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in approximate chronological order
Thomas Hart Benton (1782-1858) —
also known as "Old Bullion" —
of Franklin, Williamson
County, Tenn.; St.
Born near Hillsborough, Orange
County, N.C., March
editor; member of Tennessee
state senate, 1809; U.S.
Senator from Missouri, 1821-51; U.S.
Representative from Missouri 1st District, 1853-55; Benton
Democrat candidate for Governor of
Fought a duel
Jackson, who later became a political ally. In April, 1850, he
caused a scandal
with his attempt to assault
Stuart Foote, of Mississippi, during debate on the Senate floor;
he was restrained by other senators. Foote had a cocked pistol in his
hand and undoubtedly would have shot him.
Died in Washington,
10, 1858 (age 76 years, 27
Interment at Bellefontaine
Cemetery, St. Louis, Mo.
Joseph Barker (c.1806-1862) —
of Pittsburgh, Allegheny
Born in Allegheny
County, Pa., about 1806.
of Pittsburgh, Pa., 1850-51; defeated, 1851, 1852.
In 1849, after an anti-Catholic
speech, he was arrested,
with using obscene
the streets, and causing a
to a year in prison;
elected mayor in 1850 while still incarcerated. While mayor, he was
and battery. In 1851, he was convicted
Struck and killed by a railroad
train, in Ross Township, Allegheny
County, Pa., August
2, 1862 (age about 56
Interment at Allegheny
Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.
John Louis O'Sullivan (1813-1895) —
also known as John L. O'Sullivan —
of New York, New York
Born, of American parents, in the North
Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Gibraltar, November
Democrat. Member of New York
state assembly from New York County, 1841-42; delegate to
Democratic National Convention from New York, 1844;
U.S. Charge d'Affaires to Portugal, 1854; U.S. Minister to Portugal, 1854-58.
Cofounder and editor of The United States Magazine
and Democratic Review, a journal that published the works of
Emerson, Hawthorne and Whitman, as well as political essays on
Jacksonian Democracy, 1837-46. Early advocate in 1840s for abolition
of the death penalty. Invented the term "manifest destiny" to explain
and justify the westward expansion of the United States. Took part in
the failed expedition of Narcisco Lopez to take Cuba from Spanish
rule; as a result, was charged
in federal court in New York with violation
of the Neutrality Act; tried
and acquitted in March 1852.
Died, of influenza
and the effects of an earlier stroke,
in a residential hotel in
New York, New York
County, N.Y., March
24, 1895 (age 81 years, 129
Interment at Moravian
Cemetery, New Dorp, Staten Island, N.Y.
Edward Allen Hannegan (1807-1859) —
also known as Edward A. Hannegan —
of Covington, Fountain
Born in Hamilton
County, Ohio, June 25,
member of Indiana
state house of representatives, 1832-33, 1841-42; U.S.
Representative from Indiana 7th District, 1833-37; U.S.
Senator from Indiana, 1843-49; U.S. Minister to Prussia, 1849-50.
In May, 1852, during a drunken
argument, he stabbed
his brother-in-law, Captain Duncan, who died the
Died from overdose of
morphine (probably suicide),
Louis, Mo., February
25, 1859 (age 51 years, 245
Interment at Woodlawn
Cemetery, Terre Haute, Ind.
Albert Lewis Stuart (1819-1876) —
also known as Albert L. Stuart —
Born in Connecticut, June 25,
member of Arkansas
state house of representatives, 1850-51.
During an election dispute in Gainsville, Ark., in the early 1850s,
and killed Riley Vaughn; charged
Died in Powell Township, Craighead
County, Ark., March
16, 1876 (age 56 years, 265
Interment at Woods
Chapel Methodist Church Cemetery, Paragould, Ark.
Great-grandson of Marlin Stuart (pro baseball
John Singleton Mosby (1833-1916) —
also known as John S. Mosby; "The Gray
Va.; Warrenton, Fauquier
Born in Powhatan
County, Va., December
In 1852, he shot
and wounded George R. Turpin, with whom he had quarreled; arrested
only of the misdemeanor charge of unlawful
shooting and sentenced
to one year in jail; pardoned
by Gov. Joseph
Johnson in 1853; colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil
War; U.S. Consul in Hong Kong, 1878-85.
Died in Washington,
D.C., May 30,
1916 (age 82 years, 176
Interment at Warrenton
Cemetery, Warrenton, Va.
Preston Smith Brooks (1819-1857) —
also known as Preston S. Brooks —
of Ninety Six, Edgefield District (now Greenwood
Born in Edgefield, Edgefield District (now Edgefield
County), S.C., August
member of South
Carolina state house of representatives, 1844; U.S.
Representative from South Carolina 4th District, 1853-56,
1856-57; died in office 1857.
Suffered a hip wound in a duel
T. Wigfall, 1839, and could walk only with
a cane for the rest of his life. In May, 1856, furious over an
anti-slavery speech, he went to the Senate and beat
Sumner with a cane, causing severe
injuries; an attempt to expel
him from Congress failed for lack of the necessary two-thirds vote,
but he resigned;
re-elected to his own vacancy.
Died in Washington,
27, 1857 (age 37 years, 175
Interment at Willow
Brook Cemetery, Edgefield, S.C.; cenotaph at Congressional
Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Laurence Massillon Keitt (1824-1864) —
also known as L. M. Keitt —
of Orangeburg, Orangeburg District (now Orangeburg
Born in Orangeburg District (part now in Calhoun
County), S.C., October
Democrat. Planter; lawyer;
member of South
Carolina state house of representatives, 1848; U.S.
Representative from South Carolina 3rd District, 1853-55,
1855-56, 1856-60; censured
by the House in 1856 for aiding Rep. Preston
S. Brooks in his caning
attack on Sen. Charles
Sumner; resigned; re-elected to his seat within a month; delegate
to South Carolina secession convention from Orange, 1860-62; Delegate
from South Carolina to the Confederate Provisional Congress,
1861-62; colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil War.
wounded at the battle of Cold Harbor, and died the next day, near
county), Va., June 4,
1864 (age 39 years, 244
Interment at West End Cemetery, St. Matthews, S.C.
Philemon Thomas Herbert (1825-1864) —
also known as Philemon T. Herbert —
of Mariposa, Mariposa
County, Calif.; El Paso, El Paso
Born in Pine Apple, Wilcox
County, Ala., November
member of California
state assembly, 1853-55 (10th District 1853-54, 6th District
Representative from California at-large, 1855-57; in 1856, drunk
at breakfast, he shot
and killed Thomas Keating, a waiter at the Willard Hotel in
and eventually acquitted; colonel in the Confederate Army during the
Wounded at the Battle of Mansfield, April 8, 1864, and died
in Kingston, DeSoto
Parish, La., July 23,
1864 (age 38 years, 265
Interment at Evergreen
Cemetery, Kingston, La.
Charles Edward Travis (1829-1860) —
also known as Charles E. Travis —
Born in Alabama, August
Member of Texas
state house of representatives, 1853-54.
from the U.S. Cavalry, on charges of conduct
unbecoming an officer and a gentleman, based on incidents of
absence, and cheating
Died, of consumption
County, Tex., 1860
Interment at Masonic
Cemetery, Chappell Hill, Tex.
Isaac Smith Kalloch (1832-1887) —
also known as Isaac S. Kalloch —
Born in Rockland, Knox
County, Maine, July 10,
of San Francisco, Calif., 1879-81.
in East Cambridge, Mass., 1857; tried,
but the jury was unable to agree on a verdict. Shot and
wounded, on August 23, 1879, by newspaper editor Charles de
Young. A few months later, before de Young was to be tried for the
shooting, Kalloch's son, I. M. Kalloch, shot and killed DeYoung in
Died, of diabetes,
in Whatcom (now part of Bellingham), Whatcom
County, Wash., December
9, 1887 (age 55 years, 152
Interment at Bayview
Cemetery, Bellingham, Wash.
Henry Everard Peck (1821-1867) —
also known as H. E. Peck —
of Oberlin, Lorain
Born in Rochester, Monroe
County, N.Y., July 20,
professor; delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio,
U.S. Diplomatic Commissioner to Haiti, 1865-66; U.S. Minister to Haiti, 1866-67, died in office 1867.
Abolitionist; involved in rescue of an escaping slave in Wellington,
near Oberlin, Ohio, in September 1858; among the 20 men who were arrested
with "infringement of the Fugitive
Slave Law"; the trial
ended when the slave catchers (who had pressed the charges) were
indicted for kidnapping.
Died, of yellow
fever, in Haiti,
9, 1867 (age 45 years, 324
in Oberlin, Ohio.
Daniel Edgar Sickles (1819-1914) —
also known as Daniel E. Sickles; "Devil
of New York, New York
Born in New York, New York
County, N.Y., October
member of New York
state assembly from New York County, 1847; member of New York
state senate 3rd District, 1856-57; U.S.
Representative from New York, 1857-61, 1893-95 (3rd District
1857-61, 10th District 1893-95); defeated (Democratic), 1894; general
in the Union Army during the Civil War; delegate to Republican
National Convention from New York, 1868;
U.S. Minister to Spain, 1869-74; delegate to Democratic National Convention from
New York, 1892.
Army of the Republic.
Shot and killed
Barton Key, his wife's lover and the son of the author of the
national anthem, at Lafayette Park, Washington, D.C, 1859; charged
but with the help of his attorney Edwin
M. Stanton, was acquitted after the first
successful plea of temporary insanity in U.S. legal history.
Received the Medal
of Honor in 1897 for action at the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2,
1863; lost a
leg in that battle; his amputated leg was displayed at the Army
Medical Museum, where he frequently visited it in later years.
Died in New York, New York
County, N.Y., May 3,
1914 (age 94 years, 195
Interment at Arlington
National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
Philip Barton Key (1818-1859) —
Born in Georgetown, Washington,
D.C., April 5,
Attorney for the District of Columbia, 1853-59; died in office
and killed by
E. Sickles, in retaliation
for Key's affair
with his wife Teresa, at Lafayette Park, Washington,
27, 1859 (age 40 years, 328
Interment at Oak
Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.; cenotaph at Westminster
Burying Ground, Baltimore, Md.
David Smith Terry (1823-1889) —
also known as David S. Terry —
of Galveston, Galveston
County, Tex.; San
Francisco, Calif.; Stockton, San
Joaquin County, Calif.
Born in Christian County (part now in Todd
County), Ky., March 8,
to California for the 1849 Gold Rush; advocated the extension of
slavery to California; justice of
California state supreme court, 1855-59; chief
justice of California state supreme court, 1857-59; killed U.S.
C. Broderick in a duel
near San Francisco in 1859; tried
but acquitted; served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War;
to California state constitutional convention, 1878-79; candidate
for Presidential Elector for California, 1880;
his wife Sarah Althea Hill claimed to be the widow and heir of
wealthy U.S. Senator William
Sharon; in September, 1888, when her claim was finally rejected
by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen
J. Field (acting as a Court of Appeals judge for California), she
and Terry caused an altercation in the courtroom and were jailed
six months for contempt
Five months after his release from jail, he encountered Justice Field
and slapped him in the face; he was then shot
through the heart and killed by
U.S. Deputy Marshal David Neagle, the justice's bodyguard, in the train
room at Lathrop, San Joaquin
County, Calif., August
14, 1889 (age 66 years, 159
days). Neagle was arrested by local authorities, but later
released on the demand of the U.S. government.
Interment at Stockton
Rural Cemetery, Stockton, Calif.