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The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
U.S. Supreme Court

Chief Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1789-2009 (may be incomplete!)
John Jay 1789-95 John Rutledge 1795 Oliver Ellsworth 1796-1800 John Marshall 1801-35 Roger B. Taney 1836-64 Salmon P. Chase 1864-73 Morrison R. Waite 1874-88 Melville W. Fuller 1888-1910 Edward Douglass White 1910-21 William H. Taft 1921-30 Charles Evans Hughes 1930-41 Harlan F. Stone 1941-46 Fred M. Vinson 1946-53 Earl Warren 1953-69 Warren E. Burger 1969-86 William H. Rehnquist 1986-2005 John Roberts 2005-

Officeholding Events (may be incomplete!)

  • 1795 Jun 29: John Jay, resigned.
  • 1800 Sep 30: Oliver Ellsworth, resigned.
  • 1835 Jul 6: John Marshall, died in office.
  • 1864 Oct 12: Roger B. Taney, died in office.
  • 1873 May 7: Salmon P. Chase, died in office.
  • 1910 Jul 4: Melville W. Fuller, died in office.
  • 1921 May 19: Edward Douglass White, died in office.
  • 1946 Apr 22: Harlan F. Stone, died in office.
  • 1953 Sep 8: Fred M. Vinson, died in office.
  • 1986 Sep 26: Warren E. Burger, took senior status.
  • 2005 Sep 3: William H. Rehnquist, died in office.

    Associate Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1789-2017 (may be incomplete!)
    William Cushing 1789-1810 John Rutledge 1789-91 James Wilson 1789-98 John Blair 1789-95 James Iredell 1790-99 Thomas Johnson 1791-93 William Paterson 1793-1806 Samuel Chase 1796-1811 Bushrod Washington 1798-1829 Alfred Moore 1799-1804 William Johnson 1804-34 Brockholst Livingston 1806-23 Thomas Todd 1807-26 Gabriel Duvall 1811-35 Joseph Story 1811-45 Smith Thompson 1823-43 Robert Trimble 1826-28 John McLean 1829-61 Henry Baldwin 1830-44 James M. Wayne 1835-67 Philip Pendleton Barbour 1836-41 John Catron 1837-65 John McKinley 1837-52 Peter Vivian Daniel 1841-60 Samuel Nelson 1845-72 Levi Woodbury 1845-51 Robert Cooper Grier 1846-70 Benjamin R. Curtis 1851-57 John A. Campbell 1853-61 Nathan Clifford 1858-81 David Davis 1862-77 Noah H. Swayne 1862-81 Samuel Freeman Miller 1862-90 Stephen J. Field 1863-97 William Strong 1870-80 Joseph P. Bradley 1870-92 Ward Hunt 1872-82 John Marshall Harlan 1877-1911 William Burnham Woods 1880-87 Stanley Matthews 1881-89 Horace Gray 1881-1902 Samuel M. Blatchford 1882-93 Lucius Q. C. Lamar 1888-93 David Josiah Brewer 1889-1910 Henry B. Brown 1890-1906 George Shiras, Jr. 1892-1903 Howell Edmunds Jackson 1893-95 Edward Douglass White 1894-1910 Rufus W. Peckham 1895-1909 Joseph McKenna 1898-1925 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. 1902-32 William Rufus Day 1903-22 William H. Moody 1906-10 Horace Harmon Lurton 1909-14 Charles Evans Hughes 1910-16 Willis Van Devanter 1910-37 Joseph R. Lamar 1911-16 Mahlon Pitney 1912-22 James C. McReynolds 1914-41 Louis D. Brandeis 1916-39 John H. Clarke 1916-22 George Sutherland 1922-38 Pierce Butler 1922-39 Edward T. Sanford 1923-30 Harlan F. Stone 1925-41 Owen J. Roberts 1930-45 Benjamin N. Cardozo 1932-38 Hugo L. Black 1937-71 Stanley F. Reed 1938-57 William O. Douglas 1939-75 Felix Frankfurter 1939-62 Frank Murphy 1940-49 James F. Byrnes 1941-42 Robert H. Jackson 1941-54 Wiley B. Rutledge 1943-49 Harold H. Burton 1945-58 Tom C. Clark 1949-67 Sherman Minton 1949-56 John Marshall Harlan 1955-71 William J. Brennan, Jr. 1956-90 Charles Evans Whittaker 1957-62 Potter Stewart 1958-81 Arthur J. Goldberg 1962-65 Byron R. White 1962-93 Abe Fortas 1965-69 Thurgood Marshall 1967-91 Harry A. Blackmun 1970-94 Lewis F. Powell, Jr. 1972-87 William H. Rehnquist 1972-86 John Paul Stevens 1975-2010 Sandra Day O'Connor 1981-2006 Antonin Scalia 1986-2016 Anthony M. Kennedy 1988- David H. Souter 1990-2009 Clarence Thomas 1991- Ruth Bader Ginsburg 1993- Stephen G. Breyer 1994- Samuel A. Alito, Jr. 2006- Sonia Sotomayor 2009-

    Officeholding Events (may be incomplete!)

  • 1795 Oct 25: John Blair, resigned.
  • 1798 Aug 28: James Wilson, died in office.
  • 1804 Jan 26: Alfred Moore, resigned.
  • 1806 Sep 9: William Paterson, died in office.
  • 1811 Jun 19: Samuel Chase, died in office.
  • 1829 Nov 26: Bushrod Washington, died in office.
  • 1841 Feb 25: Philip Pendleton Barbour, died in office.
  • 1843 Dec 18: Smith Thompson, died in office.
  • 1844 Apr 21: Henry Baldwin, died in office.
  • 1845 Sep 10: Joseph Story, died in office.
  • 1851 Sep 4: Levi Woodbury, died in office.
  • 1852 Jul 19: John McKinley, died in office.
  • 1861 Apr 4: John McLean, died in office.
  • 1865 May 30: John Catron, died in office.
  • 1867 Jul 5: James M. Wayne, died in office.
  • 1870 Jan 31: Robert Cooper Grier, retired.
  • 1880 Dec 14: William Strong, retired.
  • 1881 Jan 24: Noah H. Swayne, retired.
  • 1881 Jul 25: Nathan Clifford, died in office.
  • 1887 May 14: William Burnham Woods, died in office.
  • 1889 Mar 22: Stanley Matthews, died in office.
  • 1890 Oct 13: Samuel Freeman Miller, died in office.
  • 1892 Jan 22: Joseph P. Bradley, died in office.
  • 1893 Jan 23: Lucius Q. C. Lamar, died in office.
  • 1893 Jul 7: Samuel M. Blatchford, died in office.
  • 1895 Aug 8: Howell Edmunds Jackson, died in office.
  • 1902 Sep 15: Horace Gray, died in office.
  • 1903 Feb 23: George Shiras, Jr., retired.
  • 1906 May 28: Henry B. Brown, resigned.
  • 1909 Oct 24: Rufus W. Peckham, died in office.
  • 1910 Mar 28: David Josiah Brewer, died in office.
  • 1910 Nov 19: William H. Moody, resigned.
  • 1914 Jul 12: Horace Harmon Lurton, died in office.
  • 1916 Jun 10: Charles Evans Hughes, resigned.
  • 1925 Jan 5: Joseph McKenna, retired.
  • 1930 Mar 8: Edward T. Sanford, died in office.
  • 1932 Jan 12: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., retired.
  • 1937 Jun 2: Willis Van Devanter, took senior status.
  • 1938 Jan 17: George Sutherland, took senior status.
  • 1939 Feb 13: Louis D. Brandeis, took senior status.
  • 1939 Nov 16: Pierce Butler, died in office.
  • 1941 Jan 31: James C. McReynolds, took senior status.
  • 1942 Oct 3: James F. Byrnes, resigned.
  • 1949 Jul 19: Frank Murphy, died in office.
  • 1949 Sep 10: Wiley B. Rutledge, died in office.
  • 1954 Oct 9: Robert H. Jackson, died in office.
  • 1956 Oct 15: Sherman Minton, took senior status.
  • 1958 Oct 13: Harold H. Burton, took senior status.
  • 1967 Jun 12: Tom C. Clark, took senior status.
  • 1971 Sep 17: Hugo L. Black, took senior status.
  • 1981 Jul 3: Potter Stewart, took senior status.
  • 1990 Jul 20: William J. Brennan, Jr., took senior status.
  • 1991 Oct 1: Thurgood Marshall, took senior status.
  • 1994 Aug 3: Harry A. Blackmun, took senior status.
  • 2009 Jun 30: David H. Souter, took senior status.
  • 2010 Jun 30: John Paul Stevens, took senior status.
  • 2016 Feb 13: Antonin Scalia, died in office.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
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