The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Brooklyn, New York
including Williamsburgh, Bay Ridge, Canarsie, East New York, Fort Hamilton, Flatbush, Flatlands, Gravesend, New Utrecht, Parkville
Borough Presidents, Mayors, Postmasters

Borough Presidents of Brooklyn, 1897-2020 (may be incomplete!)
Edward M. Grout 1898-1901 J. Edward Swanstrom 1902-03 Martin W. Littleton 1904-05 Bird S. Coler 1906-09 Alfred E. Steers 1910-13 Lewis H. Pounds 1913-17 Edward J. Riegelmann 1918-24 Joseph A. Guider 1925-26 James J. Byrne 1926-30 Henry Hesterberg 1930-33 Raymond V. Ingersoll 1934-40 John Cashmore 1940-61 John F. Hayes 1961 Abe Stark 1962-70 Sebastian Leone 1970-76 Howard Golden 1977-2001 Marty Markowitz 2002-13 Eric L. Adams 2014-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1897 Nov 2: Edward M. Grout (Dem & Jeffersonian Democratic), elected; Frederic W. Hinrichs (Gold Democratic & Citizens Union), defeated; George H. Roberts, Jr. (Rep), defeated; Henry Nichols (United Democracy), defeated; Benjamin Hanford (Socialist Labor), defeated; Isaac K. Funk (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1901 Nov 5: J. Edward Swanstrom (Rep & Citizens Union), elected; Edmund H. Driggs (Dem), defeated.
  • 1903 Nov 3: Martin W. Littleton (Dem), elected; J. Edward Swanstrom (Rep & Citizens Union), defeated.
  • 1905 Nov 7: Bird S. Coler (Municipal Ownership), elected; James W. Ridgway (Dem), defeated; Frederick H. E. Ebstein (Rep), defeated.
  • 1909 Nov 2: John H. McCooey (Dem), defeated; Alfred E. Steers (Fusion), elected.
  • 1913 Jul 2: Alfred E. Steers, resigned.
  • 1917 Nov 6: Edward J. Riegelmann (Dem), elected.
  • 1921 Sep 13: Edward J. Riegelmann (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1921 Sep 13: George W. Baker (Rep), nominated; Hamilton MacInnes (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1921 Nov 8: Edward J. Riegelmann (Dem), elected; George W. Baker (Rep), defeated; William W. Passage (Socialist), defeated; Jacob A. Hartman, defeated.
  • 1925 Sep 15: Joseph A. Guider (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1925 Sep 15: William Stanley Miller (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1925 Sep 15: William W. Passage (Socialist), nominated unopposed.
  • 1925 Nov 3: Joseph A. Guider (Dem), elected; William Stanley Miller (Rep), defeated; William W. Passage (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1930 Mar 14: James J. Byrne, died in office.
  • 1930 Nov 4: Henry Hesterberg (Dem), elected; Arthur V. McDermott (Rep), defeated; Harry W. Laidler (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1933 Sep 19: Henry Hesterberg (Dem), nominated; William L. Love (Dem), defeated in primary; William J. Mackin (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1933 Sep 19: Raymond V. Ingersoll (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1933 Sep 19: Baruch C. Vladeck (Socialist), nominated unopposed.
  • 1933 Nov 7: Raymond V. Ingersoll (Rep & City Fusion), elected; Henry Hesterberg (Dem & Jeffersonian), defeated; Joseph J. Baker (Recovery & New Deal), defeated; Baruch C. Vladeck (Socialist), defeated; Fred Biedenkapp (Communist), defeated; George Dyson Friou (No Tammany), defeated.
  • 1937 Sep 16: Philip M. Kleinfeld (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1937 Sep 16: Raymond V. Ingersoll (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1937 Nov 2: Raymond V. Ingersoll (Rep & American Labor & City Fusion & Progressive), elected; Philip M. Kleinfeld (Dem), defeated; David M. Cory (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1940 Feb 24: Raymond V. Ingersoll, died in office.
  • 1941 Nov 4: John Cashmore (Dem), elected; Matthew J. Troy (Rep & American Labor), defeated.
  • 1945 Nov 6: John Cashmore (Dem & American Labor), elected; George A. Arkwright (Rep & Liberal), defeated; John F. X. Masterson (Ind), defeated.
  • 1949 Sep 6: John Cashmore (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1949 Sep 6: Abe Stark (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1949 Sep 6: Ada B. Jackson (American Labor), nominated unopposed.
  • 1949 Sep 7: Abe Stark (Liberal), nominated unopposed.
  • 1949 Nov 8: John Cashmore (Dem), elected; Abe Stark (Rep & Liberal & City Fusion), defeated; Ada B. Jackson (American Labor), defeated.
  • 1953: Lewis W. Olliffe (Rep), defeated.
  • 1953 Sep 15: John Cashmore (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1953 Sep 15: John Cashmore (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1953 Sep 15: Saul Rudes (American Labor), nominated unopposed.
  • 1953 Sep 15: John F. Kelly (Liberal), nominated unopposed.
  • 1953 Nov 3: John Cashmore (Dem & Rep), elected; John F. Kelly (Liberal & Ind), defeated; Saul Rudes (American Labor), defeated.
  • 1957 Sep 10: John Cashmore (Dem), nominated; Harris J. Klein (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1957 Sep 10: John Cashmore (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1957 Sep 10: John Cashmore (Liberal), nominated unopposed.
  • 1957 Nov 5: John Cashmore (Dem & Rep), elected unopposed.
  • 1961 May 7: John Cashmore, died in office.
  • 1961 Nov 7: Abe Stark (Dem), elected; Francis E. Dorn (Rep & Civic Action), defeated; Jacob T. Zukerman (Liberal), defeated.
  • 1965 Nov 2: Abe Stark (Dem), elected; Luigi R. Marano (Rep), defeated; Gerard M. Weisberg (Liberal), defeated; Lars Ekwurzel (Conservative), defeated.
  • 1969 Jun 17: Abe Stark (Dem), nominated; Leonard M. Simon (Dem), defeated in primary; William A. Jones, Jr. (Dem), defeated in primary; Eugene Victor (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1969 Nov 4: Abe Stark (Dem), elected; Henry Shemin (Liberal), defeated; Nicholas L. Savino (Rep), defeated; Lee S. Sterling (Conservative), defeated.
  • 1970 Sep 8: Abe Stark, resigned.
  • 1973 Nov 6: Sebastian Leone (Dem & City Fusion), elected; Donald Kennelly (Rep & Conservative), defeated; Stephen J. Solarz (Liberal), defeated; Samuel Perez (Communist), defeated; Maxine Williams (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1977 Nov 7: Leon F. Nadrowski (Rep), defeated.
  • 1981 Nov 3: Leon F. Nadrowski (Rep), defeated.
  • 1985: Marty Markowitz (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 2001: Marty Markowitz (Dem), elected.
  • 2005 Nov 8: Marty Markowitz (Dem & Working Families), elected; Theodore Alatsas (Rep & Conservative), defeated; Gloria Mattera (Green), defeated; Gary S. Popkin (Libertarian & Reform), defeated.
  • 2009 Nov 3: Marty Markowitz (Dem & Working Families), elected; Marc L. D'Ottavio (Rep & Conservative), defeated; Michael Sanchez (Libertarian), defeated.
  • 2013 Nov 5: Eric L. Adams (Dem), elected; Elias Weir (Conservative), defeated.

    Mayors of Brooklyn, 1834-97 (may be incomplete!)
    George Hall 1834 Jonathan Trotter 1835-36 Jeremiah Johnson 1837-38 Cyrus P. Smith 1839-41 Henry C. Murphy 1842 Joseph Sprague 1843-44 Thomas G. Talmadge 1845 Francis B. Stryker 1846-48 Edward Copeland 1849 Samuel Smith 1850 Conklin Brush 1851-52 Edward A. Lambert 1853-54 George Hall 1855-56 Samuel S. Powell 1857-60 Martin Kalbfleisch 1861-63 Alfred M. Wood 1864-65 Samuel Booth 1866-67 Martin Kalbfleisch 1868-71 Samuel S. Powell 1872-73 John W. Hunter 1874-75 Frederick A. Schroeder 1876-77 James Howell 1878-81 Seth Low 1882-85 Daniel D. Whitney 1886-87 Alfred C. Chapin 1888-91 David A. Boody 1892-93 Charles A. Schieren 1894-95 Frederick W. Wurster 1896-97

    Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1867: Archibald M. Bliss (Rep), defeated.
  • 1879 Nov 4: James Howell (Dem), elected; Franklin Woodruff (Rep), defeated; John W. Flaherty (Independent Democratic), defeated.
  • 1881 Nov 8: Seth Low (Rep), elected; James Howell (Dem), defeated.
  • 1883 Nov 6: Seth Low (Rep), elected; Joseph C. Hendrix (Dem), defeated.
  • 1885 Nov 3: Daniel D. Whitney (Dem), elected; Isaac S. Catlin (Rep), defeated; John B. Woodward (Ind), defeated.
  • 1887 Nov 8: Alfred C. Chapin (Dem), elected; Andrew D. Baird (Rep), defeated.
  • 1889 Nov 5: Alfred C. Chapin (Dem), elected; Andrew D. Baird (Rep), defeated.
  • 1891 Nov 3: David A. Boody (Dem), elected; Henry A. Meyer (Rep), defeated; Francis Gerau (Socialist Labor), defeated; Freeborn G. Smith (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1893 Nov 7: Charles A. Schieren (Rep), elected; David A. Boody (Dem), defeated; James H. Ramsey (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1895 Nov 5: Frederick W. Wurster (Rep), elected; Edward M. Grout (Dem), defeated; Edward M. Shepard (Democratic Reform), defeated; Charles H. Matchett (Socialist Labor), defeated; Freeborn G. Smith (Prohibition), defeated; C. Edgar Smith (People's), defeated.

    Postmasters at Brooklyn, 1803-1970 (may be incomplete!)
    P. Buffit 1803-06 Joel Bunce 1806-19 Thomas W. Birdsall 1819-21 George L. Birch 1821-25 Thomas Kirk 1825-26 Erastus Worthington 1826-31 Samuel E. Clements 1831 Joseph Mosier 1831-32 Adrian Hegeman 1832-41 George Hall 1841-45 Henry C. Conkling 1845-49 Gold S. Silliman 1849-53 Daniel Van Voorhis 1853-57 William H. Peck 1857-61 George B. Lincoln 1861-66 Thomas Kinsella 1866-67 Samuel H. Roberts 1867-68 Joseph M. Simonson 1868 Anthony F. Campbell 1868-69 Samuel Booth 1869-73 Charles C. Talbot 1873-77 James McLeer 1877-86 Joseph C. Hendrix 1886-90 Andrew D. Baird 1890 George J. Collins 1890-93 Andrew T. Sullivan 1893-97 Francis H. Wilson 1897-1901 George H. Roberts, Jr. 1901-10 Edmund W. Voorhies 1910-14 William Woods 1914 William E. Kelly 1914-15 Walter C. Burton 1915-16 Walter C. Burton 1916-23 Peter J. Cleary 1923-24 Albert B. W. Firmin 1924-33 John A. T. Carrougher 1933 Francis J. Sinnott 1933-34 Francis J. Sinnott 1934-39 Frank J. Quayle, Jr. 1939-40 Frank J. Quayle, Jr. 1940-45 Edward J. Quigley 1945-46 Edward J. Quigley 1946-70

    (annexed to Brooklyn 1854)

    Mayors of Williamsburgh, 1852-53 (may be incomplete!)
    Alvah G. Berry 1852 William Wall 1853

    Postmasters at Williamsburgh, 1836 (may be incomplete!)
    Lewis Sanford as of 1836

    Bay Ridge
    (post office)

    Postmasters at Bay Ridge, 1881-83 (may be incomplete!)
    William Wakefield as of 1881-83

    (post office)

    Postmasters at Canarsie, 1881-82 (may be incomplete!)
    Charles Lehman as of 1881-82

    East New York
    (post office)

    Postmasters at East New York, 1881 (may be incomplete!)
    Miles A. Brown as of 1881

    Fort Hamilton
    (post office)

    Postmasters at Fort Hamilton, 1881 (may be incomplete!)
    William J. Cropsey as of 1881

    (post office)

    Postmasters at Flatbush, 1881 (may be incomplete!)
    Gilbert Hicks as of 1881

    (post office)

    Postmasters at Flatlands, 1881 (may be incomplete!)
    J. B. Hendrickson as of 1881

    (post office)

    Postmasters at Gravesend, 1881 (may be incomplete!)
    Richard L. VanKleek as of 1881

  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

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