The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace

Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Elections
Vote fraud and other election offenses

See the trouble and disgrace main page, as well as the FAQ and the Political Graveyard privacy policy, for important explanations and disclaimers.

in chronological order

  Henry Osborne (1751-1800) — of Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa.; Camden County, Ga. Born in Newtown Limavady (now Limavady), County Londonderry, Ireland (now Northern Ireland), August 21, 1751. Delegate to Continental Congress from Georgia, 1786; justice of Georgia state supreme court, 1787-89; superior court judge in Georgia, 1789-91. Removed from offices he held in Pennsylvania in June 1783 following the supreme executive council's determination that he was a bigamist; convicted by the Georgia senate in December 1791 of election fraud. Died in St. Simons Island, Glynn County, Ga., November 9, 1800 (age 49 years, 80 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877) — also known as "Wizard of the Saddle" — of Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn. Born near Chapel Hill, Bedford County (now Marshall County), Tenn., July 13, 1821. Democrat. Cotton planter; slave trader; general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; in April 1864, after the Battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee, Confederate troops under his command massacred African-American Union soldiers, not accepting them as prisoners, since the Confederacy refused to recognize ex-slaves as legitimate combatants; this event, seen as a war crime, sparked outrage across the North, and a congressional inquiry; in 1867, he became involved in the Ku Klux Klan and was elected Grand Wizard; the organization used violent tactics to intimidate Black voters and suppress their votes; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1868; in 1869, he had a change of heart, and issued a letter ordering that the Klan be dissolved and its costumes destroyed; he went on to denounce the group and its crimes; in 1875, he gave a "friendly speech" to a meeting of an African-American organization in Memphis, calling for peace, harmony, and economic advancement of former slaves; for this speech, he was vehemently denounced in the Southern press. English ancestry. Member, Ku Klux Klan. After his death, he became a folk hero among white Southerners, particularly during the imposition of Jim Crow segregation laws in the early 20th century, and later, in reaction to the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Died, from complications of diabetes, in Memphis, Shelby County, Tenn., October 29, 1877 (age 56 years, 108 days). Original interment at Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis, Tenn.; reinterment in 1904 at Health Sciences Park, Memphis, Tenn.; memorial monument at Myrtle Hill Cemetery, Rome, Ga.; memorial monument at Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Ala.
  Relatives: Son of William B. Forrest (1801-1837) and Miriam (Beck) Forrest (1802-1867); married 1845 to Mary Ann Montgomery (1826-1893).
  Forrest County, Miss. is named for him.
  The city of Forrest City, Arkansas, is named for him.  — The World War II Liberty ship SS Nathan B. Forrest (built 1943, scrapped 1973) was named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Peter R. Morrissey (1859-1895) — of St. Louis, Mo. Born in St. Louis County, Mo., August 14, 1859. Democrat. Saloon keeper; arrested in December 1886 on federal charges of vote fraud; found guilty in April 1887, but released because the indictment did not specify that the ballots were for a federal office; indicted again soon after, but the charges were dropped in November; indicted for naturalization fraud in 1889, but not convicted; member of Missouri state senate 31st District, 1893-95; died in office 1895. Catholic. Irish ancestry. While in bed, he was shot twice with his own pistol, and killed, by his mistress, Maud Lewis, in her "house of ill repute", in St. Louis, Mo., May 13, 1895 (age 35 years, 272 days). After a dramatic and highly publicized trial, Maud Lewis was convicted of second degree murder and sentenced to fifteen years in prison; she was pardoned by Gov. Lon Vest Stephens in January 1901. Interment at Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis, Mo.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Joseph J. Cahill — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Saloon keeper; member of New York state assembly, 1891-94 (Kings County 1st District 1891-92, Kings County 4th District 1893-94). Convicted of perjury, December 8, 1905, in an election fraud case. Burial location unknown.
  Albert P. Beebe (c.1843-1932) — of Parma town, Monroe County, N.Y. Born about 1843. Republican. Member of New York state assembly from Monroe County 4th District, 1905-06. Indicted on April 9, 1906 on a charge of vote-buying. Died in Parma town, Monroe County, N.Y., November 30, 1932 (age about 89 years). Burial location unknown.
  Paul Charles Barth (1858-1907) — also known as Paul C. Barth — of Louisville, Jefferson County, Ky. Born in Germany, December, 1858. Mayor of Louisville, Ky., 1905-07; removed from office over alleged vote fraud, 1907. Killed himself by gunshot, in the lavatory of his office, Louisville, Jefferson County, Ky., August 21, 1907 (age 48 years, 0 days). Interment at St. Louis Catholic Cemetery, Louisville, Ky.
  Relatives: Son of Jacob Frederick Barth (1819-1864) and Louisa A. (Barth) Barth (1821-1869); married to Jewel Small (1869-1903).
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
Roy Shattuck Roy Lloyd Shattuck (1871-1915) — also known as Roy Shattuck — of Brazil, Clay County, Ind. Born in Clay County, Ind., June 2, 1871. Republican. Lawyer; mayor of Brazil, Ind., 1903-09; candidate for U.S. Representative from Indiana 5th District, 1914. Arrested in February 1915, and arraigned in federal court in Indianapolis, along with four other 1914 candidates, for attempting to corrupt the election in Vigo County; pleaded not guilty, but died before he could be tried. Died in Brazil, Clay County, Ind., August 15, 1915 (age 44 years, 74 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Volney B. Shattuck and Henrietta Bessie (Pearce) Shattuck; married, November 7, 1894, to Olive Rosamond Carter.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Image source: Library of Congress
  Frank Frankel (1886-1975) — of Long Beach, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y.; Houston, Harris County, Tex.; Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born October 2, 1886. Mayor of Long Beach, N.Y., 1924, 1930-33; defeated, 1925 (Democratic primary), 1925 (Republican), 1929 (Democratic primary); founder of Long Beach Memorial Hospital indicted in September 1927 on charges of maintaining a gambling place; the charges were later dropped; in December 1929, his right to take office as mayor was unsuccessfully challenged by the Long Beach police chief, based on vote fraud (for which many had been arrested and prosecuted) and the expectation that Frankel would tolerate gambling in the city; indicted in January 1933 for fraud over his transfer of $90,000 in city funds to the Long Beach Trust Company, which subsequently closed; the indictment was dismissed in February; indicted again in May 1933, along with two city council members, over the diversion of $750,000 of state and county tax revenue to city projects; pleaded not guilty; no trial was held; the indictment was dismissed in 1937; oil producer. Died, in a hospital at Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., June 12, 1975 (age 88 years, 253 days). Interment somewhere in Houston, Tex.
  Anthony J. Wilkowski (b. 1898) — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., April 16, 1898. Democrat. Hardware store owner; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1932 (alternate), 1936, 1940; member of Michigan state senate 2nd District, 1933-38, 1945-46, 1949-50; defeated in primary, 1942 (3rd District), 1946 (2nd District), 1951 (2nd District), 1952 (2nd District), 1955 (2nd District); chair of Wayne County Democratic Party, 1934; tried and convicted, along with Democratic state chairman Elmer B. O'Hara, on vote fraud charges in 1936, and sentenced to four to five years in prison; member of Michigan Democratic State Central Committee, 1939; candidate in primary for Lieutenant Governor of Michigan, 1940; delegate to Michigan state constitutional convention from Wayne County 9th District, 1961-62. Catholic. Polish ancestry. Member, Knights of Columbus; Polish National Alliance. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Anton Wilkowski and Veronica (Skelnik) Wilkowski; brother of Leo Joseph Wilkowski (1902-1955); married, February 10, 1945, to Ann Chrzanowski.
  Elmer B. O'Hara — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1932; Wayne County Clerk, 1933-36; Michigan Democratic state chair, 1935-36; tried and convicted, along with State Sen. A. J. Wilkowski and others, on vote fraud charges in 1936; sentenced to four to five years in prison; also convicted on charges of bribing the Macomb County Drain Commissioner. Burial location unknown.
E. F. Prichard, Jr. Edward Fretwell Prichard, Jr. (1915-1984) — also known as E. F. Prichard, Jr.; "Prich" — of Paris, Bourbon County, Ky.; Versailles, Woodford County, Ky. Born in Paris, Bourbon County, Ky., January 21, 1915. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Kentucky, 1948, 1960, 1964; in 1949, he was convicted of vote fraud in federal court, over ballot-box stuffing in Bourbon County, Kentucky; served five months in prison. Member, Americans for Democratic Action. Died in Kentucky, December 23, 1984 (age 69 years, 337 days). Interment at Paris Cemetery, Paris, Ky.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Edward F. Prichard, Jr.: Tracy Campbell, Short of the Glory: The Fall and Redemption of Edward F. Prichard, Jr.
  Image source: Life Magazine, July 25, 1949
  Daniel W. West (b. 1909) — of Nashville, Davidson County, Tenn.; Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Algood, Putnam County, Tenn., September 5, 1909. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1960, 1964 (alternate); member of Michigan state house of representatives, 1963-65 (Wayne County 6th District 1963-64, 24th District 1965); defeated in primary, 1954 (Wayne County 6th District), 1956 (Wayne County 6th District), 1958 (Wayne County 6th District), 1960 (Wayne County 6th District), 1965 (24th District). Convicted of various crimes, including burglary, larceny, and forgery, in Minnesota, Iowa, and Washington, D.C., and was sentenced to prison in those places; came to Michigan and assumed the identity of a deceased New York attorney of the same name; indicted in late 1964 on state charges of voter registration fraud and federal charges of income tax fraud and forgery; in January 1965, his seat in the Michigan House was declared vacant. Burial location unknown.
  David Lee Walters (b. 1951) — also known as David Walters — of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, Okla. Born in Canute, Washita County, Okla., November 20, 1951. Democrat. Governor of Oklahoma, 1991-95; candidate for U.S. Senator from Oklahoma, 2002; member, Rules Committee, Democratic National Convention, 2008. While Governor, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor election law violation. Still living as of 2014.
  See also NNDB dossier
  John Hugh Dyer, Jr. — also known as Buddy Dyer — of Orlando, Orange County, Fla. Born in Orlando, Orange County, Fla. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Florida state senate, 1993-2003; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Florida, 1996, 2004, 2008; candidate for Florida state attorney general, 2002; mayor of Orlando, Fla., 2003-05, 2005-; indicted March 10, 2005, for illegally paying a campaign worker to collect absentee ballots in the 2004 mayoral election; suspended from office as mayor; on April 20, the charges were dropped, and he was reinstated; Presidential Elector for Florida, 2012. Member, Order of the Coif; Phi Delta Phi. Still living as of 2012.
  See also Wikipedia article
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
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