The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
New York: Secretaries of State

New York Secretaries of State, 1778-1993 (May be incomplete!)
John Morin Scott 1778-84 Lewis Allaire Scott 1784-93 Daniel Hale 1793-1801 Thomas Tillotson 1801-06 Elisha Jenkins 1806-07 Thomas Tillotson 1807-08 Elisha Jenkins 1808-10 Daniel Hale 1810-11 Elisha Jenkins 1811-13 Jacob R. Van Rensselaer 1813-15 Peter B. Porter 1815-16 Robert L. Tillotson 1816-17 Charles D. Cooper 1817-18 John Van Ness Yates 1818-26 Azariah C. Flagg 1826-33 John A. Dix 1833-39 John C. Spencer 1839-42 Samuel Young 1842-45 Nathaniel S. Benton 1845-47 Christopher Morgan 1847-51 Henry S. Randall 1852-53 Elias W. Leavenworth 1854-55 Joel T. Headley 1856-57 Gideon J. Tucker 1858-59 David R. Floyd-Jones 1860-61 Horatio Ballard 1862-63 Chauncey M. Depew 1864-65 Francis C. Barlow 1866-67 Homer A. Nelson 1868-71 G. Hilton Scribner 1872-73 Diedrich Willers, Jr. 1874-75 John Bigelow 1876-77 Allen C. Beach 1878-79 Joseph B. Carr 1880-85 Frederick Cook 1886-89 Frank Rice 1890-93 John Palmer 1894-98 John T. McDonough 1899-1902 John F. O'Brien 1903-06 John S. Whalen 1907-08 Samuel S. Koenig 1909-10 Edward Lazansky 1911-12 Mitchell May 1913-14 Francis M. Hugo 1915-20 John J. Lyons 1921-22 James A. Hamilton 1923-24 Florence E. S. Knapp 1925-27 Robert Moses 1927-28 Edward J. Flynn 1929-39 Michael F. Walsh 1939-42 Thomas J. Curran 1943-55 Caroline K. Simon 1959-63 Mario M. Cuomo 1975-78 Basil Paterson 1979-82 Gail S. Shaffer 1983-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1784 Sep 14: John Morin Scott, died in office.
  • 1847: Edward Sanford, defeated.
  • 1863: Chauncey M. Depew (Rep), elected.
  • 1865: Francis C. Barlow (Rep), elected.
  • 1871 Nov 7: G. Hilton Scribner, elected; Diedrich Willers, Jr. (Dem), defeated; Charles C. Leigh, defeated.
  • 1873: Dwight Williams (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1875: John Bigelow (Dem), elected; Frederick W. Seward (Rep), defeated.
  • 1877: John C. Churchill (Rep), defeated.
  • 1877 Nov 6: Henry Hagner (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1879 Nov 4: Alphonso A. Hopkins (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1887: Henry George, defeated.
  • 1889: Jesse H. Griffin (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1891: Eugene F. O'Connor (Rep), defeated.
  • 1895: Horatio C. King (Dem), defeated.
  • 1900 Nov 6: John T. McDonough (Rep), elected; John T. Norton (Dem), defeated; Joseph V. Baker (Prohibition), defeated; Joseph H. Sweeney (Socialist Labor), defeated; Philip Jackson (Social Democratic), defeated.
  • 1902: Frank H. Mott (Dem), defeated.
  • 1904 Nov 8: John F. O'Brien (Rep), elected; John Pallace (Dem), defeated; Ed J. Squires (Social Democratic), defeated; James C. Crawford (Prohibition), defeated; Anton Metzler (Socialist Labor), defeated; Orsen L. Drew (People's), defeated.
  • 1908 Nov 3: Samuel S. Koenig (Rep), elected; John S. Whalen (Dem), defeated; Frank H. Stevens (Independence League), defeated; Charles W. Noonan (Socialist), defeated; James C. Crawford (Prohibition), defeated; Matthew Lechner (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1910 Nov 8: Edward Lazansky (Dem), elected; Samuel S. Koenig (Rep), defeated; Thomas P. Scully (Independence League), defeated; Bertha M. Fraser (Socialist), defeated; N. Horace Gillette (Prohibition), defeated; Henry Kuhn (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1912 Nov 5: Mitchell May (Dem), elected; Francis M. Hugo (Rep), defeated; Homer D. Call (Progressive & Independence League), defeated; Carrie W. Allen (Socialist), defeated; Ben D. Wright (Prohibition), defeated; Edmund Moonelis (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1914 Sep 28: Mitchell May (Dem), nominated; Sidney Newborg (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1914 Sep 28: Francis M. Hugo (Rep), nominated; William D. Cunningham (Rep), defeated in primary; Eugene M. Porter (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1914 Sep 28: Sydney W. Stern (Progressive), nominated unopposed.
  • 1914 Nov 3: Francis M. Hugo (Rep), elected; Mitchell May (Dem & Independence League), defeated; Sydney W. Stern (Progressive), defeated; John R. Clements (Prohibition), defeated; Florence Cross Kitchelt (Socialist), defeated; Edmund Moonelis (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Frank M. Stage (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Francis M. Hugo (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1916 Sep 19: Francis M. Hugo (Progressive), nominated; Wendell P. Murray (Progressive), defeated in primary.
  • 1916 Nov 7: Francis M. Hugo (Rep & Independence League & Progressive), elected; Frank M. Stage (Dem), defeated; Pauline M. Newman (Socialist), defeated; Neil D. Cranmer (Prohibition), defeated; John Hall (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Franklin E. Bard (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Francis M. Hugo (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Jessie W. Hughan (Socialist), nominated unopposed.
  • 1918 Sep 3: Ella L. McCarthy (Prohibition), nominated unopposed.
  • 1918 Nov 5: Francis M. Hugo (Rep), elected; Franklin E. Bard (Dem), defeated; Jessie W. Hughan (Socialist), defeated; Ella L. McCarthy (Prohibition), defeated; Edmund Moonelis (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1920 Sep 14: Harriet May Mills (Dem), nominated unopposed.
  • 1920 Sep 14: John J. Lyons (Rep), nominated; Robert R. Lawson (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1920 Nov 2: John J. Lyons (Rep), elected; Harriet May Mills (Dem), defeated; Charles W. Noonan (Socialist), defeated; Irene B. Taylor (Prohibition), defeated; William H. Auyer (Farmer-Labor), defeated; Mary Phalor (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1924 Nov 4: Florence E. S. Knapp (Rep), elected; James A. Hamilton (Dem), defeated; Frank R. Crosswaith (Socialist), defeated; Lilly Lore (Workers), defeated; Frank Gorney, Jr. (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 320,919 politicians, living and dead.
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