The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Norwalk, Connecticut
including South Norwalk, Rowayton, Winnipauk
Mayors, Wardens, First Selectmen, Postmasters

Mayors of Norwalk, 1893-2012 (may be incomplete!)
Edwin O. Keeler 1893-94 James T. Hubbell 1894-95 Arthur C. Wheeler 1895-97 Charles L. Glover 1897-1901 George Buxton 1901-02 Charles L. Glover 1902-03 Ferdinand B. Smith 1903-04 George Buxton 1904-05 Charles L. Glover 1905 Walter Dunn 1905-07 Charles A. Scofield 1907-08 John J. Cavanagh 1908-09 Leeman M. Brundage 1909-10 Edward J. Finnegan 1910-13 Francis I. Burnell 1913-15 Carl Axel Harstrom 1915-17 Jeremiah Donovan 1917-21 Calvin L. Barton 1921-23 Thomas Robbins 1923-27 Anson F. Keeler 1927-31 Harold L. Nash 1931-33 Charles C. Swartz 1933-35 Frank T. Stack 1935-43 Robert B. Oliver 1943-45 Edward J. Kelley 1945-47 Irving C. Freese 1947-55 George R. Brunjes 1955-57 Irving C. Freese 1957-59 John Shostak 1959-61 Frank C. Cooke 1961-65 Frank N. Zullo 1965-71 Donald J. Irwin 1971-75 Jennie Cave 1975-77 William A. Collins 1977-81 Thomas C. O'Connor 1981-83 William A. Collins 1983-87 Frank J. Esposito 1987-2001 Alex A. Knopp 2001-05 Richard A. Moccia 2005-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1907 Oct 7: Charles A. Scofield (Rep), elected; Ferdinand B. Smith (Dem), defeated.
  • 1911 Oct 2: Edward J. Finnegan (Dem), elected; Dilworth (Rep), defeated.
  • 1937 Oct 4: Frank T. Stack (Dem), elected.
  • 1939: Irving C. Freese (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1941: Irving C. Freese (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1943: Irving C. Freese (Socialist), defeated; Robert B. Oliver (Rep), elected; Frank T. Stack (Dem), defeated.
  • 1945: Edward J. Kelley (Dem), elected; Irving C. Freese (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1947 Oct 6: Irving C. Freese (Socialist), elected; Robert B. Oliver (Rep), defeated; Robert E. Howard (Dem), defeated.
  • 1949 Nov 8: Irving C. Freese (Socialist), elected; Le Roy D. Downs (Dem), defeated; H. Wesley Gorham (Rep), defeated; Joseph Mackay (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1951 Nov 6: Irving C. Freese (Ind), elected; Stanley Stroffolino (Rep), defeated; Jennie Cave (Dem), defeated; Joseph Mackay (Socialist Labor), defeated.
  • 1953 Nov 3: Irving C. Freese (Ind), elected; Louis J. Gardella (Dem), defeated; Frank E. Raymond (Rep), defeated.
  • 1973: Jennie Cave (Ind), defeated.
  • 1975: Jennie Cave (Ind), elected.
  • 1977 Nov 8: William A. Collins (Dem), elected; Jennie Cave (Ind & Conservative), defeated; Frank J. Esposito (Rep), defeated.
  • 1979 Nov 6: William A. Collins (Dem), elected; Thomas C. O'Connor (Rep), defeated; Jennie Cave (Ind), defeated.
  • 1981 Nov 3: Thomas C. O'Connor (Rep & Conservative), elected; William A. Collins (Dem), defeated; Henry F. B. Higgins (Ind), defeated.
  • 1983 Nov 8: William A. Collins (Dem), elected; Thomas C. O'Connor (Rep), defeated.
  • 1989 Nov 7: Frank J. Esposito (Rep), elected unopposed.
  • 2005 Nov 8: Richard A. Moccia (Rep), elected; Alex A. Knopp (Dem), defeated; Jose A. Lucero (Working Families), defeated; Myrtice Riley-Wilson, defeated.

    Wardens of Norwalk, 1888 (may be incomplete!)
    James G. Gregory as of 1888

    First Selectmen of Norwalk, 1888-1957 (may be incomplete!)
    Charles H. Wheeler as of 1888 Isaac Selleck as of 1896-97 Ephraim Thomes as of 1899 James A. Brown as of 1901 Samuel Lynes as of 1904 Alfred Avison as of 1908 James A. Brown as of 1909 Alfred Avison as of 1910 James A. Brown as of 1911 Philip H. Fielding as of 1919 Ellis F. Makin as of 1920-21 Philip Castellano as of 1922-27 Patrick J. Davey as of 1947 Henry R. Joyce as of 1949-50 Stephen Soltesz as of 1954-55 Louis J. Pogany as of 1956 Patrick J. Davey as of 1957

    Postmasters at Norwalk, 1901 (may be incomplete!)
    B. S. Keith as of 1901

    South Norwalk
    (consolidated with Norwalk, 1913)

    Mayors of South Norwalk, 1870-1913 (may be incomplete!)
    Dudley P. Ely 1870-72 Walter C. Quintard 1873-75 Dudley P. Ely 1876-77 Winfield S. Hanford 1878 Walter C. Quintard 1879 Christian Swartz 1880 Edwin Adams 1881 Christian Swartz 1882 Peter L. Cunningham 1883 Richard H. Golden 1884 Nelson Taylor, Jr. 1885 John L. Richards 1886 William B. Hubbell 1887-88 Frank Comstock 1889 Edwin Wilcox 1890 William B. Reed 1891-92 George Lockwood 1893 Mortimer M. Lee 1894-96 Charles G. Bohannan 1897-98 J. Milton Coburn 1898-99 Charles G. Bohannan 1899-1901 Mortimer M. Lee 1901-02 John J. Cavanagh 1902-03 Charles E. Dow 1903-07 Francis I. Burnell 1907-09 Robert M. Wolfe 1909-10 Albert M. Pohlman 1910-11 William F. Tammany 1911-12 Robert M. Wolfe 1912-13

    Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1907 Oct 7: Francis I. Burnell (Dem), elected; Matthew Corbett (Rep), defeated.
  • 1911 Oct 2: William F. Tammany (Rep), elected; Albert M. Pohlman (Dem), defeated.

    Postmasters at South Norwalk, 1901 (may be incomplete!)
    E. E. Cronce as of 1901


    Postmasters at Rowayton, 1901 (may be incomplete!)
    George W. Bryan as of 1901


    Postmasters at Winnipauk, 1901 (may be incomplete!)
    J. C. Randle as of 1901

  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 320,919 politicians, living and dead.
      The coverage of this site includes (1) the President, Vice President, members of Congress, elected state and territorial officeholders in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories; and the chief elected official, typically the mayor, of qualifying municipalities; (2) candidates at election, including primaries, for any of the above; (3) all federal judges and all state appellate judges; (4) certain federal officials, including the federal cabinet, diplomatic chiefs of mission, consuls, U.S. district attorneys, collectors of customs and internal revenue, members of major federal commissions; and political appointee (pre-1969) postmasters of qualifying communities; (5) state and national political party officials, including delegates, alternate delegates, and other participants in national party nominating conventions; (6) Americans who served as "honorary" consuls for other nations before 1950. Note: municipalities or communities "qualify", for Political Graveyard purposes, if they have at least half a million person-years of history, inclusive of predecessor, successor, and merged entities.  
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      Links to this or any other Political Graveyard page are welcome, but specific page addresses may sometimes change as the site develops.  
      If you are searching for a specific named individual, try the alphabetical index of politicians.  
    Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2023 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
    Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 8, 2023.

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