The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace

List of Politicians Who Were Pardoned
Very incomplete!

in approximate chronological order

  Albert Lange (1801-1869) — of Terre Haute, Vigo County, Ind. Born in Charlottenburg, Prussia (now part of Berlin, Germany), December 16, 1801. Republican. He belonged to a secret society which advocated a constitutional government for the German Empire; in 1824, the conspiracy was uncovered; he was convicted of treason and sentenced to fifteen years in in prison; pardoned in 1829, and left Germany for the United States; U.S. Consul in Amsterdam, 1849-50; Indiana state auditor, 1861-63; mayor of Terre Haute, Ind., 1863-67. Died in Terre Haute, Vigo County, Ind., July 25, 1869 (age 67 years, 221 days). Interment at Woodlawn Cemetery, Terre Haute, Ind.
  Lange Elementary School (now closed), in Terre Haute, Indiana, was named for him.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Charles Franklin Mitchell (1806-1865) — of Lockport, Niagara County, N.Y. Born in Bucks County, Pa., February 18, 1806. U.S. Representative from New York 33rd District, 1837-41. Convicted of forgery in 1841 and sentenced to Sing Sing prison in New York; pardoned due to ill health; moved to Ohio. Died in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, September 27, 1865 (age 59 years, 221 days). Interment at Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  John Singleton Mosby (1833-1916) — also known as John S. Mosby; "The Gray Ghost" — of Bristol, Va.; Warrenton, Fauquier County, Va. Born in Powhatan County, Va., December 6, 1833. In 1852, he shot and wounded George R. Turpin, with whom he had quarreled; arrested and tried, ultimately convicted only of the misdemeanor charge of unlawful shooting and sentenced to one year in jail; pardoned by Gov. Joseph Johnson in 1853; colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; U.S. Consul in Hong Kong, 1878-85. Scottish and Welsh ancestry. Died in Washington, D.C., May 30, 1916 (age 82 years, 176 days). Interment at Warrenton Cemetery, Warrenton, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Alfred Daniel Mosby and Virginia (McLaurine) Mosby; married, December 30, 1857, to Pauline Clarke (1837-1876; daughter of Beverly Leonidas Clarke (1809-1860)).
  See also Wikipedia article
  George Davis (1820-1896) — of Wilmington, New Hanover County, N.C. Born in Porter's Neck, Pender County, N.C., March 1, 1820. Lawyer; Delegate from North Carolina to the Confederate Provisional Congress, 1861-62; Senator from North Carolina in the Confederate Congress, 1862-64; Confederate Attorney General, 1864-65. Episcopalian. At the end of the Civil War, with other Confederate officials, attempted to flee overseas, but turned himself in at Key West, Fla.; spent several months in prison at Fort Hamilton; pardoned in 1866. Died in Wilmington, New Hanover County, N.C., February 23, 1896 (age 75 years, 359 days). Interment at Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, N.C.; statue erected 1911 at Third and Market Streets, Wilmington, N.C.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Frederick Davis (1778-1846) and Sarah Isabella (Eagles) Davis (1784-1829); half-brother and fourth cousin of Horatio Davis; married, November 17, 1842, to Mary Adelaide Polk (1817-1863; first cousin once removed of Frank Lyon Polk (1871-1943); second cousin once removed of James Knox Polk and William Hawkins Polk; third cousin of Marshall Tate Polk); married, May 9, 1866, to Monimia Fairfax (1837-1889); great-grandnephew of Samuel Ashe; cousin four different ways of John Baptista Ashe (1748-1802), John Baptista Ashe (1810-1857), Thomas Samuel Ashe and William Shepperd Ashe; cousin three different ways of Alfred Moore Waddell; second cousin twice removed of William Henry Hill.
  Political families: Ashe-Polk family of North Carolina; Polk family; Manly-Haywood-Polk family of Raleigh, North Carolina (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  George Wythe Randolph (1818-1867) — also known as George W. Randolph — of Virginia. Born near Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Va., March 10, 1818. Lawyer; delegate to Virginia secession convention, 1861; general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; Confederate Secretary of War, 1862; after the collapse of the Confederacy, fled to Europe to avoid capture; pardoned in 1866. Episcopalian. Died of pulmonary pneumonia, near Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Va., April 3, 1867 (age 49 years, 24 days). Interment at Monticello Graveyard, Near Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr. and Martha (Jefferson) Randolph; brother of Benjamin Franklin Randolph, Meriwether Lewis Randolph and Virginia Jefferson Randolph (who married Nicholas Philip Trist); uncle of Thomas Jefferson Coolidge; grandson of Thomas Jefferson; granduncle of John Gardner Coolidge; great-grandson of Archibald Cary; second great-grandson of Richard Randolph; first cousin of Francis Wayles Eppes; first cousin once removed of Dabney Carr, John Wayles Eppes and Frederick Madison Roberts; first cousin twice removed of John Randolph of Roanoke; first cousin thrice removed of Richard Bland and Peyton Randolph (1721-1775); second cousin of Dabney Smith Carr; second cousin once removed of John Marshall, James Markham Marshall and Alexander Keith Marshall; second cousin twice removed of Theodorick Bland, Edmund Jenings Randolph and Beverley Randolph; third cousin of Thomas Marshall, John Jordan Crittenden, Thomas Turpin Crittenden, Robert Crittenden, James Keith Marshall and Carter Henry Harrison; third cousin once removed of Henry Lee, Charles Lee, Edmund Jennings Lee, Peyton Randolph (1779-1828), Henry St. George Tucker, Alexander Parker Crittenden, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, Thomas Theodore Crittenden, John Augustine Marshall and Carter Henry Harrison II; third cousin twice removed of Thomas Theodore Crittenden, Jr., William Marshall Bullitt and Alexander Scott Bullitt; fourth cousin of Benjamin William Sheridan Cabell (1793-1862), Edmund Randolph and Nathaniel Beverly Tucker; fourth cousin once removed of Thomas Jones Hardeman, Bailey Hardeman, William Lewis Cabell, Fitzhugh Lee, George Craighead Cabell and William Henry Robertson.
  Political families: Marshall-Harrison-Randolph-Cabell family of Virginia; Breckinridge-Preston-Cabell-Henry family of Virginia; Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Walker-Bolling family of Huntsville, Alabama (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Coins and currency: His portrait appeared on Confederate States $100 notes in 1862-64.
  Christopher Gustavus Memminger (1803-1888) — also known as Christopher G. Memminger — of Charleston, Charleston District (now Charleston County), S.C. Born in Wurttemberg, Germany, January 9, 1803. Lawyer; member of South Carolina state house of representatives, 1836-52, 1854-60; delegate to South Carolina secession convention from St. Philips' & St. Michael's, 1860-62; chairman of the committee that drew up the Constitution of the Confederate States of America; Delegate from South Carolina to the Confederate Provisional Congress, 1861-62; Confederate Secretary of the Treasury, 1861-64; pardoned by President Andrew Johnson, 1867; member of South Carolina state legislature, 1876-79. Episcopalian. Died in Flat Rock, Henderson County, N.C., March 7, 1888 (age 85 years, 58 days). Interment at St. John in the Wilderness Cemetery, Flat Rock, N.C.
  Relatives: Adoptive son of Thomas Bennett; married, October 25, 1832, to Mary Wilkinson (1813-1875); grandfather of Lucien Memminger; great-grandfather of Robert B. Memminger (1904-1981).
  Political family: Memminger family of Charleston, South Carolina.
  Coins and currency: His portrait appeared on Confederate States $5 notes in 1861-64 and $10 notes in 1861.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Thomas Overton Moore (1804-1876) — of Louisiana. Born in Sampson County, N.C., April 10, 1804. Democrat. Planter; member of Louisiana state house of representatives, 1848; member of Louisiana state senate, 1856; Governor of Louisiana, 1860-64; delegate to Louisiana secession convention, 1861. Presbyterian. At the end of the Civil War, the military governor of Louisiana ordered his arrest as a Confederate leader; he fled to Mexico and settled in Havana, Cuba. Pardoned by President Andrew Johnson. Died near Alexandria, Rapides Parish, La., June 25, 1876 (age 72 years, 76 days). Interment at Mt. Olivet Episcopal Cemetery, Pineville, La.
  David King Udall (1851-1938) — of St. Johns, Apache County, Ariz. Born in St. Louis, Mo., September 7, 1851. Member of Arizona territorial legislature, 1899. Mormon. Indicted in 1884 on charges of polygamy and unlawful cohabitation; not convicted because his second wife Ida could not be found to testify against him. Convicted in 1885 of perjury in connection with a land claim, and sentenced to three years in prison. On December 12, 1885, he received a "full and unconditional pardon" from President Grover Cleveland, and was released from prison. Died, as a result of an accidental fall and myocardial insufficiency, in St. Johns, Apache County, Ariz., February 18, 1938 (age 86 years, 164 days). Interment at St. Johns Cemetery, St. Johns, Ariz.
  Relatives: Son of Eliza (King) Udall (1826-1863) and David Udall (1829-1910); brother of Mary Ann Udall (who married William Thomas Stewart (1853-1935)); married, February 1, 1875, to Eliza Luella Stewart (1855-1937; sister of William Thomas Stewart (1853-1935)); married, May 25, 1882, to Ida Frances Hunt (1858-1915; granddaughter of Jefferson Hunt); married, April 9, 1903, to Mary Ann (Linton) Morgan (1865-1951; widow of John Hamilton Morgan); father of John Hunt Udall, Levi Stewart Udall, Jesse Addison Udall and Don Taylor Udall; grandfather of John Nicholas Udall, Stewart Lee Udall, Morris King Udall and Lee Kenyon Udall; great-grandfather of Milan Dale Smith, Jr. (1942-), Thomas Stewart Udall, Mark E. Udall and Gordon Harold Smith.
  Political family: Udall family of Arizona.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Stevenson Archer (1828-1898) — of Bel Air, Harford County, Md. Born near Churchville, Harford County, Md., February 28, 1828. Lawyer; member of Maryland state house of delegates, 1854; U.S. Representative from Maryland 2nd District, 1867-75; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maryland, 1868, 1876; Maryland state treasurer, 1886-90; Maryland Democratic state chair, 1887-89. In April, 1890, following an investigation which revealed a shortage of $132,000, he was arrested, removed from office as State Treasurer, and charged with embezzlement. He pleaded guilty and wrote to the court: "No part of the State's money or securities was ever used by me in gambling, stock speculation, or for political purposes; nor have I at this time one dollar of it left." Sentenced to five years in prison. Due to his failing health, was pardoned by Gov. Frank Brown in May 1894. Died, in Baltimore City Hospital, Baltimore, Md., August 2, 1898 (age 70 years, 155 days). Interment at Presbyterian Cemetery, Churchville, Md.
  Relatives: Son of Stevenson Archer (1786-1848); grandson of John Archer.
  Political family: Archer family of Churchville, Maryland.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Edward Richard Folsom (1874-1923) — also known as Edward R. Folsom — of Irvington, Essex County, N.J. Born in North Urbana, Steuben County, N.Y., September 18, 1874. Charged, in 1894, of forging checks, bank robbery, and arson; pleaded guilty to two charges; sentenced to ten years in prison; pardoned and released in September 1897; coal dealer; mayor of Irvington, N.J., 1923; died in office 1923. Blackmailers threatening to expose his criminal past extorted money from him until he was nearly penniless; killed himself by an overdose of sedative, in Irvington, Essex County, N.J., September 26, 1923 (age 49 years, 8 days). Interment at Clinton Cemetery, Irvington, N.J.
  Relatives: Son of Frederick Lewis Folsom (1846-1921) and Martha (Layton) Folsom; married to Sara Elizabeth Keeler (1876-1958).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Robert William Wilcox (1855-1903) — also known as Robert W. Wilcox — of Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii. Born in Kahalu, Honuaula, Island of Maui, Maui County, Hawaii, February 15, 1855. Delegate to U.S. Congress from Hawaii Territory, 1900-03. Leader of the Hawaiian revolution of 1889; tried for treason, but acquitted by a jury. Was involved in the rebellion of 1895 and subsequently court-martialed, found guilty, and sentenced to death; the sentence was later commuted to 35 years; pardoned by the Hawaiian president in 1898. Died in Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, October 23, 1903 (age 48 years, 250 days). Interment at Catholic Cemetery, Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Hawaii.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Caleb Powers (1869-1932) — of Barbourville, Knox County, Ky. Born in Whitley County, Ky., February 1, 1869. Republican. Lawyer; secretary of state of Kentucky, 1900; U.S. Representative from Kentucky 11th District, 1911-19; delegate to Republican National Convention from Kentucky, 1916. Prosecuted and thrice convicted for the murder of Gov. William J. Goebel and spent eight years in prison; pardoned in 1908 by Gov. Augustus E. Willson. Died July 25, 1932 (age 63 years, 175 days). Interment at City Cemetery, Barbourville, Ky.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Charles Finley (1865-1941) — of Williamsburg, Whitley County, Ky. Born in Williamsburg, Whitley County, Ky., March 26, 1865. Republican. Member of Kentucky state house of representatives, 1894; secretary of state of Kentucky, 1896-1900; U.S. Representative from Kentucky 11th District, 1930-33. Member, Junior Order; Rotary; Freemasons; Shriners. Among those charged in 1900 with the murder of Gov. William J. Goebel; pardoned in 1909. Died in Williamsburg, Whitley County, Ky., March 18, 1941 (age 75 years, 357 days). Interment at Highland Cemetery, Williamsburg, Ky.
  Relatives: Son of Hugh Franklin Finley (1833-1909) and Jennie Renfro (Moss) Finley.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Joseph Andrew Iasigi (1848-1917) — also known as Joseph A. Iasigi — of Boston, Suffolk County, Mass. Born in Massachusetts, January 15, 1848. Consular Agent for France in Boston, Mass., 1873-77; Consul-General for Turkey in Boston, Mass., 1889-97; he failed to account for a trust fund, refused to answer questions, and fled to New York City; arrested there in February 1897 and extradited to Boston; charged with embezzlement of about $220,000; pleaded not guilty; tried and convicted in November 1897; sentenced to 14-18 years in prison; pardoned in 1909. Armenian and French ancestry. Died in Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass., January 24, 1917 (age 69 years, 9 days). Interment at Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of Joseph Iasigi (1800-1877) and Eulalie (Loir) Iasigi (1821-1883); brother of Oscar Anthony Iasigi; married 1881 to Marie P. Homer; uncle of Nora Iasigi (who married William Marshall Bullitt).
  Political family: Marshall-Harrison-Randolph-Cabell family of Virginia (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  William Sylvester Taylor (1853-1928) — also known as William S. Taylor; W. S. Taylor; "Hogjaw" — of Morgantown, Butler County, Ky. Born in Butler County, Ky., October 10, 1853. Republican. Lawyer; state court judge in Kentucky, 1886; delegate to Republican National Convention from Kentucky, 1888, 1900; Kentucky state attorney general, 1896-99; Governor of Kentucky, 1899-1900. Indicted in 1900 as a conspirator in the assassination of William J. Goebel; fled to Indiana; never extradited; pardoned in 1909 by Gov. Augustus E. Willson. Died August 2, 1928 (age 74 years, 297 days). Interment at Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.
  Cross-reference: Charles E. Sapp
  John Hicklin Hall (1854-1937) — also known as John H. Hall — of Portland, Multnomah County, Ore. Born in Multnomah County, Ore., July 17, 1854. Member of Oregon state house of representatives, 1891-92; U.S. Attorney for Oregon, 1897-1904. Removed from office as district attorney; tried and convicted in 1905 on land fraud charges; later pardoned by President Taft. Died in Portland, Multnomah County, Ore., July 27, 1937 (age 83 years, 10 days). Interment at River View Cemetery, Portland, Ore.
  Relatives: Father of John Hubert Hall (1899-1970); second cousin of Louis Blasdel Ewbank.
  Political family: Hall family of Oregon.
  Charles M. Slaughter — of Athens, Athens County, Ohio. Mayor of Athens, Ohio, 1910-14. Charged with misconduct as justice of the peace; convicted on a lesser charge of misappropriating public funds; served about a year in prison; pardoned; made restitution. Burial location unknown.
  Frank Porter Glazier (1862-1922) — also known as Frank P. Glazier — of Chelsea, Washtenaw County, Mich. Born in Jackson, Jackson County, Mich., March 8, 1862. Republican. Pharmacist; President of Glazier Stove Company (manufacturer of stoves for cooking and heating); president of Chelsea Savings Bank; member of Michigan state senate 10th District, 1903-04; Michigan state treasurer, 1905-08; resigned 1908. Forced to resign as state treasurer in 1908; convicted of embezzlement; served two years in prison; pardoned in 1920. Died near Chelsea, Washtenaw County, Mich., January 1, 1922 (age 59 years, 299 days). Interment at Oak Grove Cemetery, Chelsea, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of Emily J. (Stimson) Glazier and George Pickering Glazier (1841-1901); married, December 30, 1880, to Henrietta Geddes.
  Charlotte Anita Whitney (c.1868-1955) — also known as Anita Whitney — of California. Born about 1868. Communist. Social worker; in 1919, she gave a radical speech in Oakland, California; as a result, she was arrested, tried, and found guilty of violating the state's syndicalism law; pardoned by Governor C. C. Young.; candidate for U.S. Senator from California, 1928, 1940 (Communist). Female. Died in San Francisco, Calif., February 4, 1955 (age about 87 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Daughter of George E. Whitney (1838?-?); niece of Stephen Johnson Field.
  Political family: Whitney-Field-Brewer-Wells family of California.
  Earl Russel Browder (1891-1973) — also known as Earl Browder — of Yonkers, Westchester County, N.Y. Born in Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kan., May 20, 1891. Communist. As a result of his opposition to U.S. participation in World War I, he was convicted in 1917 of conspiracy against the draft laws and sentenced to sixteen months in prison; imprisoned again in 1919; pardoned in 1933; candidate for U.S. Representative from New York, 1930 (6th District), 1932 (20th District), 1940 (14th District); General Secretary of the Communist Party of the U.S., 1934-44; candidate for President of the United States, 1936, 1940; arrested in 1939 for a passport violation, convicted, and sentenced to four years in prison (sentence commuted after fourteen months); expelled from the Communist Party, 1946. Died in Princeton, Mercer County, N.J., June 27, 1973 (age 82 years, 38 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William Browder and Martha (Hankins) Browder; married 1926 to Raissa Berkman.
  Cross-reference: George E. Powers
  See also Wikipedia article
  Maurice Sugar (1891-1974) — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Brimley, Chippewa County, Mich., August 8, 1891. Lawyer; Socialist candidate for circuit judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1917; Socialist candidate for justice of Michigan state supreme court, 1917; candidate for U.S. Representative from Michigan 13th District, 1918 (Socialist), 1936 (Farmer-Labor); convicted in 1918 for resisting the draft, sentenced to a year in prison, and disbarred; readmitted to the Bar in 1923; pardoned in 1933; general counsel to the United Automobile Workers, 1937-46; Progressive candidate for Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1948. Jewish and Lithuanian ancestry. Member, National Lawyers Guild. Died in Cheboygan County, Mich., February 15, 1974 (age 82 years, 191 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Kalman Sugar and Mary Sugar; married 1914 to Jane Mayer Sugar (1878?-?).
  See also Wikipedia article
  Rudolph Gabriel Tenerowicz (1890-1963) — also known as Rudolph G. Tenerowicz — of Hamtramck, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Budapest, Hungary, of Polish parents, June 14, 1890. Physician; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; mayor of Hamtramck, Mich., 1928-32, 1936-39; resigned 1932; U.S. Representative from Michigan 1st District, 1939-43; defeated, 1942 (Democratic primary), 1946 (Republican primary), 1948 (Republican), 1950 (Republican), 1952 (Republican), 1954 (Republican). Polish ancestry. Tried and convicted on vice conspiracy charges in 1932; freed from prison when pardoned by Gov. William A. Comstock. Died in Hamtramck, Wayne County, Mich., August 31, 1963 (age 73 years, 78 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of John Tenerowicz and Antoinette (Gall) Tenerowicz; brother of Anthony C. Tenerowicz; married to Margaret Tenerowicz (1916?-).
  Political family: Tenerowicz family of Hamtramck, Michigan.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Andrew Jackson May (1875-1959) — also known as Andrew J. May — of Prestonsburg, Floyd County, Ky. Born near Langley, Floyd County, Ky., June 24, 1875. Democrat. Lawyer; Floyd County Attorney, 1901-09; U.S. Representative from Kentucky, 1931-47 (10th District 1931-33, at-large 1933-35, 7th District 1935-47); defeated, 1928 (10th District), 1946 (7th District). Baptist. Member, Freemasons. In 1943, he was briefed about the flaws in the Japanese anti-submarine munitions; he revealed this information to the press, and hence to the Japanese, who quickly improved their depth charges. After the war, this indiscretion was estimated to have cost the U.S. ten submarines and 800 men. Convicted, on July 3, 1947, on charges of accepting bribes for his influence in the award of munitions contracts during World War II; served nine months in prison; received a full pardon from President Harry S. Truman in 1952. Died in Prestonsburg, Floyd County, Ky., September 6, 1959 (age 84 years, 74 days). Interment at Mayo Cemetery, Prestonsburg, Ky.
  Presumably named for: Andrew Jackson
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-1994) — also known as Richard M. Nixon; "Tricky Dick"; "Searchlight" — of Whittier, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Yorba Linda, Orange County, Calif., January 9, 1913. Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Representative from California 12th District, 1947-50; U.S. Senator from California, 1950-53; appointed 1950; resigned 1953; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1952 (member, Resolutions Committee), 1956; Vice President of the United States, 1953-61; President of the United States, 1969-74; defeated, 1960; candidate for Governor of California, 1962; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1964. Quaker. Member, American Legion. Discredited by the Watergate scandal, as many of his subordinates were charged with crimes; in July 1974, the U.S. House Judiciary Committee voted three articles of impeachment against him, over obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of Congress; soon after, a tape recording emerged which directly implicated him in the Watergate break-in; with impeachment certain, he resigned; pardoned in 1974 by President Gerald R. Ford. Died, from a stroke, at New York Hospital/Cornell Medical Center, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., April 22, 1994 (age 81 years, 103 days). Interment at Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace, Yorba Linda, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Francis Anthony 'Frank' Nixon (1878-1956) and Hannah (Milhous) Nixon (1885-1967); married, June 21, 1940, to Thelma Catherine Ryan; father of Julie Nixon (daughter-in-law of John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower; granddaughter-in-law of Dwight David Eisenhower); second cousin of John Duffy Alderson (1896-1975).
  Political families: Lee-Randolph family of Maryland and Virginia; Carroll-Hanson family of Maryland; Eisenhower-Nixon family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Cross-reference: Maurice H. Stans — John H. Holdridge — Clark MacGregor — Harry L. Sears — Harry S. Dent — Christian A. Herter, Jr. — John N. Mitchell — G. Bradford Cook — Raymond Moley — Patrick J. Buchanan — Nils A. Boe — Murray M. Chotiner — Richard Blumenthal — G. Gordon Liddy — Robert D. Sack — Edward G. Latch — William O. Mills
  Campaign slogan (1968): "Nixon's the One!"
  Epitaph: "The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Books by Richard M. Nixon: RN : The Memoirs of Richard Nixon (1978) — Beyond Peace (1994) — 1999: Victory Without War (1988) — Leaders (1982) — Memoirs — Six Crises (1962) — The Challenges We Face (1960) — In the Arena: A Memoir of Victory, Defeat and Renewal (1990) — No More Vietnams (1985) — The Poetry of Richard Milhous Nixon (1974) — Real Peace (1984) — The Real War (1980) — Seize The Moment: America's Challenge in a One-Superpower World (1992)
  Books about Richard M. Nixon: Melvin Small, The Presidency of Richard Nixon — Joan Hoff, Nixon Reconsidered — Jonathan Aitken, Nixon : A Life — Garry Wills, Nixon Agonistes : The Crisis of the Self-Made Man — Thomas Monsell, Nixon on Stage and Screen : The Thirty-Seventh President As Depicted in Films, Television, Plays and Opera — Stephen E. Ambrose, Nixon : Education of a Politician, 1913-1962 — Richard Reeves, President Nixon: Alone in the White House — Roger Morris, Richard Milhous Nixon: The Rise of an American Politician — Robert Mason, Richard Nixon and the Quest for a New Majority — Jules Witcover, Very Strange Bedfellows : The Short and Unhappy Marriage of Richard Nixon & Spiro Agnew
  Critical books about Richard M. Nixon: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents — Lance Morrow, The Best Year of Their Lives: Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon in 1948: Learning the Secrets of Power — Don Fulsom, Nixon's Darkest Secrets: The Inside Story of America's Most Troubled President
  Jack Paul Faustin Gremillion (1914-2001) — also known as Jack P. F. Gremillion — of Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, La. Born in Donaldsonville, Ascension Parish, La., June 15, 1914. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; Louisiana state attorney general, 1956-72; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Louisiana, 1960. Catholic. Member, American Legion; Disabled American Veterans; Knights of Columbus; Order of Alhambra; Elks; Lions; American Bar Association. While opposing New Orleans school desegregation in federal court in 1960, walked out of the courtroom, calling the court a "den of iniquity"; convicted of contempt of court; sentence was suspended. Indicted in 1969 for fraud and conspiracy over his dealings with the bankrupt Louisiana Loan and Thrift Corp.; tried in 1971 and acquitted. Convicted later that year on federal perjury charges in a related case; sentenced to three years in prison; served 15 months. Pardoned in 1976 by Gov. Edwin Edwards. Died in Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center, Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, La., March 2, 2001 (age 86 years, 260 days). Interment at Greenoaks Memorial Park, Baton Rouge, La.
  Caspar Willard Weinberger (1917-2006) — also known as Caspar W. Weinberger; Cap Weinberger; "Cap the Knife" — of San Francisco, Calif.; Hillsborough, San Mateo County, Calif. Born in San Francisco, Calif., August 18, 1917. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of California state assembly, 1953-56; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1956 (alternate), 1960 (member, Committee on Rules and Order of Business); California Republican state chair, 1964; member, Federal Trade Commission, 1969-70; chair, Federal Trade Commission, 1970; chair, Federal Trade Commission; director, U.S. Office of Management and Budget; U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, 1973-75; U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1981-87. Episcopalian. Jewish ancestry. Member, Phi Beta Kappa. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. To forestall any prosecution for alleged misdeeds in connection with the Iran-Contra affair, he was pardoned by President George Bush in 1992. Died, of kidney ailments and pneumonia, in Eastern Maine Medical Center, Bangor, Penobscot County, Maine, March 28, 2006 (age 88 years, 222 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Step-son of Cerise (Carpenter) Weinberger; son of Herman Weinberger; married, August 12, 1942, to Jane Dalton.
  Epitaph: "Peace Through Strength"
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Caspar Weinberger: Fighting for Peace: Seven Critical Years in the Pentagon (1990) — In the Arena : A Memoir of the 20th Century, with Gretchen Roberts — Home of the Brave, with Wynton C. Hall — The Next War, with Peter Schweizer
  Fiction by Caspar Weinberger: Chain of Command, with Peter Schweizer
  Walter S. Orlinsky (1938-2002) — also known as Wally Orlinsky; "Wally Appleseed" — of Baltimore, Md. Born in Baltimore, Md., May 19, 1938. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Maryland state house of delegates from Baltimore city 2nd District, 1967-72; candidate for Presidential Elector for Maryland, 1972; candidate in primary for Governor of Maryland, 1978; pleaded guilty to Federal charges of accepting a bribe from an FBI informant posing as a sludge hauler; served 4.5 months in prison; pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 2000. Member, National Trust for Historic Preservation; American Civil Liberties Union; Phi Alpha Delta. Died February 9, 2002 (age 63 years, 266 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1961 to Jo-Ann Mayer (divorced); married to Judy Longenecker Taylor.
  See also OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Henry Gabriel Cisneros (b. 1947) — also known as Henry G. Cisneros — of San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex. Born in San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex., June 11, 1947. Mayor of San Antonio, Tex., 1981-89; U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1993-97. Hispanic ancestry. In 1995, an independent counsel was appointed to investigate allegations that he had made false statements to the FBI about payments he made to his mistress; indicted in 1997 on 18 counts of conspiracy, making false statements, and obstruction of justice; pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor count of lying to the FBI, and was fined $10,000; pardoned in 2001 by President Bill Clinton. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of George Cisneros and Elvira Cisneros; married 1969 to Mary Alice Perez (1949?-).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Henry Cisneros: Mayor : An Inside View of San Antonio Politics, 1981-1995 (1997)
  Books about Henry Cisneros: Elizabeth Coonrod Martinez, Henry Cisneros : Mexican-American Leader (for young readers)
  John Fife Symington III (b. 1945) — also known as Fife Symington III — of Arizona. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., August 12, 1945. Republican. Served in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War; Governor of Arizona, 1991-97; resigned 1997. Episcopalian. Convicted on seven counts of bank fraud in federal court, September 3, 1997; forced to resign as governor; sentenced to prison and fined in February 1998; his conviction was overturned on appeal in June 1999; pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 2001. Still living as of 2017.
  Relatives: Son of John Fife Symington, Jr. and Martha Howard (Frick) Symington; great-grandson of Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919; coal and steel magnate); first cousin once removed of William Stuart Symington; second cousin of James Wadsworth Symington (1927-).
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Wolcott-Wadsworth family of Connecticut and Maryland; Whitney-Nye family of Massachusetts and New York; Hay-Morton-Turner-Wadsworth family of Taunton, Massachusetts (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Joseph Michael Joe Arpaio (b. 1932) — also known as Joe Arpaio; "America's Toughest Sheriff" — of Fountain Hills, Maricopa County, Ariz. Born in Springfield, Hampden County, Mass., June 14, 1932. Republican. Police officer; Maricopa County Sheriff, 1993-2016; Presidential Elector for Arizona, 2000; convicted in July 2017 on federal contempt charges, over his violation of court orders regarding racial profiling; pardoned in August 2017 by President Donald Trump. Italian ancestry. Still living as of 2018.
  See also Wikipedia article — Encyclopedia of American Loons
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
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Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2019 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 10, 2021.

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