of William Lovell Baldrige; second cousin thrice removed of Carl Clifford Baldrige.
  Political family: Baldrige family of Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Warren Earl Burger (1907-1995) — also known as Warren E. Burger — of St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minn.; Arlington, Arlington County, Va. Born in St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minn., September 17, 1907. Republican. Lawyer; delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1944, 1948 (alternate), 1952 (member, Credentials Committee; speaker); Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, 1956-69; Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1969-86; took senior status 1986. Presbyterian. Member, American Bar Association; American Judicature Society; Federal Bar Association. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988. Died, of congestive heart failure, in Alexandria, Va., June 25, 1995 (age 87 years, 281 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Charles Joseph Burger and Katharine (Schnittger) Burger; married, November 8, 1933, to Elvera Stromberg.
  Cross-reference: J. Michael Luttig
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Michael Joseph Mansfield (1903-2001) — also known as Mike Mansfield — of Missoula, Missoula County, Mont. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., March 16, 1903. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War I; mining engineer; university professor; U.S. Representative from Montana 1st District, 1943-53; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Montana, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1996, 2000; U.S. Senator from Montana, 1953-77; U.S. Ambassador to Japan, 1977-88. Irish ancestry. Member, Alpha Tau Omega. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989. Died, of congestive heart failure, at the Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington, D.C., October 5, 2001 (age 98 years, 203 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Patrick Mansfield and Josephine (O'Brien) Mansfield; married, September 13, 1932, to Maureen Hayes.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Mike Mansfield: Don Oberdorfer, Senator Mansfield : The Extraordinary Life of a Great American Statesman and Diplomat
George P. Shultz George Pratt Shultz (b. 1920) — also known as George P. Shultz — of Chicago, Cook County, Ill. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., December 13, 1920. Served in the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II; economist; university professor; U.S. Secretary of Labor, 1969-70; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1972-74; U.S. Secretary of State, 1982-89. Episcopalian. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Economic Association. Survived an assassination attempt in South America, August 1988; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Son of Birl E. Shultz and Margaret Lennox (Pratt) Shultz; married, February 16, 1946, to Helena M. O'Brien.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Books by George P. Shultz: Turmoil and Triumph: My Years As Secretary of State (1993)
  Image source: Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
Claude Pepper Claude Denson Pepper (1900-1989) — also known as Claude Pepper — of Tallahassee, Leon County, Fla.; Miami, Miami-Dade County, Fla. Born near Dudleyville, Chambers County, Ala., September 8, 1900. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; lawyer; member of Florida state house of representatives, 1929-30; U.S. Senator from Florida, 1936-51; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Florida, 1940 (alternate), 1944 (alternate), 1948 (alternate), 1960, 1964, 1968 (alternate); member, Platform and Resolutions Committee, 1944; speaker, 1944, 1988; U.S. Representative from Florida, 1963-89 (3rd District 1963-67, 11th District 1967-73, 14th District 1973-83, 18th District 1983-89); died in office 1989. Baptist. Member, Moose; Woodmen; American Legion; Forty and Eight; Freemasons; Shriners; Elks; Kiwanis; American Bar Association; Phi Beta Kappa; Omicron Delta Kappa; Phi Alpha Delta; Sigma Upsilon; Kappa Alpha Order; United World Federalists. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989. Died in Washington, D.C., May 30, 1989 (age 88 years, 264 days). Interment at Oakland Cemetery, Tallahassee, Fla.
  Cross-reference: Clarence W. Meadows
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Claude Pepper: Tracy E. Danese, Claude Pepper and Ed Ball : Politics, Purpose, and Power — James C. Clark, Red Pepper and Gorgeous George: Claude Pepper's Epic Defeat in the 1950 Democratic Primary
  Image source: State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory
  George Frost Kennan (1904-2005) — also known as George F. Kennan — of Pennsylvania. Born in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wis., February 16, 1904. Foreign Service officer; U.S. Vice Consul in Tallinn, as of 1929; U.S. Consul in Berlin, as of 1932; U.S. Ambassador to Soviet Union, 1952; Yugoslavia, 1961; the government of the Soviet Union declared him persona non grata on October 3, 1952; received the 1956 Pulitzer Prize in History for his book Russia Leaves the War; received the 1968 Pulitzer Prize in Biography for his Memoirs; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989. Member, Council on Foreign Relations. Died in Princeton, Mercer County, N.J., March 17, 2005 (age 101 years, 29 days). Interment at Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, N.J.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about George Kenan: Walter Isaacson, The Wise Men : Six Friends and the World They Made — John Lewis Gaddis, George F. Kennan: An American Life
  Margaret Chase Smith (1897-1995) — also known as Margaret Chase — of Skowhegan, Somerset County, Maine. Born in Skowhegan, Somerset County, Maine, December 14, 1897. Republican. School teacher; business executive for Maine Telephone & Telegraph Co., for a country newspaper, and for the Cummings Woolen Co.; member of Maine Republican State Committee, 1930-36; U.S. Representative from Maine 2nd District, 1940-49; U.S. Senator from Maine, 1949-73; defeated, 1972; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1964. Female. Inducted, National Women's Hall of Fame, 1973; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1989. Died May 29, 1995 (age 97 years, 166 days). Cremated; ashes interred at Margaret Chase Smith Library, Skowhegan, Maine.
  Relatives: Daughter of George Emery Chase and Carrie (Murray) Chase; married, May 14, 1930, to Clyde Harold Smith (1876-1940).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — National Women's Hall of Fame
  Books about Margaret Chase Smith: Janann Sherman, No Place for a Woman : A Life of Senator Margaret Chase Smith — Eric R. Crouse, An American Stand: Senator Margaret Chase Smith and the Communist Menace, 1948-1972
  William Joseph Brennan, Jr. (1906-1997) — also known as William J. Brennan, Jr. — of New Jersey. Born in Newark, Essex County, N.J., April 25, 1906. Lawyer; major in the U.S. Army during World War II; superior court judge in New Jersey, 1949-52; associate justice of New Jersey state supreme court, 1952-56; Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1956-90; took senior status 1990. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Died in a nursing home in Arlington, Arlington County, Va., July 24, 1997 (age 91 years, 90 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of William J. Brennan and Agnes (McDermott) Brennan; married, May 5, 1928, to Marjorie Leonard.
  Cross-reference: Michael Chertoff — Abraham David Sofaer
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article — Ballotpedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about William J. Brennan: Kim Isaac Eisler, A Justice for All: William J. Brennan, Jr., and the Decisions That Transformed America — David E. Marion, The Jurisprudence of Justice William J. Brennan, Jr. — Hunter R. Clark, Justice Brennan: The Great Conciliator — Charles M. Haar & Jerold S. Kayden, Landmark Justice: The Influence of William J. Brennan on America's Communities — Frank I. Michelman, Brennan and Democracy
  Richard Bruce Cheney (b. 1941) — also known as Richard B. Cheney; Dick Cheney; "Shooter" — of Casper, Natrona County, Wyo. Born in Lincoln, Lancaster County, Neb., January 30, 1941. Republican. U.S. Representative from Wyoming at-large, 1979-89; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1989-93; Vice President of the United States, 2001-09. Methodist. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Trilateral Commission. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom on July 3, 1991. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Married, August 29, 1964, to Lynne Ann Vincent.
  Cross-reference: Don Evans
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Richard B. Cheney: Kings Of The Hill : How Nine Powerful Men Changed The Course of American History, with Lynne V. Cheney (1996) — In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir (2011)
  Books about Richard B. Cheney: Stephen F. Hayes, Cheney : The Untold Story of America's Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President — Barton Gellman, Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency
  Critical books about Richard B. Cheney: John Nichols, Dick: The Man Who is President — Clint Willis, The I Hate Dick Cheney, John Ashcroft, Donald Rumsfeld, Condi Rice. . . Reader: Behind the Bush Cabal's War on America — Dan Piraro, The Three Little Pigs Buy the White House — Lou Dubose and Jake Bernstein, Vice: Dick Cheney and the Hijacking of the American Presidency
  Fiction about Richard B. Cheney: Henry Beard, The Dick Cheney Code : A Parody
  William Hedgcock Webster (b. 1924) — also known as William H. Webster — Born in St. Louis, Mo., March 6, 1924. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Missouri, 1959-61; U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Missouri, 1970-73; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit, 1973-78; director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1978-87; director of Central Intelligence, 1987-91. Christian Scientist. Member, Psi Upsilon. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1991. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Married to Drusilla Lane; married, October 20, 1990, to Lynda Clugston.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  James Addison Baker III (b. 1930) — also known as James A. Baker III — of Houston, Harris County, Tex. Born in Houston, Harris County, Tex., April 28, 1930. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1972 (alternate), 1988; candidate for Texas state attorney general, 1978; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1985-88; U.S. Secretary of State, 1989-92. Member, Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Son of James Addison Baker, Jr. (born 1892) and Ethel Bonner (Means) Baker; married to Mary Stuart McHenry (died 1970); married 1973 to Susan Garrett.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by James A. Baker III: The Politics of Diplomacy: Revolution, War and Peace, 1989-1992, with Thomas M. DeFrank (1995) — 'Work Hard, Study...and Keep Out of Politics!': Adventures and Lessons from an Unexpected Public Life (2006)
Colin L. Powell Colin Luther Powell (b. 1937) — also known as Colin L. Powell; "Balloonfoot" — Born in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., April 5, 1937. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam war; U.S. Army general; National Security Advisor, 1987-89; chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1989-93; U.S. Secretary of State, 2001-05; received 3 electoral votes for President, 2016. African ancestry. Recipient of the Spingarn medal, 1991; twice recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 1991 and again in 1995. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Son of Luther Theophilus Powell and Maud Ariel (McKoy) Powell; married, August 25, 1962, to Alma Vivian Johnson; father of Michael K. Powell (1963-).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Colin L. Powell: My American Journey : An Autobiography — It Worked for Me: In Life and Leadership (2012)
  Books about Colin L. Powell: Oren Harari, The Leadership Secrets of Colin Powell — Karen DeYoung, Soldier : The Life of Colin Powell — Reggie Finlayson, Colin Powell (for young readers)
  Image source: KPBS Public Broadcasting
  William Frank Buckley, Jr. (1925-2008) — also known as William F. Buckley, Jr. — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Stamford, Fairfield County, Conn. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., November 24, 1925. Conservative. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; candidate for mayor of New York City, N.Y., 1965. Catholic. Irish and Swiss ancestry. Member, Skull and Bones. Leader of the conservative movement; founder and editor of National Review magazine; author and lecturer; host of television news show "Firing Line"; recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 18, 1991. Died, probably of diabetes and emphysema, in Stamford, Fairfield County, Conn., February 27, 2008 (age 82 years, 95 days). Cremated; ashes interred at St. Bernard Cemetery, Sharon, Conn.
  Relatives: Son of William Frank Buckley, Sr. (1881-1958) and Aloise (Steiner) Buckley (1895-1985); brother of James Lane Buckley and Patricia Lee Buckley (1927-2008; who married Leo Brent Bozell (1926-1997)); married 1950 to Patricia Alden Austin Taylor (1926-2007).
  Political family: Buckley family of New York and Connecticut.
  Cross-reference: Frederic R. Coudert, Jr.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by William F. Buckley, Jr.: Getting It Right (2003) — God and Man at Yale : The Superstitions of 'Academic Freedom' (1951) — Spytime : The Undoing of James Jesus Angleton (2000) — Nearer, My God : An Autobiography of Faith (1997) — The Lexicon : A Cornucopia of Wonderful Words for the Inquisitive Word Lover (1998) — Airborne : A Sentimental Journey (1984) — In Search of Anti-Semitism (1992) — Brothers No More (1995) — Up From Liberalism (1959) — The Committee and its critics : a calm review of the House Committee on Un-American Activities (1962) — Elvis in the Morning (2001) — Execution eve, and other contemporary ballads (1975) — Four reforms : a guide for the seventies (1973) — Gratitude : reflections on what we owe to our country (1990) — Nuremberg : the reckoning (2002) — Overdrive : a personal documentary (1983) — United Nations Journal : A Delegate's Odyssey (1974) — The unmaking of a mayor (1966) — Ronald Reagan: An American Hero (2001) — The Reagan I Knew (2008)
  Fiction by William F. Buckley, Jr.: Stained Glass : A Blackford Oakes Novel — Marco Polo, If You Can : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — Saving the Queen : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — See You Later, Alligator : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — Tucker's Last Stand : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — Mongoose, R.I.P. : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — A Very Private Plot : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — High Jinx : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — Who's on First : A Blackford Oakes Mystery — The Redhunter : a novel based on the life of Senator Joe McCarthy
  Books about William F. Buckley, Jr.: John B. Judis, William F. Buckley, Jr.: Patron Saint of the Conservatives — Lee Edwards, William F. Buckley Jr.: The Maker of a Movement — Carl T. Bogus, Buckley: William F. Buckley Jr. and the Rise of American Conservatism
  Critical books about William F. Buckley, Jr.: David Miller, Chairman Bill: A Biography of William F. Buckley, Jr.
Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. Thomas Phillip O'Neill, Jr. (1912-1994) — also known as Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr.; "Tip" — of Cambridge, Middlesex County, Mass. Born in Cambridge, Middlesex County, Mass., December 9, 1912. Democrat. Member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1937-52; Speaker of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1949-52; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1952, 1960, 1964; Honorary Chair, 1984; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, 1953-87 (11th District 1953-63, 8th District 1963-87); Speaker of the U.S. House, 1977-87. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991. Died, of cardiac arrest, in Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., January 5, 1994 (age 81 years, 27 days). Interment at Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Harwich Port, Harwich, Mass.; cenotaph at Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas P. O'Neill and Rose Anne (Tolan) O'Neill; married, June 17, 1941, to Mildred Anne Miller; father of Thomas P. O'Neill III (1944-).
  The O'Neill Tunnel (opened 2003), which carries Interstate 93, Highway 1, and Route 3, in Boston, Massachusetts, is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Thomas P. O'Neill: Man of the House : The Life and Political Memoirs of Speaker Tip O'Neill (1989)
  Books about Thomas P. O'Neill: John Aloysius Farrell, Tip O' Neill and the Democratic Century: A Biography — Chris Matthews, Tip and the Gipper: When Politics Worked
  Image source: Public Officers of Massachusetts, 1979-80
  Vernon Anthony Walters (1917-2002) — also known as Vernon A. Walters — of Florida. Born in New York City (unknown county), N.Y., January 3, 1917. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; deputy chief of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1972-76; U.S. Ambassador to , 1981-85; Germany, 1989-91; U.S. Representative to United Nations, 1985-89. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991. Died, at Good Samaritan Medical Center, West Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, Fla., February 10, 2002 (age 85 years, 38 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier
  Ronald Wilson Reagan (1911-2004) — also known as Ronald Reagan; "Dutch"; "The Gipper"; "The Great Communicator"; "The Teflon President"; "Rawhide" — of Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif.; Bel Air, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Tampico, Whiteside County, Ill., February 6, 1911. Republican. Worked as a sports broadcaster in Iowa in the 1930s, doing local radio broadcast of Chicago Cubs baseball games; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; professional actor in 1937-64; appeared in dozens of films including Kings Row, Dark Victory, Santa Fe Trail, Knute Rockne, All American, and The Winning Team; president of the Screen Actors Guild, 1947-52, 1959-60; member of California Republican State Central Committee, 1964-66; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1964 (alternate), 1972 (delegation chair); Governor of California, 1967-75; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1968, 1976; Presidential Elector for California, 1968; President of the United States, 1981-89; on March 30, 1981, outside the Washington Hilton hotel, he and three others were shot and wounded by John Hinkley, Jr.; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1993. Disciples of Christ. Member, Screen Actors Guild; Lions; American Legion; Tau Kappa Epsilon. Died, from pneumonia and Alzheimer's disease, in Bel Air, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., June 5, 2004 (age 93 years, 120 days). Interment at Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, Simi Valley, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of John Reagan and Nellie (Wilson) Reagan; married, January 25, 1940, to Jane Wyman (actress; divorced 1948); married, March 4, 1952, to Nancy Davis (born 1923; actress); father of Maureen Elizabeth Reagan (1941-2001).
  Cross-reference: Katherine Hoffman Haley — Dana Rohrabacher — Donald T. Regan — Henry Salvatori — L. William Seidman — Christopher Cox — Patrick J. Buchanan — Bay Buchanan — Edwin Meese III
  Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (opened 1941; renamed 1998), in Arlington, Virginia, is named for him.  — Mount Reagan (officially known as Mount Clay), in the White Mountains, Coos County, New Hampshire, is named for him.  — The Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, in the Federal Triangle, Washington, D.C., is named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Ronald Reagan: Ronald Reagan : An American Life
  Books about Ronald Reagan: Lou Cannon, President Reagan : The Role of a Lifetime — Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan : His Rise to Power — Peter Schweizer, Reagan's War : The Epic Story of His Forty-Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism — Lee Edwards, Ronald Reagan: A Political Biography — Paul Kengor, God and Ronald Reagan : A Spiritual Life — Mary Beth Brown, Hand of Providence: The Strong and Quiet Faith of Ronald Reagan — Edmund Morris, Dutch: A Memoir of Ronald Reagan — Peggy Noonan, When Character Was King: A Story of Ronald Reagan — Peter J. Wallison, Ronald Reagan: The Power of Conviction and the Success of His Presidency — Dinesh D'Souza, Ronald Reagan : How an Ordinary Man Became an Extraordinary Leader — William F. Buckley, Jr., Ronald Reagan: An American Hero — Craig Shirley, Reagan's Revolution : The Untold Story of the Campaign That Started It All — Richard Reeves, President Reagan : The Triumph of Imagination — Ron Reagan, My Father at 100 — Newt & Callista Gingrich & David N. Bossie, Ronald Reagan: Rendezvous with Destiny — William F. Buckley, The Reagan I Knew — Chris Matthews, Tip and the Gipper: When Politics Worked
  Critical books about Ronald Reagan: Haynes Johnson, Sleepwalking Through History: America in the Reagan Years — William Kleinknecht, The Man Who Sold the World: Ronald Reagan and the Betrayal of Main Street America
  Cesar Chavez (1927-1993) — also known as César Estrada Chávez — of Delano, Kern County, Calif. Born in Yuma, Yuma County, Ariz., March 31, 1927. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; farm worker; co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which became the United Farm Workers; delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1968. Catholic. Mexican ancestry. Awarded posthumously the Medal of Freedom, in 1994. Died in San Luis, Yuma County, Ariz., April 23, 1993 (age 66 years, 23 days). Interment at Cesar Chavez National Monument, Keene, Calif.
  Relatives: Married, October 22, 1948, to Helen Fabela (1928-2016).
  Cross-reference: Paul Schrade
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Arthur Sherwood Flemming (1905-1996) — also known as Arthur S. Flemming — of Kingston, Ulster County, N.Y.; Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio; Washington, D.C.; Eugene, Lane County, Ore. Born in Kingston, Ulster County, N.Y., June 12, 1905. Republican. Member, U.S. Civil Service Commission, 1939-48; president, Ohio-Wesleyan University, 1948-53; U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, 1958-61; president, University of Oregon, 1961-68; president, Macalester College, 1968-71. Methodist. Member, American Society for Public Administration; Alpha Sigma Phi; Delta Sigma Rho; Omicron Delta Kappa. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1994. Died of acute renal failure, at a retirement home in Alexandria, Va., September 7, 1996 (age 91 years, 87 days). Interment at Montrepose Cemetery, Kingston, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Harry H. Flemming and Harriet (Sherwood) Flemming; married, December 14, 1934, to Bernice Virginia Moler.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Robert Henry Michel (1923-2017) — also known as Robert H. Michel — of Peoria, Peoria County, Ill. Born in Peoria, Peoria County, Ill., March 2, 1923. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; administrative assistant to U.S. Rep. Harold Velde, 1949-56; U.S. Representative from Illinois 18th District, 1957-95; delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois, 1964, 1968, 1972. Member, Order of Ahepa; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Disabled American Veterans; Amvets; Sigma Nu; Pi Kappa Delta; Purple Heart; Jaycees. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994. Died in Arlington, Arlington County, Va., February 17, 2017 (age 93 years, 352 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Charles John Michel; married, December 26, 1948, to Corinne Woodruff.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Barbara Charline Jordan (1936-1996) — also known as Barbara Jordan — of Houston, Harris County, Tex. Born in Houston, Harris County, Tex., February 21, 1936. Democrat. Member of Texas state senate, 1967; U.S. Representative from Texas 18th District, 1973-79; speaker, Democratic National Convention, 1988. Female. African ancestry. Lesbian. Inducted, National Women's Hall of Fame, 1990; received the Spingarn Medal in 1992, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994. Died of leukemia and multiple sclerosis, January 17, 1996 (age 59 years, 330 days). Interment at Texas State Cemetery, Austin, Tex.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — National Women's Hall of Fame
  Books about Barbara Jordan: Mary Beth Rogers, Barbara Jordan : American Hero — Ann Fears Crawford, Barbara Jordan : Breaking the Barriers (for young readers)
  Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. (1915-2011) — also known as R. Sargent Shriver, Jr.; "Sarge" — Born in Westminster, Carroll County, Md., November 9, 1915. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; organized and directed the Peace Corps, 1961-66; U.S. Ambassador to France, 1968-70; candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1972; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1976. Catholic. German ancestry. Member, Delta Kappa Epsilon. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994. Died, from Alzheimer's disease, in Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., January 18, 2011 (age 95 years, 70 days). Interment at St. Francis Xavier Cemetery, Centerville, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of Robert Sargent Shriver (1880-1942) and Hilda (Shriver) Shriver (1883-1977); married, May 23, 1953, to Eunice Mary Kennedy (1921-2009; daughter of Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr.; sister of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Patricia Kennedy Lawford, Robert Francis Kennedy, Jean Kennedy Smith and Edward Moore Kennedy; aunt of Kathleen Kennedy Townsend); father of Maria Owings Shriver (who married Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger) and Mark Kennedy Shriver (1964-); nephew of James Causten Shriver; grandson of Thomas Herbert Shriver; great-grandson of Thomas Johns Perry.
  Political family: Kennedy family.
  Sargent Shriver Elementary School, in Silver Spring, Maryland, is named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about R. Sargent Shriver: Scott Stossel, Sarge: The Life and Times of Sargent Shriver — Mark Shriver, A Good Man: Rediscovering My Father, Sargent Shriver
  Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr. (1928-1998) — also known as A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. — of Pennsylvania. Born in Trenton, Mercer County, N.J., February 25, 1928. Member, Federal Trade Commission, 1962-64; U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1964-77; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit, 1977-93. African ancestry. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995; received the Spingarn Medal in 1996. Died, following a series of strokes, in a hospital at Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., December 14, 1998 (age 70 years, 292 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Frank Minis Johnson, Jr. (1918-1999) — also known as Frank M. Johnson, Jr. — of Jasper, Walker County, Ala.; Montgomery, Montgomery County, Ala. Born in Haleyville, Winston County, Ala., October 30, 1918. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; delegate to Republican National Convention from Alabama, 1948; U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama, 1953-55; U.S. District Judge for the Middle District of Alabama, 1955-; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, 1979-81; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit, 1981-92. Legendary for civil rights decisions; recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995. Died of pneumonia, in Montgomery, Montgomery County, Ala., July 23, 1999 (age 80 years, 266 days). Interment at Hill Crest City Cemetery, Haleyville, Ala.
  Relatives: Son of Frank Minis Johnson (1888?-?).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Frank M. Johnson, Jr.: Frank Sikora, The Judge : The Life and Opinions of Alabama's Frank M. Johnson, Jr.
  Antonia Pantoja (1922-2002) — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in San Juan, San Juan Municipio, Puerto Rico, September 13, 1922. Democrat. School teacher; welder; social worker; founder, in 1961, of ASPIRA, a non-profit organization which promotes education and community for Puerto Rican and other Latino youth; delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, 1967; received the Medal of Freedom, 1996; inducted into the Hunter College Hall of Fame. Female. Puerto Rican ancestry. Lesbian. Died, of cancer, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., May 24, 2002 (age 79 years, 253 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Morris King Udall (1922-1998) — also known as Morris K. Udall; Mo Udall — of Tucson, Pima County, Ariz. Born in St. Johns, Apache County, Ariz., June 15, 1922. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; played professional basketball with the Denver Nuggets, 1948-49; lawyer; co-founder and director, Bank of Tucson; Pima County Attorney, 1953-54; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Arizona, 1956, 1972; speaker, 1984, 1988; U.S. Representative from Arizona 2nd District, 1961-91; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1976. Mormon. Member, American Bar Association; American Judicature Society; American Legion; Phi Kappa Phi; Phi Delta Phi. Lost an eye in an accident when he was a boy. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996. Died, of Parkinson's disease, in the Veterans Administration Hospital, Washington, D.C., December 12, 1998 (age 76 years, 180 days). Cremated; ashes scattered in a private or family graveyard, Pima County, Ariz.; cenotaph at St. Johns Cemetery, St. Johns, Ariz.
  Relatives: Son of Levi Stewart Udall and Louise (Lee) Udall (1893-1974); brother of Stewart Lee Udall; married 1949 to Patricia Emery (1926-2003); married 1968 to Ella Royston Ward (1929-1988); father of Mark E. Udall; nephew of John Hunt Udall, Jesse Addison Udall and Don Taylor Udall; uncle of Thomas Stewart Udall (1948-); grandson of David King Udall; great-grandson of John Doyle Lee; first cousin of John Nicholas Udall, Lee Kenyon Udall and Rex E. Lee; first cousin once removed of Milan Dale Smith, Jr., Gordon Harold Smith and Mike Lee.
  Political family: Udall family of Arizona.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Morris K. Udall: Donald W. Carson & James W. Johnson, Mo : The Life and Times of Morris K. Udall
  William James Perry (b. 1927) — Born in Vandergrift, Westmoreland County, Pa., October 11, 1927. U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1994-97. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1997. Still living as of 2014.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Robert Joseph Dole (b. 1923) — also known as Bob Dole — of Russell, Russell County, Kan. Born in Russell, Russell County, Kan., July 22, 1923. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; lawyer; member of Kansas state house of representatives, 1951-53; U.S. Representative from Kansas, 1961-69 (6th District 1961-63, 1st District 1963-69); U.S. Senator from Kansas, 1969-96; resigned 1996; Chairman of Republican National Committee, 1971-73; candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1976; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1980, 1988; candidate for President of the United States, 1996. Methodist. Member, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Freemasons; Scottish Rite Masons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Kiwanis; Elks; American Bar Association; Disabled American Veterans; Kappa Sigma. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1997. Still living as of 2021.
  Relatives: Son of Doran R. 'Ray' Dole (1901-1975) and Bina (Talbott) Dole (1904-1983); married 1948 to Phyllis E. Holden (divorced 1972); married, December 6, 1975, to Mary Elizabeth Hanford (1936-).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Books by Bob Dole: Unlimited Partners : Our American Story (1988) — Great Presidential Wit (...I Wish I Was in the Book): A Collection of Humorous Anecdotes and Quotations (2001) — Great Political Wit : Laughing (Almost) All the Way to the White House (1998)
  Dante Bruno Fascell (1917-1998) — also known as Dante B. Fascell — of Coral Gables, Dade County (now Miami-Dade County), Fla.; Miami, Miami-Dade County, Fla.; Clearwater, Pinellas County, Fla. Born in Bridgehampton, Suffolk County, Long Island, N.Y., March 9, 1917. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of Florida state house of representatives, 1951-54; U.S. Representative from Florida, 1955-93 (4th District 1955-67, 12th District 1967-73, 15th District 1973-83, 19th District 1983-93); delegate to Democratic National Convention from Florida, 1956 (delegation vice-chair), 1968 (alternate). Italian ancestry. Member, American Legion; Lions; American Bar Association; Council on Foreign Relations; Military Order of the World Wars; Jaycees; Kappa Sigma. Received Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998. Died, of colon cancer, in Clearwater, Pinellas County, Fla., November 28, 1998 (age 81 years, 264 days). Interment at Sylvan Abbey Memorial Park, Clearwater, Fla.
  Relatives: Son of Charles A. Fascell and Mary (Gullotti) Fascell; married, September 19, 1941, to Jean-Marie Pelot.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr. (1920-2000) — also known as Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.; Bud Zumwalt — of Virginia. Born in Tulare, Tulare County, Calif., November 29, 1920. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; served in the U.S. Navy during the Korean conflict; Chief of U.S. naval operations in 1970-74; candidate for U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1976. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998. Died, following two cancer surgeries, at Duke University Medical Center, Durham, Durham County, N.C., January 2, 2000 (age 79 years, 34 days). Interment at Naval Academy Cemetery, Annapolis, Md.
  Relatives: Grandnephew of Louise A. Zumwalt (1870-1946).
  See also NNDB dossier
  Evelyn Dubrow (1917-2006) — also known as Evy Dubrow — of Washington, D.C. Born in Passaic, Passaic County, N.J., May 6, 1917. Democrat. Labor organizer; vice president and lobbyist for the International Ladies Garment Workers Union for many years; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1984, 1988, 1996. Female. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1999. Died, in a hospital at Washington, D.C., June 20, 2006 (age 89 years, 45 days). Burial location unknown.
Gerald R. Ford Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (1913-2006) — also known as Gerald R. Ford; Jerry Ford; Leslie Lynch King, Jr.; "Passkey" — of Grand Rapids, Kent County, Mich.; Rancho Mirage, Riverside County, Calif. Born in Omaha, Douglas County, Neb., July 14, 1913. Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1948, 1960, 1964; U.S. Representative from Michigan 5th District, 1949-73; resigned 1973; member, President's Commission on the Assassination of President KNDY, 1963-64; Vice President of the United States, 1973-74; President of the United States, 1974-77; defeated, 1976. Episcopalian. English and Scottish ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Scottish Rite Masons; Shriners; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Amvets; Sons of the American Revolution; Forty and Eight; Jaycees; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Delta Phi; Humane Society; Elks; American Bar Association. Shot at in two separate incidents in San Francisco in September 1975. On September 5, Lynette 'Squeaky' Fromme, follower of murderous cult leader Charles Manson, got close to the President with a loaded pistol, and squeezed the trigger at close range; the gun misfired. On September 22, Sara Jane Moore fired a shot at him, but a bystander deflected her aim. Both women were convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1999. Died in Rancho Mirage, Riverside County, Calif., December 26, 2006 (age 93 years, 165 days). Interment at Gerald R. Ford Museum, Grand Rapids, Mich.
  Relatives: Step-son of Gerald Rudolph Ford, Sr. (1890-1962); son of Leslie Lynch King, Sr. (1884-1941) and Dorothy Ayer (Gardner) King Ford (1892-1967); half-brother of Thomas G. Ford, Sr. (1918-1995); married, October 15, 1948, to Elizabeth Ann 'Betty' (Bloomer) Warren (1918-2011).
  Cross-reference: Richard M. Nixon — L. William Seidman
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Gerald R. Ford: A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford (1983)
  Books about Gerald R. Ford: John Robert Greene, The Presidency of Gerald R. Ford — Edward L. Schapsmeier, Gerald R. Ford's Date With Destiny: A Political Biography — James Cannon, Time and Chance : Gerald Ford's Appointment With History — Douglas Brinkley, Gerald R. Ford
  Image source: Michigan Manual 1957-58
  Oliver White Hill (1907-2007) — also known as Oliver W. Hill — of Richmond, Va. Born in Richmond, Va., May 1, 1907. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; in 1947, he was elected as the first Black member of Richmond's city council since Reconstruction; candidate for Presidential Elector for Virginia, 1972. African ancestry. Member, NAACP. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999, and the Spingarn Medal in 2005. Died in Richmond, Va., August 5, 2007 (age 100 years, 96 days). Interment at Forest Lawn Cemetery, Richmond, Va.
  Relatives: Married, September 5, 1934, to Beresenia Ann Walker (1911-1993).
  See also Wikipedia article
  Elliot Lee Richardson (1920-1999) — also known as Elliot L. Richardson — of Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass. Born in Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., July 20, 1920. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts, 1959-61; Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, 1965-67; Massachusetts state attorney general, 1967-69; defeated in primary, 1962; resigned 1969; U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, 1970-73; delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1972; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1973; U.S. Attorney General, 1973; U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1975-76; , 1977-80; U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1976-77; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, 1984. Episcopalian. Member, Freemasons; Council on Foreign Relations. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999. Died, of a cerebral hemorrhage, at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., December 31, 1999 (age 79 years, 164 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Married 1952 to Anne Francis Hazard.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Elliot Richardson: Reflections of a Radical Moderate (2000) — The creative balance: Government, politics, and the individual in America's third century (1976)
  Wesley Kanne Clark (b. 1944) — also known as Wesley K. Clark; Wesley Kanne — of Little Rock, Pulaski County, Ark. Born in Chicago, Cook County, Ill., December 23, 1944. Democrat. Rhodes scholar; served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam war; U.S. Army General; Supreme Allied Commander, 1997-2000; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 2004. Baptist; later Catholic. Jewish ancestry. Recipient, Medal of Freedom, 2000. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Step-son of Viktor Clark; son of Benjamin J. Kanne (died 1948) and Veneta Updegraff (Bogard) Kanne; married 1966 to Gertrude 'Gert' Kingston.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Wesley K. Clark: Winning Modern Wars : Iraq, Terrorism, and the American Empire (2003) — Waging Modern War : Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat (2001) — A Time to Lead : For Duty, Honor and Country (2007)
  Mildred Jeffrey (1910-2004) — also known as Millie Jeffrey; Mildred McWilliams — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Alton, Sioux County, Iowa, December 29, 1910. Democrat. Organizer for the Amalgamated Clothing Workers in the 1930s; director, Women's Bureau, and later the community relations and consumer affairs departments, United Automobile Workers; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1956, 1960, 1968, 1976, 1980; member, Arrangements Committee, 1964; member of Michigan Democratic State Central Committee, 1957-61; member of Democratic National Committee from Michigan, 1961-69; candidate for delegate to Michigan state constitutional convention from Wayne County 12th District, 1961; member of Wayne State University board of governors; elected 1974. Female. Member, Americans for Democratic Action; American Civil Liberties Union. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2000. Died, in a nursing home at Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., March 24, 2004 (age 93 years, 86 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1936 to Homer Newman Jeffrey.
  Aretha Louise Franklin (1942-2018) — also known as Aretha Franklin; "Queen of Soul" — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn., March 25, 1942. Democrat. Singer; performed, Democratic National Convention, 1968 ; inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1987; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2005. Female. Died, from pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., August 16, 2018 (age 76 years, 144 days). Entombed in mausoleum at Woodlawn Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.
  Relatives: Daughter of Rev. Clarence LeVaughn Franklin (1915-1984) and Barbara Vernice (Siggers) Franklin (1918-1952); married 1961 to Ted White (divorced 1969); married, April 11, 1978, to Glynn Turman (divorced 1984).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Gillespie V. Montgomery (1920-2006) — also known as G. V. 'Sonny' Montgomery — of Meridian, Lauderdale County, Miss. Born in Meridian, Lauderdale County, Miss., August 5, 1920. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; insurance business; member of Mississippi state senate, 1956-66; U.S. Representative from Mississippi, 1967-97 (4th District 1967-73, 3rd District 1973-97); delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1996. Episcopalian. Member, Kappa Alpha Order. Recipient, Medal of Freedom, 2005. Died, in Jeff Anderson Regional Medical Center, Meridian, Lauderdale County, Miss., May 12, 2006 (age 85 years, 280 days). Interment at Magnolia Cemetery, Meridian, Miss.
  Relatives: Son of Gillespie Montgomery and Emily (Tims) Montgomery.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Books by Sonny Montgomery: Sonny Montgomery : The Veteran's Champion, with Michael S. Ballard and Craig S. Piper (2003)
  Dolores Clara Fernández Huerta (b. 1930) — also known as Dolores C. Huerta — of Delano, Kern County, Calif.; Keene, Kern County, Calif.; Bakersfield, Kern County, Calif. Born in Dawson, Colfax County, N.M., April 10, 1930. Democrat. School teacher; co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which became the United Farm Workers; delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1968 (alternate), 1972, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2008; candidate for Presidential Elector for California, 1968; Presidential Elector for California, 2012; received the Medal of Freedom in 2012. Female. Mexican ancestry. Still living as of 2019.
  Relatives: Daughter of Juan Fernandez and Alicia Chavez; married to Ralph Head and Ventura Huerta.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Cicely Tyson (b. 1924) — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., December 19, 1924. Democrat. Model; actress; speaker, Democratic National Convention, 1984. Female. African ancestry. Member, Delta Sigma Theta. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 2010, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016. Still living as of 2019.
  Relatives: Daughter of William Tyson and Theodesia Tyson; married, November 26, 1981, to Miles Davis (jazz trumpeter).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
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Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2019 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 10, 2021.

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