The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Michigan: Commissioners of the State Land Office

Commissioners of the Michigan State Land Office, 1844-1914 (May be incomplete!)
Digby V. Bell 1844-46 Abiel Silver 1846-50 Porter Kibbee 1850-54 Seymour B. Tredwell 1855-58 James W. Sanborn 1859-60 Samuel S. Lacey 1861-64 Cyrus Hewett 1865-66 Benjamin D. Pritchard 1867-70 Charles A. Edmunds 1871-72 Leverett A. Clapp 1873-76 Benjamin F. Partridge 1877-78 James M. Neasmith 1879-82 Minor C. Newell 1883-86 Roscoe D. Dix 1887-90 George T. Shaffer 1891-92 John G. Berry 1893-94 William A. French 1894-1900 Edwin A. Wildey 1901-04 William H. Rose 1905-08 Huntley Russell 1909-12 Augustus C. Carton 1913-14

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1876: Joseph Brush Fenton (Dem), defeated.
  • 1878: John A. Elder, defeated.
  • 1880: John A. Elder, defeated.
  • 1886 Nov 2: Roscoe D. Dix (Rep), elected; Alonzo T. Frisbee (Fusion), defeated; Charles L. Fraser (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1890: John G. Berry (Rep), defeated.
  • 1894 Mar 20: John G. Berry, removed; William A. French, appointed.
  • 1898: Peck Carlton (Dem), defeated.
  • 1906 Nov 6: William H. Rose (Rep), elected; Clarence L. Sheldon (Dem), defeated; Addison B. Moreland (Prohibition), defeated; Harvey A. Hedden (Socialist), defeated; A. Edward Clemont (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1910 Nov 8: Huntley Russell (Rep), elected; Orlando F. Barnes (Dem), defeated; George W. Eldridge (Socialist), defeated; George W. Pierce, Sr. (Prohibition), defeated; Michael Andzelewski (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1912: Oscar V. Linden, defeated; Orlando F. Barnes (Dem), defeated.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 320,919 politicians, living and dead.
      The coverage of this site includes (1) the President, Vice President, members of Congress, elected state and territorial officeholders in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories; and the chief elected official, typically the mayor, of qualifying municipalities; (2) candidates at election, including primaries, for any of the above; (3) all federal judges and all state appellate judges; (4) certain federal officials, including the federal cabinet, diplomatic chiefs of mission, consuls, U.S. district attorneys, collectors of customs and internal revenue, members of major federal commissions; and political appointee (pre-1969) postmasters of qualifying communities; (5) state and national political party officials, including delegates, alternate delegates, and other participants in national party nominating conventions; (6) Americans who served as "honorary" consuls for other nations before 1950. Note: municipalities or communities "qualify", for Political Graveyard purposes, if they have at least half a million person-years of history, inclusive of predecessor, successor, and merged entities.  
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