The Political Graveyard: A Database of American History
Mayors and Postmasters of Austin, Texas

Mayors of Austin, 1840-2006 (may be incomplete!)
Edwin Waller 1840 Thomas William Ward 1840-41 Moses Johnson 1841 Asa Brigham 1842-43 J. W. Robertson 1843-44 James M. Long 1845-46 Jacob M. Harrell 1847 Samuel G. Haynie 1850-51 George J. Durham 1852 Thomas William Ward 1853 William P. DeNormandie 1853 John S. Ford 1854 J. T. Cleveland 1855 E. R. Peck 1856 Thomas E. Sneed 1857 B. F. Carter 1858-59 James W. Smith 1860-62 Samuel G. Haynie 1863-64 Thomas William Ward 1865 William Carr 1866-67 Leander Brown 1867-71 John Glenn 1871-72 Thomas Benton Wheeler 1873-77 Jacob Carl DeGress 1877-80 L. M. Crocker 1880-81 W. A. Saylor 1881-84 J. W. Robertson 1884-87 Joseph Nalle 1888-89 John McDonald 1890-95 Louis Hancock 1896-97 John Dodd McCall 1898-1901 R. E. White 1901-05 W. D. Shelley 1905-07 F. M. Maddox 1907-09 A. P. Wooldridge 1909-19 W. D. Yett 1919-26 P. W. McFadden 1926-33 Tom Miller 1933-49 Taylor Glass 1949-51 W. S. Drake, Jr. 1951-53 Charles A. McAden 1953-55 Tom Miller 1955-61 Lester Palmer 1961-67 Harry Akin 1967-69 Travis L. LaRue 1969-71 Roy Butler 1971-75 Jeffrey Friedman 1975-77 Carole Keeton McClellan 1977-83 Ron Mullen 1983-85 Frank C. Cooksey 1985-88 Lee Cooke 1988-91 Bruce Todd 1991-97 Kirk P. Watson 1997-

Events and Candidates (may be incomplete!)

  • 1971 Apr 3: Roy Butler, elected; Travis L. LaRue, defeated; Raymond Donley, Jr., defeated.
  • 1973 Apr 7: Roy Butler, elected; George Olivarra, defeated; Melissa Singler, defeated; Raymond Donley, Jr., defeated; John Wallace Durham, defeated; Aumla, defeated.
  • 1975 Apr 5: Jeffrey Friedman, elected; S. H. 'Bud' Dryden, defeated; Raymond Donley, Jr., defeated; Horace E. Johnson, defeated; Bob Garrett, defeated.
  • 1977 Apr 2: Carole Keeton McClellan, advanced to runoff; Jack McCreary, advanced to runoff; Wilson Foreman, defeated; Chris Crow, defeated; Ben Blond, defeated; Judson Neff, defeated; Richard Douglas Cram, defeated; Raymond Donley, Jr., defeated; James R. Ray, defeated; Pat Scully, defeated.
  • 1977 Apr 30: Carole Keeton McClellan, elected; Jack McCreary, defeated.
  • 1979 Apr 7: Carole Keeton McClellan, elected; Thomas J. Baker, defeated.
  • 1981 Apr 4: Bob Binder, advanced to runoff; Carole Keeton McClellan, advanced to runoff; Jack McCreary, defeated; Gary E. Johnson, defeated; Richard Shield, defeated; William M. Ashwood, defeated.
  • 1981 May 2: Carole Keeton McClellan, elected; Bob Binder, defeated.
  • 1983 Apr 2: Ron Mullen, advanced to runoff; Lowell Lebermann, advanced to runoff; Michael Nofziger, defeated.
  • 1983 Apr 30: Ron Mullen, elected; Lowell Lebermann, defeated.
  • 1985 Apr 6: Ron Mullen, advanced to runoff; Frank C. Cooksey, advanced to runoff; Michael Nofziger, defeated; Mike Poulson, defeated; Mae Harris Marion, defeated; William M. Ashwood, defeated.
  • 1985 May 4: Frank C. Cooksey, elected; Ron Mullen, defeated.
  • 1988 May 7: Lee Cooke, advanced to runoff; Frank C. Cooksey, advanced to runoff; Jeffrey Friedman, defeated; Mike Poulson, defeated; Richard Shield, defeated; Carl Hickerson-Bull, defeated; William M. Ashwood, defeated; Rick Martinez, defeated.
  • 1988 May 28: Lee Cooke, elected; Frank C. Cooksey, defeated.
  • 1991 May 4: Bruce Todd, advanced to runoff; Robert Barnstone, advanced to runoff; Robert Singleton, defeated; Mae Harris Marion, defeated; Hank Sinatra, defeated; Austin Teutsch, defeated; John Johnson, defeated.
  • 1991 May 18: Bruce Todd, elected; Robert Barnstone, defeated.
  • 1994 May 7: Bruce Todd, advanced to runoff; Daryl Slusher, advanced to runoff; James Cooley, defeated; Brian E. Kline, defeated; John Johnson, defeated; Ray Blanchette, defeated.
  • 1994 Jun 4: Bruce Todd, elected; Daryl Slusher, defeated.
  • 1997 May 3: Kirk P. Watson, elected; Ronney Reynolds, defeated; Michael Nofziger, defeated; Jennifer L. Gale, defeated; Kirk Becker, defeated; Ray Blanchette, defeated; Ted Kircher, defeated; John Johnson, defeated.
  • 2000 May 6: Kirk P. Watson, elected; Leslie A. Cochran, defeated; Dale A. Reed, defeated; Jennifer L. Gale, defeated.
  • 2001 Nov 6: Gus Garcia, elected; Eric Mitchell, defeated; Greg Gordon, defeated; Leslie A. Cochran, defeated; Jennifer L. Gale, defeated; David Blakely, defeated; Ray Blanchette, defeated; Allen Phillips, defeated.
  • 2003 May 3: Will P. Wynn, elected; Michael Nofziger, defeated; Marc Katz, defeated; Brad Meltzer, defeated; Leslie A. Cochran, defeated; Jennifer L. Gale, defeated; Christopher N. Keating, defeated; Herman Luckett, defeated.
  • 2006: Jennifer L. Gale, defeated.

    Postmasters at Austin, 1846-1972 (may be incomplete!)
    John D. McLeod 1846 Samuel G. Haynie 1846-52 Benjamin F. Johnson 1852-57 William Rust 1857-65 William P. DeNormandie 1865-69 Swante Palm 1869-72 Henry B. Kinney 1872-80 Philip M. Ruthrauff 1880-81 Jacob Carl DeGress 1881-85 John O. Johnson 1885-89 Jacob Carl DeGress 1889-93 George B. Zimpelman 1893-98 William B. Brush 1898-1902 George B. Zimpelman 1902-08 T. L. Wren 1908-09 Nicholas C. Schlemmer 1909-13 Jefferson Johnson 1913-18 C. Jefferson Johnson 1918-22 George H. Sparenberg 1922-25 Donald O. Wilson 1925-26 James L. Hunter 1926-35 Ewell Nalle 1935-39 Ray E. Lee 1939-47 Robert L. Phinney 1947-48 Robert L. Phinney 1948-52 Oliver N. Bruck 1952 Oliver N. Bruck 1952-72

  • "Enjoy the hospitable entertainment of a political graveyard."
    Henry L. Clinton, Apollo Hall, New York City, February 3, 1872
    The Political Graveyard

    The Political Graveyard is a web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries. Founded in 1996, it is the Internet's most comprehensive free source for American political biography, listing 320,919 politicians, living and dead.
      The coverage of this site includes (1) the President, Vice President, members of Congress, elected state and territorial officeholders in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories; and the chief elected official, typically the mayor, of qualifying municipalities; (2) candidates at election, including primaries, for any of the above; (3) all federal judges and all state appellate judges; (4) certain federal officials, including the federal cabinet, diplomatic chiefs of mission, consuls, U.S. district attorneys, collectors of customs and internal revenue, members of major federal commissions; and political appointee (pre-1969) postmasters of qualifying communities; (5) state and national political party officials, including delegates, alternate delegates, and other participants in national party nominating conventions; (6) Americans who served as "honorary" consuls for other nations before 1950. Note: municipalities or communities "qualify", for Political Graveyard purposes, if they have at least half a million person-years of history, inclusive of predecessor, successor, and merged entities.  
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    Copyright notices: (1) Facts are not subject to copyright; see Feist v. Rural Telephone. (2) Politician portraits displayed on this site are 70-pixel-wide monochrome thumbnail images, which I believe to constitute fair use under applicable copyright law. Where possible, each image is linked to its online source. However, requests from owners of copyrighted images to delete them from this site are honored. (3) Original material, programming, selection and arrangement are © 1996-2023 Lawrence Kestenbaum. (4) This work is also licensed for free non-commercial re-use, with attribution, under a Creative Commons License.
    Site information: The Political Graveyard is created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, who is solely responsible for its structure and content. — The mailing address is The Political Graveyard, P.O. Box 2563, Ann Arbor MI 48106. — This site is hosted by HDL. — The Political Graveyard opened on July 1, 1996; the last full revision was done on March 8, 2023.

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