The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Politicians Killed in Duels

Very incomplete list!

in chronological order

  John Baylis (c.1727-1765) — of Dumfries, Prince William County, Va. Born in Manassas, Va., about 1727. Lawyer; planter; member of Virginia House of Burgesses, 1761-65. Anglican. Killed in a duel with Cuthbert Bullitt, in Prince William County, Va., September 24, 1765 (age about 38 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Son of William Baylis; married 1754 to Jane Blackburn.
  Button Gwinnett (c.1732-1777) — of Georgia. Born in Down Hatherly, Gloucestershire, England, about 1732. Delegate to Continental Congress from Georgia, 1776; signer, Declaration of Independence, 1776; delegate to Georgia state constitutional convention, 1777; Governor of Georgia, 1777. Mortally wounded in a duel with Lachlan McIntosh, on May 16, 1777, and died three days later, near Savannah, Chatham County, Ga., May 19, 1777 (age about 45 years). Interment at Colonial Park Cemetery, Savannah, Ga.
  Gwinnett County, Ga. is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article
  George Wells (1744-1780) — of Georgia. Born in Queen Anne's County, Md., March 3, 1744. Physician; served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War; Governor of Georgia, 1780; died in office 1780. Mortally wounded in a duel with James Jackson, and died soon after, in Augusta, Richmond County, Ga., February 15, 1780 (age 35 years, 349 days). Burial location unknown.
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
  Richard Dobbs Spaight (1758-1802) — of Craven County, N.C. Born in New Bern, Craven County, N.C., March 25, 1758. Democrat. Member of North Carolina state legislature, 1781; Delegate to Continental Congress from North Carolina, 1783-85; member, U.S. Constitutional Convention, 1787; Governor of North Carolina, 1792-95; U.S. Representative from North Carolina, 1798-1801 (10th District 1798-99, at-large 1799-1801); member of North Carolina state senate, 1801. Episcopalian. Mortally wounded in in a duel with John Stanly, his opponent and successor in Congress, and died in New Bern, Craven County, N.C., September 6, 1802 (age 44 years, 165 days). Interment a private or family graveyard, Craven County, N.C.
  Relatives: Father of Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr. (1796-1850); grandfather of Richard Spaight Donnell.
  Political family: Spaight family of New Bern, North Carolina.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) — also known as "Alexander the Coppersmith" — of New York, New York County, N.Y. Born in Charles Town, Nevis, January 11, 1757. Delegate to Continental Congress from New York, 1782; member of New York state assembly from New York County, 1786-87; member, U.S. Constitutional Convention, 1787; delegate to New York convention to ratify U.S. constitution from New York County, 1788; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1789-95. Episcopalian. Scottish and French ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Society of the Cincinnati. Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1915. Shot and mortally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr, on July 11, 1804, and died the next day in New York, New York County, N.Y., July 12, 1804 (age 47 years, 183 days). Interment at Trinity Churchyard, Manhattan, N.Y.; statue at Treasury Building Grounds, Washington, D.C.; statue at Commonwealth Avenue Mall, Boston, Mass.
  Relatives: Son of James Hamilton and Rachel (Faucette) Hamilton; married, December 14, 1780, to Elizabeth Schuyler (1757-1854; daughter of Philip John Schuyler; sister of Philip Jeremiah Schuyler); father of Alexander Hamilton, Jr., James Alexander Hamilton (1788-1878) and William Stephen Hamilton; great-grandfather of Robert Ray Hamilton; second great-grandfather of Laurens M. Hamilton; ancestor *** of Robert Hamilton Woodruff.
  Political families: Livingston-Schuyler family of New York; VanRensselaer family of Albany, New York (subsets of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  Cross-reference: Nathaniel Pendleton — Robert Troup — John Tayler — William P. Van Ness
  Hamilton counties in Fla., Ill., Ind., Kan., Neb., N.Y., Ohio and Tenn. are named for him.
  The city of Hamilton, Ohio, is named for him.  — Hamilton Hall (dormitory, built 1926), at Harvard University Business School, Boston, Massachusetts, is named for him.
  Other politicians named for him: Alexander H. BuellAlexander H. HolleyHamilton FishAlexander H. StephensAlexander H. BullockAlexander H. BaileyAlexander H. RiceAlexander Hamilton JonesAlexander H. WatermanAlexander H. CoffrothAlexander H. DudleyAlexander H. RevellAlexander Hamilton HargisAlexander Hamilton PhillipsAlex Woodle
  Coins and currency: His portrait appears on the U.S. $10 bill; from the 1860s to the 1920s, his portrait also appeared on U.S. notes and certificates of various denominations from $2 to $1,000.
  Personal motto: "Do it better yet."
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Books about Alexander Hamilton: Richard Brookhiser, Alexander Hamilton, American — Forrest McDonald, Alexander Hamilton: A Biography — Gertrude Atherton, Conqueror : Dramatized Biography of Alexander Hamilton — Ron Chernow, Alexander Hamilton — Thomas Fleming, Duel: Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, and the Future of America — Arnold A. Rogow, A Fatal Friendship: Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr — Willard Sterne Randall, Alexander Hamilton: A Life — John Harper, American Machiavelli : Alexander Hamilton and the Origins of U.S. Foreign Policy — Stephen F. Knott, Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth — Charles Cerami, Young Patriots: The Remarkable Story of Two Men. Their Impossible Plan and The Revolution That Created The Constitution — Donald Barr Chidsey, Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Jefferson
  Critical books about Alexander Hamilton: Thomas DiLorenzo, Hamilton's Curse : How Jefferson's Arch Enemy Betrayed the American Revolution -- and What It means for Americans Today
  Image source: U.S. postage stamp (1957)
  John Ward Gurley (c.1787-1808) — of Louisiana. Born in Lebanon, New London County, Conn., about 1787. Orleans territory attorney general, 1803. Killed in a duel with Philip L. Jones, in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., March 3, 1808 (age about 21 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Brother of Henry Hosford Gurley (1788-1833).
  Armistead Thomson Mason (1787-1819) — also known as Armistead T. Mason — of Virginia. Born in Louisa County, Va., August 4, 1787. Democrat. Colonel in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812; U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1816-17. As a result of a bitter election campaign, was killed in a duel with Col. John Mason McCarty, at Bladensburg, Prince George's County, Md., February 6, 1819 (age 31 years, 186 days). Interment at Episcopal Churchyard, Leesburg, Va.
  Relatives: Son of Mary Elizabeth 'Polly' (Armistead) Mason (1760-1825) and Stevens Thomson Mason (1760-1803); brother of Catherine Armistead Mason (born 1795; who married William Taylor Barry), John Thomson Mason (1787-1850) and Mary Thomson Mason (1791-1813; who married Benjamin Howard); married, May 1, 1817, to Charlotte Eliza Taylor (died 1846); nephew of John Thomson Mason (1765-1824); uncle of Stevens Thomson Mason (1811-1843); grandson of Thomson Mason; grandnephew of George Mason; first cousin of John Thomson Mason, Jr.; second cousin of Thomson Francis Mason and James Murray Mason.
  Political family: Mason family of Virginia (subset of the Three Thousand Related Politicians).
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Joshua Barton (1792-1823) — of Missouri. Born in Jefferson County, Tenn., July 28, 1792. Secretary of state of Missouri, 1820-21; resigned 1821; U.S. Attorney for Missouri, 1822-23. Killed in a duel with Thomas C. Rector, on Bloody Island, St. Louis, Mo., June 30, 1823 (age 30 years, 337 days). Interment somewhere in St. Charles, Mo.
  Joseph Selden (1787-1824) — of Arkansas. Born in Henrico County, Va., May 7, 1787. Major in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812; justice of Arkansas territorial supreme court, 1820-24; died in office 1824. Killed in a duel with Andrew Scott, on an island in the Mississippi River, near Helena (now part of Helena-West Helena), Phillips County, Ark., May 26, 1824 (age 37 years, 19 days). Burial location unknown.
  Robert Brank Vance (1793-1827) — of Nashville, Nash County, N.C. Born near Asheville, Buncombe County, N.C., 1793. Democrat. U.S. Representative from North Carolina 12th District, 1823-25. Mortally wounded in a duel with Samuel P. Carson, who had defeated him for Congress; died the next day at a hotel in Henderson County, N.C., 1827 (age about 34 years). Interment a private or family graveyard, Buncombe County, N.C.
  Relatives: Uncle of Robert Brank Vance (1828-1899) and Zebulon Baird Vance.
  Political family: Vance family of Asheville, North Carolina.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Henry Wharton Conway (1793-1827) — also known as Henry W. Conway — of Little Rock, Pulaski County, Ark. Born near Greeneville, Greene County, Tenn., March 18, 1793. Served in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812; postmaster at Little Rock, Ark., 1821-23; Delegate to U.S. Congress from Arkansas Territory, 1823-27; died in office 1827. Mortally wounded in a duel with Robert Crittenden on October 29, 1827, and died at Arkansas Post, Arkansas County, Ark., November 9, 1827 (age 34 years, 236 days). Interment at Scull Cemetery, Arkansas Post, Ark.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas C. Conway (1771-1835) and Nancy Ann Elizabeth (Rector) Conway (1771-1845); brother of James Sevier Conway, William Conway and Elias Nelson Conway; first cousin of Ambrose Hundley Sevier and Henry Massey Rector (1816-1899); second cousin twice removed of George Taylor Conway and Walter B. Conway; second cousin thrice removed of Charles Mitchell Conway; third cousin of James Lawson Kemper.
  Political family: Conway-Norvell-Johnson family.
  Conway County, Ark. is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Find-A-Grave memorial
  Spencer Darwin Pettis (1802-1831) — also known as Spencer D. Pettis — of Fayette, Howard County, Mo. Born in Culpeper County, Va., 1802. Democrat. Secretary of state of Missouri, 1826-28; U.S. Representative from Missouri at-large, 1829-31; died in office 1831. The fierce campaign of 1830 led to a quarrel and ultimately a duel with Maj. Thomas Biddle, in which both fell mortally wounded; died the next day, in St. Louis, Mo., August 28, 1831 (age about 29 years). Interment at Old City Cemetery, St. Louis, Mo.
  Pettis County, Mo. is named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Jonathan Cilley (1802-1838) — of Thomaston, Knox County, Maine. Born in Nottingham, Rockingham County, N.H., July 2, 1802. Lawyer; member of Maine state house of representatives, 1831-36; Speaker of the Maine State House of Representatives, 1835-36; U.S. Representative from Maine 3rd District, 1837-38; died in office 1838. Killed in a duel by Representative William J. Graves of Kentucky, on the Marlboro Pike, in Prince George's County, Md., February 24, 1838 (age 35 years, 237 days). Interment at Elm Grove Cemetery, Thomaston, Maine; cenotaph at Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
  Relatives: Brother of Joseph Cilley; nephew of Bradbury Cilley (1760-1831).
  Political family: Cilley family of Nottingham, New Hampshire.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — NNDB dossier
  Augustus A. Alston (1805-1839) — of Georgia. Born in Hancock County, Ga., 1805. Member of Georgia state house of representatives, 1828-29. Killed in a duel with Gen. Leigh Read, in Tallahassee, Leon County, Fla., 1839 (age about 34 years). Burial location unknown.
  Relatives: Brother of Henrietta Alston (who married Augustus Holmes Kenan (1805-1870)) and Philoclea Alston (who married David Shelby Walker); nephew of Willis Alston; uncle of Robert Augustus Alston and Lewis Holmes Kenan.
  Political family: Walker-Alston family of North Carolina.
  George Augustus Waggaman (1782-1843) — also known as George A. Waggaman — of New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La. Born in Caroline County, Md., 1782. Circuit judge in Louisiana, 1818; secretary of state of Louisiana, 1830-32; U.S. Senator from Louisiana, 1831-35. Mortally wounded in a duel, and died in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La., March 22, 1843 (age about 60 years). Original interment at Girod Street Cemetery (which no longer exists), New Orleans, La.; reinterment to unknown location.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Edward Gilbert (c.1819-1852) — of San Francisco, Calif. Born in Cherry Valley, Otsego County, N.Y., about 1819. Democrat. Printer; newspaper editor; delegate to California state constitutional convention from San Francisco District, 1849; U.S. Representative from California at-large, 1850-51. Killed in a duel with Col. James W. Denver, near Sacramento, Sacramento County, Calif., August 2, 1852 (age about 33 years). Original interment at Laurel Hill Cemetery (which no longer exists), San Francisco, Calif.; reinterment to unknown location.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  Solomon Weathersbee Downs (1801-1854) — also known as Solomon W. Downs — of Louisiana. Born in Montgomery County, Tenn., 1801. Democrat. Lawyer; U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Louisiana, 1845-46; U.S. Senator from Louisiana, 1847-53; U.S. Collector of Customs, 1853. Mortally wounded in a duel, and subsequently died, at Crab Orchard Springs, Lincoln County, Ky., August 14, 1854 (age about 53 years). Original interment at a private or family graveyard, Ouachita Parish, La.; reinterment at Riverview Cemetery, Monroe, La.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  David Colbreth Broderick (1820-1859) — also known as David C. Broderick — of New York; San Francisco, Calif. Born in Washington, D.C., February 4, 1820. Democrat. Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York, 1846; went to California for the 1849 Gold Rush; member of California state senate, 1850-52; Lieutenant Governor of California, 1851-52; U.S. Senator from California, 1857-59; died in office 1859. Irish ancestry. Mortally wounded in a duel on September 13, 1859 with David S. Terry, chief justice of the California Supreme Court, and died in San Francisco, Calif., September 16, 1859 (age 39 years, 224 days). Original interment at Laurel Hill Cemetery (which no longer exists), San Francisco, Calif.; reinterment in 1942 at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park, Colma, Calif.
  Relatives: Son of Thomas Broderick and Honora (Colbert) Broderick; cousin *** of Andrew Kennedy and Case Broderick (1839-1920).
  Political family: Broderick-Kennedy family of Indianapolis and Muncie, Indiana.
  The former town of Broderick, now part of West Sacramento, California, was named for him.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page — Wikipedia article — NNDB dossier
  William Augustus Lake (1808-1861) — Born near Cambridge, Dorchester County, Md., January 6, 1808. Member of Maryland state house of delegates, 1831; member of Mississippi state senate, 1848; U.S. Representative from Mississippi 4th District, 1855-57; member of Mississippi state house of representatives, 1859. Killed in a duel by Henry Cousins Chambers, his opponent for Confederate Congress, at Hopefield, Crittenden County, Ark., October 15, 1861 (age 53 years, 282 days). Interment at Cedar Hill Cemetery, Vicksburg, Miss.
  See also congressional biography — Govtrack.us page
  William T. Casto (1824-1862) — Born January 24, 1824. Lawyer; mayor of Maysville, Ky., 1850; arrested in 1861 and imprisoned for allegedly aiding the Confederacy; released in 1862. Blamed Col. Leonidas Metcalfe (son of Gov. Thomas Metcalfe) for his imprisonment; challenged him to a duel; the weapons were Colt rifles at 60 yards; Casto was shot and killed on the first fire, in Bracken County, Ky., May 8, 1862 (age 38 years, 104 days). Interment at Maysville Cemetery, Maysville, Ky.
  Relatives: Son of Abijah Casto.
  Epitaph: "A Patriot, his Country's firm unwavering friend, he was willing to die for his Principles and as a man of Honor nobly fell a Veteran of the sacred and invincible right of personal liberty."
  See also Find-A-Grave memorial
"Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
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The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 312,576 politicians, living and dead.
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