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The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace

Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Hatred
Trouble caused by racial, ethnic, or religious bigotry

See the trouble and disgrace main page, as well as the FAQ and the Political Graveyard privacy policy, for important explanations and disclaimers.

in chronological order

  Joseph Barker (c.1806-1862) — of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa. Born in Allegheny County, Pa., about 1806. Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pa., 1850-51; defeated, 1851, 1852. In 1849, after an anti-Catholic speech, he was arrested, charged with using obscene language, obstructing the streets, and causing a riot, convicted, and sentenced to a year in prison; elected mayor in 1850 while still incarcerated. While mayor, he was twice arrested on charges of assault and battery. In 1851, he was convicted of riot. Struck and killed by a railroad train, in Ross Township, Allegheny County, Pa., August 2, 1862 (age about 56 years). Interment at Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.
  Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877) — also known as "Wizard of the Saddle" — of Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn. Born near Chapel Hill, Bedford County (now Marshall County), Tenn., July 13, 1821. Democrat. Cotton planter; slave trader; general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; in April 1864, after the Battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee, Confederate troops under his command massacred African-American Union soldiers, not accepting them as prisoners, since the Confederacy refused to recognize ex-slaves as legitimate combatants; this event, seen as a war crime, sparked outrage across the North, and a congressional inquiry; in 1867, he became involved in the Ku Klux Klan and was elected Grand Wizard; the organization used violent tactics to intimidate Black voters and suppress their votes; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1868; in 1869, he had a change of heart, and issued a letter ordering that the Klan be dissolved and its costumes destroyed; he went on to denounce the group and its crimes; in 1875, he gave a "friendly speech" to a meeting of an African-American organization in Memphis, calling for peace, harmony, and economic advancement of former slaves; for this speech, he was vehemently denounced in the Southern press. English ancestry. Member, Ku Klux Klan. After his death, he became a folk hero among white Southerners, particularly during the imposition of Jim Crow segregation laws in the early 20th century, and later, in reaction to the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Died, from complications of diabetes, in Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn., October 29, 1877 (age 56 years, 108 days). Original interment at Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis, Tenn.; reinterment in 1904 at Health Sciences Park, Memphis, Tenn.; memorial monument at Myrtle Hill Cemetery, Rome, Ga.; memorial monument at Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Ala.
  Relatives: Son of William B. Forrest (1801-1837) and Miriam (Beck) Forrest (1802-1867); married 1845 to Mary Ann Montgomery (1826-1893).
  Forrest County, Miss. is named for him.
  The city of Forrest City, Arkansas, is named for him.  — The World War II Liberty ship SS Nathan B. Forrest (built 1943, scrapped 1973) was named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  William Dudley Chipley (1840-1897) — also known as W. D. Chipley — of Pensacola, Escambia County, Fla. Born in Columbus, Muscogee County, Ga., June 6, 1840. Democrat. Colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; fought against Reconstruction along with other members of the Ku Klux Klan; he was among those implicated in the murder of George W. Ashburn in in 1868; tried in a military court, but Georgia's re-admission to the Union ended military jurisdiction, so he and his co-defendants were released; general manager of the Pensacola Railroad; successfully promoted the construction of the Pensacola and Atlanta Railroad in 1881-83; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Florida, 1884, 1892; mayor of Pensacola, Fla., 1887-88; member of Florida state senate, 1895-97. Died in a hospital at Washington, D.C., December 1, 1897 (age 57 years, 178 days). Interment at Linwood Cemetery, Columbus, Ga.
  Relatives: Son of Dr. William Stout Chipley (1810-1880) and Elizabeth (Fannin) Chipley (1819-1873); brother of Stephen Fannin Chipley (1838-1898); married to Ann Elizabeth Billups (1848-1910).
  The city of Chipley, Florida, is named for him.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
Thomas E. Watson Thomas Edward Watson (1856-1922) — also known as Thomas E. Watson — of Thomson, McDuffie County, Ga. Born in Columbia County, Ga., September 5, 1856. Lawyer; member of Georgia state house of representatives, 1882-83; Presidential Elector for Georgia, 1888; U.S. Representative from Georgia 10th District, 1891-93; Populist candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1896; Populist candidate for President of the United States, 1904, 1908; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1912; controversial for his writings attacking the Catholic Church; arrested in 1912 on obscenity charges over three chapters in his book The Catholic Hierarchy; tried and acquitted in 1916; U.S. Senator from Georgia, 1921-22; died in office 1922. Died September 26, 1922 (age 66 years, 21 days). Interment at Thomson Cemetery, Thomson, Ga.
  Relatives: Son of John S. Watson and Ann Eliza (Maddox) Watson.
  Cross-reference: John I. Kelley
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article
  Image source: American Monthly Review of Reviews, September 1908
  Henry Ford (1863-1947) — of Dearborn, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Greenfield Township (now part of Detroit), Wayne County, Mich., July 30, 1863. Engineer; inventor; founder, Ford Motor Company, 1903; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1916; Democratic candidate for U.S. Senator from Michigan, 1918; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1924. Episcopalian. Scotch-Irish and Belgian ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Scottish Rite Masons; Sigma Alpha Epsilon. Publisher, in 1919-27, of the Dearborn Independent newspaper, which promoted anti-Semitic ideas through articles such as "The International Jew: The World's Problem," which were reprinted as pamphlets and books. In 1927, a libel lawsuit against Ford over these writings led him to shut down the paper and publicly recant its contents. Died, from a stroke, in Dearborn, Wayne County, Mich., April 7, 1947 (age 83 years, 251 days). Interment at Ford Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of William Ford (1826-1905) and Mary (Litogot) Ford (c.1839-1876); married, April 11, 1888, to Clara Jane Bryant (1866-1950); uncle of Clarence M. Ford (1895?-?).
  Cross-reference: James Couzens — Herman Bernstein — Alfred J. Murphy — Martin C. Ansorge
  Personal motto: "Efficiency."
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Books about Henry Ford: Douglas Brinkley, Wheels for the World : Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress, 1903-2003 — William A. Levinson, Henry Ford's Lean Vision — Pat McCarthy, Henry Ford : Building Cars for Everyone (for young readers) — David Weitzman, Model T : How Henry Ford Built a Legend (for young readers)
  Critical books about Henry Ford: Max Wallace, The American Axis : Henry Ford, Charles Lindbergh, and the Rise of the Third Reich — Neil Baldwin, Henry Ford and the Jews : The Mass Production of Hate
  John L. Duvall (1874-1962) — of Indianapolis, Marion County, Ind. Born in Tazewell County, Ill., November 29, 1874. Republican. Mayor of Indianapolis, Ind., 1926-27; resigned 1927. Convicted in 1927 of violating the state corrupt practices act by taking bribes from Ku Klux Klan leader D. C. Stephenson; sentenced to 30 days in jail, fined $1,000, and forced to resign as mayor. Died February 25, 1962 (age 87 years, 88 days). Interment at Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Charles E. Bowles (1884-1957) — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Yale, St. Clair County, Mich., March 24, 1884. Republican. Lawyer; recorder's court judge in Michigan, 1926-29; resigned 1929; mayor of Detroit, Mich., 1930; candidate for U.S. Representative from Michigan 15th District, 1932, 1934; candidate for circuit judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1941; candidate for Michigan state house of representatives from Wayne County 1st District, 1950, 1952. Member, Optimist Club. Recalled from office as Mayor in 1930 over charges that he had sold out to gangsters and the Ku Klux Klan. Died July 30, 1957 (age 73 years, 128 days). Interment at Evergreen Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of Alfred Bowles and Mary (Lutz) Bowles; married, June 1, 1915, to Ruth Davis.
  William Dudley Pelley (1890-1965) — of Asheville, Buncombe County, N.C.; Noblesville, Hamilton County, Ind. Born in Lynn, Essex County, Mass., March 12, 1890. Hollywood screenwriter in 1917-29 for about 12 films, including The Light in the Dark and The Shock, both starring Lon Chaney; founder (1933) and leader of the anti-Semitic Silver Legion of America organization (the "Silver Shirts", explicitly modeled after Adolf Hitler's Brownshirts); Christian candidate for President of the United States, 1936; arrested in April 1942 and charged with criminal sedition; convicted and sentenced to fifteen years in prison; released in 1950. Died in Noblesville, Hamilton County, Ind., July 1, 1965 (age 75 years, 111 days). Interment at Crownland Cemetery, Noblesville, Ind.
  Relatives: Son of Grace (Goodale) Pelley (born 1861) and William George Apsey Pelley (1867-1920); married, December 16, 1911, to Marion Harriet Stone (divorced); married, July 24, 1934, to Minna Helen Hansmann; married to Agnes Marion Henderson (1898-1970).
  Cross-reference: Gerald L. K. Smith
  See also Wikipedia article — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by William Dudley Pelley: Know your karma; design for destiny
Abdul Hamid Sufi Abdul Hamid (1903-1938) — also known as Abdul Hamid; Eugene Brown; "The Black Hitler"; "The Harlem Hitler"; "Bishop Amiru-Al-Mu-Minim Sufi Abdul Hamid" — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Lowell, Middlesex County, Mass., January 6, 1903. Self-styled cleric; labor leader; claimed to be from Egypt or Sudan; wore a turban and a green velvet cloak with gold braid; led picketing of stores in Harlem whose proprietors refused to hire African-American employees; conducted street rallies in Harlem where he denounced Jews; said he was "the only one fit to carry on the war against the Jews"; Americo-Spanish candidate for New York state assembly from New York County 17th District, 1933; arrested in october 1934; tried and found guilty on misdemeanor charges of making a public speech without a permit, and selling books without a license, and sentenced to ten days in jail; later suspected of inciting the 1935 riot in Harlem, which led to injunctions against his activities; in January 1938, his estranged wife, Stephanie St. Clair, ambushed him outside his house, and shot at him five times, but he was not seriously hurt; founded the Buddhist Universal Holy Temple of Tranquility. Buddhist or Muslim. African ancestry. Killed, along with his pilot, when his Cessna J-5 airplane ran out of fuel and crashed near Wantagh, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y., July 30, 1938 (age 35 years, 205 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Image source: New York Times, August 1, 1938
  Joseph Ellsberry McWilliams (1904-1996) — also known as Joe McWilliams — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Hitchcock, Blaine County, Okla., 1904. Gave street-corner speeches in New York City, in which he denounced Jews and praised Adolf Hitler; arrested in 1940 when one of his speeches caused a riot; charged with sedition in 1944, as part of an alleged Nazi conspiracy; tried along with many others, but after seven months, a mistrial was declared; candidate in Republican primary for U.S. Representative from New York 18th District, 1940. Died in 1996 (age about 92 years). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Edward Elwell Spafford (1878-1941) — also known as Edward E. Spafford — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Brewster, Putnam County, N.Y. Born in Springfield, Windsor County, Vt., March 12, 1878. Republican. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War I; lawyer; National Commander, American Legion, 1927-28; candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 14th District, 1930. Member, American Legion. In 1941, during divorce proceedings, he was accused of conspiring with German agents in America; in an interview published in 1943 by journalist John Roy Carlson, he espoused strongly antisemitic and pro-Hitler views. Died, in the Naval Academy Hospital, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Md., November 13, 1941 (age 63 years, 246 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Hiram Duncan Spafford (1841-1912) and Georgia F. Spafford; married, May 22, 1912, to Lucille M. Stevens (died 1914); married 1922 to Lillian Mercer Pierce.
  Lorence Elmer Asman (b. 1924) — also known as Lorence E. Asman; Larry Asman — of Kent County, Mich. Born in St. Louis, Gratiot County, Mich., January 29, 1924. Republican. In 1941, he became a follower and associate of anti-Semitic leader Gerald L. K. Smith; arrested by the Secret Service in 1943 for writing a "scurrilous" (presumably threatening) letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; author of a inflammatory leaflet in 1946 titled 20,000 Little Brown Bastards which was widely distributed to stir up racial hatred against African-Americans; candidate in primary for Michigan state senate 16th District, 1960. Still living as of 1960.
  Gerald Burton Winrod (1900-1957) — also known as Gerald B. Winrod — Born in Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kan., March 7, 1900. Republican. One of the founders, in 1925, of the group Defenders of the Christian Faith; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Kansas, 1938; sympathized with the Adolf Hitler and the Nazis, and and blamed the Depression and World War II on Jews, Catholics, and Communists; indicted in July 1942, with others, for sedition over an alleged conspiracy to cause insubordination in the Armed Forces in wartime; a mistrial was declared and charges were dropped. Died in Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kan., November 11, 1957 (age 57 years, 249 days). Interment at White Chapel Memorial Gardens, Wichita, Kan.
  Gerald Lyman Kenneth Smith (1898-1976) — also known as Gerald L. K. Smith — of Shreveport, Caddo Parish, La.; Detroit, Wayne County, Mich.; Eureka Springs, Carroll County, Ark. Born in Pardeeville, Columbia County, Wis., February 27, 1898. Pastor; orator; political administrator and organizer for Huey P. Long, 1934-35; as a white supremacist, he joined and organized for William Dudley Pelley's Silver Shirts of America, an organization modeled directly on Adolf Hitler's Brownshirts; candidate for U.S. Senator from Michigan, 1942 (Republican primary), 1942; founder of the America First party; charged with sedition in 1944, as part of an alleged Nazi conspiracy; tried along with many others, but after seven months, a mistrial was declared; America First candidate for President of the United States, 1944; founder of the Christian Nationalist Crusade; advocated deportation from the U.S. of Jews and African-Americans. Disciples of Christ. Died, of pneumonia, in Glendale, Los Angeles County, Calif., April 15, 1976 (age 78 years, 48 days). Interment at Christ of the Ozarks Cemetery, Eureka Springs, Ark.
  Relatives: Son of Lyman Z. Smith and Sarah Smith; married, June 21, 1922, to Elna (Robe) Sorenson (1898-1981).
  Cross-reference: Charles J. Anderson, Jr. — Lorence E. Asman
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Charles J. Anderson, Jr. — of Chicago, Cook County, Ill. Republican. Candidate for U.S. Representative from Illinois 6th District, 1944; delegate to the openly anti-Semitic America First Party convention in 1944, which nominated Gerald L. K. Smith for president. Pleaded guilty in Chicago, 1946 to a charge of assault with intent to kill. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Theodore Gilmore Bilbo (1877-1947) — also known as Theodore G. Bilbo — of Poplarville, Pearl River County, Miss. Born near Poplarville, Pearl River County, Miss., October 13, 1877. Democrat. School teacher; lawyer; farmer; member of Mississippi state senate, 1908-12; Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi, 1912-16; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1912 (alternate), 1916 (member, Committee on Permanent Organization), 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944; Governor of Mississippi, 1916-20, 1928-32; U.S. Senator from Mississippi, 1935-47; died in office 1947. Baptist. Scotch-Irish ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Elks; Odd Fellows; Ku Klux Klan. Author of the book Take Your Choice: Separation or Mongrelization, which advocated deportation of all Black Americans to Africa. During the 1946 campaign, in a radio address, he called on "every red-blooded Anglo-Saxon man in Mississippi to resort to any means to keep hundreds of Negroes from the polls in the July 2 primary. And if you don't know what that means, you are just not up to your persuasive measures." After he won re-election, the Senate, appalled at his racist views and tactics, refused to seat him, and started an investigation. Died, of mouth cancer, in a hospital at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., August 21, 1947 (age 69 years, 312 days). Interment at Juniper Grove Cemetery, Near Poplarville, Pearl River County, Miss.
  Relatives: Son of James Oliver Bilbo and Beedy (Wallace) Bilbo; married, May 25, 1898, to Lillian S. Herrington; married, January 27, 1903, to Linda R. Gaddy.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  George Lincoln Rockwell (1918-1967) — of Arlington, Arlington County, Va. Born in Bloomington, McLean County, Ill., March 9, 1918. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; served in the U.S. Navy during the Korean conflict; founder, in 1959, of the National Committee to Free America from Jewish Domination (later known as the American Nazi Party); arrested at various demonstrations during the 1960s; American Nazi candidate for Governor of Virginia, 1965. Shot and killed by a sniper, later identified as John Patler, while driving his car in the parking lot of Dominion Hills Shopping Center, Arlington, Arlington County, Va., August 25, 1967 (age 49 years, 169 days); Patler was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 20 years in prison. Rockwell's funeral procession was not allowed into Culpeper National Cemetery because of Nazi emblems worn by his supporters. Cremated.
  Relatives: Son of George Lovejoy 'Doc' Rockwell (1889-1978; vaudeville and radio comedian) and Claire (Schade) Rockwell; third cousin twice removed of Oliver Morgan Hungerford (1827-1888).
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Morris-Ingersoll family of New York and Connecticut; Conger-Hungerford family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Theophilus Eugene Connor (1897-1973) — also known as Bull Connor — of Birmingham, Jefferson County, Ala. Born in Selma, Dallas County, Ala., July 11, 1897. Democrat. Sports reporter on Birmingham radio; member of Alabama state house of representatives, 1935-37; Birmingham Commissioner of Public Safety, 1936-52, 1956-63; candidate in primary for Governor of Alabama, 1940, 1954; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Alabama, 1948, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968; arrested on December 26, 1951, on being found having a tryst in a hotel room with his secretary, Christina Brown; convicted of adultery, fined and sentenced to jail, but the conviction was overturned in 1952; member of Democratic National Committee from Alabama, 1960-63; an ardent white supremacist; his use of police dogs and fire hoses against civil rights demonstrators in 1962-63 provoked national outrage; candidate for mayor of Birmingham, Ala., 1963. Died in Birmingham, Jefferson County, Ala., March 10, 1973 (age 75 years, 242 days). Interment at Elmwood Cemetery, Birmingham, Ala.
  Relatives: Son of Hugh King Connor Connor and Molly (Godwin) Connor; married 1920 to Beara Levens.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
Earl L. Butz Earl Lauer Butz (1909-2008) — also known as Earl L. Butz — of West Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Ind. Born in Albion, Noble County, Ind., July 3, 1909. Economist; university professor; U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1971-76. Member, Alpha Gamma Rho; Sigma Xi; Sigma Delta Chi; Tau Kappa Alpha; Alpha Zeta; Kiwanis. Resigned in 1976 following a furor over a racist joke. In 1981, he pleaded guilty to income tax evasion; sentenced to five years in prison (served 30 days) and fined $10,000. Died in Kensington, Montgomery County, Md., February 2, 2008 (age 98 years, 214 days). Interment at Tippecanoe Memory Gardens, West Lafayette, Ind.
  Relatives: Son of Herman Lee Butz and Ada Tillie (Lower) Butz; married, December 22, 1937, to Mary Emma Powell; uncle of Dave Butz (professional football player).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
  John George Schmitz (1930-2001) — also known as John G. Schmitz — of California. Born in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wis., August 12, 1930. Member of California state senate, 1965-70, 1979; U.S. Representative from California 35th District, 1970-73; defeated in Republican primary, 1972, 1976, 1984; American Independent candidate for President of the United States, 1972; reprimanded by the California Senate in 1982 over a press release issued by his office, which characterized a critic and her supporters with crude slurs; candidate in Republican primary for U.S. Senator from California, 1982. Catholic. Member, Young Americans for Freedom; John Birch Society; National Rifle Association; American Legion; Military Order of the World Wars; Knights of Columbus; Order of Alhambra; Toastmasters. Died, of prostate cancer, in the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., January 10, 2001 (age 70 years, 151 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Father of Mary Kay LeTourneau (Seattle teacher; convicted of child rape over her affair with a 13-year-old student).
  Campaign slogan: "When you're out of Schmitz, you're out of gear."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Frederick Waldron Phelps (b. 1929) — also known as Fred Phelps — of Topeka, Shawnee County, Kan. Born in Meridian, Lauderdale County, Miss., November 13, 1929. Democrat. Lawyer; disbarred by the state of Kansas in 1979 over harassment of a court reporter and perjury during the proceedings; in 1985, nine Federal judges filed a disciplinary complaint against him over alleged false accusations, which led to an agreement that he cease law practice in Federal court; pastor of the Westboro Baptist Church, which is widely reviled for its extreme hatred of homosexuals, and its tactics, such as picketing at military funerals; candidate in primary for Governor of Kansas, 1990, 1994, 1998; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Kansas, 1992; candidate for mayor of Topeka, Kan., 1993, 1997. Baptist. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Step-son of Olive (Briggs) Phelps (1899-1985); son of Frederick Wade Phelps (1893-1977) and Catherine Idalette (Johnson) Phelps (c.1907-1935); married, May 15, 1952, to Margie Marie Simms.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Tom Metzger — of California; Warsaw, Kosciusko County, Ind. Democratic candidate for U.S. Representative from California 43rd District, 1980; candidate in Democratic primary for U.S. Senator from California, 1982; convicted in 1991 of burning a cross (as a form of hate speech or intimidation) and sentenced to prison; in 1992, he was arrested in Canada for violating immigration laws. Member, John Birch Society; Ku Klux Klan. Still living as of 2012.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Frazier Glenn Miller, Jr. (b. 1940) — also known as Glenn Miller; "Frazier Glenn Cross"; "Rounder" — of North Carolina; Aurora, Lawrence County, Mo. Born in Springfield, Greene County, Mo., 1940. Served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam war; candidate in Democratic primary for Governor of North Carolina, 1984; candidate in Republican primary for North Carolina state senate, 1986; convicted on federal contempt of court charges in 1986; sentenced to one year in prison, but disappeared while out on bond; later captured in Missouri, along with four other Klansmen and a cache of weapons; indicted in 1987 for plotting robberies and an assassination; in a deal with prosecutors, he pleaded guilty to a weapons charge and to making threats through the mail; served three years in prison; candidate for U.S. Representative from Missouri 7th District, 2006; candidate for U.S. Senator from Missouri, 2010; on April 13, 2014, in an apparent hate crime he shot and killed three people at a Jewish community center and retirement complex in Overland Park, Kansas. Member, Ku Klux Klan. Still living as of 2014.
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