The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Illinois: Superintendents of Public Instruction

Illinois Superintendents of Public Instruction, 1854-1975 (May be incomplete!)
Ninian W. Edwards 1854-57 William H. Powell 1857-59 Newton Bateman 1859-63 John P. Brooks 1863-65 Newton Bateman 1865-75 Samuel M. Etter 1875-79 James P. Slade 1879-83 Henry Raab 1883-87 Richards Edwards 1887-91 Henry Raab 1891-95 Samuel Inglis 1895-98 Joseph H. Freeman 1898-99 Alfred Bayliss 1899-1907 Francis G. Blair 1907-35 John A. Wieland 1935-43 Vernon L. Nickell 1943-59 George T. Wilkins 1959-63 Ray Page 1963-71 Michael J. Bakalis 1971-75

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1858: John Reynolds, defeated.
  • 1866: John M. Crebs (Dem), defeated.
  • 1898 Jun 23: Samuel Inglis, died in office.
  • 1918 Nov 5: Francis G. Blair (Rep), elected; Edwin Strauss (Dem), defeated; Emma Pischell (Socialist), defeated; Eldon G. Burritt (Prohibition), defeated; Edward Horr (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1922 Apr 11: James A. Murphy (Dem), nominated; Peter F. Ryan (Dem), defeated in primary; John Duda (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1922 Apr 11: Francis G. Blair (Rep), nominated; Addison M. Shelton (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1922 Apr 11: Lillian Herstein (Farmer-Labor), nominated unopposed.
  • 1922 Apr 11: Bertha Hale White (Socialist), nominated unopposed.
  • 1922 Nov 7: Francis G. Blair (Rep), elected; James A. Murphy (Dem), defeated; Bertha Hale White (Socialist), defeated; Lillian Herstein (Farmer-Labor), defeated.
  • 1934 Nov 6: John A. Wieland (Dem), elected; Francis G. Blair (Rep), defeated; Florence C. Hanson (Socialist), defeated; Petra M. Dahl (National Progressive), defeated; J. Oliver Buswell, Jr. (Prohibition), defeated; Christ Christiansen (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1938 Apr 12: John A. Wieland (Dem), nominated; Frank A. Jensen (Dem), defeated in primary; Thomas M. Enright (Dem), defeated in primary; Elmer Henry Vogel (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1938 Apr 12: Wiley B. Garvin (Rep), nominated unopposed.
  • 1938 Nov 8: John A. Wieland (Dem), elected; Wiley B. Garvin (Rep), defeated; J. Oliver Buswell, Jr. (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1942 Nov 3: Vernon L. Nickell (Rep), elected.
  • 1946 Nov 5: Vernon L. Nickell (Rep), elected.
  • 1950 Nov 7: Vernon L. Nickell (Rep), elected.
  • 1954 Nov 2: Vernon L. Nickell (Rep), elected.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

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