The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Alabama: U.S. Senators

U.S. Senators from Alabama, 1819-2019 (May be incomplete!)
William R. King 1819-44 John W. Walker 1819-22 William Kelly 1822-25 Henry H. Chambers 1825-26 Israel Pickens 1826 John McKinley 1826-31 Gabriel Moore 1831-37 John McKinley 1837 Clement C. Clay 1837-41 Arthur P. Bagby 1841-48 Dixon H. Lewis 1844-48 William R. King 1848-52 Benjamin Fitzpatrick 1848-49 Jeremiah Clemens 1849-53 Benjamin Fitzpatrick 1853-55 Clement Claiborne Clay, Jr. 1853-61 Benjamin Fitzpatrick 1855-61 George E. Spencer 1868-79 Willard Warner 1868-71 George Thomas Goldthwaite 1871-77 John T. Morgan 1877-1907 George S. Houston 1879 Luke Pryor 1880 James L. Pugh 1880-97 Edmund W. Pettus 1897-1907 John H. Bankhead 1907-20 Joseph F. Johnston 1907-13 Frank S. White 1914-15 Oscar W. Underwood 1915-27 Braxton B. Comer 1920 J. Thomas Heflin 1920-31 Hugo L. Black 1927-37 John H. Bankhead II 1931-46 Dixie Bibb Graves 1937-38 Lister Hill 1938-69 George Robinson Swift 1946 John J. Sparkman 1946-79 James B. Allen 1969-78 Maryon Pittman Allen 1978 Donald Stewart 1978-81 Howell T. Heflin 1979-97 Jeremiah Denton 1981-87 Richard C. Shelby 1987- Jeff Sessions 1997-2017 Luther Strange 2017-18 Doug Jones 2018-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1826 Jan 24: Henry H. Chambers, died in office.
  • 1848 Jun 16: Arthur P. Bagby, resigned.
  • 1848 Oct 25: Dixon H. Lewis, died in office.
  • 1879 Dec 31: George S. Houston, died in office.
  • 1907 Jun 11: John T. Morgan, died in office.
  • 1907 Jul 27: Edmund W. Pettus, died in office.
  • 1913 Aug 8: Joseph F. Johnston, died in office.
  • 1914 May 11: Frank S. White (Dem), elected unopposed.
  • 1914 Nov 3: Oscar W. Underwood (Dem), elected; Alex C. Birch (Rep), defeated; A. P. Longshore (Progressive), defeated; S. F. Hinton (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1918 Nov 5: John H. Bankhead (Dem), elected unopposed.
  • 1920 Mar 1: John H. Bankhead, died in office.
  • 1920 May 11: J. Thomas Heflin (Dem), nominated.
  • 1920 Nov 2: Oscar W. Underwood (Dem), elected; Lewis Henry Reynolds (Rep), defeated; A. M. Forsman (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1920 Nov 2: J. Thomas Heflin (Dem), elected; Charles P. Lunsford (Rep), defeated; W. H. Chichester (Socialist), defeated.
  • 1924 Nov 4: J. Thomas Heflin (Dem), elected; Frank H. Lathrop (Rep), defeated.
  • 1926: Henry Lafayette Anderton (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1926 Nov 2: Hugo L. Black (Dem), elected; Edmund H. Dryer (Rep), defeated.
  • 1930 Nov 4: John H. Bankhead II (Dem), elected; J. Thomas Heflin (Ind), defeated.
  • 1932 Nov 8: Hugo L. Black (Dem), elected; J. Theodore Johnson (Rep), defeated.
  • 1936 Nov 3: John H. Bankhead II (Dem), elected; H. E. Berkstresser (Rep), defeated; William C. Irby (Union), defeated.
  • 1938 Jan 10: Dixie Bibb Graves, resigned.
  • 1938 Nov 8: Lister Hill (Dem), elected; J. M. Pennington (Rep), defeated.
  • 1942 Nov 3: John H. Bankhead II (Dem), elected unopposed.
  • 1944 Nov 7: Lister Hill (Dem), elected; John A. Posey (Rep), defeated; Hollis B. Parrish (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1946 Jun 12: John H. Bankhead II, died in office.
  • 1946 Nov 5: John J. Sparkman (Dem), elected unopposed.
  • 1948: Wallace Pruitt, Jr. (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1948 Nov 2: John J. Sparkman (Dem), elected; Paul G. Parsons (Rep), defeated.
  • 1950 Nov 7: Lister Hill (Dem), elected; John G. Crommelin, Jr. (Ind), defeated.
  • 1954: Laurie C. Battle (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1954 Nov 2: John J. Sparkman (Dem), elected; J. Foy Guin, Jr. (Rep), defeated.
  • 1956 Nov 6: Lister Hill (Dem), elected unopposed.
  • 1960 Nov 8: John J. Sparkman (Dem), elected; Julian E. Elgin (Rep), defeated.
  • 1962 Nov 6: Lister Hill (Dem), elected; James D. Martin (Rep), defeated.
  • 1966 Nov 8: John J. Sparkman (Dem), elected; John E. Grenier (Rep), defeated; Julian E. Elgin (Ind), defeated.
  • 1968: Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1968 Nov 5: James B. Allen (Dem), elected; Perry O. Hooper (Rep), defeated; Robert P. Schwenn (National Democratic), defeated.
  • 1972: Melba Till Allen (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1972 Nov 7: John J. Sparkman (Dem), elected; Winton M. Blount (Rep), defeated; John I. LeFlore (National Democratic), defeated; Jerome B. Couch (Prohibition), defeated; Herbert W. Stone (Conservative), defeated.
  • 1974 Nov 5: James B. Allen (Dem), elected; Alvin Abercrombie (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1978: Walter Flowers, defeated for nomination.
  • 1978: Maryon Pittman Allen (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1978 Jun 1: James B. Allen, died in office.
  • 1978 Jun 8: Maryon Pittman Allen, appointed.
  • 1978 Nov 7: Howell T. Heflin (Dem), elected; Jerome B. Couch (Prohibition), defeated.
  • 1978 Nov 7: Donald Stewart (Dem), elected; James D. Martin (Rep), defeated; Michael R. Erdy (Libertarian), defeated; A. J. Killingsworth (Prohibition), defeated; Joseph T. Robino (People's), defeated.
  • 1980: Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 1980 Nov 4: Jeremiah Denton (Rep), elected; James E. Folsom, Jr. (Dem), defeated; Michael R. Erdy (Conservative), defeated; William A. Crew (Libertarian), defeated; Sallie M. Hadnott (National Democratic), defeated; Jim Partain (Statesman), defeated; Mohammed Oliver (Socialist Workers), defeated.
  • 1984 Nov 6: Howell T. Heflin (Dem), elected; Albert L. Smith, Jr. (Rep), defeated; S. D. Davis (Libertarian), defeated.
  • 1986 Nov 4: Richard C. Shelby (Dem), elected; Jeremiah Denton (Rep), defeated.
  • 1990 Nov 6: Howell T. Heflin (Dem), elected; William J. Cabaniss (Rep), defeated.
  • 1992 Nov 3: Richard C. Shelby (Dem), elected; Richard Sellers (Rep), defeated; Jerome Shockley (Libertarian), defeated.
  • 1996: Glen Browder (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 1996 Nov 5: Jeff Sessions (Rep), elected; Roger Bedford (Dem), defeated; Mark Thornton (Libertarian), defeated; Charles R. Hebner (Natural Law), defeated.
  • 1998 Nov 3: Richard C. Shelby (Rep), elected; Clayton Suddith (Dem), defeated.
  • 2002 Nov 5: Jeff Sessions (Rep), elected; Susan D. Parker (Dem), defeated; Jeff Allen (Libertarian), defeated.
  • 2004 Nov 2: Richard C. Shelby (Rep), elected; Wayne Sowell (Dem), defeated.
  • 2016: Charles Nana (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 2017 Feb 8: Jeff Sessions, resigned.
  • 2017 Feb 9: Luther Strange, appointed.
  • 2017 Aug 15: Doug Jones (Dem), nominated; Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. (Dem), defeated in primary; Michael Hansen (Dem), defeated in primary; Will Boyd (Dem), defeated in primary; Jason Fisher (Dem), defeated in primary; Brian McGee (Dem), defeated in primary; Charles Nana (Dem), defeated in primary; Vann Caldwell (Dem), defeated in primary.
  • 2017 Aug 15: Roy Moore (Rep), advanced to runoff; Luther Strange (Rep), advanced to runoff; Mo Brooks (Rep), defeated in primary; Trip Pittman (Rep), defeated in primary; Randy Brinson (Rep), defeated in primary; Bryan Peeples (Rep), defeated in primary; Mary Maxwell (Rep), defeated in primary; James Beretta (Rep), defeated in primary; Dom Gentile (Rep), defeated in primary; Joseph Breault (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 2017 Sep 26: Roy Moore (Rep), nominated; Luther Strange (Rep), defeated in primary.
  • 2017 Dec 12: Doug Jones (Dem), elected; Roy Moore (Rep), defeated.
  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
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