PoliticalGraveyard.com
The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Grotto Politicians
Mystic Order of Veiled Prophets of the Enchanted Realm

Very incomplete list!

  William Charles Achi, Jr. (1889-1947) — also known as William C. Achi, Jr. — of Lihue, Island of Kauai, Kauai County, Hawaii. Born in Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, July 1, 1889. Lawyer; circuit judge in Hawaii, 1919-24; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Hawaii Territory, 1924; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Hawaii Territory, 1936, 1940 (alternate). Member, American Bar Association; American Society for International Law; Freemasons; Shriners; Grotto; Knights of Pythias. Died in Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, June 17, 1947 (age 57 years, 351 days). Interment at Oahu Cemetery, Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Hawaii.
  Relatives: Son of William Charles Achi and Maria (Alapai) Achi; married, June 7, 1910, to Rebecca Kaulani (Kruce) Robinson (1889-1949).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Delbert R. Ackerman (1910-1968) — of Cuyahoga Falls, Summit County, Ohio. Born in Akron, Summit County, Ohio, May 27, 1910. Partner, Ackerman-Brizes Tire Service; mayor of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, 1966-67. Congregationalist. Member, Freemasons; Grotto; Shriners; Order of the Eastern Star; Kiwanis. Died in November, 1968 (age 58 years, 0 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Edwin Oliver Ackerman and Gertrude (Carpenter) Ackerman; married, April 25, 1935, to Donna Mae Eberhart.
  William Harrison Adams (1872-1958) — also known as William H. Adams — of Richmond, Va. Born in Richmond, Va., March 23, 1872. Democrat. President, Virginia Stationery Company; Vice-President, Mutual Life Insurance Association; member of Virginia state house of delegates, 1930-53. Christian. Member, Freemasons; Shriners; Grotto; Jesters; Sons of Confederate Veterans; Elks; Junior Order; Woodmen; Royal Arcanum. Died in Richmond, Va., September 24, 1958 (age 86 years, 185 days). Interment at Oakwood Cemetery, Richmond, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Henry Clay Adams and Emma Frances (Haynes) Adams.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Charles W. Baker (1876-1963) — also known as "Hand Shaking Charlie" — of Monroe Center, Ogle County, Ill.; Davis Junction, Ogle County, Ill.; Rockford, Winnebago County, Ill. Born in Monroe Center, Ogle County, Ill., July 10, 1876. Republican. Farmer; cattle breeder; member of Illinois state house of representatives 10th District, 1917-25, 1927-29; member of Illinois state senate 10th District, 1929-57. Congregationalist. Member, Farm Bureau; Modern Woodmen; Elks; Moose; Freemasons; Knights Templar; Order of the Eastern Star; Grotto. Died, in St. Anthony Hospital, Rockford, Winnebago County, Ill., February 26, 1963 (age 86 years, 231 days). Interment at Greenwood Cemetery, Rockford, Ill.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Frank Joseph Berka (1889-1943) — also known as Frank J. Berka — of Saginaw, Saginaw County, Mich. Born in Czechoslovakia, January 20, 1889. Democrat. Naturalized U.S. citizen; commercial artist; member of Michigan state house of representatives from Saginaw County 1st District, 1933-38; defeated, 1928, 1938; candidate in primary for Lieutenant Governor of Michigan, 1940. Czechoslovakian ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Grotto; Lions. Died in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Mich., February 24, 1943 (age 54 years, 35 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Frank Berka and Vobovil Berka; married, September 27, 1911, to Mabel Novak.
  Stephen Crabtree Bird (1939-2008) — also known as Stephen C. Bird — of Harrisville, Ritchie County, W.Va.; Parkersburg, Wood County, W.Va.; Wirt County, W.Va. Born in Bluefield, Mercer County, W.Va., March 7, 1939. Democrat. School teacher; dentist; candidate for West Virginia state senate 3rd District, 1972, 1980; member of West Virginia state house of delegates 8th District, 1975-78, 1983-84, 1987-90; defeated, 1968 (6th District), 1970 (6th District), 1984 (8th District), 1992 (8th District); delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 1976. Methodist; later Baptist. Member, Freemasons; Scottish Rite Masons; Grotto; Shriners; Elks; American Legion; Amvets; Farm Bureau; National Rifle Association; American Dental Association. Died in Williamstown, Wood County, W.Va., May 9, 2008 (age 69 years, 63 days). Interment at Walnut Grove Cemetery, Bluefield, W.Va.
  Relatives: Son of Stephen Ward Bird and Eliza Jane (Crabtree) Bird; married, July 10, 1977, to Bernice Marie Royal.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial — OurCampaigns candidate detail
  Albert Orlando Boschen (1873-1957) — also known as Albert O. Boschen — of Richmond, Va. Born in Richmond, Va., June 25, 1873. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Virginia state house of delegates, 1918-21, 1924-27, 1934-53. Episcopalian. Member, Freemasons; Grotto. Died August 15, 1957 (age 84 years, 51 days). Interment at Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Henry C. Boschen (1845-1898) and Margaret (Frishkorn) Boschen; married, June 27, 1899, to Mamie Toomey (1874-1955).
  John Robert Britten (1898-1955) — also known as John R. Britten — of Richmond, Wayne County, Ind. Born in Reading, Hamilton County, Ohio, December 16, 1898. Republican. Lawyer; Wayne County Prosecuting Attorney, 1935-39; mayor of Richmond, Ind., 1939-44. Christian. Member, Freemasons; Order of the Eastern Star; Grotto; Shriners; Knights of Pythias; Eagles; Moose; Junior Order; Elks; Kiwanis. Suffered severe burns to his feet and toes from overnight application of an electric pad, leading to a pulmonary embolism and ultimately death, in Reid Hospital, Spring Grove, Wayne County, Ind., February 25, 1955 (age 56 years, 71 days). Interment at Earlham Cemetery, Richmond, Ind.
  Relatives: Married to Onda May Chenoweth.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Ted William Brown (1906-1984) — also known as Ted W. Brown — of Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio; Dublin, Franklin County, Ohio. Born in Springfield, Clark County, Ohio, April 19, 1906. Republican. Secretary of state of Ohio, 1951-79; delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1960, 1972. Methodist. Member, Jaycees; Freemasons; Grotto; Knights of Pythias; Moose; Junior Order. Died in August, 1984 (age 78 years, 0 days). Burial location unknown.
  William Brown Carswell (1883-1953) — also known as William B. Carswell — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, 1883. Democrat. Lawyer; member of New York state senate 6th District, 1913-16; Justice of New York Supreme Court 2nd District, 1923-53; died in office 1953; Justice of the Appellate Division of the New York Supreme Court 2nd Department, 1927-49; candidate for delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, 1937; vice-president and trustee, Caledonian Hospital. Christian Reformed. Scottish ancestry. Member, American Bar Association; Freemasons; Grotto; Elks. Died, following surgery for a stomach ailment, in Sherbrooke Hospital, Sherbrooke, Quebec, September 7, 1953 (age about 70 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of David Bruce Carswell and Ann (Brown) Carswell.
  Samuel E. Crawford (b. 1876) — of Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, Mich. Born near North Branch, Lapeer County, Mich., June 15, 1876. Republican. Life insurance business; member of Michigan state house of representatives from Washtenaw County 2nd District, 1917-20; candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Michigan 2nd District, 1922. Member, Freemasons; Order of the Eastern Star; Grotto; Knights of Pythias. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1906 to Cora Wilson.
  Martin Luther Davey (1884-1946) — also known as Martin L. Davey — of Kent, Portage County, Ohio. Born in Kent, Portage County, Ohio, July 25, 1884. Democrat. Mayor of Kent, Ohio, 1914-18; U.S. Representative from Ohio 14th District, 1918-21, 1923-29; defeated, 1920; Governor of Ohio, 1935-39; defeated, 1928, 1938, 1940; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1932, 1940. Disciples of Christ. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Grotto; Odd Fellows; Knights of Pythias; Elks; Rotary; Moose; Eagles; Grange. Died in Kent, Portage County, Ohio, March 31, 1946 (age 61 years, 249 days). Interment at Standing Rock Cemetery, Kent, Ohio.
  Presumably named for: Martin Luther
  Relatives: Son of John Davey (father of tree surgery) and Bertha (Reeves) Davey; married, August 31, 1907, to Berenice M. Chrisman.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  James John Davis (1873-1947) — also known as James J. Davis; "Puddler Jim" — of Elwood, Madison County, Ind.; Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa. Born in Tredegar, Wales, October 27, 1873. Republican. Madison County Recorder, 1903-07; U.S. Secretary of Labor, 1921-30; resigned 1930; delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1928, 1936, 1940 (member, Committee to Notify Presidential Nominee); U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania, 1930-45; defeated, 1944. Baptist. Welsh ancestry. Member, Moose; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Freemasons; Shriners; Grotto; Odd Fellows; Knights of Pythias; Elks; Eagles; Foresters; Woodmen; Maccabees; Delta Sigma Phi. Died in a hospital at Takoma Park, Montgomery County, Md., November 22, 1947 (age 74 years, 26 days). Interment at Uniondale Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.
  Relatives: Son of David James Davis and Esther Ford (Nicholls) Davis; married, November 26, 1914, to Jean Rodenbaugh.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier — Internet Movie Database profile
  Arthur Hiram Day (1890-1967) — also known as Arthur H. Day — of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio; Lakewood, Cuyahoga County, Ohio. Born in Pandora, Putnam County, Ohio, February 1, 1890. Republican. Lawyer; candidate for Ohio state house of representatives, 1916; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; member of Ohio state senate, 1921-22, 1925-26; municipal judge in Ohio, 1932; common pleas court judge in Ohio, 1933-34; justice of Ohio state supreme court, 1935-36; candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from Ohio, 1938. Presbyterian. Member, American Bar Association; Sons of the American Revolution; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Disabled American Veterans; Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Delta Theta Phi; Freemasons; Scottish Rite Masons; Grotto; Knights of Pythias; Elks; Moose. Died in 1967 (age about 77 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Dr. Hiram Marshall Day and Jessie Amelia (Ayres) Day; married, January 28, 1919, to Clara Loring; married, March 21, 1925, to Gertrude Medlin Bixby.
  Lewis L. Fawcett (b. 1872) — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born in Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y., September 23, 1872. Republican. Chair of Kings County Republican Party, 1901-06; judge, Kings County Court, 1906-17; Justice of New York Supreme Court 2nd District, 1918-40; defeated, 1912. Member, Freemasons; Shriners; Grotto; Royal Arcanum; Order of Heptasophs; Redmen; Elks; Rotary. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of James Mark Fawcett and Elizabeth Anne (Hale) Fawcett.
  Miles S. Gregory — of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Ohio. Candidate for mayor of Los Angeles, Calif., 1925. Member, Union League; Freemasons; Grotto. Burial location unknown.
  Joseph B. Grossman (b. 1892) — of Quincy, Norfolk County, Mass. Born in Quincy, Norfolk County, Mass., July 15, 1892. Republican. Building materials merchant; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1927-28; member of Massachusetts Governor's Council 2nd District, 1933-36. Jewish. Member, Freemasons; Grotto; Shriners; Elks; Odd Fellows; Rotary; Order Brith Abraham. Burial location unknown.
  Ernest I. Hatfield (b. 1890) — of Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, N.Y. Born in Mt. Pleasant town, Westchester County, N.Y., April, 1890. Republican. Insurance and real estate business; farmer; member of New York state assembly, 1943-47 (Dutchess County 2nd District 1943-44, Dutchess County 1945-47); resigned 1947; member of New York state senate, 1948-64 (33rd District 1948-54, 35th District 1955-64). French and English ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Grotto; Exchange Club. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Gilbert Joshua Hatfield (1836-1922) and Adele Maria (Ledeley) Hatfield (1849-1924); second cousin twice removed of Abraham Hatfield (1801-1876); fourth cousin once removed of Frank M. Brundage.
  Political families: Hatch family of Connecticut; Cornell family of New York; Hatfield-Cornell-Woolsey family of New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Everett A. Kelly (b. 1926) — of Florida. Born in Foley, Baldwin County, Ala., September 2, 1926. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; pharmacist; member of Florida state house of representatives, 1979-. Catholic. Member, Freemasons; Shriners; Grotto; Kiwanis; American Legion; Elks; Moose. Still living as of 1999.
  H. V. King (b. 1883) — of Morgantown, Monongalia County, W.Va. Born in Bellaire, Belmont County, Ohio, January 10, 1883. Democrat. Physician; member of West Virginia state house of delegates from Monongalia County, 1941-42; defeated, 1942; member of West Virginia Democratic State Executive Committee, 1945. Methodist. Member, Freemasons; Grotto; Order of the Eastern Star; White Shrine of Jerusalem; Elks. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William P. King and Belle (Powell) King; married, April 25, 1910, to Abbie Abbott.
  Arthur J. Law (1906-1987) — of Pontiac, Oakland County, Mich. Born in Poteau, Le Flore County, Okla., January 12, 1906. Democrat. Grocer; candidate for U.S. Representative from Michigan 18th District, 1952; mayor of Pontiac, Mich., 1953-54; member of Michigan state house of representatives, 1959-72 (Oakland County 2nd District 1959-64, 62nd District 1965-72); defeated, 1972 (primary), 1972. Protestant. Member, Freemasons; Shriners; Grotto. Died in 1987 (age about 81 years). Burial location unknown.
  Edwyn E. Mason (born c.1916) — of Hobart, Delaware County, N.Y. Born in De Peyster, St. Lawrence County, N.Y., about 1916. Republican. School teacher; lawyer; member of New York state assembly, 1953-72 (Delaware County 1953-65, 124th District 1966, 113th District 1967-72); alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1960. Presbyterian. Member, American Bar Association; American Legion; Freemasons; Grotto; Odd Fellows; Rotary; Grange. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married 1941 to Melva Bettinger.
  Harry Whinna Nice (1877-1941) — also known as Harry W. Nice — of Baltimore, Md. Born in Washington, D.C., December 5, 1877. Republican. Lawyer; delegate to Republican National Convention from Maryland, 1920; member, Committee to Notify Presidential Nominee, 1936; Governor of Maryland, 1935-39; defeated, 1919, 1938; candidate for Republican nomination for Vice President, 1936; candidate for U.S. Senator from Maryland, 1940. Methodist. Member, American Bar Association; Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Grotto; Knights of Pythias; Odd Fellows; Moose; Junior Order; Elks; Patriotic Order Sons of America; Knights of Khorassan. Died in Richmond, Va., February 25, 1941 (age 63 years, 82 days). Interment at Green Mount Cemetery, Baltimore, Md.
  Relatives: Son of Henry Nice and Drucilla (Arnold) Nice; married 1906 to Edna Viola Amos; uncle of Deeley K. Nice; granduncle of Harry Whinna Nice III (1935-).
  Political family: Nice family of Baltimore, Maryland.
  The Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge (opened 1940, named 1967), which carries U.S. Route 301 across the Potomac River from Newburg, Maryland to Dahlgren, Virginia, is named for him.
  See also Wikipedia article
  Philip Clarkson Pack (1896-1970) — also known as Philip C. Pack — of Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County, Mich. Born in Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County, Mich., May 26, 1896. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; advertising business; member of Michigan state house of representatives from Washtenaw County, 1931-34. Member, Freemasons; Grotto; American Legion; Disabled American Veterans; Sons of the American Revolution. Died in 1970 (age about 74 years). Interment at Forest Hill Cemetery, Ann Arbor, Mich.
  Relatives: Son of Roba (Pulcipher) Pack (1870-1951) and Ambrose Clarkson Pack (1870-1957); married to Marion C. Beach (1898-1980).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Jess J. Present (b. 1921) — of Jamestown, Chautauqua County, N.Y. Born in Jamestown, Chautauqua County, N.Y., July 28, 1921. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II; jeweler; director, First National Bank of Jamestown; chair of Chautauqua County Republican Party, 1964-66; member of New York state assembly, 1966-68 (164th District 1966, 150th District 1967-68). Presbyterian. Member, Freemasons; Scottish Rite Masons; Shriners; Grotto. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married to Elaine Coates.
  Joseph Reich (born c.1894) — of Brooklyn, Kings County, N.Y. Born about 1894. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; jeweler; member of New York state assembly from Kings County 6th District, 1923-25; member of New York Democratic State Committee, 1936. Member, Veterans of Foreign Wars; Order of the Eastern Star; Freemasons; Grotto; Elks. Burial location unknown.
  Frank James Rice (1869-1917) — also known as Frank J. Rice — of New Haven, New Haven County, Conn. Born in North Adams, Berkshire County, Mass., February 5, 1869. Republican. Streetcar conductor; grocer; real estate business; mayor of New Haven, Conn., 1910-17; died in office 1917. Methodist. Member, Freemasons; Grotto; Odd Fellows; Elks; Redmen; Order of Heptasophs; Knights of Pythias; Union League. Died January 18, 1917 (age 47 years, 348 days). Interment at Evergreen Cemetery, New Haven, Conn.
  Relatives: Son of Jesse Hull Rice (1843-1915) and Caroline Elizabeth (Holbrook) Rice (1849-1931); married, July 16, 1890, to Charlotte A. Watrous.
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Robert Lee Fulton Sikes (1906-1994) — also known as Robert L. F. Sikes — of Crestview, Okaloosa County, Fla. Born in Isabella, Worth County, Ga., June 3, 1906. Democrat. Newspaper publisher; member of Florida state house of representatives, 1937-40; U.S. Representative from Florida, 1941-44, 1945-79 (3rd District 1941-44, 1945-63, 1st District 1963-79); resigned 1944; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Florida, 1956 (delegation chair). Methodist. Member, Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; National Rifle Association; Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Grotto; Knights of Pythias; Moose; Kiwanis; Military Order of the World Wars; Phi Kappa Phi; Sigma Delta Chi; Alpha Zeta; Alpha Gamma Rho; Elks. Reprimanded by the House of Representatives in 1976 over conflicts of interest. Died while suffering from Alzheimer's disease, September 28, 1994 (age 88 years, 117 days). Interment at Liveoak Park Memorial Cemetery, Crestview, Fla.
  Relatives: Son of Benjamin Franklin Sikes and Clara Ophelia (Ford) Sikes; married to Inez Tyner.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  James Willis Taylor (1880-1939) — also known as J. Will Taylor — of La Follette, Campbell County, Tenn. Born in Lead Mine Bend, Union County, Tenn., August 28, 1880. Republican. Lawyer; postmaster; mayor of La Follette, Tenn., 1910-12; Tennessee Insurance Commissioner, 1913-14; Tennessee Republican state chair, 1917-18; U.S. Representative from Tennessee 2nd District, 1919-39; died in office 1939; member of Republican National Committee from Tennessee, 1924-34. Methodist. Member, Freemasons; Grotto; Shriners; Odd Fellows; Knights of Pythias; Junior Order. Died November 14, 1939 (age 59 years, 78 days). Interment at Woodlawn Cemetery, La Follette, Tenn.
  Relatives: Son of James W. Taylor and Sarah Elizabeth (Rogers) Taylor.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Henry Odin Tilton (b. 1885) — also known as Henry O. Tilton — of Worcester, Worcester County, Mass. Born in Lexington, Middlesex County, Mass., June 1, 1885. Republican. Electrical engineer; local sales manager, General Electric; director, Stratton and Co., Concord, N.H.; director, New England Confectionary Co., Cambridge, Mass.; candidate for mayor of Worcester, Mass., 1933; delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1952. Congregationalist. Member, Kappa Sigma; Freemasons; Grotto; Rotary. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Josiah Odin Tilton and Hattie (French) Tilton; married, September 30, 1914, to Olive Northrop Fobes.
  Ray B. Tuttle (1905-1983) — of Clarkson, Monroe County, N.Y. Born in Brockport, Monroe County, N.Y., August 7, 1905. Democrat. Member of New York state senate 51st District; elected 1948; defeated, 1952. Member, Freemasons; Grotto. Died February 1, 1983 (age 77 years, 178 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married to Nellie I. Timerson.
  Frank E. Van Lare (b. 1900) — of Rochester, Monroe County, N.Y. Born in Gates town (part now in Rochester), Monroe County, N.Y., February 22, 1900. Republican. Member of New York state senate, 1951-66 (51st District 1951-65, 58th District 1966). Dutch ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Grotto; Moose. Burial location unknown.
  Randolph H. Weber (b. 1909) — of Poplar Bluff, Butler County, Mo. Born in St. Louis, Mo., November 26, 1909. Republican. Lawyer; Butler County Prosecuting Attorney, 1937-38; member of Missouri state house of representatives from Butler County, 1939-40; chair of Butler County Republican Party, 1938-42; circuit judge in Missouri 33rd Circuit, 1943-49. Christian. Member, Jaycees; Lions; Odd Fellows; Freemasons; Order of the Eastern Star; Grotto; Sigma Phi Epsilon; American Judicature Society. Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of Henry P. Weber and Lillian (Boelling) Weber; married, September 8, 1934, to Lila Everts.
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
  The listings are incomplete; development of the database is a continually ongoing project.  
  Information on this page — and on all other pages of this site — is believed to be accurate, but is not guaranteed. Users are advised to check with other sources before relying on any information here.  
  The official URL for this page is: https://politicalgraveyard.com/group/grotto.html.  
  Links to this or any other Political Graveyard page are welcome, but specific page addresses may sometimes change as the site develops.  
  If you are searching for a specific named individual, try the alphabetical index of politicians.  
  More information: FAQ; privacy policy; cemetery links.  
  If you find any error or omission in The Political Graveyard, or if you have information to share, please see the biographical checklist and submission guidelines.  
Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2019 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 10, 2021.

Creative 
Commons License Follow polgraveyard on Twitter [Amazon.com]