PoliticalGraveyard.com
The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians Who Received the Spingarn Medal
(Awarded annually by the N.A.A.C.P. for achievement by a Black American)

in chronological order

  William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868-1963) — also known as W. E. B. Du Bois — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Accra, Ghana. Born in Great Barrington, Berkshire County, Mass., February 23, 1868. College professor; sociologist; historian; civil rights leader; Pan-Africanist; one of the founders of the NAACP; received the Spingarn Medal in 1920; member of New York American Labor Party Executive Committee, 1949; American Labor candidate for U.S. Senator from New York, 1950; in 1951, he and four other leaders of the Peace Information Center, which was alleged to be acting on behalf of the Soviet Union, were indicted for their failure to register as foreign agents; the case was dismissed in 1952, but his passport was withheld until 1958; awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1959. African ancestry. Member, NAACP. In 1895, he was the first African-American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University. Died in Accra, Ghana, August 27, 1963 (age 95 years, 185 days). Entombed at Du Bois Memorial Centre, Accra, Ghana.
  Relatives: Son of Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina (Burghardt) Du Bois; married, May 12, 1896, to Nina Gomer (1871-1950); married 1951 to Shirley Graham (1896-1977).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by W. E. B. Du Bois: The Souls of Black Folk
  William Henry Hastie (1904-1976) — also known as William H. Hastie — of Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa. Born in Knoxville, Knox County, Tenn., November 17, 1904. Lawyer; law professor; U.S. District Judge for Virgin Islands, 1937-39; dean, Howard University law school, 1939-46; Governor of U.S. Virgin Islands, 1946-49; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit, 1949-71; took senior status 1971. African ancestry. Member, Phi Beta Kappa; Omega Psi Phi; Freemasons; American Civil Liberties Union; Americans for Democratic Action. Received Spingarn Medal in 1943. Died, at Suburban General Hospital, East Norriton, Montgomery County, Pa., April 14, 1976 (age 71 years, 149 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William Henry Hastie and Roberta (Child) Hastie; married, December 25, 1943, to Beryl Lockhart.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) — also known as Thoroughgood Marshall — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Baltimore, Md., July 2, 1908. Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit, 1961-65; resigned 1965; U.S. Solicitor General, 1965-67; Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1967-91; took senior status 1991. Episcopalian. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; NAACP; National Bar Association; Alpha Phi Alpha; American Civil Liberties Union. Received Spingarn Medal in 1946 First African-American Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Died, from a heart attack, in the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., January 24, 1993 (age 84 years, 206 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.; memorial monument at Lawyers' Mall, Annapolis, Md.
  Relatives: Married, September 4, 1929, to Vivien Burey (died 1955); married, December 17, 1955, to Cecilia Suyat; father of Thurgood Marshall, Jr. (1956-).
  Political family: Marshall family of New York City, New York.
  Cross-reference: William Curtis Bryson
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Thurgood Marshall: Juan Williams, Thurgood Marshall : American Revolutionary — Randall W. Bland, Justice Thurgood Marshall, Crusader for Liberalism : His Judicial Biography — Mark V. Tushnet, Making Constitutional Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1961-1991 — Mark V. Tushnet, Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961 — Gilbert King, Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America
  Paul Revere Williams (1894-1980) — also known as Paul R. Williams — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., February 18, 1894. Republican. Architect; first African-American architect west of the Mississippi, and first to be member of the American Institute of Architects; designed many Southern California landmarks, including the homes of Hollywood celebrities; received the Spingarn Medal in 1953; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1952, 1960; member, California Housing Commission and California Civil Rights Commission. African ancestry. Member, American Institute of Architects; Freemasons. Died, from diabetes, in California Hospital, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., January 23, 1980 (age 85 years, 339 days). Interment at Inglewood Park Cemetery, Inglewood, Calif.
  Presumably named for: Paul Revere
  Relatives: Son of C. S. Williams and Lila A. (Wright) Williams; married, June 27, 1917, to Della Mae Givens (1895-1996).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Robert Clifton Weaver (1907-1997) — also known as Robert C. Weaver — of Washington, D.C.; Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Washington, D.C., December 29, 1907. Democrat. Economist; received the Spingarn Medal in 1962; U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1966-68; first African-American cabinet member; speaker, Democratic National Convention, 1968 ; president, Baruch College, 1969; trustee, Mount Sinai Medical Center. Methodist. African ancestry. Member, NAACP; Americans for Democratic Action. Died in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., July 17, 1997 (age 89 years, 200 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Mortimer G. Weaver and Florence (Freeman) Weaver; married, July 19, 1935, to Ella V. Hiath (c.1911-1991).
  The Robert C. Weaver Federal Building (opened 1968; named 2000; headquarters of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development), in Washington, D.C., is named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Edward William Brooke III (1919-2015) — also known as Edward W. Brooke — of Newton Center, Newton, Middlesex County, Mass. Born in Washington, D.C., October 26, 1919. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; lawyer; candidate for secretary of state of Massachusetts, 1960; Massachusetts state attorney general, 1963-67; U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, 1967-79; defeated, 1978. Episcopalian. African ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Amvets; Alpha Phi Alpha. First Black U.S. Senator in the 20th century; recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 1967. Died in Coral Gables, Miami-Dade County, Fla., January 3, 2015 (age 95 years, 69 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Edward W. Brooke and Helen (Seldon) Brooke; married, June 7, 1947, to Remigia Ferrari Scacco.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Sammy Davis, Jr. (1925-1990) — also known as Samuel George Davis — Born in Harlem, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., December 8, 1925. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; singer; dancer; actor; injured in an automobile accident in 1954, and lost his left eye; honored guest, Democratic National Convention, 1960. Jewish. African and Cuban ancestry. Received the Spingarn Medal in 1968. Died, from complications of throat cancer, in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, Calif., May 16, 1990 (age 64 years, 159 days). Interment at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel George Davis (1900-1988) and Elvera (Sanchez) Davis (1905-2000); married, January 10, 1958, to Loray White (divorced 1959); married, November 13, 1960, to May Britt (divorced 1968); married, May 11, 1970, to Altovise Gore (1943-2009).
  Epitaph: "The Entertainer -- He Did It All"
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. (b. 1932) — also known as Andy Young — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., March 12, 1932. Democrat. Ordained minister; one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1957; close advisor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. until his assassination; U.S. Representative from Georgia 5th District, 1973-77; defeated, 1970; U.S. Representative to United Nations, 1977-79; mayor of Atlanta, Ga., 1982-90; candidate in primary for Governor of Georgia, 1990. United Church of Christ. African ancestry. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Freemasons. Received the Spingarn Medal in 1978; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. Still living as of 2014.
  Presumably named for: Andrew Jackson
  Relatives: Son of Andrew Jackson Young and Daisy (Fuller) Young; married 1954 to Jean Childs (died 1994); married, March 24, 1996, to Carolyn Watson.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Coleman Alexander Young (1918-1997) — also known as Coleman A. Young — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa County, Ala., May 24, 1918. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; national representative, UAW-CIO, 1946-47; director of organization, Wayne County CIO Council, 1947-48; executive secretary, National Negro Labor Council, 1951-55; candidate for Michigan state house of representatives, 1959, 1962 (Democratic primary); delegate to Michigan state constitutional convention from Wayne County 9th District, 1961-62; member of Michigan state senate 4th District, 1965-73; defeated (Progressive), 1948; resigned 1973; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984 (speaker), 1988 (speaker), 1996; member of Democratic National Committee from Michigan, 1969-81; mayor of Detroit, Mich., 1974-94; Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1992; defeated (Democratic), 1988. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; NAACP. Received the Spingarn Medal in 1981. Died, of emphysema, while hospitalized for heart problems, at Sinai Hospital, Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., November 29, 1997 (age 79 years, 189 days). Interment at Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of Coleman Young and Ida (Jones) Young; father of Coleman A. Young II (1982-).
  Cross-reference: Conrad L. Mallett, Jr.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Books by Coleman A. Young: Hard Stuff : The Autobiography of Coleman Young (1994)
  Books about Coleman A. Young: Wilbur C. Rich, Coleman Young and Detroit Politics : From Social Activist to Power Broker
  Thomas Bradley (1917-1998) — also known as Tom Bradley — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Calvert, Robertson County, Tex., December 29, 1917. Democrat. Police officer; lawyer; delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1968, 1972; mayor of Los Angeles, Calif., 1973-93; defeated, 1969; candidate for Governor of California, 1982, 1986. Methodist. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Kappa Alpha Psi; Urban League; NAACP. Received the Spingarn Medal in 1984. Died, of a heart attack, at Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., September 29, 1998 (age 80 years, 274 days). Entombed in mausoleum at Inglewood Park Cemetery, Inglewood, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Lee Thomas and Crenner (Hawkins) Thomas; married, May 4, 1941, to Ethel Mae Arnold.
  Epitaph: "Beloved Husband and Father"
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Tom Bradley: J. Gregory Payne, Tom Bradley : The Impossible Dream : A Biography
  Benjamin Lawson Hooks (1925-2010) — also known as Benjamin L. Hooks — of Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn. Born in Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn., January 31, 1925. Democrat. Lawyer; pastor; state court judge in Tennessee, 1965; member, Federal Communications Commission, 1972-77; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1996, 2000; speaker, 1988; Presidential Elector for Tennessee, 1996. Baptist. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons. Civil rights leader; friend and confidant of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 1986. Died April 15, 2010 (age 85 years, 74 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Percy Ellis Sutton (1920-2009) — also known as Percy Sutton — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in San Antonio, Bexar County, Tex., November 24, 1920. Democrat. Member of New York state assembly, 1965-66 (New York County 11th District 1965, 77th District 1966); borough president of Manhattan, New York, 1966-77; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1972, 1984; candidate in primary for mayor of New York City, N.Y., 1977. African ancestry. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 1987. Died December 26, 2009 (age 89 years, 32 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Johnson Sutton and Lillian Sutton.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Jesse Louis Jackson (b. 1941) — also known as Jesse L. Jackson; "Thunder" — of Chicago, Cook County, Ill. Born in Greenville, Greenville County, S.C., October 8, 1941. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Illinois, 1972; speaker, 1984, 1988; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1984, 1988; delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 1996. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Council on Foreign Relations; Omega Psi Phi. Civil rights leader; associate of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 1989. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Married 1964 to Jacqueline Brown; father of Jesse Louis Jackson, Jr. (1965-).
  Cross-reference: Ron Daniels
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Jesse Jackson: Marshall Frady, Jesse: The Life and Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson — Marshall Frady, Jesse: The Life and Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson
  Critical books about Jesse Jackson: Bernard Goldberg, 100 People Who Are Screwing Up America (And Al Franken Is #37) — Kenneth R. Timmerman, Shakedown: Exposing the Real Jesse Jackson
  Lawrence Douglas Wilder (b. 1931) — also known as L. Douglas Wilder — of Richmond, Va. Born January 17, 1931. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Virginia state senate 9th District, 1974-79; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1980; Lieutenant Governor of Virginia; elected 1985; Governor of Virginia, 1990-94; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1992; Independent candidate for U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1994; mayor of Richmond, Va., 2005-. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons. Received the Spingarn Medal in 1990. Still living as of 2014.
  See also NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about L. Douglas Wilder: Judson L. Jeffries, Virginia's Native Son : The Election and Administration of Governor L. Douglas Wilder
Colin L. Powell Colin Luther Powell (b. 1937) — also known as Colin L. Powell; "Balloonfoot" — Born in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., April 5, 1937. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam war; U.S. Army general; National Security Advisor, 1987-89; chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1989-93; U.S. Secretary of State, 2001-05; received 3 electoral votes for President, 2016. African ancestry. Recipient of the Spingarn medal, 1991; twice recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 1991 and again in 1995. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Son of Luther Theophilus Powell and Maud Ariel (McKoy) Powell; married, August 25, 1962, to Alma Vivian Johnson; father of Michael K. Powell (1963-).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Colin L. Powell: My American Journey : An Autobiography — It Worked for Me: In Life and Leadership (2012)
  Books about Colin L. Powell: Oren Harari, The Leadership Secrets of Colin Powell — Karen DeYoung, Soldier : The Life of Colin Powell — Reggie Finlayson, Colin Powell (for young readers)
  Image source: KPBS Public Broadcasting
  Barbara Charline Jordan (1936-1996) — also known as Barbara Jordan — of Houston, Harris County, Tex. Born in Houston, Harris County, Tex., February 21, 1936. Democrat. Member of Texas state senate, 1967; U.S. Representative from Texas 18th District, 1973-79; speaker, Democratic National Convention, 1988. Female. African ancestry. Lesbian. Inducted, National Women's Hall of Fame, 1990; received the Spingarn Medal in 1992, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994. Died of leukemia and multiple sclerosis, January 17, 1996 (age 59 years, 330 days). Interment at Texas State Cemetery, Austin, Tex.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — National Women's Hall of Fame
  Books about Barbara Jordan: Mary Beth Rogers, Barbara Jordan : American Hero — Ann Fears Crawford, Barbara Jordan : Breaking the Barriers (for young readers)
  Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr. (1928-1998) — also known as A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. — of Pennsylvania. Born in Trenton, Mercer County, N.J., February 25, 1928. Member, Federal Trade Commission, 1962-64; U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1964-77; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit, 1977-93. African ancestry. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995; received the Spingarn Medal in 1996. Died, following a series of strokes, in a hospital at Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., December 14, 1998 (age 70 years, 292 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Carl Thomas Rowan (1925-2000) — also known as Carl T. Rowan — of Washington, D.C. Born in Ravenscroft, White County, Tenn., August 11, 1925. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; syndicated newspaper columnist, author, biographer, television and radio commentator; U.S. Ambassador to Finland, 1963-64; in 1988, he shot and wounded an intruder in his backyard in Washington, D.C.; he was arrested, charged with a weapons violation, and tried; the jury was unable to reach a verdict, and a mistrial was declared; received the Spingarn Medal in 1997. African ancestry. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Died, of heart and kidney ailments and diabetes, at the Washington Hospital Center, Washington, D.C., September 23, 2000 (age 75 years, 43 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier
  John Robert Lewis (1940-2020) — also known as John Lewis — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in Troy, Pike County, Ala., February 21, 1940. Democrat. Among the leaders of the civil rights movement of the 1960s; chair, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 1963-66; board member, Southern Christian Leadership Conference; U.S. Representative from Georgia 5th District, 1987-; defeated, 1977; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008; received the Spingarn Medal in 2002. Baptist. African ancestry. Died July 17, 2020 (age 80 years, 147 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Eddie Lewis and Willie Mae (Carter) Lewis; married, December 21, 1968, to Lillian Miles.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Books by John Lewis: Walking With the Wind : A Memoir of the Movement (1998)
  Constance Baker Motley (1921-2005) — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in New Haven, New Haven County, Conn., September 14, 1921. Democrat. Member of New York state senate 21st District, 1964-65; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964; borough president of Manhattan, New York, 1965-66; U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of New York, 1966-86; took senior status 1986. Female. African ancestry. Inducted, National Women's Hall of Fame, 1993; received the Spingarn Medal in 2003. Died, from congestive heart failure, in NYU Downtown Hospital, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., September 28, 2005 (age 84 years, 14 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Daughter of McCullough Alva Baker and Rachel (Huggins) Baker; married to Joel Wilson Motley, Jr.
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial — National Women's Hall of Fame
  Books by Constance Baker Motley: Equal Justice Under Law : An Autobiography
  Robert Lee Carter (1917-2012) — also known as Robert L. Carter — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Caryville, Washington County, Fla., March 11, 1917. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of New York, 1972-86; took senior status 1986. African ancestry. Member, Alpha Phi Alpha. Received the Spingarn Medal in 2004. Died in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., January 3, 2012 (age 94 years, 298 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Robert L. Carter and Annie (Martin) Carter; married 1946 to Gloria Spencer.
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article
  Oliver White Hill (1907-2007) — also known as Oliver W. Hill — of Richmond, Va. Born in Richmond, Va., May 1, 1907. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; in 1947, he was elected as the first Black member of Richmond's city council since Reconstruction; candidate for Presidential Elector for Virginia, 1972. African ancestry. Member, NAACP. Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999, and the Spingarn Medal in 2005. Died in Richmond, Va., August 5, 2007 (age 100 years, 96 days). Interment at Forest Lawn Cemetery, Richmond, Va.
  Relatives: Married, September 5, 1934, to Beresenia Ann Walker (1911-1993).
  See also Wikipedia article
  Benjamin Solomon Carson (b. 1951) — also known as Ben Carson — of West Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, Fla. Born in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., September 18, 1951. Republican. Physician; surgeon; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 2016; U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 2017-. Seventh-Day Adventist. African ancestry. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal, 2006. Still living as of 2019.
  See also Wikipedia article — Encyclopedia of American Loons
  John James Conyers, Jr. (1929-2019) — also known as John Conyers, Jr. — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Highland Park, Wayne County, Mich., May 16, 1929. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; lawyer; U.S. Representative from Michigan, 1965-2017 (1st District 1965-93, 14th District 1993-2013, 13th District 2013-17); resigned 2017; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008; arrested during an anti-apartheid protest outside the South African Embassy in Washington, 1984; candidate for mayor of Detroit, Mich., 1989; in 2017, it was reported that a former member of Conyers' staff had alleged that he had sexually harassed her, and had been paid a settlement of $27,000; subsequently, the House Ethics Committee started an investigation into multiple such allegations; he subsequently resigned from Congress. Baptist. African ancestry. Member, NAACP. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal, 2007. Died in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., October 27, 2019 (age 90 years, 164 days). Entombed at Detroit Memorial Park East, Warren, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of John James Conyers (1905-1986) and Lucille Jane (Simpson) Conyers (1909-2000); brother of Nathan G. Conyers (1932-); married 1990 to Monica Esters.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Horace Julian Bond (1940-2015) — also known as Julian Bond — of Georgia. Born in Hubbard Hospital, Nashville, Davidson County, Tenn., January 14, 1940. Democrat. A leader of the civil rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s; one of the founders of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in 1960, and the Southern Povery Law Center in 1971; member of Georgia state house of representatives, 1967-74; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1968; speaker, 1984; candidate for Democratic nomination for Vice President, 1968; member of Georgia state senate 39th District, 1975-87; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Georgia, 1986; chairman, NAACP, 1998-2010. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; NAACP. He received the Spingarn Medal in 2009. Died in Fort Walton Beach, Okaloosa County, Fla., August 15, 2015 (age 75 years, 213 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Horace Mann Bond and Julia Agnes (Washington) Bond; married 1961 to Alice Clopton; married 1990 to Pamela Sue Horowitz.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Critical books about Julian Bond: Bernard Goldberg, 100 People Who Are Screwing Up America (And Al Franken Is #37)
  Cicely Tyson (b. 1924) — of Atlanta, Fulton County, Ga. Born in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., December 19, 1924. Democrat. Model; actress; speaker, Democratic National Convention, 1984. Female. African ancestry. Member, Delta Sigma Theta. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 2010, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016. Still living as of 2019.
  Relatives: Daughter of William Tyson and Theodesia Tyson; married, November 26, 1981, to Miles Davis (jazz trumpeter).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Nathaniel Raphael Jones (b. 1926) — also known as Nathaniel R. Jones — Born in Youngstown, Mahoning County, Ohio, May 12, 1926. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; lawyer; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit, 1979-95. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 2016. Still living as of 2017.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Willie Lewis Brown, Jr. (b. 1934) — also known as Willie L. Brown, Jr. — of San Francisco, Calif. Born in Mineola, Wood County, Tex., March 20, 1934. Democrat. Lawyer; member of California state assembly, 1964-96; Speaker of the California State Assembly, 1981-95; delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004; candidate for Presidential Elector for California, 1968; mayor of San Francisco, Calif., 1996-2004; member of Democratic National Committee from California, 2004. Methodist. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 2018. Still living as of 2018.
  Relatives: Married 1958 to Blanche Vitero.
  Cross-reference: Bevan Dufty
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books by Willie L. Brown, Jr.: Basic Brown : My Life and Our Times (2007)
  Books about Willie Brown: James Richardson, Willie Brown : A Biography
  Patrick Gaspard (b. 1967) — Born in Kinshasa, Congo (Kinshasa), 1967. White House director of political affairs, 2009-11; U.S. Ambassador to South Africa, 2013-16; president, Open Society Foundation, 2017-. African ancestry. Recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 2019. Still living as of 2019.
  See also Wikipedia article
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
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