PoliticalGraveyard.com
The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Index to Politicians

Burgess

BURGESS (Soundex B622) — See also BERGES, BERGUS, BORGESS, BURG, BURGE, BURGES, BURGESON, BURGESS-HILL, BURGIS, GESS, GUBSER, STURGES, STURGESS, WORGESS.

  BURGESS: See also Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich — James Lindsay Almond, Jr. — Burgess Beall — Burgess Bethurum — Sheila Burgess-Hill — Reece Arnold Caudle — Frank Dyer Chester — G. T. Clark — Francis Russell Edward Cornell — Alfred Edwin Horace Creswicke — Eugene Burgess Crowe — Charles Henry Crownhart — James Edward Day — Burgess Gaither — Burgess Sidney Gaither — Clay D. Hammond — Everette Burgess Howard — W. Burgess Mahan — Burgess E. Nelson — Samuel William Raymond — Jesse Burgess Thomas — Jesse Burgess Thomas, Jr. — Robert Speer Tubbs — Arthur James Weaver — James Scollay Whitney — Lewis Burgess Wilson
  Burgess, A. E. — Democrat. Candidate in primary for West Virginia state senate 7th District, 1934. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, A. F. — of Greenville, Greenville County, S.C. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from South Carolina, 1944. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Alan R. — Libertarian. Candidate for Delaware state senate 8th District, 1982. Still living as of 1982.
  Burgess, Albert C. — of Belfast, Waldo County, Maine. Republican. Mayor of Belfast, Maine, 1887-88. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Ann Timmons — of Michigan. Republican. Candidate for University of Michigan board of regents, 1959. Female. Still living as of 1959.
  Burgess, Asa — of Canterbury, Windham County, Conn. Member of Connecticut state house of representatives from Canterbury, 1820. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, B. A. — of Fork Union, Fluvanna County, Va. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1916, 1924. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, B. Edward — Constitution candidate for Presidential Elector for Texas, 1956. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Barbara — of Texas. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2000. Female. Still living as of 2000.
  Burgess, Benjamin L., Jr. — U.S. Attorney for Kansas, 1984-90. Still living as of 1990.
  Burgess, Beryl — Republican. Candidate in primary for Texas railroad commissioner, 2012. Still living as of 2012.
  Burgess, Carl T. — of Rapid City, Pennington County, S.Dak. Member of South Dakota state house of representatives 45th District, 1953-60. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Carter Lane (1916-2002) — also known as Carter L. Burgess — of Roanoke, Va. Born in Roanoke, Va., December 31, 1916. Insurance agent; colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II; while stationed in England, he delivered a message from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to Gen. Charles de Gaulle, then in North Africa, informing him of the plans to invade Normandy; business executive; chief executive officer of Trans World Airlines (TWA), 1956-57; U.S. Ambassador to Argentina, 1968-69. Episcopalian. Died, following two strokes, at Pheasant Ridge Nursing Home, Roanoke, Va., August 18, 2002 (age 85 years, 230 days). Interment at Evergreen Burial Park, Roanoke, Va.
  See also U.S. State Dept career summary
  Burgess, Charles — of Titusville, Crawford County, Pa. Republican. Alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1900. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Charles M. — of Aurora, Kane County, Ill. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois, 1944, 1952. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Charles P. — of Menlo Park, San Mateo County, Calif. Mayor of Menlo Park, Calif., 1952-53, 1955. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Charlie — Democrat. National Democratic candidate for Presidential Elector for Alabama, 1972. Still living as of 1972.
  Burgess, D. — of Washington. Socialist. Candidate for U.S. Representative from Washington, 1902 (at-large), 1908 (1st District). Burial location unknown.
Danny Burgess Burgess, Daniel W. (born c.1986) — also known as Danny Burgess — of Zephyrhills, Pasco County, Fla. Born about 1986. Lawyer; mayor of Zephyrhills, Fla., 2013-. Still living as of 2014.
  Image source: City of Zephyrhills
  Burgess, Danny See Daniel W. Burgess
  Burgess, David — of Tacoma, Pierce County, Wash. Socialist. Socialist Labor candidate for U.S. Senator from Washington, 1922, 1926; Socialist Labor candidate for Governor of Washington, 1924. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, David E. (1914-1970) — of Grosse Pointe, Wayne County, Mich. Born June 1, 1914. Lawyer; mayor of Grosse Pointe, Mich., 1963-70; died in office 1970. Member, American Bar Association; Federal Bar Association; Gamma Eta Gamma; Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners. Died, in Bon Secours Hospital, Grosse Pointe, Wayne County, Mich., November 3, 1970 (age 56 years, 155 days). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Married to Louise Marie Hawley.
  Burgess, Dean — of Herkimer County, N.Y. Member of New York state assembly from Herkimer County 2nd District, 1854. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Don — of Texas. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2000. Still living as of 2000.
  Burgess, Duke — Republican. Candidate for U.S. Representative from Texas 5th District, 1966. Still living as of 1966.
  Burgess, E. A. — of Sioux City, Woodbury County, Iowa. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Iowa, 1920. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, E. Reuberta — of Lebanon, New London County, Conn. Democrat. Candidate for Connecticut state house of representatives from Lebanon, 1930. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Edith V. — of Tipton, Cedar County, Iowa. Democrat. Candidate for Iowa state house of representatives from Cedar County, 1950; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Iowa, 1952. Female. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Edward See B. Edward Burgess
  Burgess, Edward — of St. Albans, Kanawha County, W.Va. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from West Virginia, 2008. Still living as of 2008.
  Burgess, Edward A. — U.S. Vice Consul in Rio de Janeiro, as of 1916-17. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Evelyn — Constitution candidate for Presidential Elector for Texas, 1956. Female. Still living as of 1956.
  Burgess, F. D. — of St. Albans, Kanawha County, W.Va. Democrat. Mayor of St. Albans, W.Va., 1943-44. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Frank See J. Frank Burgess
  Burgess, Frank — of Michigan. Republican. Candidate in primary for Michigan state senate 4th District, 1952. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Frank J. — of Tioga County, N.Y. Democrat. Candidate for New York state assembly from Tioga County, 1933, 1934. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Franklin D. (b. 1935) — Born in Eudora, Chicot County, Ark., 1935. Lawyer; U.S. District Judge for the Western District of Washington, 1994-2005; took senior status 2005. African ancestry. Still living as of 2005.
  See also federal judicial profile
  Burgess, G. D. — of Troy, Miami County, Ohio. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1860. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Gavon D. — of Linneus, Linn County, Mo. Circuit judge in Missouri 11th Circuit, 1887. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, George F. — of Bowie, Montague County, Tex. Republican. Alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1924. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, George Farmer (1861-1919) — also known as George F. Burgess — of Gonzales, Gonzales County, Tex. Born in Wharton County, Tex., September 21, 1861. Democrat. Lawyer; Gonzales County Attorney, 1886-89; Presidential Elector for Texas, 1892; U.S. Representative from Texas, 1901-17 (10th District 1901-03, 9th District 1903-17); candidate for U.S. Senator from Texas, 1916. Died in Gonzales, Gonzales County, Tex., December 31, 1919 (age 58 years, 101 days). Interment at Masonic Cemetery, Gonzales, Tex.
  Relatives: Son of Dr. C. H. A. Burgess; married, December 28, 1888, to Marie Louise Sims.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Burgess, George W. — of Pawtucket, Providence County, R.I. Republican. Postmaster at Pawtucket, R.I., 1921-35. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Goble G. — of Wayne County, W.Va. Member of West Virginia state house of delegates from Wayne County, 1870; member of West Virginia state senate 6th District, 1883-86. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, H. — of Vermillion, Clay County, Dakota Territory (now S.Dak.). Member of Dakota territorial House of Representatives, 1863-65. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, H. Perrin — of Redford Township, Wayne County, Mich. Democrat. Supervisor of Redford Township, Michigan; elected 1880. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, H. S. (b. 1866) — of Fairfield, Wayne County, Ill. Born in Wayne County, Ill., December 6, 1866. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Illinois state house of representatives 46th District, 1923-25, 1941-43; member of Illinois state senate 46th District, 1925-29, 1933-41. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, H. S. — of Sparks, Washoe County, Nev. Mayor of Sparks, Nev., 1954. Still living as of 1954.
  Burgess, Harry (1872-1933) — Born in Starkville, Oktibbeha County, Miss., February 22, 1872. Engineer; served in the U.S. Army during World War I; Brigadier General, U.S. Army; engineer in charge of maintenance, Panama Canal, 1924-28; Governor of Panama Canal Zone, 1928-32. Died, in Army and Navy General Hospital, Hot Springs, Garland County, Ark., March 18, 1933 (age 61 years, 24 days). Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
  Relatives: Married 1912 to Mary Lillington McKoy (died 1933).
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Burgess, Harry L. — of Huntington, Cabell County, W.Va. Republican. Candidate for West Virginia state house of delegates 11th District, 1974. Still living as of 1974.
  Burgess, Henry A. — of Sheridan, Sheridan County, Wyo. Republican. Member of Wyoming state house of representatives, 1950. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Henry C. M. — of Lincoln, Lancaster County, Neb. U.S. Surveyor of Customs, 1909. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Hugh — of Ellicott City, Howard County, Md. Democrat. Candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Maryland 6th District, 1968. Still living as of 1968.
  Burgess, Isabel A. — of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Ariz. Republican. Member of Arizona state house of representatives, 1953-54, 1957-58, 1961-66; member of Arizona state senate, 1967-69. Female. Still living as of 1969.
  Burgess, Ivison C. — of Russellville, Pope County, Ark. Member of Arkansas state senate 4th District, 1915-17; expelled 1917. In January, 1917, after he introduced legislation to regulate trading stamps and coupons, he accepted a bribe to kill the bills, from a detective posing as a lobbyist for Eastern trading-stamp interests; arrested, charged with bribery, and later convicted; expelled from the Senate on a vote of 25 to 8. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, J. B. — of Old Trap, Camden County, N.C. Republican. Chair of Camden County Republican Party, 1952. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, J. C. — of Pryor Creek, Cherokee Nation County, Indian Territory (now Mayes County, Okla.). Postmaster at Pryor Creek, Indian Territory, 1901. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, J. Frank — of Omaha, Douglas County, Neb. Republican. Insurance business; member of Nebraska state house of representatives 10th District, 1915. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, J. J. — of Dearborn, Platte County, Mo. Democrat. Chair of Platte County Democratic Party, 1903. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, J. M. — of Pendleton, Umatilla County, Ore. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Oregon, 1916. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, J. Porter — of Monroe, Ouachita Parish, La. Democrat. Alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from Louisiana, 1936. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Jack See John L. Burgess
  Burgess, Jackie — of Sanders County, Mont. Democrat. Candidate for Montana state house of representatives 13th District, 2010. Still living as of 2010.
  Burgess, James R., Jr. — of Illinois. U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Illinois, 1977-82. Still living as of 1982.
  Burgess, James T. — of Enfield, Hartford County, Conn. Republican. Candidate for Connecticut state house of representatives from Enfield, 1936. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Janis — of Menominee, Menominee County, Mich. Democrat. Chair of Menominee County Democratic Party, 2003. Female. Still living as of 2003.
  Burgess, Jessie S. — of Detroit, Wayne County, Mich. Member of Michigan Prohibition Party State Central Committee, 1951-53. Female. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, John — U.S. Consular Agent in Athlone, as of 1898-1905. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, John A. — of Livonia Township (now Livonia), Wayne County, Mich. Democrat. Candidate for supervisor of Livonia Township, Michigan, 1949. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, John F. — of Salina, Saline County, Kan. Mayor of Salina, Kan., 1983-84. Still living as of 1984.
  Burgess, John G. — U.S. Consular Agent in Kempt, as of 1897-98; Cheverie, as of 1899. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, John G. — of El Cajon, San Diego County, Calif. Postmaster at El Cajon, Calif., 1901. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, John L. — also known as Jack Burgess — of Texas. Republican. Candidate for U.S. Representative from Texas 11th District, 1976, 1978. Still living as of 1978.
  Burgess, John S. — of Brattleboro, Windham County, Vt. Republican. Candidate in primary for Vermont state attorney general, 1962. Still living as of 1962.
  Burgess, John T. — of Jefferson County, Mo. Member of Missouri state house of representatives from Jefferson County, 1893-94. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Joy B. — of Milwaukie, Clackamas County, Ore. Mayor of Milwaukie, Ore., 1980-84. Female. Still living as of 1984.
  Burgess, K. B. — of Paris, Lamar County, Tex. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1940. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Larry L. — of Dexter, Washtenaw County, Mich. Republican. Village president of Dexter, Michigan; elected 1980. Still living as of 1980.
  Burgess, LeRoy — of Wayne County, Mich. Democrat. Candidate in primary for Michigan state house of representatives 2nd District, 1998. Still living as of 1998.
  Burgess, Lyman — of Vermillion, Clay County, Dakota Territory (now S.Dak.). Member of Dakota territorial House of Representatives, 1862. Interment at Bluff View Cemetery, Vermillion, S.Dak.
  Relatives: Brother-in-law of Andrew Ericson Lee (1847-1934); uncle by marriage of Carl Gunderson.
  Political family: Lee-Gunderson family of Vermillion, South Dakota.
  Burgess, M. W. — of Wetzel County, W.Va. Member of West Virginia state house of delegates 2nd District, 1893-94. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Marian Wood — of Huntington, Cabell County, W.Va. Republican. Member of West Virginia Republican State Executive Committee, 1955. Female. Still living as of 1955.
  Burgess, Martin J., Jr. — of Suffolk County, N.Y. Conservative. Candidate for delegate to New York state constitutional convention 2nd District, 1966. Still living as of 1966.
  Burgess, Mary C. — of Lincoln, Lancaster County, Neb. Republican. Alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from Nebraska, 1932. Female. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Mary E. — of Baltimore, Md. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Maryland, 1948. Female. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Merle F. — of Rumford, Oxford County, Maine. Democrat. Member of Maine state house of representatives from Oxford County (1st), 1931-32. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Michael C. (b. 1950) — of Highland Village, Denton County, Tex. Born in Rochester, Olmsted County, Minn., December 23, 1950. Republican. Physician; U.S. Representative from Texas 26th District, 2003-. Episcopalian. Still living as of 2014.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — votes in Congress from the Washington Post — NNDB dossier
  Burgess, Mowry — of Plainfield, Windham County, Conn. Member of Connecticut state house of representatives from Plainfield, 1829; member of Connecticut state senate 13th District, 1844. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, N. — Member of Minnesota state house of representatives District 19, 1876. Burial location unknown.
  See also Minnesota Legislator record
  Burgess, Perrin See H. Perrin Burgess
  Burgess, Peter D. — of North Carolina. Republican. Candidate for U.S. Representative from North Carolina 1st District, 1924. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Philo — of Lebanon, New London County, Conn. Democrat. Candidate for Connecticut state house of representatives from Lebanon, 1906. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Porter See J. Porter Burgess
  Burgess, Reuben P. — of Lebanon, New London County, Conn. Democrat. Candidate for Connecticut state house of representatives from Lebanon, 1908, 1910. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Reuberta See E. Reuberta Burgess
  Burgess, Richard — of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Ariz. Republican. Member of Arizona state house of representatives, 1971-74. Still living as of 1974.
  Burgess, Robert Lee — also known as Robert L. Burgess — of Kanawha County, W.Va. Democrat. Member of West Virginia state house of delegates from Kanawha County, 1947-48. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Roy H. — of Michigan. Republican. Candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Michigan 17th District, 1932. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Rush — of Essex County, N.J. Member of New Jersey state house of assembly from Essex County, 1884. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Ryan — of Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 2008. Still living as of 2008.
  Burgess, Susan — of Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, N.C. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from North Carolina, 2000, 2008; candidate in primary for mayor of Charlotte, N.C., 2001; member of Democratic National Committee from North Carolina, 2008. Female. Still living as of 2008.
  Burgess, Sylvanus — of Olmsted County, Minn. Member of Minnesota state house of representatives District 8, 1857-58. Burial location unknown.
  See also Minnesota Legislator record
  Burgess, Thomas L. — of South Windsor, Hartford County, Conn. Democrat. Farmer; member of Connecticut state house of representatives from South Windsor, 1939-40; first selectman of South Windsor, Connecticut, 1947, 1954-57. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Thomas Mackie (1806-1856) — also known as Thomas M. Burgess — of Providence, Providence County, R.I. Born in Providence, Providence County, R.I., June 6, 1806. Whig. Mayor of Providence, R.I., 1841-52. Died in Providence, Providence County, R.I., October 17, 1856 (age 50 years, 133 days). Interment at North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Burgess (1778-1856) and Mary (Mackie) Burgess (1778-1835); married 1831 to Elizabeth 'Eliza' Howard (1809-1841); third cousin of James Scollay Whitney; third cousin once removed of Henry Melville Whitney and William Collins Whitney; third cousin twice removed of Bartlett Nye, Hezekiah Nye and Thomas Nye; third cousin thrice removed of Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney and John Hay Whitney (1904-1982); fourth cousin once removed of Asa Russell Nye.
  Political families: Roosevelt family of New York City, New York; Wolcott-Wadsworth family of Connecticut and Maryland; Bolton-Whitney-Brainard-Wolcott family of Cleveland, Ohio; Hay-Morton-Turner-Wadsworth family of Taunton, Massachusetts; Whitney-Nye family of Massachusetts and New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also Wikipedia article — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Burgess, Timothy Mark (b. 1956) — of Alaska. Born in San Francisco, Calif., 1956. Lawyer; U.S. Attorney for Alaska, 2001-05; U.S. District Judge for Alaska, 2006-. Still living as of 2006.
  See also federal judicial profile
  Burgess, Vic — Republican. Candidate in primary for Texas state house of representatives 64th District, 1994, 1996. Still living as of 1996.
  Burgess, W. A. — of White, Brookings County, S.Dak. Merchant; member of South Dakota state house of representatives 21st District, 1901-02. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, W. H. — of Seguin, Guadalupe County, Tex. Member of Texas state senate 25th District, 1887-88. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Walter E. — of Lebanon, New London County, Conn. Democrat. Candidate for Connecticut state house of representatives from Lebanon, 1932, 1934. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, Walter Forest (b. 1877) — also known as Walter F. Burgess — of Reader, Wetzel County, W.Va.; Moundsville, Marshall County, W.Va. Born in New Martinsville, Wetzel County, W.Va., April 29, 1877. Republican. Oil and gas producer; member of West Virginia state senate 2nd District, 1917-20, 1945-48. Protestant. Member, Freemasons; Elks; Rotary. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, William A. — of Bozrah, New London County, Conn. Democrat. Candidate for Connecticut state house of representatives from Bozrah, 1914. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, William A. — of St. Albans, Kanawha County, W.Va. Democrat. Acting postmaster at St. Albans, W.Va., 1920-21. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, William A. — of East Lansing, Ingham County, Mich. Postmaster at East Lansing, Mich., 1955-58. Presumed deceased. Burial location unknown.
  Burgess, William C. — of Auburn, Cayuga County, N.Y. Mayor of Auburn, N.Y., 1901-02. Burial location unknown.


"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
The Political Graveyard

The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
  The listings are incomplete; development of the database is a continually ongoing project.  
  Information on this page — and on all other pages of this site — is believed to be accurate, but is not guaranteed. Users are advised to check with other sources before relying on any information here.  
  The official URL for this page is: https://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/burgess.html.  
  Links to this or any other Political Graveyard page are welcome, but specific page addresses may sometimes change as the site develops.  
  If you are searching for a specific named individual, try the alphabetical index of politicians.  
  More information: FAQ; privacy policy; cemetery links.  
  If you find any error or omission in The Political Graveyard, or if you have information to share, please see the biographical checklist and submission guidelines.  
Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2019 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 10, 2021.

Creative 
Commons License Follow polgraveyard on Twitter [Amazon.com]