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Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace

Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Organized Crime
Association with gangsters or the Mafia

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in chronological order

  John Looney (1865-1942) — also known as Patrick John Looney — of Rock Island, Rock Island County, Ill. Born in Ottawa, La Salle County, Ill., October 5, 1865. Lawyer; newspaper publisher; indicted with others in 1897 over a scheme to defraud the city of Rock Island in connection with a storm drain construction project; convicted, but the verdict was overturned on appeal; candidate for Illinois state house of representatives, 1900; created and led a crime syndicate in northwest Illinois, with interests in gambling, prostitution, extortion, and eventually bootlegging and automobile theft; indicted in 1907 on 37 counts of bribery, extortion, and libel, but acquitted; shot and wounded by hidden snipers on two occasions in 1908; on February 22, 1909, he was shot and wounded in a gunfight with business rival W. W. Wilmerton; on March 22, 1912, after publishing personal attacks on Rock Island Mayor Henry M. Schriver, he was arrested, brought to the police station, and severely beaten by the mayor himself; subsequent rioting killed two men and injured nine others; resumed control of the Rock Island rackets in 1921; in 1922, he was indicted for the murder of saloon keeper William Gabel, who had provided evidence against Looney to federal agents; arrested in Belen, N.M., in 1924, and later convicted of conspiracy and murder; sentenced to 5 years in prison for conspiracy and 14 years for murder; served 8 1/2 years. Irish ancestry. Died, of tuberculosis, in a sanitarium at El Paso, El Paso County, Tex., 1942 (age about 76 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Patrick Looney and Margaret Looney; married 1892 to Nora O'Connor (died 1903); nephew of Maurice T. Maloney (1853?-?).
  See also Wikipedia article
  Raleigh P. Hale (1883-1931) — of East Chicago, Lake County, Ind. Born in Columbia, Boone County, Mo., June 6, 1883. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; physician; mayor of East Chicago, Ind., 1926-30; resigned 1930; in 1929, accused of protecting vice as mayor, he and 18 others, including the East Chicago police chief and the reputed business agent for gangster Al Capone were charged in federal court with conspiracy to violate liquor prohibition laws; convicted in January 1930, and sentenced to two years in prison; on appeal, a new trial was ordered. Member, American Legion. Died suddenly, from dilated cardiomyopathy, in East Chicago, Lake County, Ind., December 1, 1931 (age 48 years, 178 days). Interment at Oak Hill Cemetery, Hammond, Ind.
  Relatives: Married, September 9, 1913, to Harriet Phillips.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Charles E. Bowles (1884-1957) — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Yale, St. Clair County, Mich., March 24, 1884. Republican. Lawyer; recorder's court judge in Michigan, 1926-29; resigned 1929; mayor of Detroit, Mich., 1930; candidate for U.S. Representative from Michigan 15th District, 1932, 1934; candidate for circuit judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1941; candidate for Michigan state house of representatives from Wayne County 1st District, 1950, 1952. Member, Optimist Club. Recalled from office as Mayor in 1930 over charges that he had sold out to gangsters and the Ku Klux Klan. Died July 30, 1957 (age 73 years, 128 days). Interment at Evergreen Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of Alfred Bowles and Mary (Lutz) Bowles; married, June 1, 1915, to Ruth Davis.
Frank L. Shaw Frank L. Shaw (1877-1958) — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born near Warwick, Ontario, February 1, 1877. Republican. Mayor of Los Angeles, Calif., 1933-38; recalled 1938; defeated, 1941; a recall campaign against him in 1938 charged that he was associated with unspecified "racketeers" and "underworld characters", and that his administration tolerated vice in the city; meanwhile, Harry J. Raymond, a private investigator nearly killed in a January 1938 bombing, charged, in a civil lawsuit for damages, that the mayor had been part of a plot by gambling and vice interests to murder him. Died, from cancer, in California Hospital, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif., January 24, 1958 (age 80 years, 357 days). Interment at Inglewood Park Cemetery, Inglewood, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of John D. Shaw.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Image source: Los Angeles Times, April 4, 1937
  Bert Stand — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Democrat. Alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952; executive deputy commissioner and secretary of the New York State Athletic Commission, which regulated professional boxing; forced to resign in August 1943, following disclosure by New York County District Attorney Frank S. Hogan that Stand had helped gangster and "slot machine king" Frank Costello in obtain a Supreme Court nomination for Thomas A. Aurelio. Member, Tammany Hall. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Thomas A. Aurelio (c.1892-1973) — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., about 1892. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; lawyer; magistrate; on August 28, 1943, New York County District Attorney Frank S. Hogan charged in a formal statement that Aurelio's nomination by both major parties for Supreme Court had been brought about by gangster and ex-convict Frank Costello, and released the transcript of a telephone conversation in which Aurelio thanked Costello and pledged undying loyalty; his candidacy was repudiated by both parties, but they were unable to remove his name from the ballot; disbarment proceedings were also unsuccessful; Justice of New York Supreme Court 1st District, 1944-61. Italian ancestry. Member, Tammany Hall. Died, probably from a heart attack, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., January 5, 1973 (age about 81 years). Interment at Calvary Cemetery, Woodside, Queens, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Ralph Aurelio; married 1931 to Aida Louise Pardi (1906-1999).
  Cross-reference: Bert Stand
Frank D. McKay Frank D. McKay (1883-1965) — of Grand Rapids, Kent County, Mich. Born in Grand Rapids, Kent County, Mich., November 4, 1883. Republican. Financier; political boss who dominated Republican politics in Michigan for years; delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1920, 1928, 1932 (alternate), 1936, 1940, 1944; Michigan state treasurer, 1925-30; investigated by a grand jury in 1931 over his handling of state funds while Treasurer; member of Republican National Committee from Michigan, 1940-44; subject of three federal grand jury investigations in 1940 over alleged fraud, extortion and kickbacks; indicted in 1944 for bribery of state legislators; hired a Purple Gang figure to murder the star witness, State Sen. Warren G. Hooper, and the case collapsed; charged in 1945, along with William McKeighan, with conspiracy to violate state liquor laws; tried in 1946; the judge directed a verdict of not guilty. Died in Miami Beach, Dade County (now Miami-Dade County), Fla., January 12, 1965 (age 81 years, 69 days). Burial location unknown.
  Cross-reference: Edward N. Barnard — William Green
  Image source: Michigan Manual 1927
Arthur H. Wicks Arthur H. Wicks (1887-1985) — also known as A. H. Wicks — of Kingston, Ulster County, N.Y.; Lake Katrine, Ulster County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., December 24, 1887. Republican. Worked in piano manufacturing business; employed in the engineering department of the New York City Board of Water Supply, and then in construction of subways; owner and operator of steam laundry in Kingston; director, Governor Clinton Hotel; member of New York state senate, 1927-56 (29th District 1927-44, 34th District 1945-56); delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1940 (alternate), 1944 (alternate), 1948, 1952 (Honorary Vice-President), 1956; resigned in November 1953 as Senate Majority Leader and acting Lieutenant Governor, while under threat of ouster over his Sing Sing prison visits to convicted extortionist and labor leader Joseph S. Fay. Member, Freemasons; Junior Order; Rotary. Died in Lake Katrine, Ulster County, N.Y., February 18, 1985 (age 97 years, 56 days). Burial location unknown.
  Image source: New York Red Book 1936
  Cornelius Edward Gallagher (1921-2018) — also known as Neil Gallagher — of Bayonne, Hudson County, N.J. Born in Bayonne, Hudson County, N.J., March 2, 1921. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; served in the U.S. Army during the Korean conflict; lawyer; U.S. Representative from New Jersey 13th District, 1959-73; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1968. Member, American Bar Association; American Legion; Knights of Columbus; Elks. Accused, by Life magazine in 1968, of having made deals with New Jersey Mafia leader Joseph Zicarelli. Indicted in 1972 on federal charges of income tax evasion, conspiracy, and perjury. After losing the primary that year, he pleaded guilty to some of the charges, and was sentenced to two years in prison and a $10,000 fine. Died in Monroe Township, Middlesex County, N.J., October 17, 2018 (age 97 years, 229 days). Interment at Marksboro Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Blairstown, N.J.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Hugh Joseph Addonizio (1914-1981) — also known as Hugh J. Addonizio — of Newark, Essex County, N.J. Born in Newark, Essex County, N.J., January 31, 1914. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; vice-president, A & C Tailoring Co.; U.S. Representative from New Jersey 11th District, 1949-62; mayor of Newark, N.J., 1962-70; defeated, 1970; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1964. Catholic. Italian ancestry. Member, Holy Name Society; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Urban League; NAACP; Elks; Lions; Kiwanis; Rotary. Indicted in federal court, December, 1969, along with Municipal Judge Anthony Giuliano, other city officials, and reputed organized crime leader, Anthony 'Tony Boy' Boiardo, on extortion and income tax evasion charges over a scheme to share kickbacks from a sewer contracting company; pleaded not guilty; tried; during the trial a witness identified him as recipient of thousands of dollars in bribes; convicted in July, 1970; sentenced to ten years in prison and fined $25,000; released in 1979. Died in Red Bank, Monmouth County, N.J., February 2, 1981 (age 67 years, 2 days). Interment at Gate of Heaven Cemetery, East Hanover, N.J.
  Relatives: Son of Frank Addonizio and Livia (Barasso) Addonizio; brother of Victor F. Addonizio (1914?-?); married, July 6, 1942, to Doris Goodheart.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Anthony Giuliano (c.1897-1970) — of Newark, Essex County, N.J. Born in Newark, Essex County, N.J., about 1897. Republican. Lawyer; member of New Jersey state house of assembly from Essex County, 1927; candidate for U.S. Representative from New Jersey, 1948; Essex County Clerk, 1955; delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1956; municipal judge in New Jersey, 1968-69. Indicted in federal court, December, 1969, along with Newark Mayor Hugh J. Addonizio, other city officials, and reputed organized crime leader Anthony 'Tony Boy' Boiardo, on extortion and income tax evasion charges over a scheme to share kickbacks from a sewer contracting company; became ill and died before he could be arraigned. Died, from a heart attack, in Newark, Essex County, N.J., February 4, 1970 (age about 73 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Mary Freda.
  Maurice Hubert Stans (1908-1998) — also known as Maurice H. Stans — of Washington, D.C. Born in Shakopee, Scott County, Minn., March 22, 1908. Accountant; U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1969-72. Catholic. Indicted in 1973, along with John N. Mitchell, for perjury and obstruction over a contribution from fugitive financier Robert Vesco to President Richard M. Nixon's re-election campaign; tried and acquitted; later pleaded guilty to five violations of campaign finance laws and paid a fine of $5,000. Suffered a heart attack, and died five days later, at Huntington Memorial Hospital, Pasadena, Los Angeles County, Calif., April 14, 1998 (age 90 years, 23 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of J. Hubert Stans and Mathilda (Nyssen) Stans; married, September 7, 1933, to Kathleen Carmody.
  Cross-reference: Harry L. Sears
  See also NNDB dossier
  John Newton Mitchell (1913-1988) — also known as John N. Mitchell — of New York; Washington, D.C. Born in Detroit, Wayne County, Mich., September 15, 1913. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Attorney General, 1969-72. Member, American Bar Association. A central figure in the Watergate scandal. Indicted in 1973, along with Maurice Stans, for perjury and obstruction over a contribution from fugitive financier Robert Vesco to President Richard M. Nixon's re-election campaign; tried and acquitted. Convicted in February 1975 of conspiracy, obstruction of justice and perjury, over his role in the Watergate break-in, and sentenced to two and a half to eight years in prison; served 19 months. Suffered a heart attack, and died later the same day, at George Washington University Hospital, Washington, D.C., November 9, 1988 (age 75 years, 55 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Joseph Charles Mitchell and Margaret Agnes (McMahon) Mitchell; married to Martha Beall.
  Cross-reference: Maurice H. Stans — Harry L. Sears
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Books about John Mitchell: James Rosen, The Strong Man: John Mitchell and the Secrets of Watergate
  George Bradford Cook (b. 1936) — also known as G. Bradford Cook — of Chicago, Cook County, Ill. Born in Lincoln, Lancaster County, Neb., 1936. Chair, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 1973; resigned under fire from the SEC, following disclosure that he had modified a commission complaint to delete references to a secret $200,000 campaign contribution to President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign from fugitive financier Robert Vesco; admitted that he testified falsely to a Senate committee and to a grand jury investigating the matter; his license to practice law in Illinois and Nebraska was suspended for three years. Still living as of 1975.
  Relatives: Son of George Brash Cook (born 1910; insurance executive); married to Jo Anne Thatcher and Laura Armour.
  Larry Flynt (b. 1942) — also known as "The King of Smut" — of California. Born in Salyersville, Magoffin County, Ky., November 1, 1942. Democrat. Owner of night clubs; publisher of Hustler, a pornographic magazine; convicted in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1977 on obscenity and organized crime charges, and sentenced to 25 years in prison, but the verdict was overturned on appeal; shot by a sniper in Lawrenceville, Georgia, 1978, and paralyzed from the waist down; candidate for Governor of California, 2003. Atheist. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Married 1976 to Althea Leasure (1953-1987).
  Campaign slogan (2003): "Vote For a Smut-Peddler Who Cares."
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Anthony Scotto (b. 1934) — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y.; Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in 1934. Democrat. Longshoreman; vice-president, International Longshoremen's Association; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1972; member of the Gambino crime family; charged in 1979 on 44 counts of accepting payoffs, evading income taxes and racketeering; tried and convicted on 33 of the counts; sentenced to five years in prison; released in 1984. Italian ancestry. Still living as of 2007.
  Relatives: Married to Marion Anastasio.
  William Vincent Musto (1917-2006) — also known as William V. Musto — of Union City, Hudson County, N.J. Born in West Hoboken (now part of Union City), Hudson County, N.J., March 27, 1917. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; member of New Jersey state house of assembly from Hudson County, 1947-65; mayor of Union City, N.J., 1962-70, 1974-82; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1964, 1976; member of New Jersey state senate, 1966-82 (District 12 1966-73, 33rd District 1974-82); indicted in 1981 on federal charges that he took part in a scheme to collect $440,000 in kickbacks from a construction company connected to organized crime; convicted in May 1982. Member, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Elks. Died February 27, 2006 (age 88 years, 337 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Michael J. Matthews (b. 1934) — of Linwood, Atlantic County, N.J.; Atlantic City, Atlantic County, N.J. Born in Upland, Delaware County, Pa., January 7, 1934. Democrat. Candidate in primary for New Jersey state senate 2nd District, 1973; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from New Jersey 2nd District, 1974; member of New Jersey state house of assembly 2nd District, 1978-83; mayor of Atlantic City, N.J., 1982-84; recalled 1984; defeated, 1984. Indicted on March 27, 1984, on federal bribery and extortion charges, over his dealings with organized crime figures; a trial was started, but then he pleaded guilty to one count of extortion, and the other charges were dropped; sentenced to fifteen years in federal prison; released in 1990. Still living as of 1990.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  William C. Brennan, Jr. (1918-2000) — of Far Rockaway, Queens, Queens County, N.Y.; Elmhurst, Queens, Queens County, N.Y. Born in New York City (unknown county), N.Y., October 11, 1918. Democrat. Police officer; served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; lawyer; member of New York state assembly from Queens County 2nd District, 1955-64; member of New York state senate 12th District, 1967-68; Justice of New York Supreme Court, 1970-85; resigned 1985. Member, American Legion; Disabled American Veterans; Elks. In July 1985, he was indicted in Federal court for accepting bribes in return for reducing or dismissing charges in criminal cases involving organized crime figures; also charged with extortion; pleaded not guilty and tried; did not testify in his own defense; convicted in December 1985, sentenced to five years in prison, and fined $209,000. He was released from prison in May 1988. Died May 8, 2000 (age 81 years, 210 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1941 to Gloria M. Lauer.
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