The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Michigan: Secretaries of State

Michigan Secretaries of State, 1835-2018 (May be incomplete!)
Kintzing Prichette 1835-38 Randolph Manning 1838-40 Thomas Rowland 1840-42 Robert P. Eldridge 1842-46 Gideon O. Whittemore 1846-48 George W. Peck 1848-50 George Redfield 1850 Charles H. Taylor 1850-52 William Graves 1853-54 John McKinney 1855-58 Nelson G. Isbell 1859-60 James P. Porter 1861-66 Oliver L. Spaulding 1867-70 Daniel Striker 1871-74 Ebenezer G. D. Holden 1875-78 William Jenney 1879-82 Harry A. Conant 1883-86 Gilbert R. Osmun 1887-90 Daniel E. Soper 1891 Robert R. Blacker 1891-92 John W. Jochim 1893-94 Washington Gardner 1894-98 Justus S. Stearns 1899-1900 Fred M. Warner 1901-04 George A. Prescott 1905-08 Frederick C. Martindale 1909-14 Coleman C. Vaughan 1915-20 Charles J. DeLand 1921-26 John S. Haggerty 1927-30 Frank D. Fitzgerald 1931-34 Clarke W. Brown 1934 Orville E. Atwood 1935-36 Leon D. Case 1937-38 Harry F. Kelly 1939-42 Herman H. Dignan 1943-46 Frederick M. Alger, Jr. 1947-52 Owen J. Cleary 1953-54 James M. Hare 1955-70 Richard H. Austin 1971-94 Candice S. Miller 1995-2002 Terri Lynn Land 2003-10 Ruth Johnson 2011-18

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1858: Jonathan P. King (Dem), defeated.
  • 1880: Ira D. Crouse, defeated.
  • 1886 Nov 2: Gilbert R. Osmun (Rep), elected; Philip B. Wachtel (Fusion), defeated; John Evans (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1890: Washington Gardner (Rep), defeated; Edwin S. Palmiter (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1894 Mar 20: Washington Gardner, appointed.
  • 1898 Nov 8: Justus S. Stearns (Rep), elected; Leroy E. Lockwood (Dem & People's & Union Silver), defeated; John Sweet (Prohibition), defeated; Jonas M. Borough (People's), defeated; Peter Friesema, Jr. (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1902: John Donovan (Dem), defeated.
  • 1904 Nov 8: James B. Balch (Dem), defeated.
  • 1906 Nov 6: George A. Prescott (Rep), elected; Patrick J. Devine (Dem), defeated; Leroy H. White (Prohibition), defeated; William Wilen (Socialist), defeated; William Hoag (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1908: Francis T. McDonald (Dem), defeated.
  • 1910 Nov 8: Frederick C. Martindale (Rep), elected; Adolph W. Peterson (Dem), defeated; George H. Sherman (Socialist), defeated; George A. Youngs (Prohibition), defeated; Thomas J. Grabuski (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1912: Howard H. Batdorff (Progressive), defeated.
  • 1912 Nov 5: James B. Balch (Dem), defeated.
  • 1914: Howard H. Batdorff (Progressive), defeated.
  • 1916 Nov 7: Coleman C. Vaughan (Rep), elected; Frank R. Hamburger (Dem), defeated; Harvey A. Hedden (Socialist), defeated; Andrew Wood (Prohibition), defeated; Theodore Bossie (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1918 Nov 5: Coleman C. Vaughan (Rep), elected; Gerrit Masselink (Dem), defeated; Loren B. Teal (Socialist), defeated; Marshall D. Holbrook (Prohibition), defeated; Logan M. Cunningham (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1920: Catherine D. Doran (Dem), defeated.
  • 1922 Nov 7: Charles J. DeLand (Rep), elected; Jessie C. Porter (Dem), defeated; Andrew Wood (Prohibition), defeated; Paul Dinger (Socialist Labor), defeated; Ida R. Stewart (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1926 Nov 2: John S. Haggerty (Rep), elected; Catherine D. Doran (Dem), defeated; Libbie Catherman (Prohibition), defeated; George M. Campbell (Socialist), defeated; Sarah Victor (Workers), defeated.
  • 1928 Nov 6: John S. Haggerty (Rep), elected; Willis M. Brewer (Dem), defeated; Joseph Bernstein (Socialist), defeated; Elva Rushton (Workers), defeated; Charles S. Rennells (Prohibition), defeated; Logan M. Cunningham (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1930 Nov 4: Frank D. Fitzgerald (Rep), elected; Burnett J. Abbott (Dem), defeated; Alice Yonik (Workers), defeated; Hallen M. Bell (Socialist), defeated; Libbie Catherman (Prohibition), defeated; Harold E. Southern (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1932: Burnett J. Abbott (Dem), defeated.
  • 1934: Guy M. Wilson (Dem), defeated.
  • 1934 Nov 15: Frank D. Fitzgerald, resigned.
  • 1936 Nov 3: Leon D. Case (Dem), elected; Orville E. Atwood (Rep), defeated; Jean Seidel (Socialist), defeated; Milton E. Scherer (Farmer-Labor), defeated; Joseph Geminder (Communist), defeated; John Michoff (Socialist Labor), defeated; Jay W. Slaughter (Socialist Labor), defeated; Roscoe Conkling Fitch (American), defeated.
  • 1938 Nov 8: Harry F. Kelly (Rep), elected; Leon D. Case (Dem), defeated; Jean Seidel (Socialist), defeated; Ray M. Hardy (Constitutional Democratic), defeated; Thomas F. Slater (Socialist Labor), defeated; James M. Brown (Commonwealth), defeated; Edna S. Emmett (American), defeated; France Gover (Protestants United), defeated; Sheri M. Callahan (Square Deal), defeated.
  • 1940 Nov 5: Harry F. Kelly (Rep), elected; Leo V. Card (Dem), defeated; Lawrence Piercey (Socialist), defeated; Ida Kuivinen (Communist), defeated; Harold W. Bugbee (Prohibition), defeated; Clayton O'Donohue (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1942 Nov 3: Herman H. Dignan (Rep), elected; Maurice C. Eveland (Dem), defeated; Olla K. Marshall (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1944 Nov 7: Herman H. Dignan (Rep), elected; Arthur A. Koscinski (Dem), defeated; John Mason Wells (Prohibition), defeated; Louis Busker (Socialist), defeated; Bernard A. Doman (America First), defeated; James Sim (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1946 Nov 5: Frederick M. Alger, Jr. (Rep), elected; Joseph L. Bannigan (Dem), defeated; John Mason Wells (Prohibition), defeated; William Walbridge (Socialist Labor), defeated; Abner W. Berry (Communist), defeated.
  • 1948 Nov 2: Frederick M. Alger, Jr. (Rep), elected; Noel P. Fox (Dem), defeated; Roberta Barrow (Progressive), defeated; E. Harold Munn (Prohibition), defeated; Helen King (Socialist), defeated; James Sim (Socialist Labor), defeated; William H. Yancey (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1950 Nov 7: Frederick M. Alger, Jr. (Rep), elected; Philip A. Hart (Dem), defeated; Harold A. Lindahl (Prohibition), defeated; Robert Travis (Progressive), defeated; Albert Mills (Socialist Labor), defeated; William H. Yancey (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1952 Nov 4: Owen J. Cleary (Rep), elected; Robert S. McAllister (Dem), defeated; William C. Shortt (Prohibition), defeated; Virginia Glenn (Progressive), defeated; Charles Schwartz (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1954 Nov 2: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; Owen J. Cleary (Rep), defeated; Gladys T. Davis (Prohibition), defeated; Charles Schwartz (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1956 Nov 6: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; John B. Martin, Jr. (Rep), defeated; Mary M. Kenworthy (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1958 Nov 4: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; Raymond A. Plank (Rep), defeated; Alfred T. Halsted (Prohibition), defeated; Charles Schwartz (Socialist Labor), defeated; Robert Himmel, Jr. (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1960 Nov 8: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; William E. Kreger (Rep), defeated; Larry Dolinski (Socialist Workers), defeated; Alfred T. Halsted (Prohibition), defeated; Charles Schwartz (Socialist Labor), defeated; Hubert P. Underwood (Independent American), defeated.
  • 1962 Nov 6: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; Norman O. Stockmeyer (Rep), defeated; W. Clifford Bentley (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1964 Nov 3: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; Allison Green (Rep), defeated; Loy A. Cohen (Freedom Now), defeated; Jan Garrett (Socialist Workers), defeated; Ralph W. Muncy (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1966 Nov 8: James M. Hare (Dem), elected; George A. Washington (Rep), defeated; Frank Troha (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1970 Nov 3: Richard H. Austin (Dem), elected; Emil Lockwood (Rep), defeated; Robert E. Miles (American Independent), defeated; John Hawkins (Socialist Workers), defeated; Frank Troha (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1974 Nov 5: Richard H. Austin (Dem), elected; N. Lorraine Beebe (Rep), defeated; Henry W. Kroes, Jr. (American Independent), defeated; James F. McClure (Human Rights), defeated; Robert G. Lee (Conservative), defeated; Rachele Fruit (Socialist Workers), defeated; Judith S. Crowell (U.S. Labor), defeated; John Gill Motzer (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1978 Nov 7: Richard H. Austin (Dem), elected; Melvin L. Larsen (Rep), defeated.
  • 1986: Weldon O. Yeager (Rep), defeated.
  • 1990 Nov 6: Richard H. Austin (Dem), elected; Judy Miller (Rep), defeated.
  • 1994 Nov 8: Candice S. Miller (Rep), elected; Richard H. Austin (Dem), defeated.
  • 1998 Nov 3: Candice S. Miller (Rep), elected; Mary Lou Parks (Dem), defeated; Perry K. Spencer (Reform), defeated.
  • 2002 Nov 5: Terri Lynn Land (Rep), elected; Melvin Hollowell (Dem), defeated; Ray Ziarno (Green), defeated; Charles F. Conces (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated.
  • 2006 Nov 7: Terri Lynn Land (Rep), elected.
  • 2010 Nov 2: Ruth Johnson (Rep), elected; Jocelyn Benson (Dem), defeated; Scotty Boman (Libertarian), defeated; Robert J. Gale (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated; John Anthony La Pietra (Green), defeated.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
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