The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Michigan State University Board of Trustees

Members of the Michigan State University Board of Trustees, 1959-2012 (May be incomplete!)
G. Donald Stevens 1959-78 Warren M. Huff 1960-66 Frank Merriman 1960-74 Stephen S. Nisbet 1964-70 Frank Hartman 1965-72 Clair A. White 1965-72 Kenneth W. Thompson 1967-74 Warren M. Huff 1969-76 Blanche Martin 1969-84 Aubrey Radcliffe 1973-80 Raymond W. Krolikowski 1975-82 Barbara J. Sawyer 1979-94 Peter B. Fletcher 1980-84 Elizabeth P. Howe 1981-83 Bobby D. Crim 1983-84 Malcolm G. Dade, Jr. 1983-90 Larry Owen 1984-90 Joel I. Ferguson 1987-94 Dee Cook 1991- Melanie Reinhold 1991-92 Russell G. Mawby 1992-96 J. Bob Traxler 1993- Colleen M. McNamara 1995- Joel I. Ferguson 1997- G. Scott Romney 2000-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1961 Apr 3: C. Allen Harlan (Dem), elected; Connor D. Smith (Dem), elected; John S. Pingel (Rep), defeated; Fred England, Jr. (Rep), defeated; Robert Fink (Socialist Workers), defeated; John Zywicki (Socialist Labor), defeated; Paul H. Kyburz (Prohibition), defeated; Merlin W. Voller (Prohibition), defeated; Clair L. Bishop (Independent American), defeated; Ronald A. Hadley (Independent American), defeated; Charles Schwartz (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1963: Jan B. Vanderploeg (Dem), defeated; G. Donald Stevens (Dem), elected; Arthur K. Rouse (Rep), defeated.
  • 1964 Nov 3: Frank Hartman (Dem), elected; Clair A. White (Dem), elected; Paul D. Bagwell (Rep), defeated; John S. Pingel (Rep), defeated; Eugene S. McGuire (Freedom Now), defeated; Grace Lee Boggs (Freedom Now), defeated; Theos A. Grove (Socialist Labor), defeated; Albert Mills (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1966 Nov 8: Frank Merriman (Rep), elected; Kenneth W. Thompson (Rep), elected; Warren M. Huff (Dem), defeated; Nathan G. Conyers (Dem), defeated; Albert Mills (Socialist Labor), defeated; Theos A. Grove (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1968 Nov 5: Blanche Martin (Dem), elected; Warren M. Huff (Dem), elected; Richard D. Ernst (Rep), defeated; David D. Diehl (Rep), defeated; John Zywicki (Socialist Labor), defeated; Jason P. Lovette (New Politics), defeated; Bradford A. Lang (New Politics), defeated; Paul Lodico (Socialist Workers), defeated; George Bouse (Socialist Workers), defeated; Theos A. Grove (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1970 Nov 3: Patricia M. Carrigan (Dem), elected; G. Donald Stevens (Dem), elected; David D. Diehl (Rep), defeated; Richard D. Ernst (Rep), defeated; Carol Smith (American Independent), defeated; Louise May (American Independent), defeated; Kenneth V. Kelly (Socialist Labor), defeated; Mathew Kovach (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1972 Nov 7: Aubrey Radcliffe (Rep), elected; Jack M. Stack (Rep), defeated; Donna O'Donnohue (Dem), defeated; Tom Downs (Dem), defeated; David W. Brinn (Human Rights), defeated; James C. Horvath (Socialist Labor), defeated; Frank Troha (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1974 Nov 5: John B. Bruff (Dem), elected; Raymond W. Krolikowski (Dem), elected; Frank Merriman (Rep), defeated; Kenneth W. Thompson (Rep), defeated; John W. Purcell, Sr. (American Independent), defeated; Bradley K. Sullivan (Human Rights), defeated; M. Therese Des Camp (Human Rights), defeated; Ronald Anthony Antosch (American Independent), defeated; Patrice Gajewski (Socialist Workers), defeated; Susann L. Cook (U.S. Labor), defeated; Thomas E. Girard (Socialist Labor), defeated; Edgar Thomas (Socialist Labor), defeated; Frank E. Brough (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1976 Nov 2: Blanche Martin (Dem), elected; Michael J. Smydra (Dem), defeated; Paul V. Gadola, Jr. (Rep), defeated; Nick Smith (Rep), defeated; Eva A. Kipper (Human Rights), defeated; James H. Griffin (Libertarian), defeated; Philip C. Bellfy (Human Rights), defeated; Charles R. Severance (Libertarian), defeated; Dennis Sweeney (Socialist Labor), defeated; John B. Motzer (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1978 Nov 7: Barbara J. Sawyer (Dem), elected; Carole Lick (Dem), elected; Mary P. Sharp (Rep), defeated; Paul V. Gadola, Jr. (Rep), defeated.
  • 1980: William D. Byrum (Dem), defeated.
  • 1980 May 20: Peter B. Fletcher, appointed.
  • 1982: George A. McManus, Jr. (Rep), defeated.
  • 1983: Elizabeth P. Howe, resigned.
  • 1983 Mar 15: Malcolm G. Dade, Jr., appointed.
  • 1984: Bobby D. Crim, resigned.
  • 1984 Oct 3: Larry Owen, appointed.
  • 1986: Dee Cook (Rep), defeated.
  • 1990: Larry Owen (Dem), defeated; Lawrence P. Doss (Dem), defeated.
  • 1991 Jan 18: Melanie Reinhold, appointed.
  • 1992: Melanie Reinhold (Rep), defeated; Russell G. Mawby, appointed.
  • 1994: Joel I. Ferguson (Dem), defeated.
  • 1996: Dave Porteous (Rep), defeated; Colleen Pero (Rep), defeated; Dave Porteous, appointed.
  • 1998 Nov 3: Dee Cook (Rep), elected; Dave Porteous (Rep), elected; Doris M. Sims (Dem), defeated; John C. Schlinker (Dem), defeated; Barbara B. Goushaw (Libertarian), defeated; Mark Heil (Libertarian), defeated.
  • 2000 Aug 15: G. Scott Romney, appointed.
  • 2002 Nov 5: Colleen M. McNamara (Dem), elected; Donald W. Nugent (Rep), elected; Joanne G. Emmons (Rep), defeated; Calvin T. Rapson (Dem), defeated; Barbara J. Pacifico (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated; Crystal A. Van Sickle (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated; Jason LaFay (Green), defeated; Surjit Dulai (Green), defeated.
  • 2004 Nov 2: Joel I. Ferguson (Dem), elected; Melanie Foster (Rep), elected; Phil Thompson (Dem), defeated; Randall Pittman (Rep), defeated; Crystal A. Van Sickle (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated; Bill Hall (Libertarian), defeated; Katherine Dern (Natural Law), defeated; Michael H. Miller (Libertarian), defeated; Benjamin Alan Burgis (Green), defeated.
  • 2012 Nov 6: Joel I. Ferguson (Dem), elected; Brian Mosallam (Dem), elected; Melanie Foster (Rep), defeated; Jeff Sakwa (Rep), defeated; Michael H. Miller (Libertarian), defeated; Stephen J. Young (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated; Lloyd Clarke (Green), defeated; Bill Mohr II (U.S. Taxpayers), defeated.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 315,917 politicians, living and dead.
      The coverage of this site includes (1) the President, Vice President, members of Congress, elected state and territorial officeholders in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories; and the chief elected official, typically the mayor, of qualifying municipalities; (2) candidates at election, including primaries, for any of the above; (3) all federal judges and all state appellate judges; (4) certain federal officials, including the federal cabinet, diplomatic chiefs of mission, consuls, U.S. district attorneys, collectors of customs and internal revenue, members of major federal commissions; and political appointee (pre-1971) postmasters of qualifying communities; (5) state and national political party officials, including delegates, alternate delegates, and other participants in national party nominating conventions. Note: municipalities or communities "qualify", for TPG purposes, if they have at least half a million person-years of history, inclusive of predecessor, successor, and merged entities.  
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