The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
New York: Governors

Governors of New York, 1777-2018 (May be incomplete!)
George Clinton 1777-95 John Jay 1795-1801 George Clinton 1801-04 Morgan Lewis 1804-07 Daniel D. Tompkins 1807-17 John Tayler 1817 De Witt Clinton 1817-23 Joseph C. Yates 1823-24 De Witt Clinton 1825-28 Nathaniel Pitcher 1828 Martin Van Buren 1829 Enos T. Throop 1829-33 William L. Marcy 1833-39 William H. Seward 1839-43 William C. Bouck 1843-45 Silas Wright, Jr. 1845-47 John Young 1847-49 Hamilton Fish 1849-51 Washington Hunt 1851-53 Horatio Seymour 1853-55 Myron H. Clark 1855-57 John A. King 1857-59 Edwin D. Morgan 1859-62 Horatio Seymour 1863-65 Reuben E. Fenton 1865-69 John T. Hoffman 1869-72 John A. Dix 1873-75 Samuel J. Tilden 1875-77 Lucius Robinson 1877-80 Alonzo B. Cornell 1880-83 Grover Cleveland 1883-85 David B. Hill 1885-92 Roswell P. Flower 1892-95 Levi P. Morton 1895-97 Frank S. Black 1897-99 Theodore Roosevelt 1899-1901 Benjamin B. Odell, Jr. 1901-05 Frank W. Higgins 1905-06 Charles Evans Hughes 1907-10 Horace White 1910-11 John A. Dix 1911-12 William Sulzer 1913 Martin H. Glynn 1913-15 Charles S. Whitman 1915-19 Alfred E. Smith 1919-21 Nathan L. Miller 1921-22 Alfred E. Smith 1923-29 Franklin D. Roosevelt 1929-33 Herbert H. Lehman 1933-42 Charles Poletti 1942-43 Thomas E. Dewey 1943-55 W. Averell Harriman 1955-59 Nelson A. Rockefeller 1959-73 Malcolm Wilson 1973-75 Hugh L. Carey 1975-82 Mario M. Cuomo 1983-94 George Pataki 1995-2006 Eliot Spitzer 2007-08 David A. Paterson 2008-10 Andrew M. Cuomo 2011-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1789: Robert Yates, defeated.
  • 1792: John Jay, defeated.
  • 1795: Robert Yates, defeated.
  • 1798: Robert R. Livingston, defeated.
  • 1810: Jonas Platt, defeated.
  • 1813: Stephen Van Rensselaer, defeated.
  • 1817: Peter B. Porter, defeated.
  • 1824: Samuel Young, defeated.
  • 1826: William B. Rochester, defeated.
  • 1828: Solomon Southwick, defeated; Smith Thompson, defeated.
  • 1828 Feb 11: De Witt Clinton, died in office.
  • 1830: Francis Granger, defeated.
  • 1832: Francis Granger, defeated.
  • 1834: William H. Seward (Whig), defeated.
  • 1836: Jesse Buel, defeated.
  • 1838: William L. Marcy, defeated.
  • 1840: William C. Bouck, defeated; Gerrit Smith (Liberty), defeated.
  • 1842: Luther Bradish, defeated.
  • 1844: Millard Fillmore (Whig), defeated.
  • 1846: Silas Wright, Jr., defeated.
  • 1848: John A. Dix, defeated; Reuben H. Walworth, defeated.
  • 1850: Horatio Seymour, defeated.
  • 1852: Washington Hunt, defeated.
  • 1852 Nov 2: Minthorne Tompkins (Free Soil Democratic), defeated.
  • 1854: Daniel Ullman, defeated; Horatio Seymour, defeated; Greene C. Bronson, defeated.
  • 1856: Amasa J. Parker, defeated; Erastus Brooks, defeated.
  • 1858: Lorenzo Burrows, defeated; Amasa J. Parker, defeated; Gerrit Smith, defeated.
  • 1860: William Kelly (Dem), defeated.
  • 1862: James S. Wadsworth (Rep), defeated.
  • 1864: Horatio Seymour, defeated.
  • 1866: John T. Hoffman (Dem), defeated.
  • 1868: John A. Griswold (Rep), defeated; John T. Hoffman (Dem), elected.
  • 1870: Stewart L. Woodford (Rep), defeated; John T. Hoffman (Dem), elected.
  • 1872: Francis Kernan, defeated.
  • 1874: John A. Dix, defeated; Myron H. Clark, defeated.
  • 1876: Edwin D. Morgan (Rep), defeated.
  • 1879: Lucius Robinson, defeated.
  • 1882: Charles J. Folger (Rep), defeated.
  • 1882 Nov 7: Alphonso A. Hopkins (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1885: Ira Davenport, defeated.
  • 1891: J. Sloat Fassett (Rep), defeated.
  • 1894: David B. Hill, defeated; Francis E. Baldwin (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1896 Nov 3: Frank S. Black (Rep), elected; Wilbur F. Porter (Dem), defeated; Daniel G. Griffin (Gold Democratic), defeated; Howard Balkam (Socialist Labor), defeated; William W. Smith (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1898: Benjamin Hanford (Social Democratic), defeated; Augustus Van Wyck (Dem), defeated.
  • 1900 Nov 6: Benjamin B. Odell, Jr. (Rep), elected; John B. Stanchfield (Dem), defeated; William T. Wardwell (Prohibition), defeated; Charles H. Corregan (Socialist Labor), defeated; Benjamin Hanford (Social Democratic), defeated.
  • 1902 Nov 4: Benjamin B. Odell, Jr. (Rep), elected; Bird S. Coler (Dem), defeated; Benjamin Hanford (Social Democratic), defeated; Alfred L. Manierre (Prohibition), defeated; Daniel De Leon (Socialist Labor), defeated; Edgar L. Rider (Liberal Democratic), defeated.
  • 1904 Nov 8: Frank W. Higgins (Rep), elected; D-Cady Herrick (Dem), defeated; Thomas Pendergast (Social Democratic), defeated; John McKee (Prohibition), defeated; Daniel De Leon (Socialist Labor), defeated; Alfred J. Boulton (People's), defeated.
  • 1906: William Randolph Hearst (Dem & Independence League), defeated.
  • 1908 Nov 3: Charles Evans Hughes (Rep), elected; Lewis S. Chanler (Dem), defeated; Clarence J. Shearn (Independence League), defeated; Joshua Wanhope (Socialist), defeated; George E. Stockwell (Prohibition), defeated; Leander A. Armstrong (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1910 Oct 6: Charles Evans Hughes, resigned.
  • 1910 Nov 8: John A. Dix (Dem), elected; Henry L. Stimson (Rep), defeated; Charles E. Russell (Socialist), defeated; John J. Hopper (Independence League), defeated; T. Alexander MacNicholl (Prohibition), defeated; Frank E. Passonno (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1912 Nov 5: William Sulzer (Dem), elected; Job E. Hedges (Rep), defeated; Oscar S. Straus (Progressive & Independence League), defeated; Charles E. Russell (Socialist), defeated; T. Alexander MacNicholl (Prohibition), defeated; John Hall (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1913 Oct 17: William Sulzer, removed.
  • 1914 Sep 28: Martin H. Glynn (Dem), nominated; John A. Hennessy (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1914 Sep 28: Charles S. Whitman (Rep), nominated; Harvey D. Hinman (Rep), defeated in primary; Job E. Hedges (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1914 Sep 28: Frederick M. Davenport (Progressive), nominated; William Sulzer (Progressive), defeated in primary.
  • 1914 Nov 3: Charles S. Whitman (Rep), elected; Martin H. Glynn (Dem & Independence League), defeated; William Sulzer (American & Prohibition), defeated; Frederick M. Davenport (Progressive), defeated; Gustave A. Strebel (Socialist), defeated; James T. Hunter (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Samuel Seabury (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Charles S. Whitman (Rep), nominated; William M. Bennett (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Charles S. Whitman (Progressive), nominated; Samuel Seabury (Progressive), defeated in primary.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Charles S. Whitman (Independence League), nominated; Samuel Seabury (Independence League), defeated in primary.
  • 1916 Nov 7: Charles S. Whitman (Rep & Independence League), elected; Samuel Seabury (Dem), defeated; Algernon Lee (Socialist), defeated; Charles E. Welch (Prohibition), defeated; Jeremiah D. Crowley (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Alfred E. Smith (Dem), nominated; William Church Osborn (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Charles S. Whitman (Rep), nominated; Merton E. Lewis (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Charles W. Ervin (Socialist), nominated unopposed.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Charles S. Whitman (Prohibition), nominated; Olin S. Bishop (Prohibition), defeated in primary.
  • 1918 Nov 5: Alfred E. Smith (Dem), elected; Charles S. Whitman (Rep & Prohibition), defeated; Charles W. Ervin (Socialist), defeated; Olive M. Johnson (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1920 Sep 14: Alfred E. Smith (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1920 Sep 14: Nathan L. Miller (Rep), nominated; George F. Thompson (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1920 Nov 2: Nathan L. Miller (Rep), elected; Alfred E. Smith (Dem), defeated; Joseph D. Cannon (Socialist), defeated; Dudley Field Malone (Farmer-Labor), defeated; George F. Thompson (Prohibition), defeated; John P. Quinn (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1922 Nov 7: Alfred E. Smith (Dem), elected; Nathan L. Miller (Rep), defeated; Edward F. Cassidy (Socialist & Farmer-Labor), defeated; George K. Hinds (Prohibition), defeated; Jeremiah D. Crowley (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1924 Nov 4: Alfred E. Smith (Dem), elected; Theodore Roosevelt (Rep), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; James P. Cannon (Workers), defeated; Frank E. Passonno (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1926 Nov 2: Alfred E. Smith (Dem), elected; Ogden L. Mills (Rep), defeated; Jacob Panken (Socialist), defeated; Charles E. Manierre (Prohibition), defeated; Benjamin Gitlow (Workers), defeated; Jeremiah D. Crowley (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1928 Nov 6: Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), elected; Albert Ottinger (Rep), defeated; Louis Waldman (Socialist), defeated; William F. Dunne (Workers), defeated; Charles H. Corregan (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1930 Nov 4: Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem), elected; Charles H. Tuttle (Rep), defeated; Robert P. Carroll (Law Preservation), defeated; Louis Waldman (Socialist), defeated; William Z. Foster (Communist), defeated; Jeremiah D. Crowley (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1932 Nov 8: Herbert H. Lehman (Dem), elected; William J. Donovan (Rep), defeated; Louis Waldman (Socialist), defeated; John F. Vichert (Law Preservation), defeated; Israel Amter (Communist), defeated; Aaron M. Orange (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1934 Nov 6: Herbert H. Lehman (Dem), elected; Robert Moses (Rep), defeated; Charles Solomon (Socialist), defeated; Israel Amter (Communist), defeated; William F. Varney (Law Preservation), defeated; Aaron M. Orange (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1936: Frank E. Gannett (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1936 Nov 3: Herbert H. Lehman (Dem & American Labor), elected; William F. Bleakley (Rep), defeated; Harry W. Laidler (Socialist), defeated; Robert Minor (Communist), defeated.
  • 1938 Nov 8: Herbert H. Lehman (Dem & American Labor), elected; Thomas E. Dewey (Rep & Independent Progressive), defeated; Norman Thomas (Socialist), defeated; Aaron M. Orange (Industrial Government), defeated.
  • 1942: James M. Mead (Dem), defeated for nomination.
  • 1942 Nov 3: Thomas E. Dewey (Rep), elected; John J. Bennett (Dem), defeated; Dean Alfange (American Labor), defeated; Israel Amter (Communist), defeated; Coleman B. Cheney (Socialist), defeated; Aaron M. Orange (Industrial Government), defeated.
  • 1946 Nov 5: Thomas E. Dewey (Rep), elected; James M. Mead (Dem & American Labor), defeated.
  • 1950 Nov 7: Thomas E. Dewey (Rep), elected; Walter A. Lynch (Dem & Liberal), defeated; John T. McManus (American Labor), defeated; Michael Bartell (Socialist Workers), defeated; Eric Hass (Industrial Government), defeated.
  • 1954 Nov 2: W. Averell Harriman (Dem & Liberal), elected; Irving M. Ives (Rep), defeated; John T. McManus (American Labor), defeated; David L. Weiss (Socialist Workers), defeated; Nathan L. Karp (Industrial Government), defeated.
  • 1958 Nov 4: Nelson A. Rockefeller (Rep), elected; W. Averell Harriman (Dem & Liberal), defeated; John T. McManus (Independent Socialist), defeated; Eric Hass (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1962: Howard J. Samuels (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1962 Nov 6: Nelson A. Rockefeller (Rep), elected; Robert M. Morgenthau (Dem & Liberal), defeated; David H. Jaquith (Conservative), defeated; Richard Garza (Socialist Workers), defeated; Eric Hass (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1966 Nov 8: Nelson A. Rockefeller (Rep), elected; Frank D. O'Connor (Dem), defeated; Paul L. Adams (Conservative), defeated; Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. (Liberal), defeated; Milton Herder (Socialist Labor), defeated; Judith White (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1970: Howard J. Samuels (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1970: Arthur J. Goldberg (Dem), defeated.
  • 1970 Nov 3: Clifton DeBerry (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1974: Howard J. Samuels (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1974 Nov 5: Hugh L. Carey (Dem & Liberal), elected; Malcolm Wilson (Rep & Conservative), defeated; Wayne S. Amato (Courage), defeated; Jerry Tuccile (Free Libertarian), defeated; Derrick Morrison (Socialist Workers), defeated; Jose A. Ristorucci (Communist), defeated; John Emanuel (Socialist Labor), defeated; Anton H. Chaitkin (Labor), defeated.
  • 1978: Jeremiah B. Bloom (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1978: Mary Ann Krupsak, defeated; Perry B. Duryea, Jr. (Rep), defeated.
  • 1982: Paul J. Curran (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1986: Paul J. Curran (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1994: S. William Green (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1994: Mario M. Cuomo, defeated.
  • 1998: Albert Lewis (Green), defeated.
  • 1998 Nov 3: Christopher B. Garvey (Libertarian), defeated.
  • 2002: H. Carl McCall (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 2006 Sep 12: Eliot Spitzer (Dem), nominated; Thomas R. Suozzi (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 2006 Nov 7: Eliot Spitzer (Dem & Independence), elected; John J. Faso (Rep & Conservative), defeated; Malachy McCourt (Green), defeated; John Clifton (Libertarian), defeated; Jimmy McMillan (Rent Is Too Damn High), defeated; Maura DeLuca (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 2008 Mar 12: Eliot Spitzer, resigned.
  • 2010 Sep 14: Carl Paladino (Rep), nominated; Rick Lazio (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 2010 Sep 14: Rick Lazio (Conservative), nominated, but withdrew; Ralph C. Lorigo (Conservative), defeated in primary.
  • 2010 Nov 2: Andrew M. Cuomo (Dem & Working Families & Independence), elected; Carl Paladino (Rep & Conservative & Taxpayers), defeated; Howie Hawkins (Green), defeated; Warren Redlich (Libertarian), defeated; Jimmy McMillan (Rent Is Too Damn High), defeated; Charles Barron (Freedom), defeated; Kristin M. Davis (Anti-Prohibition), defeated.
  • 2014 Sep 9: Andrew M. Cuomo (Dem), nominated; Zephyr R. Teachout (Dem), defeated in primary; Randy Credico (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 2014 Nov 4: Andrew M. Cuomo (Dem & Working Families & Independence & Women's Equality), elected; Rob Astorino (Rep & Conservative & Stop Common Core), defeated; Howie Hawkins (Green), defeated; Michael McDermott (Libertarian), defeated; Steven Cohn (Sapient), defeated; John Studer (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 2018 Nov 6: Howie Hawkins (Green), defeated.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 320,919 politicians, living and dead.
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