PoliticalGraveyard.com
The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Lawyer Politicians in Rhode Island

  Joshua Melancthon Addeman (1840-1930) — also known as Joshua M. Addeman — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Bay of Islands, New Zealand, November 15, 1840. Served in the Union Army during the Civil War; lawyer; secretary of state of Rhode Island, 1872-87. Member, Grand Army of the Republic; Freemasons; Society of the Cincinnati. Died October 13, 1930 (age 89 years, 332 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Addeman and Maria (Fligg) Addeman; married 1872 to Louise Waterman Winsor (died 1936).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Anthony Boyce Akers (1914-1976) — also known as Anthony B. Akers — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, Fla. Born near Charlotte, Atascosa County, Tex., October 19, 1914. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 17th District, 1954, 1956, 1958; U.S. Ambassador to New Zealand, 1961-63. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Federal Bar Association. Died, probably from a heart attack, in Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County, N.C., April 1, 1976 (age 61 years, 165 days). Interment at Berkeley Memorial Cemetery, Middletown, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Ambrose B. Akers and Margaret (Long) Akers; married, November 28, 1942, to Jane Pope (1917-2011).
  Epitaph: "Statesman, Legislator, Champion of Education and the Arts."
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Ann Aldrich (1927-2010) — of Shaker Heights, Cuyahoga County, Ohio. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 28, 1927. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for the Northern District of Ohio, 1980-95; took senior status 1995. Female. Member, Federal Bar Association. Died in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, May 2, 2010 (age 82 years, 308 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article
  Richard Steere Aldrich (1884-1941) — also known as Richard S. Aldrich — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born in Washington, D.C., February 29, 1884. Republican. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1915-16; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1916, 1920 (member, Credentials Committee), 1924; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1917-18; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1923-33; director, Providence Journal newspaper, Providence National Bank, Providence Washington Insurance Co. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., December 25, 1941 (age 57 years, 0 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abby Pearce (Chapman) Aldrich; brother of Winthrop Williams Aldrich; married, April 30, 1921, to Janet Innis White; uncle of Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller and Winthrop Rockefeller; granduncle of John Davison Rockefeller IV and Winthrop Paul Rockefeller (1948-2006).
  Political family: Rockefeller family of New York City, New York (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Winthrop Williams Aldrich (1885-1974) — also known as Winthrop W. Aldrich — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 2, 1885. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War I; president, Equitable Trust Company, 1929; president, Chase National Bank, 1930-34; chairman, 1934-53; U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1953-57. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Bankers Association. Died in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., February 25, 1974 (age 88 years, 115 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abby Pierce (Chapman) Aldrich; brother of Richard Steere Aldrich; married, December 7, 1916, to Harriet Crocker Alexander (1888-1972; daughter of Charles Beatty Alexander (1849-1927); sister-in-law of Sheldon Whitehouse; granddaughter of Charles Crocker); uncle of Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller and Winthrop Rockefeller; granduncle of John Davison Rockefeller IV and Winthrop Paul Rockefeller.
  Political families: Rockefeller family of New York City, New York; Crocker-Whitehouse family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Frederick Hobbes Allen (1858-1937) — also known as Frederick H. Allen — of Pelham Manor, Westchester County, N.Y. Born in Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, May 30, 1858. Democrat. Lawyer; economist; village president of Pelham Manor, New York, 1904-06; chair of Westchester County Democratic Party, 1904-14; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1908, 1920 (alternate); served in the U.S. Navy during World War I. Episcopalian. Member, Society of Colonial Wars; Sons of the Revolution; American Legion; Military Order of the World Wars. Died, from pneumonia, in Newport Hospital, Newport, Newport County, R.I., December 3, 1937 (age 79 years, 187 days). Interment at Beechwoods Cemetery, New Rochelle, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Elisha Hunt Allen and Mary Harrod (Hobbes) Allen; brother of William Fessenden Allen; married, June 30, 1892, to Adele Livingston Stevens; grandson of Samuel Clesson Allen; third great-grandnephew of Roger Wolcott (1679-1767); first cousin four times removed of Erastus Wolcott and Oliver Wolcott, Sr.; second cousin once removed of Gouverneur Morris; second cousin twice removed of Elijah Hunt Mills; second cousin thrice removed of Oliver Ellsworth, Oliver Wolcott, Jr., Roger Griswold and Frederick Wolcott; second cousin four times removed of William Pitkin; third cousin once removed of Chester Ashley; third cousin twice removed of Theodore Dwight, Henry Leavitt Ellsworth, William Wolcott Ellsworth and Abijah Blodget; third cousin thrice removed of Matthew Griswold (1714-1799), Jonathan Ingersoll (1747-1823), Jared Ingersoll and Daniel Pitkin; fourth cousin of Albert Asahel Bliss and Philemon Bliss; fourth cousin once removed of Joseph Churchill Strong, Theodore Davenport, Chester William Chapin, Harrison Blodget, John William Allen, William Alfred Buckingham, James Samuel Wadsworth, Henry Titus Backus, George Washington Wolcott, William Dean Kellogg, Christopher Parsons Wolcott, Oliver Morgan Hungerford, Matthew Griswold (1833-1919), Judson H. Warner, Roger Wolcott (1847-1900) and Josiah Quincy.
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Morris-Ingersoll family of New York and Connecticut; Fessenden family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Samuel W. K. Allen (b. 1842) — of East Greenwich, Kent County, R.I. Born in North Kingstown, Washington County, R.I., January 2, 1842. Republican. Served in the Union Army during the Civil War; lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1885-86, 1891-97, 1907; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1894-97. Burial location unknown.
  Lincoln Carter Almond (b. 1936) — also known as Lincoln Almond — of Lincoln, Providence County, R.I. Born in Pawtucket, Providence County, R.I., June 16, 1936. Republican. Lawyer; candidate for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 1st District, 1968; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1969-73, 1981-93; Governor of Rhode Island, 1995-2003; defeated, 1978. Episcopalian. Member, Lambda Chi Alpha. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Clifton Almond and Elsie (Carter) Almond; married, October 11, 1958, to Marilyn Johnson.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Alexis Caswell Angell (1857-1932) — also known as Alexis C. Angell — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., April 26, 1857. Republican. Lawyer; law professor; U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Michigan, 1911-12; resigned 1912. Died December 24, 1932 (age 75 years, 242 days). Interment at Forest Hill Cemetery, Ann Arbor, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of James Burrill Angell (1829-1916) and Sarah Swope (Caswell) Angell (1831-1903); married, June 6, 1880, to Fanny C. Cooley (1857-1934; daughter of Thomas McIntyre Cooley).
  Political family: Angell-Cooley family of Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  See also federal judicial profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Peleg Arnold (1751-1820) — Born in Smithfield (part now in North Smithfield), Providence County, R.I., June 10, 1751. Lawyer; tavern keeper; banker; member of Rhode Island state legislature, 1780; Delegate to Continental Congress from Rhode Island, 1787-88; chief justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1795-1812. Died in Smithfield, Providence County, R.I., February 13, 1820 (age 68 years, 248 days). Interment at Union Cemetery, Woonsocket, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Arnold and Patience (Cook) Arnold.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1897-1976) — also known as Hugh D. Auchincloss — of Fairfax, Va. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., August 28, 1897. Republican. Lawyer; stockbroker; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Virginia, 1940. Died in Washington, D.C., November 20, 1976 (age 79 years, 84 days). Interment at Island Cemetery, Newport, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss and Emma Brewster (Jennings) Auchincloss; married 1935 to Nina Gore Vidal (daughter of Thomas Pryor Gore (1870-1949)); married 1942 to Janet Norton (Lee) Bouvier (1907-1989; mother-in-law of John Fitzgerald Kennedy); father of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss III; nephew of Oliver Gould Jennings; first cousin of James Coats Auchincloss and Gordon Auchincloss.
  Political family: Kennedy family.
  Epitaph: "Beloved wise and noble man."
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Elijah Babbitt (1795-1887) — of Erie, Erie County, Pa. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., July 29, 1795. Whig. Lawyer; member of Pennsylvania state house of representatives, 1836-37; member of Pennsylvania state senate 27th District, 1844-45; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 25th District, 1859-63. Died in Erie, Erie County, Pa., January 9, 1887 (age 91 years, 164 days). Interment at Erie Cemetery, Erie, Pa.
  Relatives: Son of Elijah Babbitt (1750-1850) and Amy (Tefft) Babbitt (1759-1850); married, November 28, 1827, to Caroline Elizabeth Kelso (1805-1889); first cousin once removed of Jacob Babbitt; first cousin twice removed of George Henry Babbitt; first cousin thrice removed of Francis Sanford Babbitt; first cousin four times removed of William Greene (1695-1758); second cousin thrice removed of William Greene, Jr.; third cousin once removed of Henry Howard Starkweather; third cousin twice removed of Ray Greene, Charles Henry Pendleton, Chauncey C. Pendleton and Eckford Gustavus Pendleton; fourth cousin once removed of Alfred Avery Burnham, Howkin Bulkley Beardslee, George Mortimer Beakes and Daniel Parrish Witter.
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Greene family of Providence, Rhode Island; Baldwin-Greene-Upson-Hoar family of Connecticut; Beakes-Greene-Jennings family of Michigan (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Jeremiah Bailey (1773-1853) — of Wiscasset, Lincoln County, Maine. Born in Little Compton, Newport County, R.I., May 1, 1773. Lawyer; Presidential Elector for Massachusetts, 1808; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1811-14; probate judge in Massachusetts, 1816-20; probate judge in Maine, 1820-34; U.S. Representative from Maine 1st District, 1835-37; defeated, 1836. Died in Wiscasset, Lincoln County, Maine, July 6, 1853 (age 80 years, 66 days). Interment at Evergreen Cemetery, Wiscasset, Maine.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Caleb Baker (1762-1849) — of Tioga County (part now in Chemung County), N.Y. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., 1762. Lawyer; common pleas court judge in New York, 1810; member of New York state assembly from Tioga County, 1813-15, 1829; U.S. Representative from New York 20th District, 1819-21. Died in Southport (now part of Elmira), Chemung County, N.Y., June 26, 1849 (age about 86 years). Interment at Fitzsimmons Cemetery, Elmira, N.Y.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  David S. Baker (d. 1906) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in South Kingstown, Washington County, R.I. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1885-89. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., 1906. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Capt. David Baker; brother of William Cotter Baker (1852?-?).
  Harvey Almy Baker (1881-1951) — also known as Harvey A. Baker — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Warwick, Kent County, R.I., April 24, 1881. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1914-20; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1924 (member, Credentials Committee), 1928. Member, Alpha Delta Phi; Phi Beta Kappa. Died March 28, 1951 (age 69 years, 338 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Benjamin Baker and Lucy Anna (Sisson) Baker; married, September 30, 1908, to Marion North Brown.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  William Cotter Baker — also known as William C. Baker — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1892-94, 1897-98; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1898-1901. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Capt. David Baker; brother of David S. Baker (1845?-1906).
  Claude C. Ball (b. 1881) — of Cranston, Providence County, R.I. Born in England, 1881. Progressive. Lawyer; candidate for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1914. Burial location unknown.
  Sidney Miller Ballou (1870-1929) — also known as Sidney Ballou — of Hawaii. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 24, 1870. Lawyer; justice of Hawaii territorial supreme court, 1907-09. Member, Sons of the American Revolution; Navy League. Died October 29, 1929 (age 59 years, 5 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Oren Aldrich Ballou and Charlotte (Miller) Ballou; married, December 21, 1895, to Thomie Duke (died 1905); married, July 27, 1907, to Lucia Burnett.
  Paul J. Barbadoro (b. 1955) — of Concord, Merrimack County, N.H. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 5, 1955. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for New Hampshire, 1992-. Still living as of 2000.
  See also federal judicial profile
  David Leonard Barnes (1760-1812) — also known as David L. Barnes — of Taunton, Bristol County, Mass.; Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Scituate, Plymouth County, Mass., January 28, 1760. Lawyer; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1797-1801; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1801-12; died in office 1812. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 3, 1812 (age 52 years, 280 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  See also federal judicial profile
  Perry Belmont (1851-1947) — of Babylon, Suffolk County, Long Island, N.Y.; Manhattan, New York County, N.Y.; Washington, D.C. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., December 28, 1851. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Representative from New York 1st District, 1881-88; resigned 1888; defeated, 1902 (7th District); U.S. Minister to Spain, 1888-89; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1912; major in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War; candidate for Presidential Elector for New York, 1908. Member, Sons of the Revolution; Society of the Cincinnati; American Legion. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., May 25, 1947 (age 95 years, 148 days). Interment at Island Cemetery, Newport, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of August Belmont (1816-1890) and Caroline Slidell (Perry) Belmont; brother of August Belmont (1853-1924) and Oliver Hazard Perry Belmont (1858-1908); married 1899 to Jessie Robbins.
  Political families: Belmont-Perry family of New York City, New York; Vanderbilt-Colby-Burden-French family of New York City, New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — NNDB dossier
  Richard Milford Blatchford (1798-1875) — also known as Richard M. Blatchford — of New York, New York County, N.Y. Born in Stratford, Fairfield County, Conn., April 24, 1798. Lawyer; member of New York state assembly from New York County 13th District, 1855; U.S. Minister to Papal States, 1862; New York City Park Commissioner, 1872. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., September 4, 1875 (age 77 years, 133 days). Interment at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Blatchford and Alicia (Windeatt) Blatchford; married, May 17, 1819, to Julia Ann Munford; married, November 8, 1860, to Angelica Hamilton; married, January 18, 1870, to Katherine Hone; father of Samuel M. Blatchford (1820-1893).
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Samuel M. Blatchford (1820-1893) — of Auburn, Cayuga County, N.Y.; New York, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., March 9, 1820. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of New York, 1867-78; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit, 1878-82; Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1882-93; died in office 1893. Episcopalian. Member, Freemasons. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., July 7, 1893 (age 73 years, 120 days). Interment at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Julia (Mumford) Blatchford and Richard Milford Blatchford (1798-1875); married, December 17, 1844, to Caroline Appleton (1817-1881).
  The World War II Liberty ship SS Samuel Blatchford (built 1942, scrapped 1969) was named for him.
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  William Carpenter Bliss (b. 1874) — also known as William C. Bliss — of East Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in East Providence, Providence County, R.I., July 6, 1874. Served in the U.S. Navy during the Spanish-American War; lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1908-12; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1911-12. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of George Newman Bliss and Fannie A. (Carpenter) Bliss.
  John Taggard Blodgett (1859-1912) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Belmont, Middlesex County, Mass., May 16, 1859. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1898-1900; justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1900-03. Member, Phi Beta Kappa; Sons of the American Revolution. Died March 4, 1912 (age 52 years, 293 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of William Alfred Blodgett and Anna Maria (Taggard) Blodgett; married, March 28, 1883, to Amelia Wilson Torrey (1856-1899); married, August 15, 1900, to Amy Lacy Bemiss.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Henry Manchester Boss, Jr. (1875-1960) — also known as Henry M. Boss, Jr. — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., September 13, 1875. Republican. Lawyer; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1926, 1929-34; candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1934. Episcopalian. Member, Zeta Psi. Died April 9, 1960 (age 84 years, 209 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Henry M. Boss and Emma J. (Wilbur) Boss; married, October 20, 1906, to Louise J. Gifford.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Christopher Columbus Bowen (1832-1880) — of Charleston County, S.C. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., January 5, 1832. Republican. Lawyer; U.S. Representative from South Carolina 2nd District, 1867-71; delegate to South Carolina state constitutional convention from Charleston County, 1868; member of South Carolina state house of representatives, 1871-72; Charleston County Sheriff, 1873-80. Catholic. Died in New York, New York County, N.Y., June 23, 1880 (age 48 years, 170 days). Interment at St. Lawrence Cemetery, Charleston, S.C.
  Presumably named for: Christopher Columbus
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Francis Joseph Boyle (b. 1927) — of Rhode Island. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., 1927. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; lawyer; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1977-92; took senior status 1992. Still living as of 2002.
  See also federal judicial profile
  William Bradford (1729-1808) — of Bristol, Bristol County, R.I. Born in Plympton, Plymouth County, Mass., November 4, 1729. Physician; lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1764-65; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1798-1802; Speaker of the Rhode Island House of Deputies, 1764-65, 1766-67, 1780, 1780-86, 1787-88, 1789-90, 1791-93; Deputy Governor of Rhode Island, 1775-78; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1793-97. Died in Bristol, Bristol County, R.I., July 6, 1808 (age 78 years, 245 days). Original interment at Bristol Town Common, Bristol, R.I.; reinterment at Juniper Hill Cemetery, Bristol, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Bradford (1683-1740) and Sarah (Gray) Bradford (1697-1770); father of Nancy Bradford (1770-1838; who married James De Wolf); great-grandfather of James DeWolf Perry; second great-grandfather of LeBaron Bradford Colt (1846-1924).
  Political family: Bradford-DeWolf-Butler-Perry family of Bristol, Rhode Island (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Luther Bradish (1783-1863) — of Malone, Franklin County, N.Y. Born in Cummington, Hampshire County, Mass., September 15, 1783. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812; member of New York state assembly from Franklin County, 1828-30, 1836-38; Speaker of the New York State Assembly, 1838; Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1837-42; candidate for Governor of New York, 1842. Died, in Ocean House hotel, Newport, Newport County, R.I., August 30, 1863 (age 79 years, 349 days). Interment at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Col. John Bradish and Hannah (Warner) Bradish; married 1814 to Helen Elizabeth Gibbs; married 1839 to Mary Eliza Hart.
  Joseph Philo Bradley (1813-1892) — also known as Joseph P. Bradley — Born in Berne, Albany County, N.Y., March 14, 1813. Lawyer; Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1870-92; died in office 1892. Christian Reformed. As the only politically independent member of the Electoral Commission to settle the disputed 1876 presidential election, he cast the deciding vote to award all of the disputed electoral votes to the Republican candidate, Rutheford B. Hayes. Died in Washington, D.C., January 22, 1892 (age 78 years, 314 days). Interment at Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Newark, N.J.
  Relatives: Son of Philo Bradley and Mercy (Gardiner) Bradley; married, October 23, 1844, to Mary Hornblower (1816-1896; daughter of Joseph Coerten Hornblower; sister-in-law of Lewis Bartholomew Woodruff; sister of William Henry Hornblower; aunt of William Butler Hornblower (1851-1914); granddaughter of Josiah Hornblower); grandfather of Joseph Gardner Bradley.
  Political family: Woodruff-Hornblower-Seymour-Wadsworth family of Connecticut (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also federal judicial profile — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Charles Ray Brayton (1840-1910) — also known as Charles R. Brayton — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born in Warwick, Kent County, R.I., August 16, 1840. Republican. Colonel in the Union Army during the Civil War; lawyer; postmaster at Providence, R.I., 1874-80; Rhode Island Republican state chair, 1876-77; member of Republican National Committee from Rhode Island, 1896-1910; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1900. Died September 23, 1910 (age 70 years, 38 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Anna (Clarke) Brayton and William Daniel Brayton (1815-1887); married, March 13, 1865, to Antoinette Percival Belden.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Samuel Willard Bridgham (1774-1840) — also known as Samuel W. Bridgham — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Rehoboth (part now in Seekonk), Bristol County, Mass., May 4, 1774. Whig. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1810; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1826; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1832-40; died in office 1840. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., December 28, 1840 (age 66 years, 238 days). Interment at North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Dr. Joseph Bridgham and Martha Bridgham; married 1798 to Elizabeth Paine.
  Epitaph: "First Mayor of the City of Providence."
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Arthur Lewis Brown (1854-1928) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 28, 1854. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1896-1927; retired 1927. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 10, 1928 (age 73 years, 195 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Welch Brown and Mary Elizabeth (Thurber) Brown; married, February 12, 1884, to Cora E. Aylsworth.
  See also federal judicial profile
  George Tilden Brown (b. 1848) — also known as George T. Brown — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in West Greenwich, Kent County, R.I., June 29, 1848. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1877-78, 1893-94; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1888; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1889-91; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1905-16. Member, Freemasons. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Peter Tilden Brown and Roxallana (Potter) Brown; married, August 29, 1876, to Ida Rebekah Williams.
  George Huntington Browne (1811-1885) — also known as George H. Browne — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Glocester, Providence County, R.I., January 6, 1811. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1849-52; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1853-61; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1860; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1861-63; defeated, 1862; colonel in the Union Army during the Civil War; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1872-73. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., September 26, 1885 (age 74 years, 263 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Jonathan Russell Bullock (1815-1899) — also known as J. Russell Bullock — of Alton, Madison County, Ill.; Bristol, Bristol County, R.I. Born in Bristol, Bristol County, R.I., September 6, 1815. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1844-46; U.S. Collector of Customs, 1849-53; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1859-60; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1860-61; justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1862-64; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1865-69; resigned 1869. Died, of heart disease, in Bristol, Bristol County, R.I., May 7, 1899 (age 83 years, 243 days). Interment at Juniper Hill Cemetery, Bristol, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Nathaniel Bullock (1777-1867) and Ruth (Smith) Bullock (1792-1829); married, September 6, 1840, to Susan Amelia DeWolf (died 1866); married, December 23, 1868, to Emma W. Westcote (1834-1916); great-grandnephew of Stephen Bullock; fourth cousin of Richmond Martin Bullock, Alexander Hamilton Bullock, Benjamin Kimball Bullock and Isaac Bullock.
  Political family: Bullock family of Massachusetts (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also federal judicial profile — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Nathaniel Bullock (1777-1867) — of Bristol, Bristol County, R.I. Born in Rehoboth, Bristol County, Mass., May 1, 1777. Democrat. Lawyer; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1825-26; U.S. Collector of Customs, 1827-36; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1840; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1842-43. Died in Bristol, Bristol County, R.I., November 13, 1867 (age 90 years, 196 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Bullock (1737-1821) and Silence (Bowen) Bullock (1744-1825); married, October 12, 1812, to Ruth Smith (1792-1829); father of Jonathan Russell Bullock; grandnephew of Stephen Bullock; third cousin once removed of Richmond Martin Bullock, Alexander Hamilton Bullock, Benjamin Kimball Bullock and Isaac Bullock; third cousin thrice removed of William Johnson Bullock (1864-1920).
  Political family: Bullock family of Massachusetts (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Clark Burdick (1868-1948) — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., January 13, 1868. Republican. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1906-08; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1912; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1915-16; mayor of Newport, R.I., 1917-18; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 1st District, 1919-33. Episcopalian. Member, Freemasons. Died August 27, 1948 (age 80 years, 227 days). Interment at St. Mary's Episcopal Cemetery, Portsmouth, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of J. Truman Burdick and Emily F. (Sherman) Burdick; married, February 9, 1898, to Elizabeth L. Peckham.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Tristam Burges (1770-1853) — of Rhode Island. Born in Rochester, Plymouth County, Mass., February 26, 1770. Whig. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1811; chief justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1815; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island at-large, 1825-35; candidate for Governor of Rhode Island, 1836. Died in East Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 13, 1853 (age 83 years, 229 days). Interment at North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Great-granduncle of Theodore Francis Green (1867-1966).
  Political family: Arnold family of Providence, Rhode Island (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  David A. Caprio (b. 1967) — of Narragansett, Washington County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 5, 1967. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives 47th District, 2000-02; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 2004, 2008. Still living as of 2008.
  Frank T. Caprio (b. 1966) — of Narragansett, Washington County, R.I.; Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 10, 1966. Democrat. Lawyer; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1988; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1990-94; member of Rhode Island state senate 8th District, 1995-. Still living as of 2001.
  Jeremiah Eaton Cary (1803-1888) — of Cherry Valley, Otsego County, N.Y.; Plainfield, Union County, N.J. Born in Coventry, Kent County, R.I., April 30, 1803. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Representative from New York 21st District, 1843-45. Died in Rockville Centre, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y., 1888 (age about 85 years). Interment at Grace Episcopal Church Cemetery, Plainfield, N.J.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
Norman S. Case Norman Stanley Case (1888-1967) — also known as Norman S. Case — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Narragansett, Washington County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 11, 1888. Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1921-26; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1927-28; Governor of Rhode Island, 1928-33; defeated, 1932; member, Federal Communications Commission, 1934-45. Baptist. Member, Delta Upsilon; Freemasons. Died in Wakefield, South Kingstown, Washington County, R.I., October 9, 1967 (age 78 years, 363 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of John Warren Case and Louise Marea (White) Case; married, June 28, 1916, to Emma Louise Arnold.
  Image source: Rhode Island Manual 1931
  John Lester Hubbard Chafee (1922-1999) — also known as John H. Chafee — of Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 22, 1922. Republican. Served in the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II; served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the Korean conflict; lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1957-63; Governor of Rhode Island, 1963-69; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1976-99; defeated, 1972; died in office 1999. Episcopalian. Member, American Legion. Died, of heart failure, at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Montgomery County, Md., October 24, 1999 (age 77 years, 2 days). Interment a private or family graveyard, Kent County, R.I.; statue at Colt State Park, Bristol, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of John Sharpe Chafee (1896-1984) and Janet Malise 'Jay' (Hunter) Chafee (1897-1977); married to Virginia Coates; father of Lincoln Davenport Chafee; grandnephew of Charles Warren Lippitt and Henry Frederick Lippitt; great-grandson of Henry Lippitt; first cousin seven times removed of William Greene (1695-1758).
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Greene family of Providence, Rhode Island; Baldwin-Greene-Upson-Hoar family of Connecticut; Beakes-Greene-Jennings family of Michigan (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Christopher Elihu Champlin (1860-1915) — also known as Christopher E. Champlin — of New Shoreham, Newport County (now Washington County), R.I. Born in New Shoreham, Newport County (now Washington County), R.I., September 24, 1860. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state senate from New Shoreham, 1901, 1911. Member, Freemasons. Died December 11, 1915 (age 55 years, 78 days). Interment at Island Cemetery, New Shoreham, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of John Pocock Champlin and Lydia M. (Rose) Champlin; married, October 14, 1891, to Joanna Hayes; first cousin four times removed of George Champlin; second cousin thrice removed of Christopher Grant Champlin (1768-1840).
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Livingston-Schuyler family of New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
Lewis S. Chanler Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler (1869-1942) — also known as Lewis S. Chanler — of Barrytown, Dutchess County, N.Y.; Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., September 24, 1869. Democrat. Lawyer; Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1907-08; candidate for Governor of New York, 1908; member of New York state assembly from Dutchess County 2nd District, 1910-12. Died, from heart disease, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., February 28, 1942 (age 72 years, 157 days). Interment at St. Paul's Episcopal Church Cemetery, Glen Cove, Long Island, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of John Winthrop Chanler and Margaret Astor (Ward) Chanler (1838-1875); brother of William Astor Chanler; married, September 24, 1890, to Alice Chamberlain (1869-1955; divorced); married, May 23, 1921, to Julia Lynch (Olin) Benkard (1882-1961); grandnephew of John Jacob Astor III; second great-grandson of John Armstrong, Jr.; second great-grandnephew of Robert R. Livingston (1746-1813), James Armstrong and Edward Livingston; third great-grandson of John Armstrong and Robert R. Livingston (1718-1775); fourth great-grandson of Robert Livingston (1688-1775); fourth great-grandnephew of John Livingston and Gilbert Livingston; fifth great-grandson of Robert Livingston the Elder and Robert Livingston the Younger; fifth great-grandnephew of Johannes Schuyler (1668-1747); sixth great-grandson of Pieter Schuyler (1657-1724); first cousin once removed of William Waldorf Astor; first cousin five times removed of Robert Livingston (1708-1790), Peter Van Brugh Livingston, Robert Gilbert Livingston, Philip Livingston, William Livingston, Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, Robert Van Rensselaer and James Livingston; first cousin six times removed of Johannes Schuyler (1697-1746) and Philip P. Schuyler; first cousin seven times removed of David Davidse Schuyler and Myndert Davidtse Schuyler; second cousin four times removed of Peter Robert Livingston (1737-1794), Walter Livingston, Philip Peter Livingston, Henry Brockholst Livingston, Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr. (1762-1848), Peter Robert Livingston (1766-1847), Jacob Rutsen Van Rensselaer, Philip Jeremiah Schuyler and Maturin Livingston; second cousin five times removed of Stephanus Bayard, Philip John Schuyler, Stephen John Schuyler, Pieter Schuyler (1746-1792) and Peter Samuel Schuyler; third cousin thrice removed of Stephen Van Rensselaer, Philip Schuyler Van Rensselaer, Henry Walter Livingston, Peter Augustus Jay, Rensselaer Westerlo, Edward Philip Livingston, Philip Schuyler, James Alexander Hamilton, Peter Robert Livingston (1789-1859), William Jay, Gerrit Smith, Charles Ludlow Livingston, Hamilton Fish and Elizabeth Cady Stanton; fourth cousin of Robert Reginald Livingston.
  Political families: Livingston-Schuyler family of New York; Clinton-DeWitt-Smoot family of New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: New York Red Book 1907
  Vincent Albert Cianci (1941-2016) — also known as Buddy Cianci — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., April 30, 1941. Republican. Lawyer; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1975-84, 1991-2002; speaker, Republican National Convention, 1976 ; candidate for Governor of Rhode Island, 1980; talk show host. Italian ancestry. Pleaded no contest in 1984 to charges that he beat his estranged wife's lover with a fireplace log. Charged with twelve federal counts of bribery, conspiracy and racketeering; convicted in June, 2002 on two counts. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., January 28, 2016 (age 74 years, 273 days). Interment at St. Ann's Cemetery, Cranston, R.I.
  Campaign slogan (1991): "He never stopped caring about Providence."
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books by Vincent Cianci: Politics and Pasta: How I Prosecuted Mobsters, Rebuilt a Dying City, Dined with Sinatra, Spent Five Years in a Federally Funded Gated Community, and Lived to Tell the Tale (2011)
  Books about Buddy Cianci: Mike Stanton, The Prince of Providence : The True Story of Buddy Cianci, America's Most Notorious Mayor, Some Wiseguys, and the Feds
  David N. Cicilline (b. 1961) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., July 15, 1961. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives 4th District, 1995-2002; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012; mayor of Providence, R.I., 2003-11; member of Democratic National Committee from Rhode Island, 2008. Italian and Jewish ancestry. Gay. Still living as of 2014.
  Relatives: Son of John F. 'Jack' Cicilline and Sabra Cicilline.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  John Henry Clifford (1809-1876) — also known as John H. Clifford — of New Bedford, Bristol County, Mass. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., January 16, 1809. Whig. Lawyer; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives from New Bedford, 1835; Massachusetts state attorney general, 1849-53, 1854-58; Governor of Massachusetts, 1853-54; member of Massachusetts state senate, 1862; president, Boston and Providence Railroad. Died in New Bedford, Bristol County, Mass., January 2, 1876 (age 66 years, 351 days). Interment at Rural Cemetery, New Bedford, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of Benjamin Clifford and Achsah (Wade) Clifford; married, January 16, 1832, to Sarah Parker Allen (1808-1893); father of Walter Clifford (1849-1912).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  LeBaron Bradford Colt (1846-1924) — also known as LeBaron B. Colt — of Bristol, Bristol County, R.I. Born in Dedham, Norfolk County, Mass., June 25, 1846. Republican. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1879-81; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1881-84; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit, 1884-1913; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1913-24; died in office 1924. Died in Bristol, Bristol County, R.I., August 18, 1924 (age 78 years, 54 days). Interment at Juniper Hill Cemetery, Bristol, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Christopher Colt and Theodora G. (DeWolf) Colt; married, December 17, 1873, to Mary Louise Ledyard; great-grandnephew of James De Wolf (1764-1837); second great-grandson of William Bradford.
  Political family: Bradford-DeWolf-Butler-Perry family of Bristol, Rhode Island (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Francis Bernard Condon (1891-1965) — also known as Francis B. Condon — of Central Falls, Providence County, R.I. Born in Central Falls, Providence County, R.I., November 11, 1891. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1921-26; candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1928; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island, 1930-35 (3rd District 1930-33, 1st District 1933-35); justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1935. Catholic. Member, American Bar Association; American Legion. Died in Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., November 23, 1965 (age 74 years, 12 days). Interment at Mt. St. Mary's Cemetery, East Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Denis Gerald Condon and Rose (Collette) Condon; married, September 29, 1926, to Lillian F. Jordan.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
James G. Connolly James Greenan Connolly (b. 1886) — also known as James G. Connolly — of Pawtucket, Providence County, R.I. Born in River Point, West Warwick, Kent County, R.I., March 28, 1886. Republican. Lawyer; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1920; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1929-33. Interment at St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, R.I.
  Image source: Rhode Island Manual 1931
  John Augustin Coulthurst (b. 1871) — also known as John A. Coulthurst — of Roslindale, Boston, Suffolk County, Mass. Born in Pawtucket, Providence County, R.I., June 24, 1871. Lawyer; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1902-05; secretary of Massachusetts Democratic Party, 1906-07; candidate for mayor of Boston, Mass., 1907 (Democratic primary), 1907 (Independence League). Catholic. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Matthew Coulthurst and Mary Elizabeth (Berry) Coulthurst.
  Joseph Aloysius Doorley, Jr. (b. 1930) — also known as Joseph A. Doorley, Jr. — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 12, 1930. Democrat. School teacher; lawyer; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1964; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1965-75. Irish ancestry. Still living as of 2012.
  Relatives: Son of Joseph Aloysius Doorley, Sr. and Nora (Cannon) Doorley.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Stephen A. Fanning (1907-1983) — of Valley Falls, Cumberland, Providence County, R.I.; Saunderstown, Narragansett, Washington County, R.I. Born in Cumberland, Providence County, R.I., April 18, 1907. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island Democratic State Committee, 1938-48; Rhode Island Democratic state chair, 1947-49; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1948. Catholic. Member, Gamma Eta Gamma; Knights of Columbus; Elks. Died in 1983 (age about 76 years). Burial location unknown.
Henry P. Fletcher Henry Prather Fletcher (1873-1959) — also known as Henry P. Fletcher — of Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pa.; Greencastle, Franklin County, Pa.; Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Greencastle, Franklin County, Pa., April 10, 1873. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War; lawyer; U.S. Minister to Chile, 1909-14; Luxembourg, 1923-24; U.S. Ambassador to Chile, 1914-16; Mexico, 1916-19; Belgium, 1922-24; Italy, 1924-29; Chairman of Republican National Committee, 1934-36; delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1936 (speaker); delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1940; member, Arrangements Committee, 1940; member, Resolutions Committee, 1940; Parliamentarian, 1952. Presbyterian. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., July 10, 1959 (age 86 years, 91 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Lewis Henry Clay Fletcher (1839-1927) and Martha Ellen (Rowe) Fletcher (1840-1896); married, July 25, 1917, to Beatrice Bend (1873-1941); fourth cousin once removed of William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901).
  Political family: McKinley-Osborne-Fletcher-Allison family of Ohio.
  See also Wikipedia article — U.S. State Dept career summary — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Official Report of the 21st Republican National Convention (1936)
  Theodore Foster (1752-1828) — of Rhode Island. Born in Brookfield, Worcester County, Mass., April 29, 1752. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1776, 1812-16; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1790-1803. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., January 13, 1828 (age 75 years, 259 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Brother of Dwight Foster (1757-1823); uncle of Alfred Dwight Foster; granduncle of Dwight Foster (1828-1884).
  Political family: Foster-Baldwin family of Brookfield, Massachusetts (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  The town of Foster, Rhode Island, is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article
  Gordon D. Fox — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Democrat. Lawyer; nightclub owner; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives 4th District, 1993-; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 2010-; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 2004; member, Platform Committee, 2008. Irish and Cape Verdean ancestry. Gay. Still living as of 2012.
  Alphonse Gaulin (1874-1937) — of Woonsocket, Providence County, R.I. Born in Woonsocket, Providence County, R.I., May 24, 1874. Republican. Lawyer; mayor of Woonsocket, R.I., 1902-05; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1904; U.S. Consul in Le Havre, 1905-09; U.S. Consul General in Marseille, 1909-21; Rio de Janeiro, 1921-26; Paris, 1926-29. Died, from an intestinal hemorrhage and heart disease, in St. Vincent's Hospital, Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., March 6, 1937 (age 62 years, 286 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Alphonse Gaulin (1845-1923) and Marcoux (Elmire) Gaulin; married, September 12, 1905, to Marguerite H. Steele.
  Elbridge Thomas Gerry (1837-1927) — of Newport, Newport County, R.I.; Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., December 25, 1837. Lawyer; delegate to New York state constitutional convention, 1867; founder and president, New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (said to be the "parent of all child protective organizations in the world"); governor of New York Hospital, 1878-1912; chairman, New York State Commission on Capital Punishment (replaced hanging with the electric chair), 1886-88; trustee, New York Life Insurance Co.; chairman, New York City Commission on Insanity, 1892. Member, Sons of the Revolution. Broke his hip in a fall, and died two weeks later, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., February 18, 1927 (age 89 years, 55 days). Entombed at St. James' Churchyard, Hyde Park, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Russell Gerry (1794-1845) and Hannah Green (Goelet) Gerry (1804-1845); married 1867 to Louisa Matilda Livingston (1836-1920; great-granddaughter of Morgan Lewis); father of Peter Goelet Gerry (1879-1957); grandson of Elbridge Gerry; first cousin once removed of Robert Walton Goelet.
  Political family: Gerry family (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Peter Goelet Gerry (1879-1957) — also known as Peter G. Gerry — of Newport, Newport County, R.I.; Warwick, Kent County, R.I.; Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., September 18, 1879. Democrat. Lawyer; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1912 (member, Committee to Notify Presidential Nominee), 1916 (member, Committee to Notify Presidential Nominee), 1932; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1913-15; defeated, 1914; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1917-29, 1935-47; defeated, 1928, 1930; member of Democratic National Committee from Rhode Island, 1932-36. Episcopalian. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 31, 1957 (age 78 years, 43 days). Interment at St. James' Churchyard, Hyde Park, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Elbridge Thomas Gerry and Louisa Matilda (Livingston) Gerry; married, May 26, 1910, to Mathilde Townsend (divorced 1925; who later married Benjamin Sumner Welles); married, October 22, 1925, to Edith Stuyvesant (Dresser) Vanderbilt (1873-1958); great-grandson of Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814); second cousin of Robert Walton Goelet; second cousin once removed of Peter Goelet.
  Political family: Gerry family (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Thomas J. Grady (b. 1877) — of Boston, Suffolk County, Mass. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., December 16, 1877. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives Sixth Suffolk District, 1905; member of Massachusetts Governor's Council 4th District, 1906. Burial location unknown.
  Daniel Larned Davis Granger (1852-1909) — also known as Daniel L. D. Granger — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 30, 1852. Democrat. Lawyer; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1901-03; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 1st District, 1903-09; died in office 1909. Died in Washington, D.C., February 14, 1909 (age 56 years, 260 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
John Clinton Gray John Clinton Gray (1843-1915) — of New York, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., December 4, 1843. Democrat. Lawyer; judge of New York Court of Appeals, 1888-1913; appointed 1888. Episcopalian. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., June 28, 1915 (age 71 years, 206 days). Interment at Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Susan Maria (Zabriskie) Gray (1814-1904) and John Alexander Clinton Gray (1815-1898); married, April 18, 1871, to Henrietta Pauline Gunther (1848-1883); married, March 24, 1890, to Grace Townsend (1846-1930); father of Edith Romeyn Gray (1883-1964; who married Robert Stockwell Reynolds Hitt (1876-1938)); grandson of George Zabriskie.
  Political family: Hitt-Gray family of Mt. Morris, Illinois.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: Library of Congress
  Theodore Francis Green (1867-1966) — also known as Theodore F. Green — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 2, 1867. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1907-08; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1912 (alternate), 1916 (Honorary Vice-President), 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944 (member, Platform and Resolutions Committee; member, Committee to Notify Presidential Nominee; speaker), 1948, 1952, 1960; Presidential Elector for Rhode Island, 1912; candidate for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island, 1918; Governor of Rhode Island, 1933-37; defeated, 1912, 1928, 1930; member of Democratic National Committee from Rhode Island, 1936-40; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1937-61. Baptist. Member, American Arbitration Association; Psi Upsilon; Phi Beta Kappa; Society of the Cincinnati; American Bar Association. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 19, 1966 (age 98 years, 229 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Arnold Green and Cornelia Abby (Burges) Green; grandnephew of Samuel Greene Arnold; great-grandson of James Burrill, Jr.; great-grandnephew of Tristam Burges and Lemuel Hastings Arnold; second great-grandson of Jonathan Arnold (1741-1793).
  Political families: Sargent-Arnold-Pike-Davis family of New Hampshire; Arnold family of Providence, Rhode Island (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Cross-reference: John A. Notte, Jr.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  William Bates Greenough (1866-1956) — also known as William B. Greenough — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Westfield, Hampden County, Mass., November 22, 1866. Republican. Lawyer; Rhode Island state attorney general, 1905-12; Presidential Elector for Rhode Island, 1916; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1924. Member, American Bar Association; Chi Phi; Society of Colonial Wars; Sons of the American Revolution. Died November 17, 1956 (age 89 years, 361 days). Interment at Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of James Carruthers Greenough and Jeanie Ashley (Bates) Greenough; married, September 27, 1893, to Eliza S. Clark.
  Joseph Jerome Hahn (b. 1868) — also known as J. Jerome Hahn — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Albany, Albany County, N.Y., August 20, 1868. Lawyer; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1919-30; justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1930-38. Jewish. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Isaac Hahn and Rose (Stern) Hahn; married, March 16, 1911, to Katherine L. Marr.
  John Patrick Hartigan (1887-1968) — also known as John P. Hartigan — of Edgewood, Cranston, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., December 29, 1887. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; Rhode Island state attorney general, 1933-39; defeated, 1930, 1938; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1936; Rhode Island Democratic state chair, 1939; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1940-51; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit, 1951-65. Catholic. Member, American Bar Association; American Legion; Elks. Died August 10, 1968 (age 80 years, 225 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of John J. Hartigan and Ellen (Smith) Hartigan; married, October 25, 1920, to Alice F. Carroll.
  Benjamin Hazard (1770-1841) — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Middletown, Newport County, R.I., September 18, 1770. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1809-40; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1816-18. Episcopalian. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., March 10, 1841 (age 70 years, 173 days). Interment at Island Cemetery, Newport, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Hazard (1738-1820) and Mary (Easton) Hazard (1743-1794); married to Harriet Lyman (1784-1875).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Felix Hébert (1874-1969) — of West Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born near St. Hyacinthe, Quebec of American parents, December 11, 1874. Republican. Lawyer; district judge in Rhode Island, 1909-28; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1929-35; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1932; member of Republican National Committee from Rhode Island, 1944-52. Catholic. Died in Warwick, Kent County, R.I., December 14, 1969 (age 95 years, 3 days). Interment at St. Joseph's Cemetery, West Warwick, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Edward Hébert and Catherine (Vandale) Hébert; married, September 18, 1900, to Virginia Provost.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Samuel Robertson Honey (1842-1927) — also known as Samuel R. Honey — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Peckham, Surrey, England, June 14, 1842. Democrat. Colonel in the Union Army during the Civil War; lawyer; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1887-88; member of Democratic National Committee from Rhode Island, 1888-96; mayor of Newport, R.I., 1892; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1892, 1904; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1893-94. Member, Freemasons. Died in London, England, February 17, 1927 (age 84 years, 248 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William Honey and Sarah Waynman (Robertson) Honey; married to Mary Jones Edwards (1847-1900); married, February 21, 1906, to Frances Hunter 'Fanny' Arkless; father of Robertson Honey and Mary Honey (1872-1941; who married Josiah Quincy (1859-1919)).
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Morris-Ingersoll family of New York and Connecticut; Sewall-Adams-Cony family of Maine; Saltonstall-Davis-Frelinghuysen-Appleton family of Massachusetts (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Samuel Whaley Hopkins (1845-1923) — also known as Samuel W. Hopkins — of Coventry, Tolland County, Conn.; Mt. Pleasant, Isabella County, Mich. Born in Exeter, Washington County, R.I., April 1, 1845. School teacher; lawyer; real estate developer; Isabella County Prosecuting Attorney, 1875-76; member of Michigan state house of representatives from Isabella District, 1877-80; candidate for village president of Mt. Pleasant, Michigan, 1877; chair of Isabella County Republican Party, 1878-84; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1884; president, Mount Pleasant Sugar Company; member of Michigan state senate 25th District, 1893-94; defeated, 1898 (Democratic), 1914 (Progressive). Unitarian. English ancestry. Died in Mt. Pleasant, Isabella County, Mich., August 20, 1923 (age 78 years, 141 days). Interment at Riverside Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Hopkins (1803-1875) and Freelove Burlingame (Arnold) Hopkins (1807-1888); married, December 10, 1873, to Margaretta Vedder.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Louis V. Jackvony (b. 1892) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born January 25, 1892. Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1921-22; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1936; Rhode Island state attorney general, 1939-40; member of Rhode Island Republican State Central Committee, 1948. Member, American Legion. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Antonio Jackvony and Carmela (Grieco) Jackvony; married, February 7, 1921, to Clotilde Zambarano.
  Eugene Louis Jalbert (b. 1885) — also known as Eugene L. Jalbert — of Woonsocket, Providence County, R.I. Born in Arctic, West Warwick, Kent County, R.I., April 20, 1885. Republican. Lawyer; general counsel, Woonsocket Spinning Co., Verdun Manufacturing Co. (textile mill), Lafayette Worsted Spinning Co.; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1936. Catholic. Member, American Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Joseph Jalbert and Julie (Danis) Jalbert; married, November 28, 1912, to Nathalie H. Moreau.
  Ambrose Kennedy (1875-1967) — of Woonsocket, Providence County, R.I. Born in Blackstone, Worcester County, Mass., December 1, 1875. Republican. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1911-13; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1912-13; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 3rd District, 1913-23; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1932. Died March 10, 1967 (age 91 years, 99 days). Interment at St. Paul's Cemetery, Blackstone, Mass.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Ira Lloyd Letts (b. 1889) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Saunderstown, Narragansett, Washington County, R.I. Born in Cortland County, N.Y., May 29, 1889. Republican. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1927-35; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1936; candidate for U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1942. Congregationalist. Member, Delta Kappa Epsilon. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of George Judson Letts and Emma (Slater) Letts; married, December 29, 1917, to Madeline Houghton Greene; father of Houghton Letts (died 1944; U.S. Marine Corps).
  Frank Licht (1916-1987) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., March 3, 1916. Law clerk for U.S. Court of Appeals Judge John C. Mahoney, 1942-43; lawyer; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1949-56; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1956-68; Governor of Rhode Island, 1969-73. Jewish. Member, Freemasons; Phi Beta Kappa; Delta Sigma Rho; American Bar Association. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 30, 1987 (age 71 years, 88 days). Interment at Lincoln Park Cemetery, Warwick, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Jacob Licht and Rose (Kassed) Licht; married, June 16, 1946, to Dorothy Shirley Krauss; uncle of Richard A. Licht (1948-).
  Epitaph: "Beloved husband and father."
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  John J. Lombardi (b. 1952) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born April 30, 1952. Democrat. Lawyer; mayor of Providence, R.I., 2002-03; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives 8th District, 2013-. Still living as of 2017.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Ronald K. Machtley (b. 1948) — of Rhode Island. Born in Johnstown, Cambria County, Pa., July 13, 1948. Republican. Lawyer; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 1st District, 1989-95; candidate for Governor of Rhode Island, 1994. Presbyterian. Member, American Bar Association. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  John Christopher Mahoney (1882-1952) — also known as John C. Mahoney — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Cork, Ireland, December 19, 1882. Democrat. Lawyer; alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1924; U.S. District Judge for Rhode Island, 1935-40; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit, 1940-50; took senior status 1950. Irish ancestry. Member, American Bar Association. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 18, 1952 (age 69 years, 335 days). Burial location unknown.
  Cross-reference: Frank Licht — Mark Dalton
  See also federal judicial profile
Horace Mann Horace Mann (1796-1859) — also known as "The Father of American Public Education" — of Dedham, Norfolk County, Mass.; Boston, Suffolk County, Mass. Born in Franklin, Norfolk County, Mass., May 4, 1796. Lawyer; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1827-33; member of Massachusetts state senate, 1833-37; secretary, Massachusetts Board of Education, 1837-48; founder and editor of The Common School Journal; became a national leader in improving and reforming public schools; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 8th District, 1848-53; Free Soil candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, 1852; president and professor at Antioch College, 1852-59. Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900. Died in Yellow Springs, Greene County, Ohio, August 2, 1859 (age 63 years, 90 days). Original interment somewhere in Yellow Springs, Ohio; reinterment at North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.; statue at State House Grounds, Boston, Mass.
  Relatives: Married 1830 to Charlotte Messer (1809-1832); married, May 1, 1843, to Mary Tyler Peabody (1806-1887; sister-in-law of Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)).
  Political families: Roosevelt family; Deming family of Maryland and New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Image source: U.S. postage stamp (1940)
  James Howard McGrath (1903-1966) — also known as J. Howard McGrath — of Central Falls, Providence County, R.I.; Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Narragansett, Washington County, R.I.; South Kingstown, Washington County, R.I. Born in Woonsocket, Providence County, R.I., November 28, 1903. Democrat. Lawyer; real estate and insurance business; vice-chair of Rhode Island Democratic Party, 1928-30; Rhode Island Democratic state chair, 1930-34; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1932, 1936, 1944 (chair, Committee on Permanent Organization; member, Committee to Notify Vice-Presidential Nominee; speaker), 1948 (speaker), 1952, 1960, 1964; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1934-40; Governor of Rhode Island, 1941-45; resigned 1945; U.S. Solicitor General, 1945-46; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1947-49; defeated in primary, 1960; Chairman of Democratic National Committee, 1947-49; U.S. Attorney General, 1949-52. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; Grange; Friendly Sons of St. Patrick; Knights of Columbus; Ancient Order of Hibernians; Elks; Moose; Eagles; Kiwanis; Urban League; American Judicature Society; Foresters; Royal Arcanum. Died, apparently of a heart attack, in Narragansett, Washington County, R.I., September 2, 1966 (age 62 years, 278 days). Interment at St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of James J. McGrath and Ida (May) McGrath; married, November 28, 1929, to Estelle A. Cadorette (daughter of Joseph Cadorette (1893?-1934)).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Edwin Daniel McGuiness (1856-1901) — also known as Edwin D. McGuiness — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 17, 1856. Democrat. Lawyer; secretary of state of Rhode Island, 1887-88, 1890-91; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1896-98; defeated, 1893. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., April 21, 1901 (age 44 years, 339 days). Interment at St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Mary (Higgins) McGuiness (1825-1895) and Bernard McGuiness (1833-1902); married, November 22, 1881, to Ellen Theresa Noonan (1856-1926).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  John Sammon McKiernan (1911-1997) — also known as John S. McKiernan — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 15, 1911. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1947-50, 1951-56; Governor of Rhode Island, 1950-51; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1956-; appointed 1956. Catholic. Member, Amvets; American Legion; Knights of Columbus. Died, in Kent County Memorial Hospital, Warwick, Kent County, R.I., March 9, 1997 (age 85 years, 145 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of John Francis McKiernan and Loretta (Mulvey) McKiernan.
  See also NNDB dossier
  Augustus Samuel Miller (1847-1905) — also known as Augustus S. Miller — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Plainfield, Windham County, Conn., August 13, 1847. Democrat. Lawyer; Speaker of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives, 1889-91; mayor of Providence, R.I., 1903-05; died in office 1905. Died, from heart disease, in Providence, Providence County, R.I., September 26, 1905 (age 58 years, 44 days). Interment at North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Simon Williams Miller (1811-1875) and Ann (Lawton) Miller (1815-1865); married to Elizabeth LeMoine Davis (1852-1932).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  George William Miller (1925-2006) — also known as G. William Miller — Born in Sapulpa, Creek County, Okla., March 9, 1925. Lawyer; chairman of Federal Reserve, 1978-79; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1979-81. Died, from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, March 17, 2006 (age 81 years, 8 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married to Ariadna Rogojarsky.
  See also Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  Ogden Livingston Mills (1884-1937) — also known as Ogden L. Mills — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., August 23, 1884. Republican. Lawyer; delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1912, 1916, 1920 (member, Resolutions Committee), 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936; member of New York state senate 17th District, 1915-17; resigned 1917; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; U.S. Representative from New York 17th District, 1921-27; defeated, 1912; candidate for Governor of New York, 1926; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1932-33. Member, Civitan. Died, from a heart attack, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., October 11, 1937 (age 53 years, 49 days). Interment at St. James Churchyard, Staatsburg, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Ogden Mills and Ruth (Livingston) Mills; married 1911 to Margaret S. Rutherfurd (divorced 1920); married 1924 to Dorothy (Randolph) Fell; nephew of Elizabeth Mills (who married Whitelaw Reid); fourth great-grandson of Robert R. Livingston (1746-1813).
  Political families: Livingston-Schuyler family of New York; Reid-Mills family of New York City, New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
Cornelius C. Moore Cornelius Curran Moore (1884-1970) — also known as Cornelius C. Moore — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., December 27, 1884. Democrat. Lawyer; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1936, 1940, 1944 (member, Platform and Resolutions Committee); president, Newport National Bank, 1950-61. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; Ancient Order of Hibernians; Knights of Columbus; Phi Alpha Delta; Elks. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., August 11, 1970 (age 85 years, 227 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of John Joseph Moore and Katherine Mary Moore.
  Image source: Newport Daily News, August 11, 1970
  Edward de Veaux Morrell (1862-1917) — of Torresdale, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., August 7, 1862. Republican. Lawyer; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 5th District, 1900-07. Died in 1917 (age about 54 years). Interment a private or family graveyard, Philadelphia County, Pa.
  Relatives: Married 1889 to Louise Bouvier Drexel.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Thomas Henry Needham (1922-2000) — also known as Thomas H. Needham — of Edgewood, Cranston, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 30, 1922. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; lawyer; candidate for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1956; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1960; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1972; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1974-2000. Member, Military Order of the World Wars. Judge in the 1982 murder trial of Claus von Bulow. Died in Edgewood, Cranston, Providence County, R.I., March 26, 2000 (age 77 years, 270 days). Interment at St. Ann's Cemetery, Cranston, R.I.
  Stanford Newel (1839-1907) — of St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minn. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 7, 1839. Republican. Lawyer; delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1884, 1892; U.S. Minister to Netherlands, 1897-1905; Luxembourg, 1903-05. Died in 1907 (age about 68 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Stanford Newel and Abby Lee (Penniman) Newel; married 1880 to Helen F. Fiedler.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  John Anthony Notte, Jr. (1909-1983) — also known as John A. Notte, Jr. — of North Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 3, 1909. Democrat. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; secretary to U.S. Senator Theodore F. Green, 1947-56; secretary of state of Rhode Island, 1957-59; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1959-61; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1960; Governor of Rhode Island, 1961-63; defeated, 1962; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1967. Member, Elks; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Bar Association; Alpha Phi Delta. Died March 7, 1983 (age 73 years, 308 days). Interment at St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of John Anthony Notte and Eva Theresa (Rondina) Notte; married 1934 to Marie Joan Huerth.
  See also NNDB dossier
  George Francis O'Shaunessy (1868-1934) — also known as George F. O'Shaunessy — of New York, New York County, N.Y.; Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Galway, Ireland, May 1, 1868. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1909; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 1st District, 1911-19; defeated, 1922; candidate for U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1918. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 28, 1934 (age 66 years, 211 days). Interment at St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Stephen O'Shaunessy and Margaret (Flynn) O'Shaunessy; married, June 24, 1902, to Julien M. Keily.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Thomas J. Paolino (1905-1987) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; North Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., December 4, 1905. Republican. Lawyer; delegate to Republican National Convention from Rhode Island, 1940, 1944; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1940. Catholic. Member, Knights of Columbus. Died in April, 1987 (age 81 years, 0 days). Burial location unknown.
  John Orlando Pastore (1907-2000) — also known as John O. Pastore — of Providence, Providence County, R.I.; Cranston, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., March 17, 1907. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1935-37; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1945; Governor of Rhode Island, 1945-50; resigned 1950; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1948 (chair, Committee on Permanent Organization), 1952, 1960, 1964 (Temporary Chair); U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1950-76. Italian ancestry. Died, of kidney failure and Parkinson's disease, in Scalabrini Villa nursing home, North Kingstown, Washington County, R.I., July 15, 2000 (age 93 years, 120 days). Interment at St. Ann's Cemetery, Cranston, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Michele Pastore and Erminia (Asprinio) Pastore; married, July 12, 1941, to Elena Elizabeth Caito.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Dutee Jerauld Pearce (1789-1849) — also known as Dutee J. Pearce — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Prudence, Portsmouth, Newport County, R.I., April 3, 1789. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1810; Rhode Island state attorney general, 1819-25; Presidential Elector for Rhode Island, 1820; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1824-25; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island at-large, 1825-37; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1840. Member, Phi Beta Kappa. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., May 9, 1849 (age 60 years, 36 days). Interment at Common Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Samuel Pearce (1752-1827) and Hannah (Jerrauld) Pearce (1753-1801); married to Abigail Perry (1793-1827) and Harriet Boss (1797-1887).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Fred Bartlett Perkins (1897-1969) — of West Barrington, Barrington, Bristol County, R.I. Born in Burrillville, Providence County, R.I., February 16, 1897. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; lawyer; member of Rhode Island Republican State Central Committee, 1946-50; justice of Rhode Island state supreme court, 1952-60. Universalist. Member, American Bar Association; Phi Beta Kappa; Delta Sigma Rho; Delta Upsilon. Died in 1969 (age about 72 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Fred William Perkins and Sophia Louise (Bartlett) Perkins.
  Emery Davis Potter (1804-1896) — also known as Emery D. Potter — of Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 7, 1804. Democrat. Lawyer; common pleas court judge in Ohio, 1834-43; postmaster at Toledo, Ohio, 1836-39; U.S. Representative from Ohio 5th District, 1843-45, 1849-51; mayor of Toledo, Ohio, 1846-49; member of Ohio state house of representatives, 1848-50; justice of Utah territorial supreme court, 1857; member of Ohio state senate, 1874-76. Died in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio, February 12, 1896 (age 91 years, 128 days). Interment at Forest Cemetery, Toledo, Ohio.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Patrick Henry Quinn (b. 1869) — also known as Patrick H. Quinn — of West Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born in Phenix, West Warwick, Kent County, R.I., December 16, 1869. Democrat. Lawyer; treasurer, Warwick Lace Works and Bancroft Lace Co.; president, Phenix Lace Mills; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1916, 1920, 1924 (member, Platform and Resolutions Committee), 1928, 1932, 1936; candidate for Governor of Rhode Island, 1914; member of Democratic National Committee from Rhode Island, 1916-32. Member, American Bar Association; American Judicature Society. Burial location unknown.
  Presumably named for: Patrick Henry
  Relatives: Son of Peter Quinn and Margaret (Callaghan) Quinn; married, July 22, 1909, to Margaret M. Conners.
  Robert Emmet Quinn (1894-1975) — also known as Robert E. Quinn — of West Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Born in Phenix, West Warwick, Kent County, R.I., April 2, 1894. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1923-25, 1929-33; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1928 (alternate), 1940; Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, 1933-37; Governor of Rhode Island, 1937-39; defeated, 1938; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1941-48. Catholic. Member, American Bar Association; Phi Kappa. Died May 20, 1975 (age 81 years, 48 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Charles Quinn and Mary Ann (McCabe) Quinn; married, August 3, 1923, to Mary Carter.
  Gina Marie Raimondo (b. 1971) — also known as Gina Raimondo — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Smithfield, Providence County, R.I., May 17, 1971. Democrat. Rhodes scholar; lawyer; Rhode Island general treasurer, 2011-15; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 2012; Governor of Rhode Island, 2015-. Female. Member, Council on Foreign Relations. First woman to be Governor of Rhode Island. Still living as of 2020.
  Relatives: Daughter of Joseph Raimondo and Josephine (Piro) Raimondo; married, November 1, 2001, to Andrew Moffit.
  See also Wikipedia article
  John Francis Reed (b. 1949) — also known as Jack Reed — of Jamestown, Newport County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 12, 1949. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state senate, 1985-90; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1991-97; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 1997-. Catholic. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Frederic Moseley Sackett, Jr. (1868-1941) — of Louisville, Jefferson County, Ky. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., December 17, 1868. Republican. Lawyer; president, Louisville Gas Co. and Louisville Lighting Co., 1907-12; president, Pioneer Coal Co. and Black Star Coal Co.;; U.S. Senator from Kentucky, 1925-30; delegate to Republican National Convention from Kentucky, 1928 (chair, Committee on Permanent Organization); U.S. Ambassador to Germany, 1930-33. Unitarian. Died in Baltimore, Md., May 18, 1941 (age 72 years, 152 days). Interment at Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Ky.
  Relatives: Son of Frederic Moseley Sackett (1840-1913) and Emma Louisa (Paine) Sackett (1842-1922); married, April 12, 1898, to Olive Speed (1869-1948; fourth great-granddaughter of Joshua Fry (1699-1754)).
  Political families: Marshall-Harrison-Randolph-Cabell family of Virginia; Bullitt-Fry-Henry family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — U.S. State Dept career summary — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Frederick Sackett: Bernard V. Burke, Ambassador Frederick Sackett and the Collapse of the Weimar Republic, 1930-1933
  Fernand Joseph St. Germain (1928-2014) — also known as Fernand J. St. Germain — of Woonsocket, Providence County, R.I. Born in Blackstone, Worcester County, Mass., January 9, 1928. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1952-60; delegate to Rhode Island state constitutional convention, 1955; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 1st District, 1961-89; defeated, 1988; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1964. French Canadian ancestry. Member, American Legion; American Bar Association; Elks. Died in Newport, Newport County, R.I., August 16, 2014 (age 86 years, 219 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Andrew Joseph St. Germain and Pearl (Talaby) St. Germain; married, August 29, 1953, to Rachel O'Neill.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  George Corlis Sherman (1799-1863) — also known as George C. Sherman — of Watertown, Jefferson County, N.Y. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., December 14, 1799. Lawyer; member of New York state senate 5th District, 1844-45. Died in Watertown, Jefferson County, N.Y., April 23, 1863 (age 63 years, 130 days). Interment at Brookside Cemetery, Watertown, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Phineas Sherman (1773-1813) and Emma (Thornton) Sherman (1773-1847); married, January 3, 1828, to Mary Ann Hubbard (1806-1892); father of Sarah Maria Sherman (1840-1915; who married Frederick Lansing (1838-1894)).
  Political family: Lansing family of New York (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Benjamin Douglas Silliman (1805-1901) — also known as Benjamin D. Silliman — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., September 14, 1805. Lawyer; member of New York state assembly from Kings County, 1838; delegate to Whig National Convention from New York, 1839 (speaker); Whig candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 2nd District, 1843; U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, 1865-66; delegate to New York state constitutional convention, 1872; Republican candidate for New York state attorney general, 1873. At the time of his death, he was the oldest practicing lawyer in New York State, and the oldest graduate of Yale University. Died, from bronchial pneumonia, in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., January 24, 1901 (age 95 years, 132 days). Interment at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Gold Selleck Silliman and Hepsa (Ely) Silliman (1779-1864); nephew of Benjamin Silliman; second cousin once removed of Joseph Silliman (1756-1829); third cousin of Joseph Silliman (1786?-1850); third cousin once removed of Abraham Davenport and Joseph Fitch Silliman; third cousin twice removed of Dwight Arthur Silliman and Judson Franklin Selleck (1871-1943); fourth cousin of Thaddeus Betts and Jonathan Stratton; fourth cousin once removed of Joseph Pomeroy Root.
  Political family: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Gold Selleck Silliman (1777-1868) — also known as Gold S. Silliman — of Newport, Newport County, R.I.; Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Conn., October 26, 1777. Whig. Lawyer; postmaster at Brooklyn, N.Y., 1849-53. Christian Reformed. Died in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., June 3, 1868 (age 90 years, 221 days). Interment at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Gold Selleck Silliman (1732-1790) and Mary (Fish) Silliman (1736-1818); brother of Benjamin Silliman; married to Hepsa Ely (1779-1864); father of Benjamin Douglas Silliman; second cousin of Joseph Silliman (1756-1829); second cousin once removed of Joseph Silliman (1786?-1850); second cousin twice removed of Joseph Fitch Silliman; second cousin thrice removed of Dwight Arthur Silliman and Judson Franklin Selleck; third cousin of Abraham Davenport; third cousin once removed of Thaddeus Betts and Jonathan Stratton; third cousin twice removed of Joseph Pomeroy Root; third cousin thrice removed of Anson Foster Keeler; fourth cousin once removed of James Kilbourne, Elisha Phelps (1779-1847), Sturges Selleck and Alvan Kidder.
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Floyd-Woodbridge-Edwards family of New York; Pendleton family of Connecticut (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  James E. Smith (d. 1935) — also known as "The Stormy Petrel" — of Manhattan, New York County, N.Y. Born in Phenix, West Warwick, Kent County, R.I. Lawyer; member of New York state assembly from New York County 15th District, 1899-1902; assistant district attorney, New York County, 1910-22. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Member, Knights of Columbus. Died, from pneumonia, in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., March 18, 1935. Interment at Holy Rood Cemetery, Westbury, Long Island, N.Y.
  Relatives: Son of Edward Smith and Bridget (Moynihan) Smith; married to Sarah Quinn (daughter of John Quinn (1839-1903)).
  Mortimer Aloysius Sullivan (b. 1880) — also known as Mortimer A. Sullivan — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Newport, Newport County, R.I., January 2, 1880. Democrat. Lawyer; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 1916 (member, Committee to Notify Vice-Presidential Nominee), 1924, 1928; mayor of Newport, R.I., 1931. Irish ancestry. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Timothy C. Sullivan and Margaret (Blake) Sullivan.
  William Nelson Taft (1847-1889) — also known as William N. Taft — of Charleston, Charleston County, S.C. Born in Smithfield, Providence County, R.I., 1847. Republican. Served in the Union Army during the Civil War; lawyer; postmaster at Charleston, S.C., 1881-85; delegate to Republican National Convention from South Carolina, 1884. Died in 1889 (age about 42 years). Interment at Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C.
  Relatives: Son of Nathan Taft (1814-1897) and Harriet Taft (1817-1881); married, August 2, 1881, to Mary Richardson Moses; third cousin twice removed of Peter Rawson Taft (1785-1867) and Celora Martin Stoddard; fourth cousin once removed of Alphonso Taft and John Milton Thayer.
  Political families: Kellogg-Seymour-Chapin-Adams family of Connecticut and New York; Greene family of Providence, Rhode Island; Davis family; Adams-Rusling family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Willard Brooks Tanner (1858-1946) — also known as Willard B. Tanner — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Blackstone, Worcester County, Mass., August 24, 1858. Republican. Lawyer; Rhode Island state attorney general, 1897-1902; superior court judge in Rhode Island, 1905-29. Died, in Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 21, 1946 (age 87 years, 270 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Oscar A. Tanner and Agnes E. (Brooks) Tanner; married, October 12, 1886, to Annie Tingley Dunlop.
  Angel Taveras (b. 1970) — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., August 18, 1970. Democrat. Lawyer; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 2000; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 2004; member, Credentials Committee, 2012; mayor of Providence, R.I., 2011-15; candidate in primary for Governor of Rhode Island, 2014. Dominican ancestry. Still living as of 2015.
  See also Wikipedia article — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Robert Owens Tiernan (1929-2014) — also known as Robert O. Tiernan — of Rhode Island. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., February 24, 1929. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1960-67; U.S. Representative from Rhode Island 2nd District, 1967-75. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 15, 2014 (age 85 years, 233 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  George Francis Troy (b. 1876) — also known as George F. Troy — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., May 8, 1876. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Rhode Island state house of representatives, 1907-08; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1940-52. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Timothy Troy and Isabella (Goodwin) Troy; married, July 20, 1908, to Alice L. Wallace.
Henry Wheaton Henry Wheaton (1785-1848) — of New York, New York County, N.Y. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., November 27, 1785. Lawyer; member of New York state assembly from New York County, 1824; U.S. Charge d'Affaires to Denmark, 1827-35; Prussia, 1835-37; U.S. Minister to Prussia, 1837-46. Died March 11, 1848 (age 62 years, 105 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Image source: U.S. State Department
  Sheldon Whitehouse (b. 1955) — of Newport, Newport County, R.I. Born in Manhattan, New York County, N.Y., October 20, 1955. Democrat. Lawyer; clerk for Judge Richard Neely, 1982-83; executive counsel and director of policy for Gov. Bruce Sundlun, 1991-92; director, Rhode Island Department of Business Regulation, 1992-94; U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island, 1994-98; Rhode Island state attorney general, 1999-2003; candidate in primary for Governor of Rhode Island, 2002; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, 2007-; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Rhode Island, 2008, 2012. Still living as of 2018.
  Relatives: Son of Charles Sheldon Whitehouse and Mary Celine (Rand) Whitehouse; married 1986 to Sandra Thornton; grandson of Sheldon Whitehouse; great-grandson of Charles Beatty Alexander (1849-1927); second great-grandson of Charles Crocker.
  Political families: Rockefeller family of New York City, New York; Crocker-Whitehouse family (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  William Robert Wooton (b. 1944) — also known as William R. Wooton; Bill Wooton — of Beckley, Raleigh County, W.Va. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., September 20, 1944. Democrat. Lawyer; member of West Virginia state house of delegates, 1977-86, 1989-90 (18th District 1977-82, 22nd District 1983-86, 1989-90); defeated, 2012; member of West Virginia state senate 9th District, 1991-; defeated, 1986; delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 1996, 2000, 2004. Baptist. Member, American Bar Association; Rotary. Still living as of 2012.
  Relatives: Son of Robert O. Wooton and Beulah (Bennett) Wooton; married, August 25, 1968, to Shirliebeth Wenzel.
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
  The listings are incomplete; development of the database is a continually ongoing project.  
  Information on this page — and on all other pages of this site — is believed to be accurate, but is not guaranteed. Users are advised to check with other sources before relying on any information here.  
  The official URL for this page is: https://politicalgraveyard.com/geo/RI/lawyer.html.  
  Links to this or any other Political Graveyard page are welcome, but specific page addresses may sometimes change as the site develops.  
  If you are searching for a specific named individual, try the alphabetical index of politicians.  
  More information: FAQ; privacy policy; cemetery links.  
  If you find any error or omission in The Political Graveyard, or if you have information to share, please see the biographical checklist and submission guidelines.  
Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2019 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 10, 2021.

Creative 
Commons License Follow polgraveyard on Twitter [Amazon.com]